Published on March 3, 2014
• DIFFICULTY IN UNDERSTANDING SOMETHING • IN MATHEMATICS, QUESTION OR STATEMENT REQUIRING A SOLUTION USUALLY BY MEANS OF MATHEMATICAL OPERATIONS. 3
• PROBLEM-SOLVING IS A PROCESS THAT INVOLVES DISCOVERING, ANALYZING AND SOLVING PROBLEMS. 4
•STEP BY STEP MODEL FOR PROBLEM SOLVING •WAS DEVELOPED BY MIKE EISENBERG AND BOB BERKOWITZ •USED IN SCHOOLS, HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS, AND CORPORATE AND ADULT TRAINING PROGRAMS. 5
•INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SEARCH TOOLS AND IN A USE SKILLS SYSTEMATIC ALONG PROCESS WITH TO FIND, USE, APPLY, AND EVALUATE INFORMATION TO SPECIFIC NEEDS AND TASKS. •APPLICABLE WHENEVER PEOPLE NEED AND USE INFORMATION 6
Retrieved from: http://www.howdesign.com/parse/process-this/ 7
PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH TO INFORMATION SKILLS Big6 STEP 1: Task Definition STEP 2: Information Seeking strategies Questions to Feelings ask yourself Experienced •What does my teacher expect me to do? 1.Define the problem •Do I understand what I •Fear need to do? •Horror •What are the questions I 2.Identify the •Doubt need to answer? information need •What do I need to know about the topic? Tasks 1.Identify all resources 2.Select the best resources •Where can you start to look for information? •Who can I talk too to get information? •What are the best sources to use? •Anxiety •Confusion •Excitement and hope 8
PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH TO INFORMATION SKILLS Big6 STEP 3: Location and Access STEP 4: Use of information Tasks 1.Locate resources 2.Find information in resources Questions to ask yourself •Where can I find these resources? •How do I search to get to them? •Where do I find the information in the resource? Feelings Experienced •Confusion •Doubt •Threat •What type of information did I find? Read, hear, view •Will the information - decide information answer the •Optimism which parts you want to questions I have? •Believe in abilities use •How do I write notes on the information? •Is the information reliable? 9
PROBLEM SOLVING APPROACH TO INFORMATION SKILLS Big6 STEP 5: Synthesis STEP 6: Evaluation Tasks Questions to ask yourself •How do I fit all the 1.Organize information information together? from multiple resources •How do I present the information to my teacher to answer the question? 2.Present the •Did I remember to make information notes of all the sources for the bibliography? 1.Judge the product 2.Judge the process •Did I solve the problem? •What did I learn? •What would I do differently next time? •Am I pleased with the project? Feelings Experienced •Realize what work needs to be done •Confidence in ability to do the task •Increased interest •Sense of Relief •Sometimes Satisfaction •Sometimes Disappointment 10
Every problem has a solution…….Only a strategic approach can be the key to lock 11
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... or fundamental skills. Problem solving has ... the problem, irrelevant information would serve ... approach to complex problem solving and ...
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