Published on March 6, 2009
ELEVATION TO THE SUPERNATURAL ORDER : ELEVATION TO THE SUPERNATURAL ORDER Man in Paradise: 1. Sanctifying Grace 2. Original Justice 3. Harmony ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS: : ANSWER THESE QUESTIONS: 1. Are all happenings in the affairs of nature and men PREDETERMINED by God? 2. Do you remember the gifts granted by God to our first parents? 3. What happened after the original sin? 4. How is it possible that I am born with the original sin, since I am not responsible for it? 5. What is concupiscence? 1.1 Sanctifying Grace: Supernatural Gifts : 1.1 Sanctifying Grace: Supernatural Gifts · Two kinds of grace: (a) actual = God's help at the beginning of conversion or in the course of the work of sanctification (b) habitual = permanent disposition to live and act in keeping with God's call. · What sanctifying grace is: (a) habitual grace (b) gift of God: sharing of his life (God in us) (c) stable and supernatural disposition effects: makes us pleasing to God, friends/children of God (sharing his life) and guarantees the continuation of that life in heaven BEFORE THE ORIGINAL SINOriginal Justice: Preternatural Gifts : BEFORE THE ORIGINAL SINOriginal Justice: Preternatural Gifts (a) gift of rectitude = inner harmony of the human person, harmony between man and woman, harmony between first couple and all creation; mastery of self; free of the triple concupiscence: lust of the eyes (covetousness or avarice; unbridled desire for earthly goods), lust of the flesh, and pride (b) gift of immortality = he didn't have to die (c) gift of impassibility = he didn't have to suffer (d) gift of knowledge The Fall : The Fall Fall of the Angels · Scripture speaks about the devil: first a good angel, made by God; became evil by his own doing Their fall consisted in a radical and irrevocable rejection of God and his reign Fall of men: Reflected in devil's temptation of our first parents: "You shall be like God!" The devil's influence: great, but not infinite Consequences for Adam and Eve: : Consequences for Adam and Eve: (a) Loss of original holiness, loss of sanctifying grace (b) Loss of original justice: loss of the preternatural gifts; loss of harmony and control (mastery); death entered into the world, & suffering, & ignorance. Consequences for the Human Race: * "By one man's disobedience many wounded human nature, passed on to generations were made sinners." (Rom 5:12) * "Sin came into the world through one man and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all men sinned…" (Rom 5:19) * hence, misery and inclination to evil in the human nature (CONCIPISCENCE) For all, it is a contracted sin, not committed. * a sin that affected human nature that is transmitted in a fallen state, like a debt transmitted from father to son (CCC 404) * hence, need for infant Baptism (CCC 403) man NOT corrupted, only wounded, and therefore can be cured, though weakness would remain (CCC 405) * The need for Personal Interior Struggle : man's whole life is a battle Consequences of Original Sin : Consequences of Original Sin Adam and Eve began to look at God with fear and distrust. They lost their supernatural and praeternatural gifts. Human nature was wounded. There is ignorance in the intellect and malice in the will. Death, suffering, tiredness, etc entered into human history Why Did God Not Prevent Original Sin? : Why Did God Not Prevent Original Sin? The Exsultet of the Easter Vigil sings, 'O happy fault,. . . which gained for us so great a Redeemer!’. Original sin Redemption God's Promise of a Redeemer : God's Promise of a Redeemer · the Protoevangelium (GENESIS 3): announcing the battle between the Woman and the Serpent, between Her Seed and His Seed. · the Church, a new Creation; Christ, the New Adam; Mary, the New Eve. · the "happy fault": why God did not prevent man from sinning · Thanks to Redemption: Divine filiation Habitual or sanctifying grace Supernatural virtues (theological 3 + moral 4) Gifts of the Holy Spirit Actual graces Abraham : Abraham Slide 12: Patriarch's Journey Slide 13: MOSES Slide 14: Egypt & Sinai Slide 15: Mt. Sinai Slide 16: Name YaHWeH: Ex 3, 13-15: “13 The Moses said to God, ‘when I go to the people of Israel and say to them, The God of your fathers has sent me to you’, if they ask me, ‘What is his name?’ what shall I say to them?’ 14 God said to Moses, “I AM [‘EHYEH] WHO AM [‘EHYEH]” (or HE IS WHO IS). And he added, ‘Say this to the children of Israel, ‘15 The Elohim said to Moses: ‘Say this to the children of Israel: The Lord (YAHWéH), the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you’: this is my name forever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations’. Slide 17: Monastery of St. Catherine at the foot of Mt. Sinai Slide 18: Northern Part of Sinai Peninsula Slide 19: 12 Tribes of Israel Slide 20: Annuntiation Church Slide 23: View Sea of Galilee Slide 24: Mt. Beatitudes Slide 25: View of Mt. Thabor Slide 26: Lazarus' Tomb Slide 27: Dominus Flevit Church Slide 29: Mt. of Olives Slide 30: Gethsemani Olives Trees Slide 31: Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus Slide 32: Calvary Rock DEATH OF JESUS : DEATH OF JESUS He carried the Cross for about 2 kms. People used to insult the condemned prisoner, spit on his face, and stones were also thrown. Just the weight of the horizontal beam could be 30 kgs. WHAT CHRIST WON FOR US : WHAT CHRIST WON FOR US Christ, by his work of Redemption won for us salvation. Grace heals us of sin. It makes us children of God and heirs of heaven. CONSEQUENCES OF OUR CONDITION, BEING SAVED : CONSEQUENCES OF OUR CONDITION, BEING SAVED Adoration of and gratitude to God. Recognition of our weakness. Humility. Considering our divine filiation. Trust and confidence in our Father God.