A Defeat Not A Peace Process

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Information about A Defeat Not A Peace Process
Education

Published on April 2, 2009

Author: liammacuaid

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Notes for a talk on the north of Ireland. April 2009

 

In groups Why is the British Army in the north of Ireland? Is a peace on the imperialists’ terms ever durable? How does one describe a government headed by the Democratic Unionist Party?

Why is the British Army in the north of Ireland?

Is a peace on the imperialists’ terms ever durable?

How does one describe a government headed by the Democratic Unionist Party?

Starting point Northern state is a colony Only principled position for workers’ movement in Britain is withdrawal It’s a defeat not a peace process

Northern state is a colony

Only principled position for workers’ movement in Britain is withdrawal

It’s a defeat not a peace process

1921 Defeat of revolutionary nationalist movement Northern colony created with pogroms and threat of war Neo-colony established in south

Defeat of revolutionary nationalist movement

Northern colony created with pogroms and threat of war

Neo-colony established in south

1968 Prague Spring, US Civil Rights Movement, France, Vietnam Inspired rebellion against sectarian state Three strands of movement – non Stalinist left, feminist currents, Civil Rights Association

Prague Spring, US Civil Rights Movement, France, Vietnam

Inspired rebellion against sectarian state

Three strands of movement – non Stalinist left, feminist currents, Civil Rights Association

First defeat Labourism, CP, own programmatic weakness Burntollet Unions incorporated into state Bloody Sunday

Labourism, CP, own programmatic weakness

Burntollet

Unions incorporated into state

Bloody Sunday

National Liberation Movement Strong unionist culture in northern workers’ movement Republicans were autonomous from workers’ movement Struggle to end British rule a legitimate democratic struggle against oppression

Strong unionist culture in northern workers’ movement

Republicans were autonomous from workers’ movement

Struggle to end British rule a legitimate democratic struggle against oppression

Second Defeat Hunger Strike 1981 Coalition of revolutionary nationalism Links created with Fianna Fail and British that led to current settlement

Hunger Strike 1981

Coalition of revolutionary nationalism

Links created with Fianna Fail and British that led to current settlement

New Ireland Forum Irish bourgeoisie established programme of Good Friday Agreement Renounced sovereignty claim End of national question Some rights for Catholics in north

Irish bourgeoisie established programme of Good Friday Agreement

Renounced sovereignty claim

End of national question

Some rights for Catholics in north

Third defeat Sinn Fein in government – normal for defeated movements to be incorporated Now has programme of former foes SDLP Rights are gained by belonging to Protestant or Catholic community

Sinn Fein in government – normal for defeated movements to be incorporated

Now has programme of former foes SDLP

Rights are gained by belonging to Protestant or Catholic community

Unipolar world South Africa, Gaza, Ireland Erosion of space for national liberation movements Republicanism’s only ideology has been militarist methods

South Africa, Gaza, Ireland

Erosion of space for national liberation movements

Republicanism’s only ideology has been militarist methods

Armed struggle Bonded disparate movement Democracy subordinated to Army Council Fantasy that 200 fulltime volunteers could defeat British Army Sat alongside mass uprising

Bonded disparate movement

Democracy subordinated to Army Council

Fantasy that 200 fulltime volunteers could defeat British Army

Sat alongside mass uprising

Free State Republicans did not develop critique of southern bourgeois state Its politicians indistinguishable from mainstream Saw southern ruling class as part of solution

Republicans did not develop critique of southern bourgeois state

Its politicians indistinguishable from mainstream

Saw southern ruling class as part of solution

Good Friday and St. Andrew’s Colonial settlement – obliges Irish to renounce claim over national territory Sectarian settlement – divides politics and society along religious lines All decisions of assembly must be ratified by Unionist controlled Executive

Colonial settlement – obliges Irish to renounce claim over national territory

Sectarian settlement – divides politics and society along religious lines

All decisions of assembly must be ratified by Unionist controlled Executive

Why is settlement popular People have stopped dying Drop in unemployment – due to retail Expansion of Catholic middle class in state sector

People have stopped dying

Drop in unemployment – due to retail

Expansion of Catholic middle class in state sector

Limitations No one believes settlement will lead to united Ireland Power of the Catholic Church greatly increased. Positions in public service earmarked for confessional groups. Sinn Fein cadre of 'community workers' paid by the state. 

No one believes settlement will lead to united Ireland

Power of the Catholic Church greatly increased.

Positions in public service earmarked for confessional groups.

Sinn Fein cadre of 'community workers' paid by the state. 

Loyalism UDA and UVF represented on policing boards Still involved in extortion, prostitution and drugs DUP is party of hard right to which Republicans accommodate to stay in office

UDA and UVF represented on policing boards

Still involved in extortion, prostitution and drugs

DUP is party of hard right to which Republicans accommodate to stay in office

Dissidents or true believers? Minority of republicans have rejected Sinn Fein and the settlement. Failing due to fragmented movement and lack of support. Absence of any programme beyond shooting “ Betrayal” explains failure armed struggle

Minority of republicans have rejected Sinn Fein and the settlement.

Failing due to fragmented movement and lack of support.

Absence of any programme beyond shooting

“ Betrayal” explains failure armed struggle

What’s emerging? Sinn Fein has clientelist, electoralist and reformist politics Working class youth don’t see promises delivered.  Growth of a new infrastructure of supporters Riots are significant.

Sinn Fein has clientelist, electoralist and reformist politics

Working class youth don’t see promises delivered. 

Growth of a new infrastructure of supporters

Riots are significant.

Conventional wisdom The militarists have no support The political process in the North of Ireland is secure.  Republican militarists have nothing to offer.

The militarists have no support

The political process in the North of Ireland is secure. 

Republican militarists have nothing to offer.

Mainstream Trade union demonstrations called for unconditional support for the sectarian status quo Downgrading the political tasks of the working class in favour of purely economic struggles Phony options of bloodbath or sectarian state

Trade union demonstrations called for unconditional support for the sectarian status quo

Downgrading the political tasks of the working class in favour of purely economic struggles

Phony options of bloodbath or sectarian state

Future Which state and which class rules Youth don’t remember past defeats Socialists raise separate, more immediate and concrete demands Working class achieves liberation with its own programme including democratic solution to the national question

Which state and which class rules

Youth don’t remember past defeats

Socialists raise separate, more immediate and concrete demands

Working class achieves liberation with its own programme including democratic solution to the national question

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