65CF9E81 EBD6 4FB7 A0A2 F2E34AFA5412 CCP and gumoi

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Information about 65CF9E81 EBD6 4FB7 A0A2 F2E34AFA5412 CCP and gumoi
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Published on January 16, 2008

Author: Stella

Source: authorstream.com

In what ways, and for what reasons did the nature of the relationship between the CCP and the Guomindang change between 1920 and 1928?:  In what ways, and for what reasons did the nature of the relationship between the CCP and the Guomindang change between 1920 and 1928? Slide2:  Chiang Kai Shek Mao Zedong Dr. Sun Yatsen The relationship between the CCP and the Gumindang :  The relationship between the CCP and the Gumindang After the May 4th Movement, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was formed and the renewal of the Gumindang (the nationalist party). These two parties formed a United Front for many reasons 1. Needed to be united together in their opposition to the warlords. 2. China needed to be free from the foreigners who still occupied the port cities. 3. China needed to be unified under one government. In what ways did the relationship change :  In what ways did the relationship change There was a power struggle after Dr. Sun Yatsen’s death. Chiang Kai-Shek was the leader of the GMD National Revolutionary Army. In March 1926 a gunboat moved near to Huangpu military academy, a training center for the GMD army. Chiang thought this was a coup and took the gunboat At the same time there was a strike in Guangzhou. Chiang’s revolutionary army surrounded the headquarters and arrested its communists leaders. The Northern Expedition. The Shanghai massacre. Chiang and the CCP knew that Shanghai was important for their success of the revolution. If the communists controlled Shanghai, Chiang will be no longer in power. The GMD gained control of Shanghai and expelled all communists from the GMD. The CCP hit back with an unsuccessful anti GMD rebellion. The relationship between the two parties did not become better, instead the relationship grew worse with more rebellions, murders and fighting. For what reasons did the relationship change:  For what reasons did the relationship change After Yatsen’s death there was a struggle for power because Dr. Sun Yatsen was the one who unified the two parties together to make China stronger. There was a power struggle for the control of the GMD between the left and right wing. The left wing was more sympathetic to communism. Chiang Kai-Shek thought cooperation with the communist was only important while the GMD was weak. Now he decided to move against the communists. In 1926 the Northern Expedition was sent to reunite China, within a year the alliance between the CCP and the GMD collapsed. The communists had to hide underground in the cities or fled to the countryside. Meanwhile, the GMD captured Beijing and completed the Nationalist revolution. The communist party and Mao’s work with the peasants got the support for the communists and many joined them. Instead the GMD didn’t work with the peasants and didn’t attract many of the peasants support. Historiography :  Historiography “For us to kill Communists would be just plain suicide” – Chiang Kai Shek in Wood and McManus page 30. Chiang Kai Shek declared that this time restrictions were placed on all Communists within the GMD and they were quickly removed from the leadership of the GMD. “In the end the Nationalists revolution failed because it did not aspire to fundamental social change. The GMD, as a political party, did not have a class base. ….. It was left to the CCP to continue the Chinese revolution for the people and by the people”. (Wood and McManus page 46)

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