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Information about 9 3

Published on September 30, 2008

Author: Carrie.Heninger

Source: slideshare.net

Tokugawa Japan & Korea

Three Great Unifiers End of 15th C – Japan in chaos Shogunate – collapsed Diamyo – heads of noble families, contr. own land & warred w/ neighbors Unification under 3 rulers 1. Oda Nobunaga Seized – imperial capital, Kyoto Tried to – consolidate his rule in the central plains 2. Toyotomi Hideyoshi Moved capital – to Osaka By 1590 – got most daimyo to accept his authority 3. Tokugawa Ieyasu Daimyo of – Edo (Tokyo) 1603 – Ieyasu took title of shogun Completed – restoration of central authority Tokugawa shoguns – remained in power @ Edo until 1868 Brought – “Great Peace”

End of 15th C – Japan in chaos

Shogunate – collapsed

Diamyo – heads of noble families, contr. own land & warred w/ neighbors

Unification under 3 rulers

1. Oda Nobunaga

Seized – imperial capital, Kyoto

Tried to – consolidate his rule in the central plains

2. Toyotomi Hideyoshi

Moved capital – to Osaka

By 1590 – got most daimyo to accept his authority

3. Tokugawa Ieyasu

Daimyo of – Edo (Tokyo)

1603 – Ieyasu took title of shogun

Completed – restoration of central authority

Tokugawa shoguns – remained in power @ Edo until 1868

Brought – “Great Peace”

Europeans in Japan 1543 – PORT traders arrive At 1st – welcomed JP fascinated – by tobacco, clocks, eyeglasses Daimyo – want weapons 1549 – Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary arrived By end of 16th C – thousands of Japanese are Christians Jesuit practices – destroy shrines 1587 – Hideyoshi banned Christians Next to go – European merchants Dutch – community in Nagasaki allowed to stay

1543 – PORT traders arrive

At 1st – welcomed

JP fascinated – by tobacco, clocks, eyeglasses

Daimyo – want weapons

1549 – Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary arrived

By end of 16th C – thousands of Japanese are Christians

Jesuit practices – destroy shrines

1587 – Hideyoshi banned Christians

Next to go – European merchants

Dutch – community in Nagasaki allowed to stay

Tokugawa Rule Tokugawa est – control of feudal system State divided – into 250 hans (domains) Each ruled – by a daimyo Theoretically – daimyo independent Actually – controlled by shogunate w/ hostage system Daimyo – required to have 2 residences 1. own land 2. in Edo (when D left - family stayed) Samurai – ceased being warrior class

Tokugawa est – control of feudal system

State divided – into 250 hans (domains)

Each ruled – by a daimyo

Theoretically – daimyo independent

Actually – controlled by shogunate w/ hostage system

Daimyo – required to have 2 residences

1. own land

2. in Edo (when D left - family stayed)

Samurai – ceased being warrior class

Economic & Social Changes Under Tokugawa – big econ. Changes – trade & industry boom Most peasants – declining profits & rising taxes Many forced – become tenants or hired help 7000- peasants revolt 4 Classes Top – Emperor & Imperial Court families 1. Warriors (inc. shogun, daimyo, samurai, ronin) 2. Peasants (farmers) 3. Artisans (crafts people) 4. Merchants Eta or Burakumin (outcast)

Under Tokugawa – big econ. Changes – trade & industry boom

Most peasants – declining profits & rising taxes

Many forced – become tenants or hired help

7000- peasants revolt

4 Classes

Top – Emperor & Imperial Court families

1. Warriors (inc. shogun, daimyo, samurai, ronin)

2. Peasants (farmers)

3. Artisans (crafts people)

4. Merchants

Eta or Burakumin (outcast)

Marriage – btw classes forbidden Shogun – Supreme ruler below Emp & distributor of rice Farmers are Often – poor but were actually respected in society Merchants – distributed food & essential goods @ bottom b/c – made $ from others labor Laws regulated – Eta residence, dress, hairstyle, etc. (considered unclean)

Marriage – btw classes forbidden

Shogun – Supreme ruler below Emp & distributor of rice

Farmers are Often – poor but were actually respected in society

Merchants – distributed food & essential goods

@ bottom b/c – made $ from others labor

Laws regulated – Eta residence, dress, hairstyle, etc. (considered unclean)

Role of Women Women- restricted under Tokugawa Parents- arranged marriages Valued for- roles as child bearers & homemakers Tokugawa Culture Kabuki- theatre Emphasized- action, music & dramatic gestures Forbade- women to appear on stage So created- professional class of males actors to portray women

Women- restricted under Tokugawa

Parents- arranged marriages

Valued for- roles as child bearers & homemakers

Tokugawa Culture

Kabuki- theatre

Emphasized- action, music & dramatic gestures

Forbade- women to appear on stage

So created- professional class of males actors to portray women

Korea 14 th C- Yi dynasty founded (1392-1910) Capital- Hanyang (currently Seoul) Society patterned- after Chinese Tried to keep- country isolated Nickname- Hermit Kingdom 1630s- Manchu army invaded Forced Yi dynasty to become subjects of China Remained- untouched by EU merchants & Christian missionaries

14 th C- Yi dynasty founded (1392-1910)

Capital- Hanyang (currently Seoul)

Society patterned- after Chinese

Tried to keep- country isolated

Nickname- Hermit Kingdom

1630s- Manchu army invaded

Forced Yi dynasty to become subjects of China

Remained- untouched by EU merchants & Christian missionaries

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