A Midsummer Night\'s Dream by William Shakespeare

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Information about A Midsummer Night\'s Dream by William Shakespeare
Education

Published on October 27, 2008

Author: Erika_91

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Introduction, summary, general analysis of the principal themes, a little text example of \"A Midsummer Night\'s Dream\" by William Shakespeare.

Presented by Erika Asperges & Cristina de Pascale

. INDEX . Introduction The Plot Themes Love Dreams Magic Loss of Individuality Skills of the Text

Love

Dreams

Magic

Loss of Individuality

Introduction Written in occasion of two weddings; Dated 1595, performed at The Globe, published in The First Folio; Inspired by Chaucer and mythological tales; Romantic comedy, in opposition with the tragedy “Romeo and Juliet”.

Written in occasion of two weddings;

Dated 1595, performed at The Globe, published in The First Folio;

Inspired by Chaucer and mythological tales;

Romantic comedy, in opposition with the tragedy “Romeo and Juliet”.

The plot Magic Fairy world: Oberon, Titania and Puck D Realistic Artisans play C Romantic Four Athenian Lovers B Classic Marriage between Theseus and Hyppolita Framework A Type Description Plot

Hermia refuses to marry Demetrius She escapes in the wood with her lover Lysander Demetrius follows them, and Helena follows Demetrius.

Hermia refuses to marry Demetrius

She escapes in the wood with her lover Lysander

Demetrius follows them, and Helena follows Demetrius.

Oberon and Titania argue. Oberon wants to punish her. He asks for help to Puck to make her fall in love with a vile creature, thanks to his magical juice.

Oberon and Titania argue.

Oberon wants to punish her.

He asks for help to Puck to make her fall in love with a vile creature, thanks to his magical juice.

Oberon orders Puck to spread the juice into Demetrius’s eyes. Puck accidentally puts the elisir on Lysander’s eyes. Lysander falls in love with Helena. The four lovers argue.

Oberon orders Puck to spread the juice into Demetrius’s eyes.

Puck accidentally puts the elisir on Lysander’s eyes.

Lysander falls in love with Helena.

The four lovers argue.

The artisans go into the wood to rehearse the play for Theseus’s wedding. Puck transforms Bottom’ head in the one of an ass. Titania falls in love with him and forgives Oberon. Puck removes the magic from everyone except for Demetrius.

The artisans go into the wood to rehearse the play for Theseus’s wedding.

Puck transforms Bottom’ head in the one of an ass.

Titania falls in love with him and forgives Oberon.

Puck removes the magic from everyone except for Demetrius.

The fairies disappeared and Theseus and Hyppolita come into the wood. They meet the lovers and wake them. The lovers decide that the night’s event should be a dream. They all get married and the artisans perform their play. Oberon and Titania bless the newlyweds and Puck does a soliloquy.

The fairies disappeared and Theseus and Hyppolita come into the wood.

They meet the lovers and wake them.

The lovers decide that the night’s event should be a dream.

They all get married and the artisans perform their play.

Oberon and Titania bless the newlyweds and Puck does a soliloquy.

. Themes. Love Identity Magic Dreams

Love

Love Two types of love: Rational love: represented by the marriage Irrational love: the most important in the play

Two types of love:

Rational love: represented by the marriage

Irrational love: the most important in the play

Irrational love Inspired by the midsummer days (spent in the wood), the moment of changes and sexual love. The night and the wood are symbol of unreason, mistakes and of the dreams; this is the background for the lovers. In each couple the magical changes reveal a dark side ok love.

Inspired by the midsummer days (spent in the wood), the moment of changes and sexual love.

The night and the wood are symbol of unreason, mistakes and of the dreams; this is the background for the lovers.

In each couple the magical changes reveal a dark side ok love.

Magic It’used to create hilarious situations in the play It represents The misuse of magic causes chaos but it also resolves the play’s tensions the supernatural power of love the surreal world of fairies

It’used to create hilarious situations in the play

It represents

The misuse of magic causes chaos but it also resolves the play’s tensions

Dreams The play alternates dreams and reality The characters explain the strange event of the night by believing it was a dream. The author uses the dreams to avoid to explain the innatural. At the end of the play, Puck suggests to the public to consider the play just a dream.

The play alternates dreams and reality

The characters explain the strange event of the night by believing it was a dream.

The author uses the dreams to avoid to explain the innatural.

At the end of the play, Puck suggests to the public to consider the play just a dream.

There’s a mess between reality and fairy world: the public can’t understand what is real and what is not. The plot develops around the lack of recognition that brings to the essential action: the transformation of Bottom or the failure of Puck are the principal events. Loss of individual indentity

There’s a mess between reality and fairy world: the public can’t understand what is real and what is not.

The plot develops around the lack of recognition that brings to the essential action: the transformation of Bottom or the failure of Puck are the principal events.

Skills of the Text The play within the play Text: An ass head

The play within the play The plot includes the staging of a play acted and watched by the actors themselves. The p.w.p. is acted by the craftsmen for the newlyweds. It is a parody of the lovers’ story: they’re obstruct by parents they escape into the wood in the night they’re victim of an illusion

The plot includes the staging of a play acted and watched by the actors themselves.

The p.w.p. is acted by the craftsmen for the newlyweds.

It is a parody of the lovers’ story:

they’re obstruct by parents

they escape into the wood in the night

they’re victim of an illusion

Text: An ass head [Enter PUCK, and BOTTOM with an ass's head.] BOTTOM 'If I were fair, Thisby, I were only thine' QUINCE O monstrous! O strange! we are haunted. Pray, masters! fly, masters! Help! [Exeunt ARTISANS.] PUCK I'll follow you; I'll lead you about a round, Through bog, through bush, through brake, through brier; Sometime a horse I'll be, sometime a hound, A hog, a headless bear, sometime a fire; And neigh, and bark, and grunt, and roar, and burn, Like horse, hound, hog, bear, fire, at every turn. [Exit.] BOTTOM Why do they run away? This is a knavery of them to make me afeard. [Enter SNOUT.] SNOUT O Bottom, thou art changed! What do I see on thee? BOTTOM What do you see? you see an ass-head of your own, do you? [Exit SNOUT - enter QUINCE.] QUINCE Bless thee, Bottom! bless thee! thou art translated. [Exit.] BOTTOM I see their knavery: this is to make an ass of me; to fright me, if they could. But I will not stir from this place, do what they can: I will walk up and down here, and I will sing, that they shall hear I am not afraid. [Sings.] The ousel cock, so black of hue, With orange-tawny bill, The throstle with his note so true, The wren with little quill. TITANIA [Waking.] What angel wakes me from my flowery bed? BOTTOM [Sings.] The finch, the sparrow, and the lark, The plain-song cuckoo gray, Whose note full many a man doth mark, And dares not answer nay; for, indeed, who would set his wit to so foolish a bird? Who would give a bird the lie, though he cry 'cuckoo' never so? TITANIA I pray thee, gentle mortal, sing again; Mine ear is much enamour'd of thy note. So is mine eye enthralled to thy shape; And thy fair virtue's force perforce doth move me, On the first view, to say, to swear, I love thee. BOTTOM Methinks, mistress, you should have little reason for that: and yet, to say the truth, reason and love keep little company together now-a-days: the more the pity that some honest neighbours will not make them friends. Nay, I can gleek upon occasion. TITANIA Thou art as wise as thou art beautiful.

[Enter PUCK, and BOTTOM with an ass's head.]

BOTTOM

'If I were fair, Thisby, I were only thine'

QUINCE

O monstrous! O strange! we are haunted. Pray, masters!

fly, masters! Help!

[Exeunt ARTISANS.]

PUCK

I'll follow you; I'll lead you about a round,

Through bog, through bush, through brake, through brier;

Sometime a horse I'll be, sometime a hound,

A hog, a headless bear, sometime a fire;

And neigh, and bark, and grunt, and roar, and burn,

Like horse, hound, hog, bear, fire, at every turn.

[Exit.]

BOTTOM

Why do they run away? This is a knavery of them to make

me afeard.

[Enter SNOUT.]

SNOUT

O Bottom, thou art changed! What do I see on thee?

BOTTOM

What do you see? you see an ass-head of your own, do you?

[Exit SNOUT - enter QUINCE.]

QUINCE

Bless thee, Bottom! bless thee! thou art translated.

[Exit.]

BOTTOM

I see their knavery: this is to make an ass of me; to

fright me, if they could. But I will not stir from this

place, do what they can: I will walk up and down here,

and I will sing, that they shall hear I am not afraid.

[Sings.]

The ousel cock, so black of hue,

With orange-tawny bill,

The throstle with his note so true,

The wren with little quill.

TITANIA

[Waking.]

What angel wakes me from my flowery bed?

BOTTOM

[Sings.]

The finch, the sparrow, and the lark,

The plain-song cuckoo gray,

Whose note full many a man doth mark,

And dares not answer nay;

for, indeed, who would set his wit to so foolish a bird?

Who would give a bird the lie, though he cry 'cuckoo' never so?

TITANIA

I pray thee, gentle mortal, sing again;

Mine ear is much enamour'd of thy note.

So is mine eye enthralled to thy shape;

And thy fair virtue's force perforce doth move me,

On the first view, to say, to swear, I love thee.

BOTTOM

Methinks, mistress, you should have little reason for

that: and yet, to say the truth, reason and love keep little

company together now-a-days: the more the pity that some honest

neighbours will not make them friends. Nay, I can gleek upon

occasion.

TITANIA

Thou art as wise as thou art beautiful.

Characters: the artisans , Bottom and Titania Setting: the wood Techniques: Dialogue and a little monolgue Does Bottom realise his condition? How do the artisans react to him? What does he do, and how does Titania feel? Do their behaviour contrast? Themes: (Irrational Love) Love Magic Loss of Identity

Characters: the artisans , Bottom and Titania

Setting: the wood

Techniques: Dialogue and a little monolgue

Does Bottom realise his condition?

How do the artisans react to him?

What does he do, and how does Titania feel?

Do their behaviour contrast?

Themes:

Sources Lit & Lab, volume 1- Spiazzi, Tavella – Zanichelli http://www.wikipedia.it/ http://images.google.it Fairies images: http://magiadellefate.splinder.com/ Pictures by J.H. Füssli, J.N. Paton, Landseer…

Lit & Lab, volume 1- Spiazzi, Tavella – Zanichelli

http://www.wikipedia.it/

http://images.google.it

Fairies images: http://magiadellefate.splinder.com/

Pictures by J.H. Füssli, J.N. Paton, Landseer…

The end

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