8 eID in Asia Porvoo10

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Published on April 7, 2008

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Slide1:  Hiroshi Shimada AICF (Asia Ic Card Forum) Porvoo10 @ Porvoo November 2, 2006 e-ID in Asia Slide2:  1 2 3 Recent Activities in AICF e-ID in Major Asian Countries Progress of next version of eID in Japan Study of eID Importance of International Collaboration in e-ID 4 5 Contents Slide3:  1 2 3 Recent Activities in AICF e-ID in Major Asian Countries Progress of next version of eID in Japan Study of eID Importance of International Collaboration in e-ID 4 5 Contents Slide4:  ICCR (China National IC Cards Registration Center)  NICSS (Next Generation IC Card System Study Group)    KEPIA (Chair country: Mr Kim, Byong-Kook) (Korea Electronic Payment Industry Association)    IDA (Infocomm Development Authority Singapore)    China Japan Korea Singapore Thailand AICF Members NECTEC (National Electronic and Computer Technology Center) Foundation of AICF Purpose Promotion of Smart card infrastructure in Asian area Realizing safe and trustworthy IT society in the region Slide5:  eID WG Kyoto Meeting @ Oct, 19/2006 1.Conclusion 2. Direction of Activity eID-WG Chair: Hiroshi Shimada (NICSS) Agreement of Rough direction for eID WG AICF was starting as “One Card, One Asia”. This slogan means that the card holder can receive the services with borderless in Asian area. In order to receive the services, eID is required. That is why AICF establish eID WG and start the activity for eID promotion in Asia area. Understand the other area’s trend (eg. other Asia, EU, USA,) Discussion for rough scheme of eID Cooperation with Asian government for the expansion of eID activity (Conversation and Promotion) through the meeting and conference. To find the commonality and convenience of eID among several activity. To promote the eID in Asian area for “One (eID with) Card, One Asia”. Slide6:  Korea Side Public e-ID card & application based on the SSID (Mr. Cheon, Sung-Rock, Han-Chang System) i-PIN (internal-Personal Identification number ) Service in Korea (Mr. Chanjoo Chung, Koria Information Security Agency) Japan Side Progress of next version of eID in Japan (Dr. Nagaaki Ohyama, NICSS Chair) e-ID Activities in Japan (-Update in IC Card Systems in Public Sector including e-Passports) (Mr. Akio Kokubu, NMDA) Study on the Application Areas and the Adaptation Method of eID (Mr. Hiroshi Shimada, Fujitsu) 3. Presentation eID WG Kyoto Meeting @ Oct, 19/2006 Slide7:  eID WG Kyoto Meeting @ Oct, 19/2006 Slide8:  1 2 3 Recent Activities in AICF e-ID in Major Asian Countries The trend of eID in Japan Study for eID Importance of International Collaboration in e-ID 4 5 Contents Slide9:  Concept of Adopting eID We need to examine the introduction of eID from various standpoints. Assessment index Current issues Paper-based operations Cooperation with Asian nations Diversification of information Improved convenience for the citizen Management Operations IT Application of eID not simple Replacement Management strategy (policies and systems) Objective/Effect Consolidation of information Improved services and quality Total optimization of administrative services Personal control Government's vertical administrative structure Slide10:  Resident Registration Card was introduced at August 25/2003. But the issuing numbers are limited because of limited services. The improvement of social security services (health insurance, pension, nursing care, welfare, employment insurance) are proposed as one of the government services from total optimization of government business and system. Social security services and improvement of electronic application/ filing by using the Public Smart Card for the improvement of citizen’s convenience is proposed as “IT structural reform strategy” (Post e-Japan strategy) by Dr. Ohyama. NICSS is proposing the new eID concept* of Public Smart Card for social security services to the government of Japan. eID in Japan *: “Study on the Application Areas and the Adaptation Method of eID” Slide11:  e-ID in China National ID Card Issuance will start 3rd quarter of 2007 :2nd Generation of National ID Card Issuance: 2005 60 Million Cards 2006 200 Million Cards / year 2008 900 Million Cards total <Ref.; F.Xu “Status on e-ID in China” AICF Bangkok Meeting (March, 2006), W.Wenfeng ”IC Card Application in Travel Industry” AICF Annual Meeting (July,2006)> Travel Pass e-Passport  Issuance will start June 2008 (2005 – 2008) :Between Mainland and Hong Kong :Technical feasibility study phase Slide12:  e-ID in Korea Basic Concept Physical Characteristics and Data structure, Logical data structure and Application Enhancing privacy protection, Improving benefits & possession value of ID card, and Protecting citizens from identity fraud and theft <Ref.; Ki-Han Lee “Korean National Identification Card” AICF Bangkok Meeting (March, 2006)> Identification function on off-line and on-line, Minimization of data on card, Enabling easier access to public services, Providing means to expand beneficial services, and Introduction highly secured technology (Version 0.1) Specification Characteristics Slide13:  e-ID in Singapore <Ref. ; Y.Lin “Singapore Standard for ID – What is it? And What it is not” AICF Bangkok Meeting (March, 2006)> Singapore Standard for ID (SS-ID) SS-ID will be based on e-Passport standard Readers can read passport and basic part of SS-ID ( Name,Unique ID,Expiry date,etc. ) SS-ID need not be restricted to smart cards, it can be applied to any card like device – including PDAs, Phones Slide14:  e-ID in Thailand Personal data (with facial image) Healthcare data Finger print match on card <Ref.; V.Chidchanognarth “Thai Identification Smart Card” AICF Bangkok Meeting (March, 2006)> - Certification (Off-line ), - Biometrics authentication (Off-line ) - e-Service without PKI (One-line ) - Healthcare service Smart Card ID Project 2003-2006 (Start to issue from 2004) Application of Smart Card Usage Slide15:  e-ID in India <Ref.; S.Swarn“ Indian National ID ; The National Citizen Card” AICF Bangkok Meeting (March, 2006)> Multi-purpose National Identity Card (MINIC) Project Pilot on MNIC Project has been done in 20 selected sub-districts for 3.07 million persons 20 MINIC Centers has been newly set up Technology aspects of card has been finalized India Basic Card (Free card) India Premium Card (Paid card) Budget for 3-4 years has been approved by Central Government Slide16:  1 2 3 Recent Activities in AICF e-ID in Major Asian Countries Progress of next version of eID in Japan Study of eID Importance of International Collaboration in e-ID 4 5 Contents Slide17:  Dr. Nagaaki OHYAMA Tokyo Institute of Technology Member of IT strategic headquarter NICSS Chairman Slide18:  New e-Japan strategy IT strategic headquarter formed in the cabinet issued new e-Japan strategy, “IT structural reform strategy”, in January, 2006 So far, e-Japan strategy, 2001  construction of broad band infrastructure e-Japan strategy, 2003  full use of IT infrastructure Main applications are e-Government and e-Health e-Gov almost completed, e-Health not well advanced Slide19:  Basic understanding(1) Short term (up to 2007) target Reduction of social cost through structural reform Driving PDCA cycle  KPI should be defined properly Service providers are classified into 3 categories Public sector in a narrow sense  e-Government Other public sector  Both public and private service providers are working such as healthcare and education Private sector  e-Commerce Reduction of administration cost in all public sector Slide20:  Basic understanding (2) Middle range (to 2010) target  Toward a matured and intelligent society Realization of simple and transparent institution Grand design for the total optimization of computer systems used in the central government  replacement of legacy by open system, unification, abolition Exclusive release of the personal data to the person him/herself including health records  Requirement of eID Slide21:  IT structural reform strategy Structural reform enforced by ICT as leverage Solution to the foreseeing social dilemma Focus on Healthcare and e-Government Healthcare Construction of National database for EBH, EBM and personal EHR Supporting home medical treatment and consultant using ICT etc. e-Government Establishment of GPMO, PMOs to optimize the total e-Government Establishment of IT governance etc. Slide22:  Social back ground in Healthcare Japan is very rapidly becoming so called an aging society Increase of average life span and decrease of birthrate   ⇒ Decrease of the labor population rate   ⇒ Shortage of funds ⇒ Raising a social problem; dilemma   ⇒ Could IT solve this problem? Slide23:  Administration cost reduction Every Japanese citizen is supported by social insurance Medical costs is about 32 T yen (300 B US$) and increase 1 T yen every year Medical expense settlements give rise to more than 1.5 B paper transactions/year ⇒ IT could reduce the administration cost New goal ⇒ 100% paperless by 2010 through EDI Slide24:  Promotion of IT in Healthcare Introduction of personal healthcare record system (EHR) to enable retrospective examinations (personal benefits) and to establish a preventive medicine (public benefits) Home healthcare using digital TVs Exclusive release of the personal data to the person him/herself including health records  Requirement of eID Slide25:  Home healthcare service using digital TVs Internet, Digital TVs Home Medical Doctor Accurate reproduction of facial color Slide26:  e-Government e-Government moving its stage from construction to steady operation More than 96% of applications and declarations become on-line by the end of March, 2006 The ratio of on-line users is about 0.6% Problems to be solved Digital signature is not yet well popularized  needs eID Some applications require additional paper documents such as receipt  Starting the review process Slide27:  e-Government Through system optimization using EA, e-Government operational cost will be reduced from 10 to 9 Billion US$/year  Saving should go to next IT investment Establishment of GPMO in the cabinet office and PMO in every ministry  CIO, Assistant CIO, e-Gov assessment committee to evaluate, advice and order Promotion of on-line use of application and declaration  More than 50% by 2010  More than 60M IC cards Promotion of IC card with digital signature  Requirement of eID Slide28:  Status of current eID; RRC Popularization of the resident registration cards (RRC) The number of issued RRC is much less than expected, about 1,000,000, since Aug., 2003, mainly because of the shortage of convenience There are several areas where the popularization of RRC is more than 25%; Naganuma town, Miyazaki city, etc They are providing additional services; healthcare service, automatic certificate issuance service, etc. Should enhance the convenience ⇒ Healthcare and payment Slide29:  Discussion about new eID 2 activities are taking in parallel at present 2nd version of Resident Registration card One unified social security card for national pension, health insurance, labor insurance, etc. Common function is eID IC card with printed facial photo + PKI Each application uses different ID number Slide30:  Discussion about eID Fundamental functions of eID; IAS Identifier; Identify the card holder by either ID# or 4 information, name, address, birthday and sex Authentication; Identifier shall be guaranteed by the government Signature; Digital signature should be supported Difference would depend on whether ID number of each application is recorded or not in Smart card Back-office system surely knows the ID number Then, no need to store the ID number in Smart card One card to reduce the issuance cost of eID Slide31:  Conclusion Smart card with eID function is indispensable for healthcare and e-Government Ground work is taking progress in Japan Decision will be made by the end of 2006FY Full compatibility of all country’s eIDs certainly gives rise to a lot of benefits and enhances the convenience Smart card with high functionalities is used for people Slide32:  1 2 3 Recent Activities in AICF e-ID in Major Asian Countries Progress of next version of eID in Japan Study of eID Importance of International Collaboration in e-ID 4 5 Contents Slide33:  (1) Support for people’s rights eID is a function that confirms each person’s entitlement to receive a number of public services via the service. It also enables confirmation of the entitlement to provide independent services through the same method. (2) From the aspect of national security and disaster prevention, there is now demand for a common measure for identity verification. (3) International cooperation   Services available via eID represent a mechanism that can be provided across national borders, regions, cultures and suchlike.  Society Operating with eID Slide34:  Personal e- Authentication Framework for eID services Personal e-Authentication Framework Provide Verification Information (*IAS) for User Authentication Information Credit (PeA-Framework) NICSS-FW Permit User Authentication Information Usage SP CI User Registration Agency APP Card AP RC NICSS-Framework Card AP  Register Provide APP Access for services Provide Verification Information of User Authentication Information User Authentication Information Personal e-Authentication Framework Register Entity Register Entity Issue Card Request Card Issue User  Register Credit for Card AP Credit for Card issue Provide Verification Information of User Authentication Information Slide35:  Two-Layered PKI and eID Framework Slide36:  Usage Scenes of eID (Only eID Operation) (1) The eID certificate authority issues the eID certificate. - The eID certificate has the authentication and signature functions. - eID application does not have the service ID. (2) An Smart card user applies for provision of the service to a service provider electronically. (3) The service provider verifies identify of the Smart card user with the eID certificate authority. (4) The service provider registers the user ID to the eID certificate authority. (5) The Smart card user receives the medical service. (6) The hospital verifies the identity of the smart card user and the user ID with the eID certificate authority. (7) The hospital confirms the qualification to the service provider. All processes are handled only with eID, and the backend system conducts the linkage processing. User ID Name Address Phone number Service qualification, etc. User ID Name Address Birth date Sex Service qualification,etc.  eID   application User record Medical service e-government service e-ID certificate authority (7) Confirmation of the qualification     Public (multi-application) Smart Card (3) ID verification     (1) Issuing of the eID electronic certificate (2) Electronic application Health insurance service (5) Use of the medical service (6) ID verification Confirmation of the user ID (4) Registration of the user ID eID:User ID Slide37:  Usage Scenes of eID (with Service Application) (1) The eID certificate authority issues the eID certificate. - The eID certificate has the authentication and signature functions. - eID application does not have the service ID. (2) An Smart card user applies for provision of the service to a service provider electronically. (3) The service provider verifies the identify of the Smart card user with the eID certificate authority. (4) The service provider issues the health service application to the card. (5) The Smart card user receives the medical service. (6) The hospital confirms the qualification to the service provider. User ID Name Address Phone number Service qualification,etc. User ID Name Address Birth date Sex Service qualification,etc. eID  application User record Medical service e-government service e-ID Certificate Authority (6) Confirmation of the qualification     Public (Multi-Application) Smart Card Health service application (Service ID) (3) ID verification (1) Issuing of the eID electronic certificate (2) Electronic application Health insurance service (4) Issuing of the health service (5) Use of the medical service eID is used when a person signs up for the service. Then, after signing up, each case is processed with individual service application. Slide38:  Representation of the Extended Use of Public Cards ◆ Expansion of available areas   Use of public, medical/health and private services in the area where the person resides, commutes and the travel destination ◆ Creation of domestic standardized services (medical, social insurance and pension, etc.)   Establish services that people are able to get wherever they live ◆ Creation of international common services   Creation of the common services with the public Smart cards of respective countries throughout the world (e.g. medical services). Realizing the services that can be used in common manner throughout the world. Slide39:  Representation of International Linkage of Medical Services with e-ID ・A person who traveled to Asia for sightseeing or short-term business becomes a pensioner in an Asian nation where the cost of living is low after retirement. ・When the person needs to undergo surgery to treat an ailment in Asia where medical costs are cheaper without returning to Japan, he undertakes the procedure to verify his ID and apply for insurance by using his eID on-line to become eligible for coverage under the insurance policy that he took out in Japan. Slide40:  1 2 3 Recent Activities in AICF e-ID in Major Asian Countries Progress of next version of eID in Japan Study of eID Importance of International Collaboration in e-ID 4 5 Contents Slide41:  International Collaboration through Smart Card Framework One Card, One Asia Slide42:  International Collaboration GP (Global Platform) World e-ID Conference AMEICC WG-IT AMEICC : AEM-MITI Economic and Industrial Cooperation Committee AEM-METI : ASEAN Economic Ministers- Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan GCF (Global Collaboration Forum) AICF Porvoo Eurosmart (eID WG) New Relation Slide43:  Summary Many countries are adopting the Public Smart cards (Drivers license, Healthcare card, Resident Registration card and National ID card etc.) for improvement of convenience and security for the citizen. Those Public Smart cards adopted by individual countries have inconsistent technical and operative specifications. In borderless digital world, the adoption of the eID, which has global interoperability, is expected to improve a convenience of citizen’s life. AICF would like to propose the Oversea members to join the collaborative efforts for the development of a new eID for the borderless services. Slide44:  If you have any Proposal or Questions regarding the contents of this presentation, please contact the addresses below: Thank You ! http://www.asiaiccardforum.org aicf-scr@nicss.or.jp Hiroshi Shimada shimada.hiro-01@jp.fujitsu.com AICF , NICSS

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