Published on September 25, 2017
What would you do if you won the lottery?: What would you do if you won the lottery? This presentation will provide explanation and practice for: unreal conditionals Conditional Grammar, (Unreal/Hypotheticals) SO… What would YOU do if you won the lottery!?: SO… What would YOU do if you won the lottery!? Maxine would buy a new house for herself and her parents if she won the lottery. If Paul won the lottery, he ’d take a trip around the world. John and his wife would buy a piano if they became rich. We use unreal conditionals in English to talk about: A situation that is not real, but that we imagine . . .: We use unreal conditionals in English to talk about: A situation that is not real, but that we imagine . . . If I had a million dollars . . . I would … If I lived in Italy . . . I would . . . If I got a job as a chef . . . I would . . . Are these real situations? Do I really have a million dollars? Do I really live in Italy? Do I really work as a chef? NO! these are imaginary situations How do we make this type of conditional grammar? Look at these examples:: How do we make this type of conditional grammar? Look at these examples: 1. If my friend asked me for money, I would lend it to her. 2. Tomas would be happier if he got a less stressful job. 3. Speaking in English would be easier if you practiced more frequently. After the IF, use ______________________ tense. In the other clause, use __________________. simple past would + verb Form & Meaning:: Form & Meaning: When you imagine a future happening like this, you use a past tense form after IF; However, the meaning is NOT past. Ex. If I moved to a big city, I’d sell my car. The meaning here is NOT past tense . . . I didn’t move away and I didn’t sell my car. I’m imagining a future possibility . Notice that you can start these sentences with the If-clause or with the Would-clause:: Notice that you can start these sentences with the If-clause or with the Would-clause : If Marta moved abroad , she would learn another language. Marta would learn another language if she moved abroad. Try these examples:: Try these examples: 1. If we ____________ (have) more time and money, we ________________ (take) a vacation to Hawaii. had would take 2. The world ______________ (be) a better place if everyone ______________ (help) others. would be helped More Practice . . .: More Practice . . . 3. If you ____________ (get) more exercise, I’m sure you ________________ (feel) healthier and happier. 4. Celia ______________ (do) better in school if she _____________ (sleep) more each night. got would feel would do slept Important Note!: Important Note! Formal grammar requires that when making these kinds of conditional sentences, we use WERE for the past tense of be for all subjects (including I, he, she). Ex. -If I were you, I would buy that house. -She would buy a mansion if she were wealthy. Slide10: You will probably hear many native speakers of English use WAS in these cases, and this is often accepted in spoken, less formal situations. And now . . . more practice! Slide11: What would YOU do if . . . you became rich? you found a wallet on the street? your house caught on fire? your best friend moved far away? your child failed a test? there were an earthquake in California? you saw a famous person on the street? Share Your Responses with the class . . . For additional practice . . .: For additional practice . . . Go to our class website for more practice! www.bbogage.wixsite.com/ecc7 If I were you, I'd do this Internet practice!