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5 Good Years And Card Sort

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Education

Published on January 27, 2009

Author: chrishume

Source: slideshare.net

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The Golden Years of Weimar Germany-good overview
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L.Os Explain why 1924-1929 are considered the Golden Years of the Weimar Republic Explain the effect the Great Depression had on the Weimar Government AND the Nazis. 1924-1929: ‘The Golden Years ’ of the Weimar Republic

L.Os

Explain why 1924-1929 are considered the Golden Years of the Weimar Republic

Explain the effect the Great Depression had on the Weimar Government AND the Nazis.

1924-1929: ‘The Golden Years ’ of the Weimar Republic YEARS OF HOPE In GERMANY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Following the crises of 1918-23, Germany began to stabilise and prosper between 1924- 1929.

Worked hard to get Britain & France to trust Germany Got Britain and France to agree to changes in the Versailles settlement Gustav Stresemann as Chancellor in 1923 then as Foreign Minister 1923-29 was a key figure in these good years. Politician of stability 1923-29 in several coalition governments Germany’s old enemy, France became friendlier towards them He was bitterly hated by right wingers who called him a traitor. Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926

Worked hard to get Britain & France to trust Germany

Got Britain and France to agree to changes in the Versailles settlement

Gustav Stresemann as Chancellor in 1923 then as Foreign Minister 1923-29 was a key figure in these good years.

Politician of stability 1923-29 in several coalition governments

Germany’s old enemy, France became friendlier towards them

He was bitterly hated by right wingers who called him a traitor.

Awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1926

OTHER FEATURES OF THE STRESEMANN YEARS Unemployment and poverty still high Growing prosperity based on USA loans – what would happen if USA wanted the money back ? POSITIVES Golden age of German cinema Night life, cabaret etc Removal of censorship Weimar Republic became more popular NEGATIVES

Unemployment and poverty still high

Growing prosperity based on USA loans –

what would happen if USA wanted the money back ?

Golden age of German cinema

Night life, cabaret etc

Removal of censorship

Weimar Republic became more popular

Anything else? BUT both the Nazis and the Communists made little progress in these years because people were much better off and their EXTREME ideas did not appeal to people Stresemann wasn’t popular with either the extreme nationalists like Hitler and the Nazis, or with the Communists Hitler disliked the League because it supported the Treaty of Versailles

BUT both the Nazis and the Communists made little progress in these years because people were much better off and their EXTREME ideas did not appeal to people

Stresemann wasn’t popular with either the extreme nationalists like Hitler and the Nazis, or with the Communists

Hitler disliked the League because it supported the Treaty of Versailles

THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC’S 5 GOOD YEARS 1924-1929 A USA economic plan to help Germany recover from the economic crisis of 1923. Amount of reparations reduced Large US loans would help German trade and industry Old currency destroyed and a new stable currency introduced Coal & steel industries modernised All very successful. Germany was beginning to prosper, and there was a positive and confident atmosphere In GERMANY

Amount of reparations reduced

Large US loans would help German trade and industry

Old currency destroyed and a new stable currency introduced

Coal & steel industries modernised

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 1925 LOCARNO TREATY- between Germany, France and Belgium. Germany promised to respect its western borders= France & Belgium feel safe. 1926 GERMANY JOINS THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS Major successes Allied occupying force in the Rhineland was reduced Stresemann (Germany) Joseph Chamberlain (UK) Briand (France) 1924 DAWES PLAN- loans & reparations

1925 LOCARNO TREATY- between Germany, France and Belgium. Germany promised to respect its western borders= France & Belgium feel safe.

1926 GERMANY JOINS THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS

Allied occupying force in the Rhineland was reduced

1924 DAWES PLAN- loans & reparations

WHAT WERE THE POLITICAL RESULTS OF THESE GOOD YEARS?? Political parties who were committed to the Weimar Republic eg SOCIAL DEMOCRATS did much better in the 1928 elections than in previous ones. Democratic govt more popular than before. RIGHT WING NATIONALIST parties did not receive many votes- when things are going well people do not need to turn to them for solutions. The NAZIS had no one to appeal to in these 5 years. MIDDLE CLASS parties lost support because middle class voters had suffered in the Great Inflation COMMUNISTS were still well supported- a sign that extremists were still dangerous In times of stability and prosperity, support for extremist political parties falls.

Political parties who were committed to the Weimar Republic eg SOCIAL DEMOCRATS did much better in the 1928 elections than in previous ones. Democratic govt more popular than before.

RIGHT WING NATIONALIST parties did not receive many votes- when things are going well people do not need to turn to them for solutions. The NAZIS had no one to appeal to in these 5 years.

MIDDLE CLASS parties lost support because middle class voters had suffered in the Great Inflation

COMMUNISTS were still well supported- a sign that extremists were still dangerous

Events Consequence

Events Consequence

1924 Dawes Plan-Secures massive loans for Germany from the USA. 1924 Locarno Pact signed with France (secures Germany’s western borders). 1926 Germany joins the League of Nations 1924-1928: Golden age of German cinema and culture. 1924-1929: Majority of Germans happy with Weimar Government and support the Republic. 1929 Young Plan- final reparations agreement means Germany have to pay only 1/3 of full amount. This enables Germany to rebuild economy after hyperinflation. It does mean Germany is in huge debt to the USA though? What will happen if the USA needs the loans paid back quickly? Relationship with France greatly improved. Status as a great power recognised by world. Germans spending more and becoming proud of their country again. Extremist parties such as the Nazis lose popularity. Economy boosted as German can now plan to pay reparations and don’t have to pay as much.

Task 1 G/C: 4 mark KU question Explain why 1924-1929 can be called ‘The Golden Years’ of the Weimar Republic? (4) Extension: Write the heading: Stressemann’s other achievements . Underneath this, list the two events you did not use in your answer and explain the consequences of these for Germany.

G/C: 4 mark KU question

Explain why 1924-1929 can be called ‘The Golden Years’ of the Weimar Republic? (4)

Extension: Write the heading:

Stressemann’s other achievements . Underneath this, list the two events you did not use in your answer and explain the consequences of these for Germany.

BUT…..in 1929 the Great Depression occurs in the USA USA economy in bad health-they need to recall ALL their loans to survive. This affects Germany more than most because of the Dawes Plan of 1924 Weimar Republic poor again-poverty, unemployment and hunger widespread. As a leading Nazi said in 1929…. ‘ It is in times of crisis that we will find the greatest opportunity…’ And as a leading historian has put it….. ‘ The Great Depression put the wind in Hitler’s sails…’

USA economy in bad health-they need to recall ALL their loans to survive.

This affects Germany more than most because of the Dawes Plan of 1924

Weimar Republic poor again-poverty, unemployment and hunger widespread.

COMMUNISTS DEMOCRATS DEMOCRATIC PARTY CENTRE PARTY PEOPLE’S PARTY GERMAN NATIONAL PEOPLE’S PARTY NAZI PARTY GREAT DEPRESSION

Cause: Great Depression in USA

Task 2: Group answer As a group, work out the BEST answers to the following questions and make sure everyone in your group has the same answer written down. Explain why the Great Depression in the USA plunged Germany into a crisis. (3) 3. Why can it be argued that the Great Depression ‘…put the wind in Hitler’s sails…’ (3)

As a group, work out the BEST answers to the following questions and make sure everyone in your group has the same answer written down.

Explain why the Great Depression in the USA plunged Germany into a crisis. (3)

3. Why can it be argued that the Great Depression ‘…put the wind in Hitler’s sails…’ (3)

L.Os Explain why 1924-1929 are considered the Golden Years of the Weimar Republic Explain the effect the Great Depression had on the Weimar Government AND the Nazis. 1924-1929: ‘The Golden Years ’ of the Weimar Republic

L.Os

Explain why 1924-1929 are considered the Golden Years of the Weimar Republic

Explain the effect the Great Depression had on the Weimar Government AND the Nazis.

1924 Dawes Plan-Secures massive loans for Germany from the USA. 1924 Locarno Pact signed with France (secures Germany’s western borders). 1926 Germany joins the League of Nations 1924-1928: Golden age of German cinema and culture. 1924-1929: Majority of Germans happy with Weimar Government and support the Republic. 1929 Young Plan- final reparations agreement means Germany have to pay only 1/3 of full amount. This enables Germany to rebuild economy after hyperinflation. It does mean Germany is in huge debt to the USA though? What will happen if the USA needs the loans paid back quickly? Relationship with France greatly improved. Status as a great power recognised by world. Germans spending more and becoming proud of their country again. Extremist parties such as the Nazis lose popularity. Economy boosted as Germany can now plan to pay reparations and don’t have to pay as much.

Events Consequence

Events Consequence

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