Published on March 14, 2014
3.3 By: Ani, Coleman, Lauren, Trevor
Parenting Styles Authoritarian: Parents make all of the rules, demand to be listened to. Don’t believe that they have to explain their demands or actions. Authoritative: Democratic, children participate in parents decisions, great deal of discussion in such families. The children make decisions for themselves, but parents to say no. Permissive: Children have the final say. The parents may attempt to guide the children but they don’t have much of a say.
Psychologists later identified another parenting style called “uninvolved parents” they are typically egocentric towards their children, they are uncommitted to their children and are distant. Generally, children who grow up in democratic/authoritative environments tend to be more confident in themselves.
Learning Theories of Development There are theories that suggest social rules is altogether different from learning to ride a bicycle/speak a foreign language. Cognitive-Development: learning theory implies that the child is essientally passive- a piece of clay to be shaped by experience Role Taking: children’s play that involves assuming adult roles, thus enabling the child to experience different points of view
Moral Development: Lawrence Kohlberg’s studies show just how important being able to see other’s points of view is to social development in general and to moral development in particular.
Child Abuse Physical, mental, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or mistreatment of children under 18. Many abusive parents were mistreated as a child Leads to antisocial depression, identity confusion, loss of self-esteem, and other emotional problems
Socialization Learning rules of behavior of the culture in which you were born and grew up. Gives a sense of what’s “right” and “wrong” to society living with other people
Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development Oral Stage: Infant’s pleasure seeking focused on mouth first 18 months of life Anal Stage: Infant’s pleasure seeking centered on functions of elimination (1 ½-3) Phallic Stage: Infant's pleasure seeking focused on genitals (3-6 years) Latency Stage: Sexual thoughts repressed ; child focuses on developing socially and intellectually Genital Stage: Sexual desires renewed and individual seek relationships w/o others (puberty-adulthood)
Child Development Identification: process by which the child adopts values and principles of same-sex parents. Sublimation: process of redirecting sexual impulses into learning tasks.
Stages of Moral Development Stage 1: Egocentric- don’t consider other people’s point of view & no sense of right or wrong. Main concern is to avoid punishment. Stage 2: Better idea of how to receive rewards as well as punishment. Also learn golden rule. Stage 3: Sensitive to what people think, start to seek social approval.
Stages of Moral Development Stage 4: Less concerned with approval of others, key issue is law & order moral thinking is rigid. Stage 5: People broaden perspective, concerned if law is fair or not. Stage 6: Acceptance of ethical principles that apply to others.
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