28 Thermal Baths at Vals

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Published on October 19, 2007

Author: Melinda

Source: authorstream.com

The Thermal Bath, Vals, Switzerland :  The Thermal Bath, Vals, Switzerland by Peter Zumthor Peter Zumthor :  Peter Zumthor Born 1943 Basel, Switzerland Education 1958 Apprenticeship in cabinet-making. 1963 Schuler für Gestalung, Basel, Switzerland. 1966 Pratt Institute, New York, USA, visiting student in architecture and design. Career 1968 Architect in the Department for the Care and Presentation of Monument, Canton Graubünden, Switzerland. 1988 Visiting professor, Southern California Institute of Architecture, Santa Monica, Los Angeles, USA. 1989 Visiting professor, Technische Universität München, Germany. 1989 Workshop leader, Granz Summer School, Austria. 1996 Honorary member, Bund Deutcher Architekten, BDA, Germany. :  Career 1968 Architect in the Department for the Care and Presentation of Monument, Canton Graubünden, Switzerland. 1988 Visiting professor, Southern California Institute of Architecture, Santa Monica, Los Angeles, USA. 1989 Visiting professor, Technische Universität München, Germany. 1989 Workshop leader, Granz Summer School, Austria. 1996 Honorary member, Bund Deutcher Architekten, BDA, Germany. Peter Zumther is an architect who cultivates singularity and retreat and mistrusts any kind of excessively theoretical stance instead he prefers to remain firmly nanchored to the reality of things around us and keenly alive to the sensations they stir. He believes that there are no ideas except in things. The meticulous attention Zumther pays to materials and to their visual, tactile and even olfactory attributes. He applies materials with the sophisticated precision and he pursues the skills and techniques of construction. Each of Zumthor’s works always responds to extraordinary architectural demands.:  Peter Zumther is an architect who cultivates singularity and retreat and mistrusts any kind of excessively theoretical stance instead he prefers to remain firmly nanchored to the reality of things around us and keenly alive to the sensations they stir. He believes that there are no ideas except in things. The meticulous attention Zumther pays to materials and to their visual, tactile and even olfactory attributes. He applies materials with the sophisticated precision and he pursues the skills and techniques of construction. Each of Zumthor’s works always responds to extraordinary architectural demands. Summery:  Summery Out of the eastern flank of the basin-shaped valley of Vals, a good 1200 meters above sea level rises a spring. The site next to the spring was once occupied by a modest spa hotel dating from 1893.The hotel had a number of finely appointed bathing cabins and shower rooms, and from around 1930, its clientele dwindled. It was replaced by a new spa built in1960. The 1960s spa is simply built.In 1996, this second spa has in turn become obsolete and was replaced by the mew thermal bath at the end of 1996. The new thermal baths is an independent structure set into the sloping southwest corner of the existing hotel. Access is via a subterranean passage leading from the hotel. The whole structure was built with local stone in Vals. The facility of the Baths including indoor pool, outdoor pool, rest space, changing room , space for the disabled and several baths with various functions can meet demands of different people. :  Out of the eastern flank of the basin-shaped valley of Vals, a good 1200 meters above sea level rises a spring. The site next to the spring was once occupied by a modest spa hotel dating from 1893.The hotel had a number of finely appointed bathing cabins and shower rooms, and from around 1930, its clientele dwindled. It was replaced by a new spa built in1960. The 1960s spa is simply built.In 1996, this second spa has in turn become obsolete and was replaced by the mew thermal bath at the end of 1996. The new thermal baths is an independent structure set into the sloping southwest corner of the existing hotel. Access is via a subterranean passage leading from the hotel. The whole structure was built with local stone in Vals. The facility of the Baths including indoor pool, outdoor pool, rest space, changing room , space for the disabled and several baths with various functions can meet demands of different people. Slide8:  Indoor pool Outdoor pool Changing room Rest place Space for the disabled Go with the surroundings Structure and Space The Fantastic Light :  Go with the surroundings Structure and Space The Fantastic Light Go with the surroundings :  Go with the surroundings The thermal bath is an independent structure. The building takes the form of a large, grass-covered stone object set deep into the mountain and dovetailed into its flank. It was designed to follow the role: the establishing of a special relationship with the mountain landscape, its natural power, geological substance and impressive topograghy. It tries to make us believe that it is always standing there and seems to be the part of the landscape. It is probably profoundly archaic heritage. . :  The thermal bath is an independent structure. The building takes the form of a large, grass-covered stone object set deep into the mountain and dovetailed into its flank. It was designed to follow the role: the establishing of a special relationship with the mountain landscape, its natural power, geological substance and impressive topograghy. It tries to make us believe that it is always standing there and seems to be the part of the landscape. It is probably profoundly archaic heritage. . The whole building is built by stone. The section and profile of the structure as a whole is determined by a conscious series of natural stone strata—layer upon layer of Vals gneiss, quarried 1000 meters further up the valley , transported to site and built back into the same slope:  The whole building is built by stone. The section and profile of the structure as a whole is determined by a conscious series of natural stone strata—layer upon layer of Vals gneiss, quarried 1000 meters further up the valley , transported to site and built back into the same slope Structure and Space:  Structure and Space Conception :  Conception The whole structure: a large porous stone. The elements: a geometric cave system. The stone is built of stone. Relation:  Relation The uniform stone layering principle. Technical solutions. The light from the ceiling fissures. Slide18:  The uniform stone layering principle One stone layer is placed on top of another. Slide19:  transition floor wall ceiling By the same consistent layering principle Slide21:  The light from the ceiling Light slits adds to the sense of fluidity of the overall space. Space & Function:  Space & Function Secondary floor: the primal act of bathing Main floor: a series of stones cubic volumes Make-up room Showers Changing room The central bath The outdoor bath The terrace Slide23:  The central bath The outdoor bath The terrace Make-up room Changing room Showers Space and function Humanism design:  Humanism design Therapy space. Space for the disabled. Rest space. Slide25:  Therapy space Slide26:  Rest space The Fantastic Light :  The Fantastic Light The natural light The artificial light The natural light :  The natural light Beautiful fissures in the ceiling They bring light to the large stone cave Fissures in a certain shape Fissures used in narrow spaces fissures Slide29:  Beautiful fissures in the ceiling Slide30:  Beautiful fissures in the ceiling Fissures in a certain shape:  Fissures in a certain shape A network of fissures are in the ceiling The fissures are in the shape of the letter “T” instead of a cross One side of block is washed by toplight The light on the stone walls are somewhat like the marks left by the spring The natural light Slide32:  A net work of fissures are in the ceiling Slide34:  Fissures in the shape of “T” Slide35:  One side of block is washed by toplight Slide36:  The light on the stone walls are somewhat like the marks left by the spring Fissures used in narrow space:  Fissures used in narrow space Narrow spaces with the long fissures letting sunlight in Using the long fissures can avoid opening numbers of windows The natural light Slide38:  Narrow spaces with the long fissures letting sunlight in Slide39:  Narrow spaces with the long fissures letting sunlight in Slide40:  The sunlight go straight to the ground Some are reflected to the opposite wall The natural light :  The natural light Windows in different sizes They bring light as well as the beautiful landscape in to the stone It all depends on function A game played with light Windows Slide42:  Windows in different sizes Slide43:  Windows in different sizes Slide44:  They bring light as well as the beautiful landscape in to the stone Slide45:  l h h:l<1:2 It all depends on function Slide46:  A game played with light The artificial light:  The artificial light With gloomy light , you back to the ancient time With blue light ,you next to the water Thermal baths at Vals Slide48:  With gloomy light , you back to the ancient time Slide49:  With blue light ,you next to the water “What interests me is to see how a building constructed on a particular site radiates something which alters the place, allows that which already exists there to appear in a new guise.” “Building can have a beautiful silence that I associate with attributes such as composure, self-evidence, durability, presence and integrity, and with warmth and sensuousness as well; a building that is being itself, being a building, not representing anything, just being.”:  “What interests me is to see how a building constructed on a particular site radiates something which alters the place, allows that which already exists there to appear in a new guise.” “Building can have a beautiful silence that I associate with attributes such as composure, self-evidence, durability, presence and integrity, and with warmth and sensuousness as well; a building that is being itself, being a building, not representing anything, just being.” “I had not expected this concurrent hardness and softness , this smooth yet rugged quality , this iridescent gray-green presence emanating from the square tome blocks. For a moment, I had the feeling that our project had escaped us and become independent because it had evolved into a material entity that obeyed its own laws.” :  “I had not expected this concurrent hardness and softness , this smooth yet rugged quality , this iridescent gray-green presence emanating from the square tome blocks. For a moment, I had the feeling that our project had escaped us and become independent because it had evolved into a material entity that obeyed its own laws.” Slide52:  The Thermal Bath, Vals, Switzerland Thank you! 罗 妍 任维维 江若微 指导老师: 卢 琦

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