Published on March 10, 2014
A Revised National Climate Impacts Profile for Wales Clive Walmsley, Natural Resources Wales Simon Hartley, AECOM Lucy Corfield, Welsh Government Climate Week 2014 1
Networks for monitoring climate change
The diversity of climate impacts
The National Climate Impacts Profile approach • No comprehensive compilation of recent extreme weather events and associated impacts for Wales • Local Climate Impacts Profile (LCLIP) developed by UKCIP for use by Local Authorities • AECOM used a modified LCLIP approach for Wales • Identified on-line media reports of weather events and their impacts over last 13 years (2000-2012) • Provides a preliminary assessment of the diversity and significance of weather-related impacts in Wales
The National Climate Impacts Profile approach • Around 128 standard UKCIP defined climate- related search terms and an additional c. 10 local search terms per Local Authority • Highbeam and Factiva search engines used to search 60 online Welsh media archives including BBC, Western Mail, Wales on Sunday, South Wales Echo & Evening Post, Daily Post and local newspaper sites
The National Climate Impacts Profile approach • Database provides searchable access to: - weather events and impacts by location and date - which organisation/body/people affected - consequences that occurred - organisations required to make response - qualitative assessment of significance of impact based on extent, severity and duration - details of source of report • 1098 separate reported weather impacts over the 13 years
Type of weather event reported
Type of weather event reported
Spatial distribution of reported weather events corrected by population
Type of primary impact
Type of primary impact - SAPs 3% 13% 25% 26% 33% Business & Tourism Communities Health Infrastructure Environment Sector affected
Type of impact reported by weather responsible for impact
Spatial distribution of ‘buildings’ impacted by ‘excessive rainfall’ or flooding’ weather events
Proportion of users/sectors affected by extreme weather impacts
Users/sectors affected by weather responsible for impact
Sectors affected by weather responsible for impact 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% All Business& Tourism Com m unities HealthInfrastructureEnvironm ent Wind Storm Other Low Temp High Temp Frost / snow / ice Excessive rainfall Drought
Spatial distribution of ‘building users’ impacted by ‘excessive rainfall’ or flooding’ weather events
Reported weather events of ‘High’ significance by weather type
Conclusions • Impacts within the database include most identified by CCRA and Welsh scoping study AND some impacts that it did not e.g. crime increase in hot weather • Media reporting of extreme weather and its impacts is inconsistent and biased – ‘frost/ice/snow’ events produced more reports than ‘drought’ or ‘high winds’ • Media reports are largely concerned with immediate impacts on people so long-term effects or effects on the environment are rarely reported • Evidence that greater media reporting of weather events and impacts, as well as greater frequency of impacts, over decade
World Newspaper coverage of ‘climate change’ or ‘global warming’ reports
Conclusions • Approach provides quick and effective search at relatively low cost to scope climate related impacts • But, it cannot provide a rigorous assessment of spatial or temporal changes in impacts • Considerable differences in spatial distribution of reported weather events and impacts across Local Authorities • Provides a resource for all Local Authorities to help consider adaptation but could be also useful more widely
Media researchers: Sandy Miles; Michael Green, Anne Lockett, Clare Wallace; Mark Morant; Simon Hartley; Jess Hogg Database validation, reporting and mapping: Simon Hartley, Mark Morant 22 Acknowledgements
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