20130504 - FeWeb - Twitter API

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Information about 20130504 - FeWeb - Twitter API
Technology

Published on March 6, 2014

Author: zorrobiwan

Source: slideshare.net

Twitter API Keys for creating an awesome application !

Pascal Alberty @zorrobiwan CTO Managing Partner

Twitter Dev Ecosystem ● Twitter success ○ Thanks Dev Community ! ● API ○ ○ ○ ○ September 2006 Very complete Open Free https://blog.twitter.com/2006/introducing-twitter-api

The APIs ● APIs ○ Search API ○ REST API ○ Streaming API ○ https://dev.twitter.com/docs/history-rest-search-api ● Versions ○ API version 1 (almost deprecated) ○ API version 1.1

Resources https://dev.twitter.com/ (Drupal )

Authentication ● OAuth ○ Each API request must be authorized ○ Access token on behalf of a Twitter user ● Obtaining access token ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ Sign in with Twitter 3-legged OAuth Pin based OAuth dev.twitter.com ... https://twitter.com/settings/applications

Declare your application https://dev.twitter.com/apps/new

Rate limiting ● Rate limit window duration ○ 15 minutes ● Requests allotted ○ per user ○ via application-only auth ● Example ○ GET statuses/user_timeline ○ per user: 150 requests per 15 minutes ○ via app: 300 requests per 15 minutes https://dev.twitter.com/docs/rate-limiting/1.1/limits

Other technical limits ● Direct messages ○ 250 per day ● Tweets ○ 1,000 per day ○ Retweets are counted as Tweets. ● Changes to account email ○ Four per hour ● Following ○ 1,000 per day ● Following (account-based) ○ up to following 2,000 other users

Platform objects ● Tweets can be found alone, within user objects, but ● ● ● most often within timelines Users can be found tweeting, following, and favoriting on Twitter Entities are most often found within Tweets Places can be found throughout the natural universe, but typically only appear attached to Tweets on Twitter

Objects type ● JSON ! ● XML output will be dropped soon ○ Only JSON output with API 1.1 ● Be careful with ids (64 bits) ○ use String version (especially if using Javascript) ○ Twitpocalypse ■ https://dev.twitter.com/docs/twitter-ids-json-and-snowflake ○ Idpocalypse ■ https://dev.twitter.com/blog/64-bit-twitter-user-idpocalypse

Tweet Example https://api.twitter.com/1/statuses/show.json?id=341545927401680897&include_entities=true

User example https://api.twitter.com/1/users/show.json?screen_name=zorrobiwan&include_entities=true

Entities / Entity Example ● Hashtags, Medias, URLs, User mentions, Symbols ● No need to parse ● Data used for display also (ex: display_url)

Place example https://api.twitter.com/1/geo/id/247f43d441defc03.json

Libraries ● PHP ○ Twitter-async (https://github.com/jmathai/twitterasync) ○ tmhOAuth (https://github. com/themattharris/tmhOAuth) ○ Zend Framework (http://framework.zend. com/manual/1.12/en/zend.service.twitter.html) ● Java ○ Twitter4J (http://twitter4j.org/) https://dev.twitter.com/docs/twitter-libraries

Tools ● Twurl ○ https://github.com/marcel/twurl ○ "curl" for Twitter API ○ Manage access tokens (authentication) ● Apigee Console ○ https://apigee.com/console ○ Free console to execute APIs

Search API ● Similar to http://search.twitter.com ● Criteria ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ ○ terms geocode language ("Language detection is best-effort") count, until, since-id, max-id result type: mixed, recent, popular include entities ● Paginated ! ○ you have to manage this by yourself

REST API ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● Timelines Tweets Direct Messages Friends & Followers Users Suggested Users Favorites Lists Saved Searches Places & Geo Trends Spam Reporting OAuth Help

Streaming API ● Persistent HTTP connection ○ until you decide to close it ● Could be reeeeaaaaaaally huge ! ○ Think about you architecture (hard and soft) ! ○ Separate storage and consumption ● Only one stream opened at a time ● Could be tricky to managed ○ Use a library

Streaming API endpoints groups ● Public Streams ○ GET statuses/sample ○ POST statuses/filter ○ GET statuses/firehose (limited access) ● User Streams ○ Data and events for a specific user ● Site Streams (beta and limited access) ○ Real time update for large number of users

https://twitter.com/zorrobiwan/status/341888609399480323 Twitter API Keys for creating an awesome application !

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