3.1 europeans explore the east

82 %
18 %
Information about 3.1 europeans explore the east

Published on September 30, 2014

Author: lesah2o

Source: slideshare.net


Describes how and why Europeans explored the east.

Ch. 3 Section 1

Europeans were exposed to other lands before the 1400’s but for the most part were not interested in exploration.

the Crusades in the Holy Lands in the 1100’s and the Italian trader Marco Polo reached the court of Kublai Khan in China. This all changed in the early 1400’s with Europeans’ desire to spread Christianity, gain wealth from trade combined with new sailing technology spurred an age of European exploration. View slide

God, Glory and Gold The desire for new sources of wealth was the main reason for European exploration. Spices such as nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon and pepper were introduced during the Crusades and demand only grew after the wars’ end. View slide

The Muslims and Italians controlled the trade of goods from East to West. Muslims sold Asian goods to Italian merchants, who controlled trade across the land routes of the Mediterranean region.

By the 1400’s European merchants (as well as the new monarchs of England, Spain, Portugal and France) tried to bypass the Italian merchants in order to increase their profits.

 The desire to spread Christianity also fueled European exploration. The Crusades left hostilities between Christians and Muslims.  Christians believed that it was their duty to continue to fight the Muslims and to convert non- Christians throughout the world. Explorers like Bartolomeu Dias (Portugal) believed that they should serve God by converting non-Christians and in the process become rich by direct trade with the converted.

Technology Technological advances enabled the explorers to pursue their goals of “God, glory and gold.” Before the 1400’s, ships could not sail against the wind, making long trans-oceanic voyages nearly impossible.

 The caravel was a new ship built in the 1400’s which was sturdier than its predecessors. It allowed ships to navigate the rough open seas. Moreover, this vessel had triangular shaped sails which allowed it to sail against the wind.

 Navigational techniques improved as well. The astrolabe (perfected by the Muslims) was a brass circle with carefully adjusted rings marked off in degrees. This was used to sight the stars and determine how far north or south of the equator the ship was.

A magnetic compass (invented by the Chinese) enabled sea captains to accurately track their direction.

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

3.1 Europeans Explore the East by Shane Corley on Prezi

Europeans Explore the east designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi For "God, Glory, & Gold" 1275 - MARCO POLO reached Kublai Khan in China Desires to grow rich ...
Read more

3.1 Europeans Explore the East GR - YouTube

Rating is available when the video has been rented
Read more

3.1 Europeans Explore the East Flashcards | Quizlet

Start studying 3.1 Europeans Explore the East. Learn vocabularly, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Read more

PPT - 3-1, Europeans Explore the East PowerPoint ...

2. 3-1, Europeans Explore the East What factors encouraged exploration? How did the “spirit of the Renaissance” contribute to exploration?
Read more

19-1: Europeans Explore the East - YouTube

3.1 Europeans Explore the East GR - Duration: ... Europeans Explore the East Part 1 ... +YouTube; Terms;
Read more

Europeans Explore the East - Schaumburg High School

Europeans Explore the East God ... Slide 3 Search for New Trade Routes Due to the Ottoman Turks Portugal Spain Here Come the Northern Europeans ...
Read more

CHAPTER 19 GUIDED READING Europeans Explore the East

GUIDED READING Europeans Explore the East ... Europeans in the Americas turned to Africans for labor because Native Americans died of, , and . 2.
Read more


... Europeans explore distant lands, while Japanese and Chinese rulers isolate their societies from Europeans. ... 3-1: Europeans Explore the East .
Read more