Published on October 2, 2013
A superficial journey through the role of women in african-american music
Blues & Jazz ● 10s & 20s Underground, marginal, rural blues ● 1920 First recording 'Crazy→ Blues', from Mamie Smith and the golden era of blueswomen.The blues is a commercial hit.
Blues & Jazz Ida Cox' 'One Hour Mamma' I've always heard that haste makes waste So I believe in takin' my time The highest mountain can't be raced It's something you must slowly climb I want a slow and easy man He needn't ever take the lead Cause I work on that long-time plan And I ain't a-lookin' for no speed I'm a one hour mama So no one minute papa Ain't the kind of man for me Set your alarm clock papa One hour, that's proper Then love me like I like to be I don't want no imitation My requirements ain't no joke Cause I've got pure indignation For a guy what's lost his stroke She is not a passive actor in the relation. She presents her Impressions and needs about sex.
Blues & Jazz Went out last night, had a great big fight Everything seemed to go on wrong I looked up, to my surprise The gal I was with was gone. Where she went, I don’t know I mean to follow everywhere she goes; Folks say I’m crooked. I didn’t know where she took it I want the whole world to know. They say I do it, ain’t nobody caught me Sure got to prove it on me; Went out last night with a crowd of my friends, They must’ve been women,‘cause I don’t like no men. It’s true I wear a collar and a tie, [...] Ma Rainey's 'Prove it on my blues' Speaking openly about going out and about her lesbian condition
Blues & Jazz ● 40s-50s: Jazz reaches the great audience ● Jazz divas are quite different from blues divas Industry starts to define→ the product. Target audience: wasp society (white, anglo-saxon, protestant)
Soul & Funk ● 50s/60s Ceasefire in gender war→ ● Black Middle Class (Wasp model transferred) → Black Capitalism Motown→
Soul & Funk I Want a Guy, byThe Supremes I want a guy to love me One who will love me completely Not like the last Who's in the past Who broke my heart and made me cry I wish that he could come and kiss me And tell me that he misses me I know someday He'll come my way And I'll never be lonely again I don't need riches like diamond rings As long as he loves me, that's everything As long as he holds me tight As long as he treats me right I'll never let him out of my sight I want a guy with a love that's true One that I can tell my troubles to He'll be my guy And stay by my side I'd be so glad if I only had A guy, a guy Why can't I have a guy? A guy? Traditional white ladies outfit The classical wait for a Prince who shall come and save the dimsel in distress Woman's life is not fullfilled and happiness is not reachable without a man
Soul & Funk Four Women, by Nina Simone My skin is black My arms are long My hair is woolly My back is strong Strong enough to take the pain Inflicted again and again What do they call me My name is Aunt Sarah Aunt Sarah My skin is yellow My hair is long Between two worlds I do belong My father was rich and white He forced my mother late one night What do they call me My name is Saffronia My skin is tan My hair is fine My hips invite you My mouth like wine Whose little girl am I? Anyone who has money to buy What do they call me My name is Sweet Thing My skin is brown And my manner is tough I'll kill the first mother I see My life has to been rough I'm awfully bitter these days Because my parents were slaves What do they call me My name is PEACHES
Soul & Funk My skin is black My arms are long My hair is woolly My back is strong Strong enough to take the pain Inflicted again and again What do they call me My name is Aunt Sarah Aunt Sarah My skin is yellow My hair is long Between two worlds I do belong My father was rich and white He forced my mother late one night What do they call me My name is Saffronia My skin is tan My hair is fine My hips invite you My mouth like wine Whose little girl am I? Anyone who has money to buy What do they call me My name is Sweet Thing My skin is brown And my manner is tough I'll kill the first mother I see My life has to been rough I'm awfully bitter these days Because my parents were slaves What do they call me My name is PEACHES
Soul & Funk ● So far, black circuit or Black Capitalism avoids to take part in the Civil Rights Movements ● Respect, by Aretha Franklin, becomes an unwaited anthem in the movement ● Black Pride or Black is Beauty ● End of 60s/Beginnings of 70s: Political contents and critical messages are adopted by the Black Capitalism
Soul & Funk ● 1973 First Black Feminist→ Association ● Black Panther and Black Nationalism Movements ● The new style getting more & more success is called FUNK, and the name is James Brown (mysoginist, capitalist, egomaniac, tyrant)
Soul & Funk It's my thang, by Marva Whitney It's my thing, I can do what I want to do You can't tell me who to stock it to Think, by Lyn Collins But let me tell you something: The sistas aren't going for that no more 'cause realize two things That you aren't doing anything for us, We can do better by ourselvesMessage from the soul sisters, by Vicki Andersen Bros don’t feel bad and hide yo’ face, but if you don’t give me what I want, I got to get it some other place.
Soul & Funk I'm gonna run it down to y'all Tell them anything you wanna now I ain't nothin but a nasty gal now hey hey I said you said I was a bitch now Didn't ya didn't ya You said I was a witch now I'm gonna tell them why I'm gonna tell them why You used to love it ooh to ride my broom honey I used to love it ooh I used to love to Ride the range with ya baby sing the song sing the song I ain't nothin but a hey hey nothin but a hey hey I said you said I was an evil wench oh didn't ya didn't ya You said I was an alley cat I'm gonna tell them why I'm gonna tell them why You used to love it oh when I'd scratch your back baby I used to love it when you did it When ya did it to me real good ooh lawd ooh lawd Oh you know how you did it to me so good a hey hey I said you went around tellin everybody Yea you just put me down now You dragged my name in the mud all over town I'm gonna tell them why you said I didn't treat you I didn't know you I didn't love you well you know you lied Yes you did I used to leave you hangin in the bed by your finger nails screamin Tell the truth tell the truth I ain't nothin but a nasty gal now A hey a hey a hey I said you said I turned you on I turned you inside out I even turned your head around now You said I loved you every way but your way But if I really did him in I say why he want this Nasty gal back again So you can finish what you started And I will give it to ya you can have it Come on take it now Well well well ooh lawd I ain't nothin but a nasty gal now a hey hey I said you said I turn you on I turned you inside you She enjoyed an egalitarian attitude on the bed This attitude isn't proper for a girl, that's why he is damaging her reputation
Hip-hop ● Hip-hop influencies every other style: r&b, nu soul, nu funk... ● Mainstream hip-hop portrays a radical distance between men & women, a hypermasculinity and a widespread misogyny
Hip-hop ● One of the first gods in hip hop was Tupac Shakur ● He was misogynist in some songs, and represented a “real rapper” (violent, rude, risky...) ● However, he did some “feminist” songs, that even brought him some enemies and critics ● KeepYa Head Up (fragment), byTupac Time to heal our women, be real to our women And if we don’t we’ll have a race of babies That will hate the ladies, that make the babies And since a man can’t make one He has no right to tell a woman when and where to create one So will the real men get up And since we all came from a woman Got our name from a woman and our game from a woman I wonder why we take from our women Why we rape our women, do we hate our women? I think it’s time to kill for our women If we wouldn't come from a woman, shouldn't we be respectful? Free abortion!
Current black capitalism At the beggining of the song: Now put your hands up Up in the club, we just broke up I'm doing my own little thing Decided to dip but now you wanna trip Cuz another brother noticed me I'm up on him, you're up on me Don't pay him any attention In the bridge, the summum of the song, the chant of independence is over: Don't treat to these things of this world I'm not that kind of girl Your love is what I prefer, what I deserve He's a man that makes me and takes me And delivers me to a destiny, to infinity and beyond Pull me into your arms Say I'm not the one you own If you don't, you'll be alone And like a ghost I'll be gone Ok, single ladies are free BUT Single ladies are free... to choose her own owner. Then she will act as the Disney princess all women have to be
Current non-commercial ● Erykah Badu ● Jill Scott ● Me'Shell Ndegeocello ● India.Arie ● Rachelle Ferrell ● ...
Current non-commercial ● She always wear tuxedo as a way of protesting against gender roles ● Her last song, Q.U.E.E.N. is a direct attack against the attitudes that girls are not approved to adopt for the fact of being girls Q.U.E.E.N, by Janelle Mónae Hey brother can you save my soul from the devil? Say is it weird to like the way she wear her tights? And is it rude to wear my shades? Am I a freak because I love watching Mary? (Maybe) Hey sister am I good enough for your heaven? Say will your God accept me in my black and white? Will he approve the way I'm made? Or should I reprogram the programming and get down? Even if it makes others uncomfortable I wanna love who I am Even if it makes other uncomfortable I will love who I am
Current non-commercialI can't believe I love the things they say about me Walk in the room they throwing shade left to right They be like ooh, she's serving face And I just tell em, cut me up, and get down They call us dirty 'cuz we break all your rules down And we just came to act a fool, is that all right They be like Ooh, let them eat cake But we eat wings and throw them bones on the ground Am I a freak for dancing around? (queen) Am I a freak for getting down? (queen) I'm cutting up, don't cut me down Yeah I wanna be, wanna be Is it peculiar that she twerk in the mirror? And am I weird to dance alone late at night? And is it true we're all insane? And I just tell 'em No we ain't" and get down I heard this life is just a play with no rehearsal I wonder will this be my final act tonight And tell me what's the price of fame? Am I a sinner with my skirt on the ground? Am I a freak for dancing around? Am I a freak for getting down? I'm coming up, don't cut me down Yeah I wanna be Hey brother can you save my soul from the devil? Say is it weird to like the way she wear her tights? And is it rude to wear my shades? Am I a freak because I love watching Mary? (Maybe) Hey sister am I good enough for your heaven? Say will your God accept me in my black and white? Will he approve the way I'm made? Or should I reprogram the programming and get down? Even if it makes others uncomfortable I wanna love who I am Even if it makes other uncomfortable I will love who I am Dance 'til the break of dawn Don't mean a thing, so duh I can't take it no more Baby, we in tuxedo groove Monae and E. Badu Crazy in the black and white We got the drums so tight Baby, here comes the freedom song Too strong we moving on Baby there's melody Show you another way This joints for fight unknown Come home and sing your song But you gotta testify Because the booty don't lie No, no, the booty don't lie Oh no, the booty don't lie Yeah Yeah, Let's flip it I don't think they understand what I'm trying to say
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