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8 1

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Information about 8 1
Education

Published on September 22, 2008

Author: Carrie.Heninger

Source: slideshare.net

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ottoman empire
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What geographical advantages does the location of Turkey have? What disadvantages?

8-1 The Ottoman Empire Early 14 th C – Osman Turks expanded Began Ottoman Empire Controlled Bosporus & Dardanelles Connect – Black & Aegean Sea Byzantine Emp – controlled area for centuries 14 th C Ottoman expanded into Balkans Claimed title of Sultan for rulers Began to build strong military

Early 14 th C – Osman Turks expanded

Began Ottoman Empire

Controlled Bosporus & Dardanelles

Connect – Black & Aegean Sea

Byzantine Emp – controlled area for centuries

14 th C Ottoman expanded into Balkans

Claimed title of Sultan for rulers

Began to build strong military

Janissaries made up elite guard Converted to Islam (were Christian) Trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve sultan Mastered – new tech of firearms Advanced – north & captured Bulgaria

Janissaries made up elite guard

Converted to Islam (were Christian)

Trained as foot soldiers or administrators to serve sultan

Mastered – new tech of firearms

Advanced – north & captured Bulgaria

Mehmet II - Ott leader Moved to end Byzantine Empire Laid siege Constantinople Ott used massive cannons Began April 6, 1453 Ended May 29, 1453 (Pg. 239 Voices from the Past) New capital Constantinople Renamed Istanbul How can you tell this is a mosque? Quickly list all the facts you remember about Islam !

Mehmet II - Ott leader

Moved to end Byzantine Empire

Laid siege Constantinople

Ott used massive cannons

Began April 6, 1453

Ended May 29, 1453

(Pg. 239 Voices from the Past)

New capital Constantinople

Renamed Istanbul

1514-1517 Sultan Selim took control of original heartland of Islam Incl holy cities Selim declared self new caliph Caliph defender of faith & successor to Mohammad Were Muslims Preferred admin conquered lands w/ local rulers Central gov’t appt officials - pashas Resp – collect taxes, maintain law & order, reports to Sultan Suleyman I aka Suleyman the Magnificent Led new attacks on Europe 1529 defeated in Vienna 1571 Ott fleet destroyed in Mediterranean Sea by SP empire “ sleeping giant” Have you heard of another nation referred to as a “sleeping giant?”

1514-1517 Sultan Selim took control of original heartland of Islam

Incl holy cities

Selim declared self new caliph

Caliph defender of faith & successor to Mohammad

Were Muslims

Preferred admin conquered lands w/ local rulers

Central gov’t appt officials - pashas

Resp – collect taxes, maintain law & order, reports to Sultan

Suleyman I aka Suleyman the Magnificent

Led new attacks on Europe

1529 defeated in Vienna

1571 Ott fleet destroyed in Mediterranean Sea by SP empire

“ sleeping giant”

December 7, 1941: The Sleeping Giant Awakens "I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve." -Japanese Admiral Yamamoto Can you think other “sleeping giants?”

"I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve."

-Japanese Admiral Yamamoto

Ottoman Rule Labeled- gunpowder empire Formed by outside conquerors who unified after conquering Success based on mastery of fire arms Sultan- head of Ottoman system Position hereditary Not necessarily to eldest son Led to struggles for power Harem- “sacred place” sultans private quarters Sultan controlled- bureaucracy w/ imperial council Grand Vizier- chief minister, led meetings Topkapi Divan; center area for grand vizier; Sultan behind screen  

Labeled- gunpowder empire

Formed by outside conquerors who unified after conquering

Success based on mastery of fire arms

Sultan- head of Ottoman system

Position hereditary

Not necessarily to eldest son

Led to struggles for power

Harem- “sacred place” sultans private quarters

Sultan controlled- bureaucracy w/ imperial council

Grand Vizier- chief minister, led meetings

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