Published on January 15, 2018
slide 1: Types of Natural Stone for Interior and Exterior Applications There’s a reason why natural stone is a favored building material for residential and commercial buildings. It appeals to most designers and architects because it gives a sense of authenticity and longevity to any property. Its texture and vibrancy doesn’t just add value to your home—it is a statement in itself signifying that whatever is built in stone will stand the test of time. When used in small areas such as the fireplace foyer or mantle it suggests exquisite quality and sophisticated taste. Another thing that sets stone apart from other construction materials is that it can be adapted for both interior and exterior applications. Before you decide to use stone for your slide 2: next home improvement project or property renovation you must learn to distinguish the different types of stone in construction: its properties uses and specifications. This will guide you in choosing the appropriate type of stone for decorative or building purposes. Here are some of the most popular types of natural stones and their uses: Granite – it has high density and can withstand heat stains and scratches. It is considered as one of the most versatile types of stone for interior and exterior application. It does not react with acidic food thus it works for bathrooms kitchen counter tops and back splash. Limestone – is the most commonly used type in interior design and construction. Its texture and grade of this type of natural siding stone is uniform and consistent and it weathers—rather naturally—adding to its appeal. It’s typically softer compared to other types of stone so it’s not suitable for flooring and exterior walls. It is often used in landscaping structures and pavers. Marble – like limestone it is not stain and scratch resistant but normal wear and tear only makes marble more appealing. It is quarried all over the world and classified under four groups Group A D C and D based on its level of hardness. It is suitable for floor coverings back splash shower area and bathrooms. Travertine – this stone forms in limestone caves and hot springs. Within the stone are small holes caused by carbon dioxide evasion this is the key characteristic of travertine slide 3: that distinguishes it from marble and granite. It is versatile enough for flooring fireplaces mosaic tiles as well as interior and exterior walls. Slate – finegrained rough and mostly found in grey color slate is suitable for outdoor use. There are slate varieties that offer dramatic colors and texture. It can also be fabricated to suit kitchen counter tops. Quartzite – often mistaken as slate but is harder and consists of a mosaic of quartz crystals. Unlike slate quartzite doesn’t shale thus it suits kitchen counter tops and back splash. Soap Stone – a type of natural stones often found in grey or greenish color. The natural stone wall has a smooth soapy appearance and contains white veining. Most popularly used in counter tops because of its ability to withstand chemicals and heat but its delicate texture needs to be maintained by regular oiling. Sandstone – is a type of sedimentary rock that was formed from hardened sand or ground quartz. It is a popular building material for exterior natural stone wall because of its diverse colors of purple pink orange yellow and white. Under the sun the stone reflects light and its surface changes colors as the sun moves.