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Published on February 5, 2014

Author: SaurabhTrivedi3

Source: slideshare.net

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This is seventh chapter, which is intended to help aspirants of various competitive exams and also to faculties in this field to enhance their performance. any suggestion to improve this is always welcomed.

CHAPTER-7 PUZZLES

A puzzle normally makes us feel like……

Puzzle are problems intentionally designed to stimulate the brain into devising solution. The candidate is required to analyze the given information, convert it in to a suitable form and answer the question asked. The extent to which puzzles have become a part of daily life can be gauged from the popularity of crosswords, jigsaw puzzles and Sudoku.

Classification Comparison Selection Jumbled Sequential Family

This type of puzzle consists of question in which certain items belonging to different groups, qualities are given along with clues.

Q.1-3. Five friends P, Q, R, S and T travelled to five different cities as Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore and Hyderabad by different modes of transports as Bus, Train, Aero plane, Car and Boat from Mumbai. The person who travelled to Delhi did not travel by Boat. R went to Bangalore by car and Q went to Kolkata by aero plane. S travelled by boat where as T travelled by train. Mumbai is not connected by bus to Delhi and Chennai.

Q.1. Where does S go ? (1) Hyderabad (2) Kolkata (4) Delhi (5) Chennai Q.2. (3) Bangalore By which transport does S go to Chennai ? (1) Aero plane (2) Car (4) Boat (5) None of these Q.3. (3) Bus Who among them goes to Delhi ? (1) P (2) Q (3) R (4) S (5) T

EXPLANATION Person Place Mode P Hyderabad Bus Q Kolkata Aero plane R Bangalore Car S Chennai Boat T Delhi Train Ans. (5),(4),(5)

In such type of questions information is given regarding the comparison amongst person or things.

Q.1-2. A is older than M. G is older than M but younger than A. K is younger than R and M. M is older than R. Q.1. Who is the youngest ? (1) A Q.2. (2) M (3) R (4) K (5) None of these (4) K (5) None of these Who is the oldest ? (1) A (2) G (3) M

EXPLANATION A>G > M>R>K Ans. (4) K Ans. (1) A

In this type of question some information is given regarding the order of occurrence of certain events.

Q.1-3. Six plays A, B, C, D, E and F are to be staged starting from Monday and ending on Sunday with one of the days being an off day, not necessarily in the same order. Each of 1 1 the plays has different time duration : hour, 1 hour,1 2hours, 2 1 2 hours, 2 hours and 3 hours, again not necessarily in the 2 same order. 1 Sunday is not an off day and a Play of 2 hour duration is staged on that day. Play A is staged immediately before Play E. There are two plays staged between Play F which is for 3 hours and Play C which is for 1 hours. The off day is after the staging of Play E and there are two days between the off day and Play A. Play D which is for 2 hours is not staged on Monday. The play staged immediately before the off day is of 3 hours. Play A is for less than 2 1 hours. 2

Q.1.What is the time duration of Play B ? (1) hours (2) 2 hours (3) 1 hour (4) hour (5) None of these Q.2.Which day is the off day ? (1) Tuesday (2) Monday (3) Friday (4) Saturday (5) Cannot be determined Q.3.Which of the following combinations of Play - Day - Time Duration is correct ? (1) E - Wednesday - 2 hours (2) A - Tuesday -1 hour (3) C - Thursday -1 hours (4) F - Tuesday - 3 hours (5) None is correct

EXPLANATION Q.1-3. Plays Hours C 1 1 2 hours A 1 hour Days Monday Tuesday E 1 22 F 3 hour Thursday Holiday Friday 2 hour Saturday D B 1 2 hour hour Ans.(4) ,(3) ,(2) Wednesday Sunday

In such type of questions a few essential criteria for selection of group of items are given.

EXAMPLE : Q.1-2. Eight students A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are planning to enjoy car racing. There are only two cars and following are the conditions : (i) One car can accommodate minimum four students. maximum five and (ii) A will sit in the same car in which D is sitting but H is not in the same car. (iii) B and C can’t sit in the same car in which D is sitting. (iv) F will sit in the car of four people only along with A and E but certainly not with G.

Q.1. If H and G are sitting in the same car, who are other two students sitting in the same car? (1) B and C (2) C and D (4) E and B (3) B and D (5) None of these Q.2. If E and A are sitting in the same car, which of the following statements is true ? (1) Five students are sitting in the same car. (2) B is sitting in the same car. (3) F is not sitting in the same car. (4) G is not sitting in the same car. (5) None of these

In these type of questions given information are based on family relation.

EXAMPLE : Q.1-2.P, Q, R, S, T and X are members of a family. There are two married couples. Q is an engineer and the father of T. X is the grandfather of R and is a lawyer. S is the grandmother of T and is housewife. There are one engineer one lawyer, one teacher one housewife and two student in the family.

EXAMPLE : Q.1. How many male member are there in the family ? (1) 4 (2) 2 (4) Can’t be determined Q.2. (3) 6 (5) None of these Among them who is the spouse of Q ? (1) P (2) S (4) T (5) R (3) X

In this type of questions related information are written in jumbled way.

EXAMPLE : Q.1-4.There are six foreigner 'A, B, C, D, E and F' visit in different states of India like Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Punjab and Mumbai and they booked a hotel as Taj Hotel, Gemini Hotel, Avadh Clark, 5 star Hotel, Surya Hotel and Pink Panther not in a same order. (i) Only one person visit only one state. (ii) A visit Uttar Pradesh but not book Taj Hotel. (iii)C does not visit either Himachal Pradesh or Andhra Pradesh and booked Surya Hotel. (iv)E does not visit Punjab and Mumbai and booked Gemini Hotel. (v) F visit Arunachal Pradesh but not booked Avadh Clark. (vi) B visit only Mumbai but not booked 5 star hotel. (vii) Who visit Himachal Pradesh booked 5 star hotel.

Q.1.Which foreigner visit Mumbai ? (1) A (2) D (4) B (3) C (5) None of these Q.2.Taj Hotel is booked by which foreigner ? (1) F (2) E (4) B (3) A (5) None of these Q.3.Which hotel is booked by foreigner B ? (1) Gemini Hotel (4) 5 star hotel (2) Pink Panther (3) Avadh Clark (5) None of these

Q.4.In which of the following pair is definitely True ? (1) Avadh Clark - A - Mumbai (2) Avadh Clark- B- Mumbai (3) Pink Panther - E- Uttar Pradesh (4) Surya Hotel- F- Himachal Pradesh (5) None of these

Ø First of all everyone should categorize the type of puzzle. Ø Then related information should be arranged into a sequential form. Ø At the last the complete information should be related with given facts.

Q.1-7. Study the following information to answer the given questions: Six chemicals L, M, N, O, P and Q are kept in bottles of different colours viz. green, red, blue, white, pink and violet, not necessarily in the same order. These bottles are arranged from left to right, again not necessarily in the same order. Chemical M is kept in white bottle. Chemical L is not kept in green bottle and is kept to the immediate left of the violet bottle. Chemical O is kept in the blue bottle and is kept exactly between the bottles containing chemicals L and M. The red bottle is at the extreme left end. The bottle containing chemical Q is not kept at either of the ends. The green bottle is kept at the extreme right end. Chemical P is not kept near the white bottle.

Q.1. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on their positions in the above arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to the group ? (1) LM (2) LP (4) LQ (5) NO Q.2. (3) QO Which bottle contains chemical L ? (1) Pink (2) Blue (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these (3) Red

Q.3. Which of the following combinations of chemical and bottle is correct ? (1) P-Red (2) N-Green (4) Q - Pink (5) None of these Q.4. (3) P-Green Which bottle contains chemical Q ? (1) Pink (2) Green (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these (3) Violet

Q.5. If all the six chemicals are arranged alphabetically from left to right, positions of how many will remain unchanged ? (1) None (2) One (4) Three (5) Four Q.6. (3) Two Which bottle contains chemical N ? (1) Green (2) Red (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these (3) Pink

Q.7. Which chemical is kept in the bottle at the extreme right end ? (1) P (2) N (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these (3) L

Q.1-7. Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions. Seven lectures are scheduled to be held in a week. There is only one lecture on each of the seven days of the week, starting from Monday and ending on Sunday. Chemistry is taught either on Wednesday or on Saturday, Three lectures are scheduled to be held between Chemistry and: English. Two lectures are scheduled to be held between English and Computers. Lecture on Physics is scheduled on the day which is immediately next to the day when lecture on Biology is scheduled. Lecture on Psychology is scheduled to be held after Mathematics (not necessarily immediately after Mathematics). Lecture on Psychology is not scheduled for Saturday or Sunday.

Q.1. Which of the following lectures is scheduled for Thursday ? (1) Mathematics (2) English (4) Biology (3) Physics (5) Computers Q.2. Which of the following combinations of daylecture is correct ? (1) Saturday - Physics (3) Tuesday-English (5) Sunday - Computers (2) Monday-Biology (4)Thursday–English

Q.3. How many lectures Chemistry and Physics ? are (1) None (2) One (4) Three scheduled between (3) Two (5) Five Q.4. If Chemistry is related to Biology and Psychology is related to Computers in a certain way based upon the given lecture schedule, then Biology will be related to which of the following based upon the same relationship ? (1) English (4) Chemistry (2) Mathematics (3)Physics (5) None of these

Q.5. On which of the following days is the lecture on Psychology scheduled ? (1) Friday (4) Thursday (2) Monday (3)Tuesday (5) None of these Q.6. How many lectures are scheduled to be held between English and Mathematics ? (1) None (2) One (4) Three (5) Five (3) Two

Q.7. Which of the following lecture/s is/are scheduled to be held between the lectures on Chemistry and Physics ? (1) No lecture is scheduled between these two lectures (2) Only Computers (3) Computers and Psychology (4) Computers and Biology (5) English and Mathematics

Q.1-5. Study the following information carefully and answer !he given questions. Representatives from eight different Banks viz. A, B, C, D, E. F, G and H are sitting around a circular table facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order. Each one of them is from a different Bank viz. UCO Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Bank of Maharashtra, Canara Bank. Syndicate Bank, Punjab National Bank. Bank of India and Dena Bank. F sits second to right of the representative from Canara Bank. Representative from Bank of India is an immediate neighbour of the representative from Canara Bank. Two people sit between the representative of Bank of India and B. C and E are immediate neighbours of each other.

Neither C nor E is an immediate neighbour of either B or the representative from Canara Bank. Representative from Bank of Maharashtra sits second to right of D. D is neither the representative of Canara Bank nor Bank of India. G and the representative from UCO Bank are immediate neighbours of each other. B is not the representative of UCO Bank. Only one person sits between C and the representative from Oriental Bank of Commerce. H sits third to left of the representative from Dena Bank. Representative from Punjab National Bank sits second to left of the representative from Syndicate Bank.

Q.1. Who amongst the following sit exactly between B and the representative from Bank of India? (1) A and the representative from UCO Bank (2) F and G (3) H and the representative from Bank of Maharashtra (4) H and G (5) Representatives from Oriental Bank of Commerce Syndicate Bank and

Q.2. Who amongst the following is the representative from Oriental Bank of Commerce ? (1) A (4) G Q.3. B? (2) C (5) D (3) H Who amongst the following sits second to left of (1) C (2) H (5) G (3) The representative from Canara Bank (4) The representative from Punjab National Bank

Q.4. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ? (1) H-UCO Bank (2) A-Canara Bank (3) D - Bank of Maharashtra (4) E -Syndicate Bank (5) F - Punjab National Bank

Q.5. Which of the following is true with respect to the given seating arrangement ? (1) B is the representative from Bank of Maharashtra (2) C sits second to right of H (3) The representative from Dena Bank sits to the immediate left of the representative from UCO Bank (4) A sits second to right of the representative from Bank of India (5) The representatives from Bank of Maharashtra and Syndicate Bank are immediate neighbours of each other

Q.1-5. Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below : P, Q. R, S, T, V, W and Z are travelling to three destinations Delhi, Chennai and Hyderabad in three different vehicles - Honda City, Swift D’Zire and Ford Ikon. There are three females among them one in each car. There are at least two persons in each car. R is not travelling with Q and W. T, a male, is travelling with only Z and they are not travelling to Chennai. P is travelling in Honda City to Hyderabad. S is sister of P and travels by Ford Ikon. V and R travel together. W does not travel to Chennai.

Q.1. Who is travelling with W ? (1) Only Q (2) Only P (3) Both P and Q (4) Cannot be determined (5) None of these Q.2. Members in which of the following combinations are travelling in Honda City ? (1) PRS (2) PQW (4) Data inadequate (3) PWS (5) None of these

Q.3. In which car are four members travelling ? (1) None (2) Honda City (3)SwiftD’zire (4) Ford Ikon (5) Honda City or Ford Ikon Q.4. Which of the following combinations represents the three female members ? (1) QSZ (2) WSZ (4) Cannot be determined (3) PSZ (5) None of these

Q.5. Members in which car are travelling to Chennai ? (1) Honda City (2)SwiftD’Zire (3) Ford Ikon (4) Either Swift D’Zire or Ford Ikon (5) None of these

Q.1-6. Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions : Eight persons form different banks viz. UCO bank, Syndicate bank, Canara bank, PNB, Dena Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Indian bank and Bank of Maharashtra are sitting in two parallel rows containing four people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row - 1 A, B, C and D are seated and all of the are facing south. In row - 2 P, Q, R and S are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. (All the information given above does not necessarily represent the order of seating as in the final arrangement)

1. C sits second to right of the person from Bank of Maharashtra. R is an immediate neighbour of the person who faces the person from Bank of Maharashtra. 2. Only one person sits between R and the person for PNB. Immediate neighbour of the person from PNB faces the person from Canara Bank. 3. The person from UCO bank faces the person from Oriental Bank of Commerce. R is not from Oriental Bank of Commerce. P is not from PNB. P does not face the person from Bank of Maharashtra. 4. Q faces the person from Dena bank. The one who faces S sits to the immediate left of A. 5. B does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. The person from Bank of Maharashtra does not face the person from Syndicate bank.

Q.1. Which of the following is true regarding A ? (1) The person from UCO bank faces A (2) The person from Bank of Maharashtra is an immediate neighbour of A (3) A faces the person who sits second to right of R (4) A is from oriental Bank of Commerce (5) A sits at one of the extreme ends of the line

Q.2. Who is seated between R and the person from PNB ? (1) The person from Oriental Bank of Commerce (2) P (3) Q (4) S (5) The person from Syndicate bank Q.3. Who amongst the following faces the person from Bank of Maharashtra ? (1) The person from Indian bank (3) R (2) P (4) The person from Syndicate bank (5) The person from Canara bank

Q.4. Who amongst the following sit at extreme ends of the rows ? (1) D and the person from PNB (2) The person from Indian bank and UCO bank (3)The person form Dena bank and P (4) The persons from Syndicate bank and D (5) C, Q

Q.5. P is related to Dena bank in the same way as B is related to PNB based on the given arrangement. To who amongst the following is D related to, following the same pattern ? (1) Syndicate Bank (2) Canara Bank (3) Bank of Maharashtra (4) Indian bank (5) Oriental Bank of Commerce

Q.6. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given seating arrangement and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ? (1) Canara bank (2) R (3) Syndicate bank (4) Q (5) Oriental Bank of commerce

Q.7. Who amongst the following is from Syndicate bank ? (1) C (2) R (4) D (5) A Q.8. (3) P C is from which of the following banks ? (1) Dena Bank (2) Canara Bank (3) UCO Bank (4) Syndicate Bank (5) Oriental Bank of Commerce

Q.6-10. Study the following information and answer the questions given below: A, B, C, D, E, G, and I are seven friends who study in three different standards namely 5th, 6th and 7th such that not less than two friends study in the same standard. Each friend also has a different favourite subject namely History, Civics, English, Marathi, Hindi, Maths and Economics but not necessarily in the same order. A likes Maths and studies in the 5th standard with only one other friend who likes Marathi. I studies only with two other friends. Both the friends who study with I like languages (Here languages include only Hindi, Marathi and English). D studies in the 6th standard with only one person and, does not like civics. E studies with only one friend. The one who likes history does not study in 5th or 6th standard. E does not like languages. C does not like English, Hindi or and Civics.

Q.6. Which of the following is I's favourite subject ? (1) History (2) Civics (3) Marathi (4) Either English or Marathi (5) Either English or Hindi Q.7. Who amongst the following studies in the 7th standard ? (1) G (2) C (3) E (4) D (5) Either D or B

Q.8. Which combination represents E's favourite subject and the standard in which he studies ? (1) Civics and 7th (2) Economics and 5th (3) Civics and 6th (4) Economics and 7th (5) None of these Q.9. Which of the following combinations is definitely correct ? (1) I and Hindi (3) C and Marathi (5) E and Economics (2) G and English (4) B and Hindi

Q.10. Which of the following subjects does G like ? (1) Either Maths or Marathi (2) Either Hindi or English (3) Either Hindi or Civics (4) Either Hindi or Marathi (5) Either Civics or Economics

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