Published on September 15, 2015
1. CONS5Q25 Assignment 3 Praveen Premkumar as at 17th September 2009 Student ID: 1213020 4.0 Subcontractor Selection The main objective of obtaining competitive prices is an advantage through work package optimisation. (Prigg, SB2.07a Subcontractors Introduction & Overview, 2009). This process is to be carried out by one entity for example, a company. A subcontractor supplies material, equipment, labour and management (Prigg, SB2.07b Obtaining & Selecting Subcontractors, 2009). Therefore, the selection of suitable subcontractor plays a significant role for acquiring prices and estimation for deciding in the construction industry, which is to be performed by the main contractor. It is a standard practice to issue tender invitation letters to the bidding parties including information pertaining to that particular subcontractor’s scope of work. Generally, this would include for commencement of work, completion date, and Conditions of Contract used and a draft construction programme drawn up, set of tender drawings and specifications will be given to each trade of subcontractor. As a rule there are at least three subcontractors to bid the tender. It is standard procedure after receipt of quotation from all participating subcontractors a bid evaluation to be carried out. The tender tags are qualifications to an offer and take an important part for the selection of the subcontractor. It is critical to analyse the tags and make financial adjustments accordingly (if required). If the lowest tenderer, stipulates tags, which were included by the other subcontractors, a reasonable price selected from the other contractor to be added to the lowest bidder. It is important that the subcontractor elaborates on all items deemed to be part of the subcontract. The bid evaluation should be conducted for each subcontractor work package. The history of previous involvements and the current workload in hand of the subcontractor would form a vital component to decide whether the lowest bidder has the capabilities to match the construction programme. Therefore, the subcontractor selection is not entirely determined by the price. There are subcontractors who tend to execute subcontract works to the main contractor frequently take a bit of favouration in the selection by negotiation of the subcontract trade. A subcontractor performing a particular trade for the main contractor for a longer period successfully may enter into a subcontract by preparation of schedule of quantities with the standard market rates, to award the subcontract. In view of the above, some clients nominate subcontractors for specific trade elements based on their expertise on the trade. It would be advisable when appointing nominated subcontractor, it is necessary to make allowance for builders work associated incidental works which will be carried out by the main contractor. Est1 Assignment Pt.3 2-2009.xls C: UNITEC Institute of Technology 13/10/2009 10
2. CONS5Q25 Assignment 3 Praveen Premkumar as at 17th September 2009 Student ID: 1213020 The main contractor should make certain that the selected subcontractor performs his duties in accordance with the construction programme, in order to liase with other activities parallel in progress. For the duration of the construction work in progress, some subcontractors may go into liquation. This could reflect a delay on the scheduled programme and have a knock on effect on the progress of work. Consequently, the main contractor should be well prepared to substitute another contractor in place to carryout the work from the termination of the existing subcontractor. This may not only affect the main contractor’s construction progress but also the financial outcome of the end product. At some point in the selection process of the subcontractor, before reaching an agreement, a preferred subcontractor meeting will take place. In the meeting, meeting minutes both parties can critically analyse the scope of the work to make sure all relevant items are covered in the subcontract. This will eliminate any ambiguous or contingent section of work. The packaging options the main contractor should consider may include for combination of won work and subcontract work packages. This is the most commonly used option 30% own work and 70% subcontracted work but it highly depends on the project nature and the mood of the contractor. Otherwise, the alternative method is the project management approach, which is to subcontract everything (whole project). To do it all within the contracting organisation but the whole is often better managed by breaking it up into parts (Prigg, SB2.07a Subcontractors Introduction & Overview, 2009). It should be noted that when receiving prices from suppliers that are unknown to the company you are working in, you are faced slightly at a disadvantage if the supplier you are not too familiar or unfamiliar with sends you a price quote. It is also suggested to be cautious because cheap prices are sometimes wrong, and there is an issue of uncertainty when dealing with ‘unknown’ factor which may arise, for example say $X dollars today, will be worth tomorrow $X + 10% (C. Prigg, personal communication, 1 September 2009). In economical terms, it is best accepting prices put forward to you before tender closes. These duties are important in two ways to control for quality and costs. You may choose to place a time limit on the subcontractors who may wish to respond to your bids. By accepting the lowest bid can cost you, the main contractor more than what you think you will save (Prigg, SB2.07b Obtaining & Selecting Subcontractors, 2009). Woodson (1995) indicates if you take an approach of simply hiring the lowest bidder, the odds are high that you will be disappointed with the quality of Est1 Assignment Pt.3 2-2009.xls C: UNITEC Institute of Technology 13/10/2009 11
3. CONS5Q25 Assignment 3 Praveen Premkumar as at 17th September 2009 Student ID: 1213020 workmanship. What appears to be the lowest price can creep up with extras. Your thoughts that a subcontractor offered the best deal will change quickly if the quality of the workmanship is below average. When you are dealing with subcontractors you will have to look below the surface, ands you must spend some time researching the fact available to you. It is not as simple as requesting the three bids and accepting the lowest one (p. 36). It is reported that there are some underlying assumptions to be made. For instance, doing the work yourself is more profitable but more risky of making errors. However, on the other hand delegating work packages to subcontractor are less risky but more profitable i.e. say you as the main contractor aren’t held liable if a mistake happens, it is the subcontractor’s liability (C. Prigg, personal communication, September 1, 2009). In conclusion to the above, upon commencing of the post tender stage assuming it is successful, the contractor is to accept the subcontractor prices as soon as possible and “get into track” move in to the construction phase of the project. But it also depends on the project and the contractor. As a general sense, however, the critical path is only an outline proposed at tendering stage. If the cost will goes up client will somehow accommodate liquidated damages (Prigg, SB2.07c Subcontractor Administration & Documentation, 2009). Est1 Assignment Pt.3 2-2009.xls C: UNITEC Institute of Technology 13/10/2009 12
5.0 Subcontractor Selection Ass3 Sem2 '09. 3 months ago. General . 3.0 Common Types of Construction Contracts & Standard Conditions of Contract Est1 Sem2 '09.
Operations management has been recognised as an ... The selection of location is a key-decision ... 0.2 5.0 0.0 4.7 –0.3 1.96 50.0 0.04 0.00 0.09 ...
These documents defined general requirements and provided guidance for the selection of ... performance of budgeted.5 0 ... subcontractor procurement ...
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