2012RomanArtsAndEngineeringpower point

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Published on February 27, 2014

Author: phickey

Source: authorstream.com

PowerPoint Presentation: Achievements of Rome Roman Architecture, Engineering and Art 1 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Architecture 2 PowerPoint Presentation: Model of Rome 3 PowerPoint Presentation: Characteristics During the Republic – Temple Architecture was produced *blended Etruscan & Greek features. *emphasis on the front of the building or the “facade”. *example: Temple of Fortuna Virilis . 4 PowerPoint Presentation: Temple of “ Fortuna Virilis ” 5 PowerPoint Presentation: Characteristics Development of concrete *created a revolution in architectural design. *create larger, heavier buildings. * example: - The Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina . 6 PowerPoint Presentation: Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina 7 PowerPoint Presentation: Model of Roman Forum 8 PowerPoint Presentation: Characteristics Use of the arch and vault Examples of uses- *Coliseum *Race Track – Circus Maximus *Public Baths *Amphitheaters 9 PowerPoint Presentation: Arch of Constantine 10 PowerPoint Presentation: Barrel or “Tunnel” Vault *Windows can be placed at any point. *These vaults require buttressing (support) to counter-act the downward thrust of weight. 11 PowerPoint Presentation: Groin Vault *Also called a cross vault. *Needs less buttressing. 12 PowerPoint Presentation: Early Roman Amphitheater Seats about 20,000 13 PowerPoint Presentation: Theater of Marcellus 14 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Coliseum 15 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Coliseum 16 The Coliseum is probably the most impressive building of the Roman empire. Emperors used the Coliseum to entertain the public with free games. Those games were a symbol of prestige and power and they were a way for an emperor to increase his popularity and distract the Roman people from the troubles faced in the later years of the empire. Bread was often provided to the spectators also thus the phrase “Bread and Circuses”. PowerPoint Presentation: Interior of the Coliseum Arena is Latin for the sand, coating the floor that soaks up the blood of the combatants. 17 PowerPoint Presentation: Circus Maximus 300,000 seat capacity! 18 The Circus Maximus was a place for chariot races in Ancient Rome.The shape of the circus was like an oval with a flattened end which was well-suited for the races. PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Baths 19 After a morning's work at the office or shop, most Roman's enjoyed spending the afternoon at the public bath. Men and women enjoyed coming to the baths not only to get clean but to meet with friends, exercise, or read at the library. PowerPoint Presentation: Characteristics DOME: *Basilicas-large roofed hall originally built for legal and business purposes - Large and relatively open space. - examples: ► Pantheon ► early Christian churches 20 PowerPoint Presentation: Cylindrical Dome *With the dome, the Romans could surpass earlier cultures by their ability to enclose large spaces. *Light enters through the oculus on top. 21 PowerPoint Presentation: The Pantheon :One of Rome’s most famous structures 22 PowerPoint Presentation: The Pantheon 23 PowerPoint Presentation: Pantheon’s Dome 24 PowerPoint Presentation: The Pantheon Interior 25 PowerPoint Presentation: The Pantheon Interior Painting by Giovanni Paolo Pannini 26 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Engineering 27 PowerPoint Presentation: Innovative Engineering Techniques Roads – Appian Way Aqueducts Arch Bridge 28 PowerPoint Presentation: Via Appia All roads lead to Rome! 29 The Appian Way was the most important ancient Roman road. It connected Rome to southern Italy. Roman Roads: Roman Roads The engineers of ancient Rome built an unparalleled network of roads in the ancient world. Approximately 50,000 miles (80,000 km) of roads spanned the Roman Empire, spreading its legions, culture and immense influence throughout the known world. The old saying "all roads lead to Rome", couldn't have been truer. Rome was the hub of trade , politics, culture and military powers in the Mediterranean, and the achievement of the road network all led directly to the city and back out to her many territories. 30 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Aqueducts 31 As Roman towns got bigger it got too hard for the people who lived in the towns to get drinking and washing water. Rome decided to build long stone channels to carry clean water from nearby hills to the towns. The channels are called aqueducts. PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Sculpture 32 PowerPoint Presentation: Characteristics of Roman Sculpture Collectors and copiers of Greek works [more idealistic]. Categories: Portrait sculpture Statues Paintings & mosaics Relief sculptures More realism [show the wrinkles, the bulges, and ageing!] 32 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Copy of Greek Art 34 Roman, Augustus of Primaporta , early 1st century CE The god Jupiter PowerPoint Presentation: Republican Couple Realistic portraits – like Hellenistic Greek style. 35 PowerPoint Presentation: Portraits of Emperors Julius Caesar Nero Hadrian Marcus Aurelius 36 PowerPoint Presentation: Mosaics on a Roman Villa Floor Mosaic: Pictures and designs created with tiles 37 PowerPoint Presentation: Base Relief Legionnaires on Trajan’s Column Base relief=stone sculpture 38 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Frescoes 39 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Villa 40 PowerPoint Presentation: House in Herculaneum 41 PowerPoint Presentation:  Frescoes on a Villa’s Walls 42 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Crafts 43 PowerPoint Presentation: Roman Crafts 1c BCE glass bowl Ivory Cameo Gold earrings 44 PowerPoint Presentation: Greek and Roman art and architecture are all around us 45 PowerPoint Presentation: Jefferson Memorial 46 PowerPoint Presentation: Lincoln Memorial 47 PowerPoint Presentation: The US Capitol Building 48 PowerPoint Presentation: Statue of Justice US Supreme Court Building 49 PowerPoint Presentation: Federal Court Building in NYC 50

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