4G Wireless Technology

60 %
40 %
Information about 4G Wireless Technology
Science-Technology

Published on August 24, 2011

Author: sai.warrior90

Source: authorstream.com

4G Wireless Technology: 4G Wireless Technology Prepared by K.Sai Kumar Yadav 07K81A0584 Outline: Outline Introduction What is 4G? What's New in 4G? 3G vs. 4G 4G Network Features How 4G works Challenges What is 4G? : What is 4G? A wireless access technology and is the successor of 3G. Called "3G and Beyond". Enables seamless roaming between technologies. Plans on releasing the first commercial network in 2010 . NTT DoCoMo Company is testing 4G communication at 100 Mbps while moving , and 1 Gbps while stationary . What's New in 4G? : What's New in 4G? Entirely packet-switched networks. All network elements are digital. Higher bandwidths to provide multimedia services at lower cost (up to 100Mbps). Tight network security. Features of 4G Networks: Features of 4G Networks 4G networks are all-IP (Internet Protocol) based heterogeneous networks This will allow users to: Select any system at any time and any where Use Multiple systems at the same time (e.g. GPS and WLANs and CDMA) A wide range of applications using only one 4G integrated terminal Features of 4G Networks (cont.): Features of 4G Networks (cont.) Support interactive multimedia services: teleconferencing, wireless Internet, etc. Wider bandwidths, higher bit rates. Global mobility and service portability. Low cost. Scalability of mobile networks (>10 times the capacity of 3G). 3G vs. 4G: 3G (including 2.5G) 4G Major Requirement Driving Architecture Predominantly voice driven - data was always add on Converged data and voice over IP Network Architecture Wide area cell-based Hybrid - Integration of Wireless LAN (WiFi, Bluetooth) and wide area Speeds 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps 20 to 100 Mbps in mobile mode Frequency Band Dependent on country or continent (1800-2400 MHz) Higher frequency bands (2-8 GHz) Bandwidth 5-20 MHz 100 MHz (or more) Switching Design Basis Circuit and Packet All digital with packetized voice Access Technologies W-CDMA, 1xRTT, Edge OFDM and MC-CDMA (Multi Carrier CDMA) Forward Error Correction Convolution rate 1/2, 1/3 Concatenated coding scheme Component Design Optimized antenna design, multi-band adapters multi-band adapters Smarter Antennas, software multiband and wideband radios IP A number of air link protocols, including IP 5.0 All IP (IP6.0) 3G vs. 4G How 4G works (working principle) : How 4G works (working principle) The IP address is based on IPv6. IPv4: X . X . X . X (32 bits) example: 216 . 37 . 129 . 9 IPv6: 4 × IPv4 (128 bits) example: 216.37.129.9 , 79.23.178.229 , 65.198.2.10 , 192.168.5.120 home address care-of address mobile IP address local network address IPv4 vs. IPv6: IPv4 vs. IPv6 IPv4 IPv6 Structure 32 bits 128 bits Security Poor security Enhance security Function Addressing Multi-fun. and mobile fun. are built-in Plug & Play (Auto-Configuration) 4G Systems Challenges: 4G Systems Challenges To migrate current systems to 4G with the features mentioned previously, researchers are facing a number of challenges These challenges are grouped into the following different aspects: Accessing Different Networks: Multimode Devices Overlay Network Terminal Mobility Location Management Handoff Management Slide 11: One of the most challenging problems facing deployment of 4G technology is how to access several and different mobile and wireless networks There are two possible architectures Multimode Devices Overlay Network 4G Wireless Networks Challenges First Challenge: Accessing Different Networks First Challenge: Accessing Different Networks 1. Multimode Devices Architecture: A single physical terminal with multiple interfaces to access the different wireless networks Advantages: Improve call completion Expand coverage area Reliable coverage in case of network, link or switch failure Disadvantages: Complexity in the hardware of the device Handoff Mechanism: Performed by the user, device or network First Challenge: Accessing Different Networks 1. Multimode Devices Architecture First Challenge: Accessing Different Networks 2. Overlay Network Architecture: A user accesses an overlay network consisting of several UAPs UAPs Functions: Select a wireless network based on availability and user choices Store IPs of user, network and devices Advantages: Simplify hardware of device Supports single billing Disadvantages: More network devices Handoff Mechanism between UAPs: Performed by overlay network rather than the user or device First Challenge: Accessing Different Networks 2. Overlay Network Architecture Slide 14: 4G Wireless Networks Challenges Second Challenge: Terminal Mobility In order to provide wireless services at any time and anywhere, terminal mobility is a must in 4G infrastructure Terminal mobility allows mobile clients to roam across geographical boundaries of the wireless networks There are two main issues in terminal mobility: location management handoff management Second Challenge: Terminal Mobility 1. Location Management: The system tracks and locates a mobile terminal for possible connection Location management involves handing all the information about Roaming terminals such as original and current location cells Authentication information QoS capabilities Second Challenge: Terminal Mobility 1. Location Management Slide 16: Second Challenge: Terminal Mobility 2. Handoff Management Maintain ongoing communication when the terminal roams IP changes during handoff : 216.37.129.9, home address care-of address mobile IP address local network address 79.23.178.229, IPv6 within the same cell: 65.198.2.10, 192.168.5.120 Slide 17: Second Challenge: Terminal Mobility 2. Handoff Management 216.37.129.9, home address care-of address mobile IP address local network address 79.23.178.229, IPv6 when the terminal roams to another cell: 65.198.2.10, 192.168.5.120 Slide 18: Horizontal handoff is performed when the terminal moves from one cell to another within the same wireless system. Vertical handoff is performed when the terminal moves between two different wireless systems (e.g., from WLAN to GSM) . Handoff Management (cont.) Handoff Management Challenges Slide 19: Vertical & Horizontal handoff will increase System load (increasing control packets) Packet losses Handover latency Challenges in Handoff Management Slide 20: Thank you

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

4G - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

4G is the fourth generation of wireless mobile telecommunications technology, succeeding 3G. A 4G system must provide capabilities defined by ITU in IMT ...
Read more

4G Wireless Technology - Tele Info Today

Fourth generation (4G) technology will offer many advancement to the wireless market, including downlink data rates well over 100 Mbps, low latency, very ...
Read more

4G Technology - "What is 4G Technology" | 3G Vs 4G ...

Wireless technology has transformed our lives in many ways. Until very recently, we needed a computer wired to a port, to get online. Even wired telephones ...
Read more

4G – Wikipedia

4G steht für: Vierte Generation im Mobilfunk, siehe Next Generation Mobile Networks; den früheren IATA-Code der Shenzhen Airlines (heute ZH) iPhone 4G ...
Read more

4G Technology - 4G Network

4G Technology. 4G is the the fourth generation wireless technology adopted by the ITU and carriers around the world. As with previous standards, 4G ...
Read more

4G - wireless access technology

4G (or 4-G) is short for fourth-generation, the successor wireless access technology to 3G. It describes two different, but overlapping ideas.
Read more

Kindle Fire HD 8.9" 4G Tablet - Wireless Technology with ...

Kindle Fire HD 8.9" 4G LTE Wireless, Dolby Audio, Dual-Band Wi-Fi, 32 GB - Includes Special Offers (Previous Generation - 2nd)
Read more

LTE (telecommunication) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

It is one of the two mobile data transmission technologies of the Long-Term Evolution (LTE) technology ... Investigation in 4G LTE Wireless ...
Read more

3G vs. 4G: What's the Difference? | News & Opinion - PCMAG

3G vs. 4G: What's the Difference? By Sascha Segan. February 10, 2015 04:26pm EST; ... Our primer will help explain which technology to pick. 3G and 4G ...
Read more

Intel® Wireless-Lösungen

Intel® Wireless-GNSS-Lösungen unterstützen mit durchgehender Standortermittlung eine Reihe von mobilen Fitness-, ... Technology@Intel-Blog. Blog lesen.
Read more