Published on March 18, 2008
Slide1: Beginning of Hungarian Aeronautical Sciences and Technology First lecturer of aeronautics in Hungary professor Bánki and his famous student Teodor von Karman At 1910, the University Council of Joseph Technical University requested professor Bánki to deliver lectures on theory of flight. Slide2: Prof. Dr. Jozsef Rohacs Head of Department Department of Aircraft and Ships Budapest University of Technology and Economics Introduction Hungarian aeronautics Aeronautical Research Platform Mission Objectives Recommended projects Conclusions Slide3: Introduction The Hungarian aeronautics was born together with the world aviation It was strong during war periods. It was completely destroyed after wars. Since 2003, we are working hard on reestablishing the Hungarian Aeronautics. Six foreign companies (GEES, Lufthansa Technics, Alcoa, Sulzer Metco, Flamespray, Elektrometall) have established plants in Hungary, By now, the Hungarian aeronautics has a lot of new scientific and technology results. It is time to fully integrate the Hungarian aeronautics into the European aerospace industry. Slide4: 1. Hungarian Aeronautics The Hungarian aviation was born at Rákosmező, Budapest. The first successful flights of Hungarian designed aircraft were flown by Adorjan at end of 1909 and in January of 1910. During I. World War, 5 000 workers produced aircraft in 3 factories on the land now belongs to Hungary. In 1912, Aladár Zsélyi and Tibor Melczer designed the aircraft 34 seats with engines of 500 hps that was called by them Aerobus(!). Experience of Zsélyi with gas turbines (1912-13) Aircraft Struc II. of Adorjan Slide5: 1. Hungarian Aeronautics – cont’d. I. There are many Hungarian (or Hungarian origin) leaders in world aeronautics and aviation. Now, there are 4 full professors, 3 retired professors, and about 30 scientists having PhD and working in Hungarian aeronautical science system. Several scientific groups are working at different universities and scientific institutions on the aeronautical problems. They have good international relationships and take part in international projects. Slide6: 1. Hungarian Aeronautics – cont’d. I. The Hungarian Aeronautical Science system Other countries Large companies EU (FP) Scientific societies Government HAS HSS NORT ITD Institutions Universities TT Companies HAS – Hungarian Academy of Science HSS – Hungarian scientific societies NORT – National Office for Research and Technology ITDH – Hungarian Investment and Trade Development Agency TT – technology transfer (labs, offices and research centres) Ministries Slide7: 2. Aeronautical Research Platform The platform is organised by HAIF in Sept 2006 (Hungarian Aviation Industry Foundation) It is a non-profit organisation. It works like a combined scientific cluster and scientific society. It has own structure, management and bylaws. It still is under development Slide8: 2. Aeronautical Research Platform - Cont’d. I. …. etc. … etc. … etc. … etc. Slide9: 3. Mission The Hungarian Aeronautical Research Platform integrates the Hungarian activities in aeronautical sciences and technology developments, shows the possibilities and results of the Hungarian aeronautics, harmonises the activities of academia and industry, helps in international cooperation and to latch on to EU research programs. Slide10: 4. Objectives Representation: working with government and governmental offices for better support the Hungarian aeronautics taking part in work of different committees, conferences and exhibitions help members in international cooperation, EU FP applications. Future development of the stronger elements of Hungarian aeronautical industry, like basic research, development, engineering, materials sciences technology and engine parts development Slide11: 4. Objectives – cont’d. I. Possible structure of HARP under develoment Slide12: 4. Objectives – cont’d. II. Short information about the research fields of HARP Scientific methods: micro fluid mechanics – development of the CFM/CFD methods for investigation of MEMS technology applying to flow control new control methods – development of the nonlinear control methods, diagnostics – development of the new diagnostic methods based on the online identification morphing – investigation and development of the morhing technology, Mathematical modeling – development of the new mathematical models of the aircraft systems, and devices for different purposes, like certification, diagnostics, etc. Slide13: 4. Objectives – cont’d. III. Aircraft development: small aircraft – there are 4 companies working on the development of the small aircraft with 2-7 seats, regional aircraft – several Hungarian SMEs have interest to take part in the regional aircraft development with using their technology, UAV – there are small companies applying the UAV for civilian purposes and using the UAV in development of the new control methods, validation of the image processing, validation of the flexible wing simulation, etc., helicopter – traditionally Hungarian scientists were very creative in helicopter development on board systems – cabin interior, on board communication, hydraulic systems, devices, engine – airframe integration, etc. Slide14: 4. Objectives – cont’d. IV. Aviation development: PATS – Personal Air Transportation System development (including prediction models, new controls, safety, airports, etc.) low cost airport development – especially for low cost airlines and for regions are not equipped with conventional surveillance, monitoring and control systems, air space control – Hungary has a special patent for air transport monitoring and control that is close to ADS-B system, environmental impact – simulation, determination and prediction for preliminary environmental impact calculation, security – border surveillance with use of UAV and new security checking methods like speech recognition. Slide15: 4. Objectives – cont’d. V. New technologies: biological principle based control – under developing a new method based on the vision system, resulting load force control and modified neural network, new materials – and production technologies are developed by Hungarian SMEs in field of composite materials, one crystal turbine blades, surface technology, engine development, etc., simulation technology – can be applied for developing the virtual test procedures for evaluation of the new technologies, image processing – 3D technology is under developing for on board structural deformation measurement, and distance investigation of the flight dynamic characteristics, MEMS technology – is used for flow control inside engines, near the aircraft and for distributed sensor system, Slide16: 4. Objectives – cont’d. VI. Management: certification – project for reducing time to market, emergency management – technology has developed for recognition of the earlier phase of failure conditions and methods for avoiding the hard outcomes MBA and EMBA – in aeronautics and aviation can be established in East-European region, East-European research center – can be organised in Hungary where the investments can generate the maximum results, innovation management – became may be most important in future developments, so theory and practical methods related to the aeronautics must be developed (like control on the green aircraft and sustainable air transport projects. Slide17: 5. Recommended projects Proposal title: evaluation of the new ideas in flight simulator Goal: development of the technology (standard) manual for testing the new creative and innovative ideas in flight simulator for decreasing the preliminary testing and evaluation time. Task to be solved: Characterization of the needs in the flight simulator testing and evaluation of the new ideas Developing the standard technology as manual for testing and evaluation of the new ideas. Definition of the required specification of the flight simulator to be applied. Establishing the centre for testing of the new ideas in flight simulator. Slide18: 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. I. Proposal title: evaluation of the new ideas in flight simulator Project description: Nowadays, because of the rapid technology development a lot of new ideas are generated. These new creative and possible innovative ideas needs testing and evaluations, that must be realized with use of standard and rapid technology at the acceptable level of cost. Some ideas can be tested in flight simulators. The project develops a widely applicable standard technology for this purposes including the flight simulator specification, software support definitions, implementation of the new ideas into the flight simulator like rapid prototyping) methods of simulation of the critical flight situations, standard technology manual for testing and evaluation of the new ideas. Novelty: - definitions of the possibilities and circumtams of the testing of the new ideas with use of flight simulators - development of a new standard accelerated and equivalent technology for testing of the new ideas in flight simulator - support the Airbus in rapid evaluations of the new ideas and possible new technologies. Slide19: Proposal title: In-flight emergency situation assessment Goal: development of the new approach to the in-flight emergency situation assessment Task to be solved: Investigation and specification of the in-flight emergency situations Development of the new approach to the in-flight emergency assessment technology Detailed development of the manual for in-flight emergency situation assessment, Initiating the pilot project for testing the in-flight emergency assessment technology. 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. II. Slide20: Proposal title: In-flight emergency situation assessment Project description: the accident is the result of the 3 – 5 (principally independent) serious, so called common failures and errors. The technical possibilities of the emergency situation handling trend to their limits. (The radically new technical solutions like application of the MEMS technology may play role in future.) However the managing with emergency situations after signalisation of the anomalies in the operation or detection of the earlier phase of accident appearing, can give a powerful method for avoiding the accident situations. The simple idea is the detection of the earlier phase of emergency situation and applying the special rules for avoiding the developing accident situation. The in-flight emergency situation assessment includes the rules and technologies must be applied after detection of the anomalies in the operation system, or earlier phase of accident situation by crew, technical supporting, air controllers, etc. Novelty: - development of the new approach to the flight accident evaluation, - development of a new emergency situation assessment technologies or manuals - evaluation of newly developed in-flight emergency management assessment if flight experiences. 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. III. Slide21: Proposal title: Establishing a East-European Research Centre on the Aeronautical Sciences Goal: Establishing the East-European partnership centre for coordinating the cooperation research projects in region Task to be solved: Establishing the centre Organization and development of the partnership programs Initiating researches that can be run by invited 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. IV. Slide22: Proposal title: Establishing a East-European Research Centre on the Aeronautical Sciences Project description: the new member states may have limited aeronautical industry, but their institution staff, researchers are well educated and creative. So, they must be involved into the European partnership program. The cost effective solution of this task is the establishing the contact point in the given region, or even better to initiate a special research centre. Budapest is situated in the centre of the region and having excellent possibilities for establishing a new research centre. The cost of the project can be effectively reduced because the reduction of the travel expenses, applying a good level of scholarship or payment per results and sharing the cost with hosting country administration. Novelty: - new aeronautical research centre in East Europe - making the partnership and cooperation with East European institutions much more effective and resultative - initiating the research complementary to existing system. 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. V. Slide23: Proposal title: Surface Morphing Method for Wing Optimisation Goal: The goal of the research is to develop a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and inverse design strategy based morphing method for the adaptive optimisation of wing surface at different flight condition. Task to be solved: Developments and programming of CFD based optimization method. Validation of the CFD code and the optimization procedure. Application of the morphing method for the wing surface at different flight condition. 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. VI. Slide24: Proposal title: Surface Morphing Method for Wing Optimisation Project description: A new inverse design based optimisation method is intending to be developed for wings to keep expected flight characteristics. The surface morphing method is enable an aircraft to alter its wing shape to optimise performances. The project is based on the existing in-house time-accurate Euler and Navier-Stokes solvers. The procedure starts with a detailed investigation of the effect of solid wall on flow distortion, by which the strong relation is appeared between the global flow parameters (e.g. friction force, lift, drag) and pressure or Mach number distribution over the solid wall. Completing the shape optimisation of the distributions by means of the expected global flow parameter, the inverse method can directly be applied to recover geometry, which belongs to optimum Mach number or pressure distribution. Novelty: − The optimization method is used for surface morphing. − A new optimization method is developed. − The optimization is based on the effect of solid wall on flow distortion. − The procedure makes the inverse design intuitively free. − The viscous inverse design method is extended for external flows. 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. VII. Slide25: Proposal title: LOw cost airport for Low cost Airlines – LOLA Goal: Investigation of society needs, market forecast and development of a new low cost air transportation system providing new airports, ATC/ATM, and services for low cost airlines. . Task to be solved: development of ideas for low cost air transportation system (EU support project) organisation of workshops. design the typical low cost air transportation system and its elements: airport, ground transport connections, terminal, new ATC/ATM , services provided, etc. construction of “pilot” low cost airport for low cost airlines (EU support from structural funds) 5. Recommended projects -cont’d. VIII. Slide26: Proposal title: LOw cost airport for Low cost Airlines – LOLA Project description: The low cost airlines open a new future for accelerating development of the air transportation system. Last year 80 millions passengers flew by 23 European low cost companies and these number growths 40 - 70 % annually. Structure of the project is built up on the four different levels as it is designed by tasks should be solved: EU supported project is an engine for development of new ideas and new system for low cost air transportation system Workshops on discussion and testing of new ideas. There are five workshop planned (Workshop on state and needs of low cost airlines. Workshop on integration of airport into the ground transportation systems (New terminal concept). Workshop on future “low cost” airports. Workshop on future ATM for low cost air transportation system. Workshop on sustainable, safe and secure low cost transportation system). Design of future low cost air transportation system and its elements. Built the “pilot” future airport for low cost airlines. Novelty: - low cost airport uses the latest technology and new operational principles. 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. IX. Slide27: Proposal title: Virtual co-pilot Goal: development of the virtual co-pilot Task to be solved: Definition and specification of the virtual co-pilot Hardware specification Software specification Safety philosophy Development of the advisory functions Development of the active functions Development of the procedures and operational philosophy 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. X. Slide28: Proposal title: Virtual co-pilot Project description: the virtual co-pilot plays role of second pilot that is absolutely important for small and personal used aircraft and it makes possible to develop the single pilot aircraft. The virtual co-pilot uses three different level of operation: it passively advises and supports the pilot, actively helps to pilot in hard pilot load situations (flying in bad weather conditions, near the critical regimes, etc.), makes limitations for avoiding the critical and dangerous flight situation and helps in recovery from critical situations. Novelty: − new operation philosophy increasing safety of small and civil aircraft - increasing the care free qualities of the special aircraft 5. Recommended projects - cont’d. XI. Slide29: Summary Hungarian research institutions and Hungarian aeronautical industry are ready to return to the European aerospace community. The Hungarian Aeronautical Research Platform (HARP) started to act – current workshop is the first undertaking by us HARP will harmonise of the Hungarian research programs and will help in international cooperation of its members. The leaders of the HARP have wide scientific and international contacts. HARP has already developed some project ideas.