3.3 psychology

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Information about 3.3 psychology

Published on March 14, 2014

Author: erhuff3

Source: slideshare.net

3.3 By: Ani, Coleman, Lauren, Trevor

Parenting Styles  Authoritarian: Parents make all of the rules, demand to be listened to. Don’t believe that they have to explain their demands or actions.  Authoritative: Democratic, children participate in parents decisions, great deal of discussion in such families. The children make decisions for themselves, but parents to say no.  Permissive: Children have the final say. The parents may attempt to guide the children but they don’t have much of a say.

 Psychologists later identified another parenting style called “uninvolved parents” they are typically egocentric towards their children, they are uncommitted to their children and are distant.  Generally, children who grow up in democratic/authoritative environments tend to be more confident in themselves.

Learning Theories of Development  There are theories that suggest social rules is altogether different from learning to ride a bicycle/speak a foreign language.  Cognitive-Development: learning theory implies that the child is essientally passive- a piece of clay to be shaped by experience  Role Taking: children’s play that involves assuming adult roles, thus enabling the child to experience different points of view

 Moral Development: Lawrence Kohlberg’s studies show just how important being able to see other’s points of view is to social development in general and to moral development in particular.

Child Abuse  Physical, mental, sexual abuse, negligent treatment, or mistreatment of children under 18.  Many abusive parents were mistreated as a child  Leads to antisocial depression, identity confusion, loss of self-esteem, and other emotional problems

Socialization  Learning rules of behavior of the culture in which you were born and grew up.  Gives a sense of what’s “right” and “wrong” to society living with other people

Freud’s Stages of Psychosexual Development  Oral Stage: Infant’s pleasure seeking focused on mouth first 18 months of life  Anal Stage: Infant’s pleasure seeking centered on functions of elimination (1 ½-3)  Phallic Stage: Infant's pleasure seeking focused on genitals (3-6 years)  Latency Stage: Sexual thoughts repressed ; child focuses on developing socially and intellectually  Genital Stage: Sexual desires renewed and individual seek relationships w/o others (puberty-adulthood)

Child Development  Identification: process by which the child adopts values and principles of same-sex parents.  Sublimation: process of redirecting sexual impulses into learning tasks.

Stages of Moral Development  Stage 1: Egocentric- don’t consider other people’s point of view & no sense of right or wrong. Main concern is to avoid punishment.  Stage 2: Better idea of how to receive rewards as well as punishment. Also learn golden rule.  Stage 3: Sensitive to what people think, start to seek social approval.

Stages of Moral Development  Stage 4: Less concerned with approval of others, key issue is law & order moral thinking is rigid.  Stage 5: People broaden perspective, concerned if law is fair or not.  Stage 6: Acceptance of ethical principles that apply to others.

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