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6. The First Global Civilization

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Information about 6. The First Global Civilization

Published on October 3, 2007

Author: albano

Source: slideshare.net

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I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam III. The Arab Empire of the Umayyads IV. From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era

I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam III. The Arab Empire of the Umayyads IV. From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era

I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World Bedouins Camel herding Agriculture A. Clan Identity, Clan Rivalries, and the Cycle of Vengeance Clans Grouped into tribes Shayks Free warriors Rivalry B. Towns and Long-Distance Trade Entrepots Mecca Umayyad clan, Quraysh tribe Ka’ba Medina Arabia and Surrounding Area Before and During the Time of Muhammad

I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World

Bedouins

Camel herding

Agriculture

A. Clan Identity, Clan Rivalries, and the Cycle of Vengeance Clans

Grouped into tribes Shayks Free warriors Rivalry

B. Towns and Long-Distance Trade Entrepots Mecca Umayyad clan, Quraysh tribe Ka’ba Medina

I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World B. Marriage and Family in Pre-Islamic Arabia Women have important roles Polygyny, polyandry C. Poet and Neglected Gods Animism, polytheism Including Allah Arabia and Surrounding Area Before and During the Time of Muhammad

I. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World

B. Marriage and Family in Pre-Islamic Arabia Women have important roles

Polygyny, polyandry

C. Poet and Neglected Gods Animism, polytheism

Including Allah

II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam Banu Hasim clan Orphaned Mecca Khadijah Revelations, 610 via Gabriel Persecution, Flight, and Victory Ka’ba gods threatened Invited to Medina, 622 Hijra Return to Mecca, 629 Arabs and Islam Umma Universal Elements in Islam 5 Pillars Acceptance of Islam Prayer Fasting during Ramadan Payment of zakat Hajj The Expansion of the Islamic Empire During the 7th and 8th Centuries

II. The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam Banu Hasim clan Orphaned Mecca

Khadijah Revelations, 610 via Gabriel

Persecution, Flight, and Victory Ka’ba gods threatened Invited to Medina, 622 Hijra Return to Mecca, 629

Arabs and Islam Umma

Universal Elements in Islam 5 Pillars

Acceptance of Islam

Prayer Fasting during Ramadan Payment of zakat Hajj

III. The Arab Empire of the Umayyads Death, 632 Succession struggle Consolidation and Division in the Islamic Community Abu Bakr Ridda Wars Motives for Arab Conquest Conversions Booty Weaknesses of the Adversary Empires Sassanian Empire Zoroastrianism Dynasty ended, 651 Byzantium The Problem of Succession and the Sunni-Shi’a Split Uthman 3rd caliph Murdered Ali Rejected by Umayyads Siffin, 657 Loses suppor Assassinated, 661 Son, Hasan, renounces caliphate Son, Husayn Killed, Karbala, 680 Sunni – Umayyads Shi’a – Ali’s descendants Mu’awiya Caliph, 660 The Umayyad Imperium Push west Stopped at Poitiers, 732 Retain Iberia Converts and “People of the Book” Malawi , converts Dhimmi , people of the book Jews, Christians Later, Zoroastrians and Hindus Family and Gender Roles in the Umayyad Age Islamic ideas prevail at first Umayyad Decline and Fall Revolts Merv Abassid revolt 750, Umayyads defeated by Abassids

III. The Arab Empire of the Umayyads Death, 632 Succession struggle

Consolidation and Division in the Islamic Community Abu Bakr

Ridda Wars

Motives for Arab Conquest Conversions Booty

Weaknesses of the Adversary Empires Sassanian Empire Zoroastrianism Dynasty ended, 651 Byzantium

The Problem of Succession and the Sunni-Shi’a Split Uthman 3rd caliph Murdered

Ali Rejected by Umayyads Siffin, 657 Loses suppor Assassinated, 661 Son, Hasan, renounces caliphate Son, Husayn Killed, Karbala, 680 Sunni – Umayyads Shi’a – Ali’s descendants Mu’awiya

Caliph, 660

The Umayyad Imperium Push west Stopped at Poitiers, 732 Retain Iberia

Converts and “People of the Book” Malawi , converts

Dhimmi , people of the book Jews, Christians

Later, Zoroastrians and Hindus

Family and Gender Roles in the Umayyad Age Islamic ideas prevail at first

Umayyad Decline and Fall Revolts

Merv Abassid revolt 750, Umayyads defeated by Abassids

IV. From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era Sunni rule repress Shi’a Baghdad New capital Islamic Conversion and Mawali Acceptance Town and Country: Commercial Boom and Agrarian Expansion Urban expansion Ayan The First Flowering of Islamic Learning Building Mosques, palaces

IV. From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era Sunni rule repress Shi’a Baghdad

New capital

Islamic Conversion and Mawali Acceptance

Town and Country: Commercial Boom and Agrarian Expansion

Urban expansion Ayan

The First Flowering of Islamic Learning

Building

Mosques, palaces

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