4.1 cold war definitions and causes

57 %
43 %
Information about 4.1 cold war definitions and causes
Education

Published on March 12, 2014

Author: jeffweichel

Source: slideshare.net

The Cold War 1945 to 1991

Definitions and Causes ● The Cold War was an ideological struggle between Democratic Capitalism (its champion, the USA) and Authoritarian Communism (its champion, the USSR) for influence on a global scale ● As a result, the world became divided into two hostile camps ● Influence was spread through economic and military aid, alliances, propaganda, and conquest ● Never during the Cold War did the USA and USSR face each other in direct military combat ● Though the superpowers were natural adversaries due to their respective ideologies, most of their actions, especially at the outset, were motivated by fear and mistrust ● additionally, the superpowers competed with each other in a quest for prestige

Nationalism during the Cold War ● new characteristics ● neither the USA nor the USSR have homogenous populations ● therefore, nationalism during the cold war is based less upon common bonds of language and culture ● nationalism during the cold war is about patriotism and loyalty to the state and its ideology ● remember – these countries are committed to their respective ideologies

Imperialism during the Cold War ● the Superpowers do not create empires in the traditional sense ● (turning foreign lands into formal colonies) ● the new way is Influence ● much effort was spent by both superpowers to attract clients –convince nations to join their team through propaganda, financial and military support, and trade agreements ● Dollar Imperialism – dominate a country economically to the point that it is able to dominate it politically as well (eg: USA and Latin America)

Fear ● USA feared the part of Communism that was aimed at world revolution (Remember Marx) ● Comintern and Cominform were Soviet organizations that confirmed, in the view of the Americans, that they were intent on world domination ● It is from this fear that some Americans begin to view communism like a disease ● When Stalin installed communist governments in Soviet occupied central Europe (Satellite States) this fear was confirmed in the Americans’ view ● This led to the Domino Theory

● USSR feared capitalist imperialism and encirclement by capitalist countries ● since the days of Napoleon, Russia has always feared attack from Western Europe ● When the USA spent $13 billion to enhance the capitalist economies of Western Europe (the Marshall Plan), this fear was confirmed in the Soviets’ view

Some Terms You Should Know ● The Bipolar World –The division of the world into two opposing camps –Nearly every country chose one side or the othe ● ● Spheres of Influence –The USA and the USSR exerted their influence beyond their own borders –Both hoped to influence as much of the world as possible –Some areas were firmly entrenched in one sphere or the other, while some areas remained “up for grabs” in the view of the superpowers

● Satellite States / Buffer Zone –Stalin broke his promise to grant free elections in Soviet occupied Europe –He installed communist governments in East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania –He was creating a buffer zone, a line of like-minded countries that could be a first line of defense in the event of an attack from the west –These countries became known as Soviet Satellite States

● Clients –Countries that have declared their affiliation with one of the superpowers –Examples of clients of the USA: Canada, Turkey, Israel, South Korea, West Germany –Examples of clients of the USSR: Hungary, Cuba, North Korea, East Germany ● ● Domino Theory –The belief that if one western ally fell to communism, others would follow –This theory motivated the USA to take action in Europe, Korea, Vietnam, etc.

● Containment –Rather than fight the USSR directly, the USA determined they should contain communism – prevent it from spreading beyond areas already under Soviet control –Containment was achieved through economic and technical assistance and later military force ● Backyards –A geographic area identified by one of the superpowers as untouchable by the other –An area a superpower would likely go to war over to prevent it becoming part of the opponent's sphere of influence –Eg: the Americans did not support Hungary when they tried to break away from Soviet control because it was in the Soviets' backyard – interference there would likely lead to war

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Cold-war | Define Cold-war at Dictionary.com

cold war definition. A constant nonviolent state of hostility between the Soviet Union and the United States. The cold war began shortly after World War II
Read more

Cold war - definition of cold war by The Free Dictionary

Define cold war. cold war ... English dictionary definition of cold war. n. 1. often Cold War A state of political tension ... cold warrior n. cold war. n. 1.
Read more

The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events - Video ...

Video: The Cold War: Definition, Causes & Early Events. ... 0:06 Cold War Definition; 0:38 Genesis of the Cold War; 1:20 Truman and the Cold War; 3:11 ...
Read more

Causes of the Cold War Terms - Shmoop: Homework Help ...

Causes of the Cold War. Home / History / Causes of the Cold War / Facts / Glossary ; Facts / Glossary ; Summary ... In the context of the Cold War, ...
Read more

Causes of the Cold War - Shmoop: Homework Help, Teacher ...

Causes of the Cold War Learning Guide. Causes of the Cold War analysis by PhD ... The war was "cold" only in that the United States and USSR never ...
Read more

cold war Definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

cold war definition, meaning, what is cold war: ... Essential American English; Grammar. English Grammar Today; Translation. English-Spanish; Spanish-English;
Read more

Causes of the Cold War - GCSE Modern World History

The 'Cold War'was a mixture of religious crusade in favour of one ideology or the other, and of the most ruthless power politics, striking out for ...
Read more

The cold war legal definition of The cold war

What is The cold war? ... The cold war legal definition of The cold war. ... The Causes of Popular Dissatisfaction with the Administration;
Read more

Cold War | Definition of cold war by Merriam-Webster

Define cold war: the Cold War : the ... Full Definition of COLD WAR. 1: ... cold warrior Previous Word in the Dictionary: cold type All Words Near: cold war.
Read more