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6Perceptionenhanced

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Published on January 14, 2008

Author: Teobaldo

Source: authorstream.com

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Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed):  Myers’ PSYCHOLOGY (7th Ed) Chapter 6 Perception James A. McCubbin, PhD Clemson University Worth Publishers Perception:  Perception Selective Attention focus of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus Change Blindness:  Change Blindness Perceptual Illusions:  Perceptual Illusions Perceptual Illusions:  Perceptual Illusions Perceptual Illusions:  Perceptual Illusions Perceptual Illusions:  Perceptual Illusions Perceptual Illusions:  Perceptual Illusions Perceptual Illusions:  Perceptual Illusions Perceptual Illusions:  Perceptual Illusions Perceptual Organization: Gestalt:  Perceptual Organization: Gestalt Visual Capture tendency for vision to dominate the other senses Gestalt--an organized whole tendency to integrate pieces of information into meaningful wholes Perceptual Organization: Gestalt:  Perceptual Organization: Gestalt Grouping the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups Grouping Principles proximity--group nearby figures together similarity--group figures that are similar continuity--perceive continuous patterns closure--fill in gaps connectedness--spots, lines, and areas are seen as unit when connected Perceptual Organization: Illusory Contours:  Perceptual Organization: Illusory Contours Perceptual Organization:  Perceptual Organization Figure and Ground--organization of the visual field into objects (figures) that stand out from their surroundings (ground) Perceptual Organization: Grouping Principles:  Perceptual Organization: Grouping Principles Perceptual Organization: Closure:  Perceptual Organization: Closure Gestalt grouping principles are at work here. Perceptual Organization: Grouping Principles:  Perceptual Organization: Grouping Principles Gestalt grouping principles are at work here. Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Depth Perception ability to see objects in three dimensions allows us to judge distance Binocular cues retinal disparity images from the two eyes differ closer the object, the larger the disparity convergence neuromuscular cue two eyes move inward for near objects Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Visual Cliff Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Monocular Cues relative size smaller image is more distant interposition closer object blocks distant object relative clarity hazy object seen as more distant texture coarse --> close fine --> distant Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Relative Size Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Interposition Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Monocular Cues (cont.) relative height higher objects seen as more distant relative motion closer objects seem to move faster linear perspective parallel lines converge with distance relative brightness closer objects appear brighter Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Relative Height Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Perspective Techniques Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Light and Shadow Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Illusory Depth Perceptual Constancy:  Perceptual Constancy Perceptual Constancy perceiving objects as unchanging even as illumination and retinal image change color shape size Perceptual Organization:  Perceptual Organization Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception:  Perceptual Organization: Depth Perception Illusory Depth Explanation Perceptual Organization: Muller-Lyer Illusion:  Perceptual Organization: Muller-Lyer Illusion Perceptual Organization: Size-Distance Relationship:  Perceptual Organization: Size-Distance Relationship Perceptual Organization-Brightness Contrast:  Perceptual Organization-Brightness Contrast Perceptual Organization: Grouping Principles:  Perceptual Organization: Grouping Principles Impossible doghouse Sensory Restriction: Blakemore & Cooper, 1970:  Sensory Restriction: Blakemore & Cooper, 1970 Kittens raised without exposure to horizontal lines later had difficulty perceiving horizontal bars. Perceptual Interpretation:  Perceptual Interpretation Perceptual Adaptation (vision) ability to adjust to an artificially displaced visual field prism glasses Perceptual Set a mental predisposition to perceive one thing and not another Perceptual Set: Schemas:  Perceptual Set: Schemas What you see in the center is influenced by perceptual set Perceptual Set: Schemas:  Perceptual Set: Schemas Flying Saucers or Clouds? Perception and the Human Factor :  Perception and the Human Factor Human Factors Psychology explores how people and machines interact explores how machine and physical environments can be adapted to human behaviors Perceptual Set: Human Factors:  Perceptual Set: Human Factors Is There Extrasensory Perception? :  Is There Extrasensory Perception? Extrasensory Perception controversial claim that perception can occur apart from sensory input telepathy clairvoyance precognition Parapsychology the study of paranormal phenomena ESP psychokinesis

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