7 2

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Information about 7 2

Published on November 20, 2008

Author: Carrie.Heninger

Source: slideshare.net

Description

family, social structures, philosophies

You are learning about the three main social classes of ancient China You are learning what life was like during the Zhou dynasty

You are learning about the three main social classes of ancient China

You are learning what life was like during the Zhou dynasty

Chinese Society Fill in the blank with the correct social class Aristocrats Peasant farmers Merchants Why was the wealthy merchant class on BOTTOM??

LIFE IN ANCIENT CHINA Social classes- ppl who share a similar position in society 3 main social classes- rich land owners, poor farmers, merchants

Life of an aristocratic Large houses Beautiful gardens Fine furniture Relied on farmers to grow crops

Large houses

Beautiful gardens

Fine furniture

Relied on farmers to grow crops

Life of a farmer 9/10 Chinese were farmers Lived in simple homes Farmers grew wheat, millet, and rice on aristocrat’s farmers Farmers grew food for their family on a small plot of land One month a year they helped with gov’t building projects In war time farmers became soldiers

9/10 Chinese were farmers

Lived in simple homes

Farmers grew wheat, millet, and rice on aristocrat’s farmers

Farmers grew food for their family on a small plot of land

One month a year they helped with gov’t building projects

In war time farmers became soldiers

Life of merchants Shopkeepers, traders, and bankers Lived in towns and provide goods and services Very rich Looked down on by other classes

Shopkeepers, traders, and bankers

Lived in towns and provide goods and services

Very rich

Looked down on by other classes

LIFE IN A CHINESE FAMILY Why big families – everybody worked so more members would help you become wealthy Filial piety- children respect their parents and elders Role of Men- women obeyed men (even their sons) Role of Women- raised children and took care of the house

Why big families – everybody worked so more members would help you become wealthy

Filial piety- children respect their parents and elders

Role of Men- women obeyed men (even their sons)

Role of Women- raised children and took care of the house

CHINESE THINKERS Need for order and a peaceful society led to 3 major theories to create a peaceful society Confucianism - Confucius – China’s first great thinker and teacher Duty- was important above all else “ Golden Rule”- Do unto others … Unpopular with aristocrats because Confucius felt ALL men with a talent to govern should be able to work in the government.

Need for order and a peaceful society led to 3 major theories to create a peaceful society

Confucianism -

Confucius – China’s first great thinker and teacher

Duty- was important above all else

“ Golden Rule”- Do unto others …

Unpopular with aristocrats because Confucius felt ALL men with a talent to govern should be able to work in the government.

China, Confucianism & Taoism (Daoism) United Streaming Clip

Daoism Laozi- “Old Master” founder Dao De Jing- written text Worldly desires- must give up these Nature- the force that guides all things Opposite of Confucianism because it called on people to give up their concerns about the world (working in gov’t) and seek inner peace.

Laozi- “Old Master” founder

Dao De Jing- written text

Worldly desires- must give up these

Nature- the force that guides all things

Opposite of Confucianism because it called on people to give up their concerns about the world (working in gov’t) and seek inner peace.

Legalism Hanfeizi- scholar that founded Legalism Believed people are Naturally evil – must have rules and harsh punishment to control them Favored by aristocrats because it favored force and power

Hanfeizi- scholar that founded Legalism

Believed people are Naturally evil – must have rules and harsh punishment to control them

Favored by aristocrats because it favored force and power

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