425463deab4cafinal presentation

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Published on January 22, 2008

Author: Rachele

Source: authorstream.com

Religion and Food:  Religion and Food Around the world people celebrate religious occasions of importance by preparing certain dishes... Here we have a look at those from our own countries. France, Morocco, Germany, Vietnam, Ireland and Spain Food and Religion:  Food and Religion Christianity - The regulations governing food The ritual of the transubstantiation (changing) of bread and wine into the body and blood of Jesus Christ is believed to occur at communion. Roman Catholics fast for at least one hour prior to communion. Fasting is sometimes considered to be 'praying with the body'. Self-denial (of food) can help Christians to remember that having what you want is not always the path to happiness. Variations of fasting or abstinence are observed by some Roman Catholics on such occasions as Lent or Good Friday; for example, some may strictly avoid meat at this time. Most Protestants observe only Easter and Christmas as feast days, and don't follow ritualised fasting. Mormons avoid caffeinated and alcoholic beverages. The majority of Seventh Day Adventists don't eat meat or dairy products, and are likely to avoid many condiments including mustard. Those that do eat meat don't eat pork. Food and Religion:  Food and Religion Islam - Regulations surrounding food are called 'halal'. Prohibited foods are called 'haram'. It is thought that the Creator turns a deaf ear to a Muslim who eats haram foods. The list of haram foods includes pork, alcohol, foods that contain emulsifiers (as emulsifiers may be made from animal fats), tinned vegetables, frozen vegetables with sauce, particular margarines, and bread or bread products that contain dried yeast. Gelatine can be made from pig and, since pork is haram, products containing gelatine are forbidden. Caffeinated drinks such as coffee are sometimes considered haram. Certain religious dates, such as Eid al-Fitr, demand fasting from dawn till dusk. Some Muslims choose to fast on Mondays or Thursdays or both. The month of Ramadan requires mandatory fasting during sunlight hours, as do particular dates of religious significance, such as the ninth day of Zul Hijjah. Topics....:  Topics.... European Feasts Shrove Tuesday Ash Wednesday St. Patricks Day Easter – France, Germany, Spain St. Johns Halloween St. Martins Day Moroccan Feasts Vietnamese Feasts Slide5:  Shrove Tuesday or Mardi Gras (literally Fat Tuesday) - the day before Ash Wednesday From the word shriven or "shrovetide" , which means you are cleansed of your sins Time to use up fat, eggs and dairy products before Lent Decreed by God that we should have a feast on Shrove Tuesday, so it would be rude not to ! Visit to pub required.. as last day before lent !! Shrove Tuesday Ireland Ash Wednesday :  Ash Wednesday First day of lent: Ash Wednesday Burn the Carnival Puppet Bury the Sardine Lent is represented as an old woman with seven legs and a cod Spain Ash Wednesday :  Ash Wednesday Spain Slide8:  Spain Slide9:  St. Patricks Day.... There is really only one food consumed on This Irish national holiday..... the black stuff !! Ireland Slide10:  „Guinness is good for you“ Ireland Easter:  Easter This Christian holiday celebrates the Christian belief in the resurrection of Jesus. For Christians who have fasted during Holy Week or Lent, the joyousness of this day is celebrated by once more eating meat and other rich foods France Easter:  Easter Most easter customs can be traced back to pre-Christian, pagan rites and celebrations related to the arrival of spring Easter features symbols of fertility and new birth In the western church, Easter is celebrated on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox Germany French Easter Tradition:  French Easter Tradition Cloche Volant or Flying Bells Legend French church bells do not ring from Good Friday to Easter morning. Main Course for Easter in France:  Main Course for Easter in France Feasting on lamb In northern France, jambon persillé In southern France, the preference is for lamb roasted with garlic and rosemary. Salade de Pissenlits is also popular. France Dessert for Easter:  Dessert for Easter Many European countries have Easter breads or cakes. Hot cross buns are popular. Regional specialties include simnel cake. France Easter in Germany:  Easter in Germany Easter is started by covering the cross on Good Friday. On this day we eat dishes which have fish in them. Mass on Saturday evening that continues until Sunday morning. On the night of Easter Sunday, the Germans light big bonfires On Sunday it is Family Day on this day we have a special Easter lunch: Easter lamb, chicken and eggs are typical dishes as well as sweet food such as cookies, cake which is shaped like a lamb and chocolate Germany Easter in Spain:  Easter in Spain The whole week is celebrated in Spain, starting with Palm Sunday Godmother is the one in charge to buy a palm for her godson or goddaughter Processions are held during Good Thursday and Good Friday evenings Meat is not allowed Big feast of fish and seafood! Some regions: cod, omelette, prune, pine nut and artichoke (Cassola de divendres Sant) Spain Palm:  Palm Spain Easter in Spain:  Easter in Spain Spain Only some regions celebrate Easter Monday Godfathers are preparing “La Mona” Sponge cake with jam and fruits or sweet butter Decorated with colourful feathers One chocolate egg is added on top for each year of age of the godson or goddaughter It is nowadays replaced by a chocolate figure Traditionally eaten during a picnic St. John‘s - Spain:  St. John‘s - Spain Some regions celebrate St. John Reminiscence of a pagan rite Summer Solstice Night of Fire Each neighbourhood has a bonfire and fireworks You cannot sleep during the whole night Typical pastry: Flat cake with pine peanuts and glass sugar Flat sponge cake with fruits Spain Other feasts?:  Other feasts? Epiphany – Adoration of the Three Wizard Kings Ring shaped flat cake with glazed fruit A bean and a figure are hidden inside All Saints – Visit the graveyards Grilled hazelnuts and sweet potatoes Small cakes made with marzipan, sweet potato and pine nuts Saint Joseph Father’s day “Crème brulée” Spain Halloween:  Halloween Celebrated as Samhain by celts Feast of the Dead Marked end of Summer and start of Winter Catholic church – All Saints Day Night before became ‚All Hallows Eve‘ thus Halloween Ireland Halloween:  Halloween Colcannon Potatoes & Cabbage & Onions (no meat eaten) The name is from ‘cal ceann fhionn’ meaning white-headed cabbage Barmbrack Fruit bread Gold Ring  Marriage Penny  Wealth Cloth  Poor Button  Spinsterhood /Batchelorhood Ireland St. Martin‘s Day:  St. Martin‘s Day 11th of November: name-day of the holy Martin, the saint of the catholic church Martin was the son of a heathen-roman tribun He was born in 316 in Hungary He was a knight in Roman times who has converted to a christian According to legend, St. Martin charitably cut his cloak into two with his sword and shared it with a beggar who was about to freeze to death. Germany Some Religious Feasts in Morocco:  Some Religious Feasts in Morocco Aid al-Fitr Muharram Islamic New Year Mawlid al-Nabi (Prophet Muhammad birthday) Aïd al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) Aïd al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice):  Aïd al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) Eid al-Adha or Feast of Sacrifice is the most important feast of the Muslim calendar. Concludes the Pilgrimage to Mecca. Commemorates Ibraham's (Abraham) willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son. Allowed to sacrifice a ram instead. The feast re-enacts Ibrahim's obedience by sacrificing a cow or ram. Celebrated on the 10th day of the month of Dhul Hijja Morocco The Islamic calendar (or Hijri calendar) :  The Islamic calendar (or Hijri calendar) Purely lunar calendar. Contains 12 months that are based on the motion of the moon, and because 12 synodic months is only 12 x 29.53=354.36 days, the Islamic calendar is consistently shorter than a tropical year. and therefore it shifts with respect to the Christian calendar. Morocco uses the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes and only turn to the Islamic calendar for religious purposes. Muslim Calendar:  Muslim Calendar Moroccan Feast Food:  Moroccan Feast Food Typical Moroccan food habits Hand using One plate for everybody Morocco Aïd al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice):  Aïd al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) Grilled meat Couscous Mchoui, pit-roasted mutton Tajine is a stew, often rich and fragrant, using marinated lamb or chicken Morocco Aïd al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice):  Aïd al-Adha (Feast of the Sacrifice) Desserts: kab-el-ghzal Fekkas Msemmen Mint Tea Morocco Vietnamese Culture and Cooking:  Vietnamese Culture and Cooking Vietnamese culture has been influenced by China, India and France They are very proud people, they respect to elder, superior and strangers Greeting and Food is generally related Vietnamese cooking is almost similar to the Chinese except that they use less fat/oil Daily/basic foods is rice (compared to bread in France) vegetables, fish, eggs and meat Fruit is often served as dessert or a snack-banana, mangos, oranges, papayas Vietnam Vietnamese Cooking cont’d:  Vietnamese Cooking cont’d They are lactose intolerant, milk and cheese are not common but things are changing They drink a great amount of plain green tea and black coffee Daily meals consist of breakfast, lunch and dinner Meals are rarely divided into courses, served at the same time “Nuoc mam” is a common sauce made of fermented fish-the long coastline allows it Chopstick and small bowl are used for eating Vietnam Main celebrations:  Main celebrations Lunar new year Wandering Souls Day Foods and gifts are given to the wandering souls of the forgotten dead New year-western calendar The independent day-September,2nd “Gio” day, the day organized annually to commemorate the deceased family people -basing on the lunar year- the ancestor’s altar Other national and public days Vietnam Traditional dishes for celebrations:  Traditional dishes for celebrations Banh trung, banh day hand made by family members-must have! Nem, Cha gio, dried bamboo shoot soup Pickled onion Vermicelli noodles and chicken innards Many dishes are daily invented as the influx of world integration and economic development Fried or boiled chicken Carp with galangal Sticky rice (xoi gac) Bean pudding Preserved fruit Vietnam Slide36:  “Love and business and family and religion and art and patriotism are nothing but shadows of words when a man is starving.” O. Henry, ‘Heart of the West' “If there is anything we are serious about, it is neither religion nor learning, but food.” Lin Yutang, My Country and My People “In England there are sixty different religions, and only one sauce." Domenico Caracciolo - attributed, 18th century “Mayonnaise: One of the sauces which serve the French in place of a state religion.” Ambrose Bierce, The Devil's Dictionary (1842-1914) Slide37:  THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

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