4.4 a. durquety, recycler policy concerns

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Information about 4.4 a. durquety, recycler policy concerns
Environment

Published on June 27, 2014

Author: OECD_ENV

Source: slideshare.net

Extended Producer Responsibility Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan Towards a revision of the OECD's Guidance Manual for Governments – Recyclers concerns

Recyclers’ role  Recyclers are essential operators in all schemes and in almost all steps  Collection  Separation and Sorting  Recovery and Recycling  Selling of material back into the economic circuit  ‘Yes’ to performance targets : ‘No’ to imposed ways and means  Targets stimulate R & D and competition  Targets ensure the implementation of the best techniques to achieve the objectives  Recyclers are an essential voice in revising the EPR Guidance Manual for Governments Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan

 Ownership is not always clear at the different steps of the recycling value chain  Former goods becoming waste  Waste is collected  Waste is dismantled – hazardous components or materials removed  Waste is sorted and separated  Separated material fractions are recovered  Different cases by country / scheme / PRO  Need of legal certainty  Access to waste and ownership of the waste and its fractions are key issues for waste management operators Material ownership Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan

 Either a fear or a reality of unfair competition from the PROs  a reality in some countries where they own treatment facilities  a ban in others where Competition Authority prohibit them to collect and treat waste  Negative effects for investments and R&D  Need for balance between traceability and operational privacy  Creation of a neutral entity to conduct audits and ensure the traceability Operational Privacy Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan

 This concept could be impacted in EPR for many reasons:  A large number of stakeholders and a role confusion  A young model with a framework to strengthen and refine  A confusion between competitive and public interests  Integrate OECD “National best practices in Competitive Neutrality into EPR Guidelines Competitive Neutrality Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan

 EPR goals defined by the OECD  Prevent wastes at the source  Promote eco-design  Support the public recycling and the materials management goals  Experience shows EPR Schemes evolve over time, it follows that there should be a review period set at appropriate intervals  Where EPR schemes have become economically self-sustaining fees must evolve to be dedicated to monitoring. Sustainability & responsibility, physically or economically Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan

 Encouraging the producer to integrate environmental concerns in his product design  use of non-hazardous materials  design for reuse, refurbishment, and ultimately recycling.  Eco-design and Circular economy Manufacturers’ Product Design Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan

Summary 1. Recyclers’ role: Recyclers from private industry should be given a voice in the management of EPR Schemes. They have a role to play in the governance but also in the technical and operational expertise 2. Material ownership: Ensure clarity at key stages of the recycling value chain who own the End-of-Life goods and the materials derived from them, to improve both economic efficiency and incentives to recycle, as recyclable materials have increasing value in a circular economy 3. Operational Privacy: Respect the confidentiality of know-how and R & D ; create an intermediate entity for audits and traceability 4. Competitive neutrality: The OECD should address specific guidelines for the EPR case. 5. Sustainability: Where EPR schemes have become economically self-sustaining allievates fees on recyclables and reconsider producers financial responsibility 6. Manufacturers’ Product Design: should take into account waste prevention and waste minimisation by facilitating: repair; to enable depollution and material recycling, and so encourage the use of recycled material in manufacturing Session 4: towards guidance for policy makers – OECD Global Forum on Environment 17-19 June 2014, Tokyo, Japan

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