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Information about 9 1

Published on September 30, 2008

Author: Carrie.Heninger

Source: slideshare.net

China at Its Height

Ming Dynasty 1368- Mongol Dynasty was overthrown Replaced by – Ming Dynasty (Ming Hong Wu) Lasted until – 1644 Extended CH rule – into Mongolia & central Asia Strengthened – the Great Wall Made peace – w/ nomadic tribes Effective – government                    Chosen by – civil service exam system Nat’l – school system Manuf.- goods New- crops were introduced Inc. food production

1368- Mongol Dynasty was overthrown

Replaced by – Ming Dynasty (Ming Hong Wu)

Lasted until – 1644

Extended CH rule – into Mongolia & central Asia

Strengthened – the Great Wall

Made peace – w/ nomadic tribes

Effective – government

                   Chosen by – civil service exam system

Nat’l – school system

Manuf.- goods

New- crops were introduced

Inc. food production

Voyages of Zheng He 1406 – Yong Le began construction of Imperial City 1421 – he moved capital to Beijing Zheng He – Chinese explorer Explored – SE Asia, India & East Africa Led to – enormous $$ (disliked by Confucian thinkers)

1406 – Yong Le began construction of Imperial City

1421 – he moved capital to Beijing

Zheng He – Chinese explorer

Explored – SE Asia, India & East Africa

Led to – enormous $$ (disliked by Confucian thinkers)

First Contacts with the West 1514 – Portuguese fleet arrives in China Port ships – carried goods between China & Japan Inc exchange of – ideas (more important than goods) Christian missionaries – were aboard EU merchant ships Jesuits – highly educated men brought tech. that impressed Chinese officials

1514 – Portuguese fleet arrives in China

Port ships – carried goods between China & Japan

Inc exchange of – ideas (more important than goods)

Christian missionaries – were aboard EU merchant ships

Jesuits – highly educated men brought tech. that impressed Chinese officials

Fall of the Ming Dynasty Late 16th C- series of weak rulers High taxes- led to peasant unrest 1644- Li and his forces took over capital of Beijing Last Ming Emperor- committed suicide Manchus- farmers/hunters lived northeast of Great Wall Conquered – Manchus conquered Beijing Declared – new dynasty – Qing (Ching) Remained – in power until 1911

Late 16th C- series of weak rulers

High taxes- led to peasant unrest

1644- Li and his forces took over capital of Beijing

Last Ming Emperor- committed suicide

Manchus- farmers/hunters lived northeast of Great Wall

Conquered – Manchus conquered Beijing

Declared – new dynasty – Qing (Ching)

Remained – in power until 1911

Qing Dynasty

Qing Dynasty 1st – Chinese resisted new rulers Rebels seized – island of Taiwan To id rebels – all men must wear dress Manchu style Males – shave forehead Braid – pigtail (queue) If refused – executed (Lose your hair or your head!) Manchus adopted – Chinese political sys Were gradually – accepted as rulers Qing flourished – series of strong rulers

1st – Chinese resisted new rulers

Rebels seized – island of Taiwan

To id rebels – all men must wear dress Manchu style

Males – shave forehead

Braid – pigtail (queue)

If refused – executed (Lose your hair or your head!)

Manchus adopted – Chinese political sys

Were gradually – accepted as rulers

Qing flourished – series of strong rulers

Qing Adaptations Emperors  1. calmed the country 2. corrected social & eco probs. 3. restored peace & prosperity Major prob – Manchus were different from subjects To deal w/: 1. tried to – preserve their distinct id. “ bannermen” chief fighting force of empire 2. brought – Chinese into imperial gov’t

Emperors  1. calmed the country

2. corrected social & eco probs.

3. restored peace & prosperity

Major prob – Manchus were different from subjects

To deal w/: 1. tried to – preserve their distinct id.

“ bannermen” chief fighting force of

empire

2. brought – Chinese into imperial gov’t

Reign of Kangxi Kangxi, perhaps – greatest emperor in Chinese history Reigned for – 1661-1722 (61 years) Tolerant of – Christians (after his death future rulers suppress Christian activities)

Kangxi, perhaps – greatest emperor in Chinese history

Reigned for – 1661-1722 (61 years)

Tolerant of – Christians (after his death future rulers suppress Christian activities)

Westerners in China Qianlong – ruled from 1736-1795 another outstanding Qing ruler 1st signs – of internal problems as Emperor grew older Fell under – influence of corrupt officials Inc pop – led to economic probs for peasants (White Lotus Rebellion 1796-1804) EU seeking – more trade Confined – EU traders to island outside Guangzhou End of 18th C – EU demanded more access and Chinese merchants demanded British manuf. goods 1793 – British led by Lord Macartney visited Beijing to seek more trade opportunities Qianlong – wrote letter to King George III that China did not want British goods and rejected the British request (they’ll pay for that later)

Qianlong – ruled from 1736-1795 another outstanding Qing ruler

1st signs – of internal problems as Emperor grew older

Fell under – influence of corrupt officials

Inc pop – led to economic probs for peasants (White Lotus Rebellion 1796-1804)

EU seeking – more trade

Confined – EU traders to island outside Guangzhou

End of 18th C – EU demanded more access and Chinese merchants demanded British manuf. goods

1793 – British led by Lord Macartney visited Beijing to seek more trade opportunities

Qianlong – wrote letter to King George III that China did not want British goods and rejected the British request (they’ll pay for that later)

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