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Published on October 10, 2007

Author: Mertice

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The Phonological Loop as an important second language learning device :  The Phonological Loop as an important second language learning device Takashi Furuhata 1. Introduction:  1. Introduction Many studies suggest a significantly high relationship between children’s phonological working memory ability and foreign language learning. 2.What is phonological loop? :  2.What is phonological loop? 3-     Phonological Loop Baddeley & Hitch (1974) found Working memory It holds recent information that fades within 2 seconds Phonological Loop By repeating the information, the working memory can store it and send to the long- term memory. 3. Research Question:  3. Research Question What about….. children’s phonological ability and a non-alphabetical language learning in a second language for children with an alphabetical first language. This study examined whether or not a significant correlation between the performance score of the (1) A delayed native language pseudo-word copying task tests and the (2) Japanese foreign language vocabulary learning test. 4. Method:  4. Method Subjects 20 elementary school students (3rd grade) Instruments 1) A delayed native language pseudo-word copying task (phonological ability assessment) 2) Japanese vocabulary learning session (Foreign language learning session) 3) The Japanese foreign language vocabulary learning test. (Foreign language learning assessment) 4. Method -Instrument I:  4. Method -Instrument I 1) A delayed native language pseudo-word copying task (phonological ability assessment) the procedure by empirical research by Service (1992) The subject would see one word for 6 seconds And then start to write what they saw on the answer sheet within 17 seconds per question. Slide7:  Are you ready for Q7? Each word is shown for ONLY 6 seconds Slide8:  pastualty Slide9:  Please write down what you saw. 4. Method - Instrument II:  4. Method - Instrument II 2) Japanese vocabulary learning session (Foreign language learning session) To memorize 10 Japanese written vocabulary within 20 seconds each Vocabulary - ship, snake, flog, car, glass, mouse, lion, swallow, rabbit, and crocodile The subject is allowed to use a blank sheet of paper to use anyway he or she wants. Slide11:  Dolphin いるか Slide12:  Ship ふね Slide13:  Snake へび Slide14:  Frog かえる Slide15:  Car くるま Slide16:  Glasses めがね Slide17:  Mouse ねずみ Slide18:  Lion らいおん . Slide19:  Swallow つばめ Slide20:  Rabbit うさぎ Slide21:  Crocodile わ に 4. Method - Instrument III:  4. Method - Instrument III 3) The Japanese foreign language vocabulary learning test. (Foreign language learning assessment) To asses how well they learned in the previous session. paper based-test 10 multiple-choice questions one of four Japanese written vocabularies was correct Slide23:  Practice Question -What is a dolphin called in Japanese? たこ b. くじら c. いるか d. さかな You need to choose one of these choices that you believe is correct. What is the answer? 5. Results:  5. Results the performance score distribution of the delayed native language pseudo-word copying task test (M = 7.2) and the Japanese foreign language vocabulary-learning test (M = 5.2) was not significantly correlated (r = .004, df = 18). 6. Discussion:  6. Discussion Children’s phonological ability with English as a native language and Japanese non-alphabetical learning DID NOT have significant relationship in this experiment. 7. Observation:  7. Observation Most of children could copy each complete readable Japanese word in the paper within the limited time (20 sec) 8. Future Possibilities and Conclusion:  8. Future Possibilities and Conclusion Possibility Phonological ability training programs may improve children’s language learning skills. Acknowledgement:  Acknowledgement The Whitworth Elementary School Mrs. Terri Onderisin Mr. Eric Tiegel The End.:  The End.

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