200832519533687

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Education

Published on April 17, 2008

Author: Monica

Source: authorstream.com

Slide4:  ★ An optimist sees an opportunity in every calamity; a pessimist sees a calamity in every opportunity. 乐观者于灾难中看到希望;悲观者于希望中看 到灾难。 ★ You cannot expect to be both grand and comfortable. 你不能奢望同时是伟大的而又是舒适的。 ★ Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. 对于一颗意志坚强的心来说,无事不能为。 Slide5:  ★ Where was I? 我讲到哪儿了?  A: Lets back up, where was I?  B: You were talking about your trip to South Africa.  ★ It’s up in the air. 尚未确定。 A: Has Mike gotten that job yet? B: No. It’s still up in the air.  ★ Don’t beat around the bush. 不要拐弯抹角。  A: Don’t beat around the bush. Get to the point. B: Mr. Brown, I’d like to marry your daughter.  Case Study :  Case Study Matt was invited to a Chinese university to give a few lectures. During his short stay there, a graduate student volunteered to show him around the city. Matt accepted the offer gratefully. It was summer and soon both Matt and the graduate student began to get quite hot. While Matt took some pictures, the graduate student went to buy some drinks. The Generosity of a Chinese Student Slide7:  “Thank you. How much do I owe you?” Matt asked. “Nothing.” The student smiled. “Are you sure?” “Yes.” At lunchtime, Matt suggested they have a quick meal. They stopped by a McDonald. Again, the graduate student tried to pay for Matt. “No, this is my treat. You're a student, and I’m a professor. You've given me the time to show me around. You already paid for my drink. I can't let you pay for my lunch again.” Chinese Perspective:  Chinese Perspective This is Chinese hospitality at work. The graduate student wanted to show that he was a good host and to make the professor feel welcome,so he not only did the American professor a favor, spending time to show him around the city, but also paid for the professor's soft drink.At lunch,the graduate student offered to pay again in his role as a generous host. North American Perspective :  North American Perspective The professor knows he earns more than the student does and that the student is doing him a favor by acting as a guide. As a result, Matt was surprised, and perhaps a bit embarrassed, by the student's offer. The issue of who pays among a group of North Americans can be a subtle and complex one. It is governed by unspoken rules, implicit negotiation, and social status. If one person invites a friend or co-worker to lunch, normally both would be expected to pay for their own meal. If the amounts are similar or they shared dishes, they may agree to split the bill 50/50. If the person doing the inviting is a superior, the superior would pay. Slide11:  Gloria Estefan was born in 1966, and grew up in Miami. She is the second generation of the Cuban exile (被流放者). She wrote this song on March 20, 1990 when she was recovering from a serious road accident that had left her badly injured and near to death. Warm-up Questions :  Warm-up Questions ★ Who can tell the stories about overcoming obstacles? (Hints: positively; negatively; depression; common occurrence; promising future; lose self-confidence; produce a sense of inferiority; success, etc.) ★ Can you give some suggestions about how to overcome obstacles? (Hints: accumulate; assignment; task; make the best of; in an attempt; diligence; work hard, etc.) Slide13:  bear out to show that something is true or that someone is telling the truth 证实 [例句] Scientific evidence bears out the claim that stress and disease are linked. 科学证据证明了压力和疾病相关的推断。 If you tell them what happened I will bear you out. 如果你告诉他们发生了什么事儿,我会给你作证。 [扩展] bear down 击败;压制 bear down on 逼近 bear up 鼓起勇气;振作 bear with 容忍;忍耐 Slide14:  sweat v. ① to produce liquid on the surface of 女 one’s skin when someone is hot, nervous, or sick 出汗 [例句] The prisoner was so afraid that he was sweating like a pig. 那个犯人吓得直冒大汗。 The actors sweated profusely under the spotlights.演员们在聚光灯的照射下大汗淋漓。 ② to feel very nervous or worried 紧张;担忧 [例句] Don’t tell him straightaway ---- let him sweat for a while. 别直接告诉他——让他紧张一会儿。 There’s no need to sweat all the details. 不必为细节问题担心。 Don’t sweat the small stuff. 不要为鸡毛蒜皮的事儿伤脑筋。 Slide15:  ③ to work hard 工作努力,勤奋 [搭 配] sweat over sth. 艰苦努力;辛苦地干 sweat blood 努力,勤奋 [例 句] Are you still sweating over that report? 你还在为那篇报道伤脑筋吗? I sweated blood to get that report finished. 我费了九牛二虎之力才把那篇报告写完。 n. ① [U] liquid that forms on one’s skin when someone is hot 汗 [例 句] She wiped the sweat off her forehead with a towel. 她用毛巾擦掉前额的汗。 Jeff’s T-shirt was soaked in sweat. 杰夫的T恤衫被汗水浸透了。 [同义词] perspiration Slide16:  ② [U] hard work 艰苦的工作 [例句] A lot of sweat went into making this project a success. 辛勤的努力使这个项目获得了成功。 She achieved success by the sweat of her brow. 他靠吃苦流汗获得了成功。 Slide17:  grace n. ① [U] quality of being simple and beautiful, esp. in movement or structure 优美,优雅 [例句] She moved with natural grace . 她步态自然而优雅。 We admired the grace with which she walked cross the room. 我们很羡慕她走过房间时的那种优雅的仪态。 ② [C U] kind, polite, and fair behavior 善意;礼貌; 得体 [搭配] have the (good) grace to do sth. 有做…的雅量 with (good/a good) grace 欣然地 with bad/a bad/an ill grace 勉强地 in the bad graces of 为人所厌恶 in the good graces of 为人所喜爱 Slide18:  [例 句] He should have the grace to admit he was wrong. 他应该有承认错误的雅量。 Davis accepted the defeat with good grace. 大卫欣然接受了失败。 She responded with an ill grace to our appeal for help. 她对于我们请求帮忙之事反应很勉强。 [派生词] graceful adj. 优美的,优雅的 gracious adj. 亲切的; 高尚的;舒适的 Slide19:  mere adj. nothing more than 仅仅,只 ① used to emphasize that something is not large or important 仅仅,只 [例句] The plane crashed mere minutes after take-off. 起飞后仅几分钟飞机就失事了。 It cost a mere twenty dollars. 它只花了我二十美元。 A mere 2% of their budget has been spent on publicity. 他们的预算开支只有2%用于宣传。 Slide20:  ② used for emphasizing the importance or influence of something, although it seems like only a small thing 仅仅,只 [例 句] The mere fact that they were prepared to talk was encouraging. 他们愿意商谈,这就很不错了。 The merest mention of seafood makes her feel sick. 仅仅提一提海鲜都会使她恶心。 The merest/slightest noise is enough to wake her. 最轻微的声响都能把她吵醒。 [派生词] merely adv. only 仅仅,只,只不过 [例 句] They agreed to go merely because they were getting paid for it. 他们同意去只是因为他们会得到酬劳。 I’m merely stating what everybody knows anyway. 我说的只不过是些老生常谈。 Slide21:  fantasy n. [C] a pleasant, exciting, or unusual experience that someone imagines 幻想 [例 句] Steve’s favorite fantasy was to own a big house and a flashy car. 史蒂夫最美好的幻想就是拥有属于自己的大房子和 一辆华丽的轿车。 I don’t think he can tell the difference between fantasy and reality. 我认为他无法区分幻想和现实之间的差别。 She retreated into a world of fantasy/a fantasy world, where she could be anything she wanted. 她逃避到幻想的世界里,在其中她可以随心所欲。 [派生词] fantasyland n. 梦境, 幻境 Slide22:  numerous adj. existing in large numbers 众多的, 许多的, 无数的 [例 句] He had numerous other duties apart from teaching. 除了教学以外他还有很多其他的职责。 She has been seen here on numerous occasions. 她在这里出现过很多次。 I’ve made mistakes too numerous to mention. 我犯过数不胜数的错误。 [同义词] many Slide23:  passion n. ① [C U] a powerful emotion such as love or anger 强烈的情感(如爱或愤怒) [例 句] She spoke with great passion about the plight of the refugees. 她情绪激动地讲述着难民的困境。 Passions run high (=people become very angry, upset, etc.) when marriages break up. 当婚姻破裂的时候,人们的情绪会变得异常激动。 ② [C] a strong enthusiasm or interest; something that produces a strong enthusiasm or interest 极大的热情或浓厚的兴趣;使人产生极大热情的事情 [例 句] He and his wife shared a passion for classical music. 他和他妻子都对古典音乐有浓厚的兴趣。 Football has always been one of his passions. 足球一直是他最喜欢的运动之一。 [派生词] passionate adj. 充满热情的 passionless adj. 没热情的 Slide24:  detail n. ① [C] a single piece of information or fact about something 细节 [例句] They knew everything about me, down to the last detail. 他们对我了如指掌。 She insisted on telling me every single detail of what they did to her in hospital. 她坚持要告诉我他们在医院为她所作的每一件 事儿。 We don’t know the full/precise details of the story yet. 我们还不知道故事的全部细节。 She refused to disclose/divulge any details about/of the play. 她拒绝泄漏剧本的任何细节。 Slide25:  ② [U] the small features of something noticed only by looking carefully 细微特征 [例句] Attention to detail is important in this job. 细致入微的观察对这项工作很重要。 It’s his eye for (= ability to notice) detail that distinguishes him as a painter. 正是他敏锐的观察力使他成为出色的画家。 ③[pl.] information about someone or something 详细资料 [例句] Further details and booking forms are available on request. 备有详细资料和订货单以供索取。 A police officer took down the details of what happened. 警官记下事情发生的详细情况。 [搭配] go into detail (about/on) 详述, 逐一细说 in detail 详细地 Slide26:  v. to describe something completely, giving all the facts 详述 [例 句] Can you produce a report detailing what we’ve spent on the project so far? 你能写份报告详细说明一下到目前为止我 们在这一项目上的所有花费吗? The brochure details all the hotels in the area and their facilities. 这本小册子详细地介绍了当地所有旅馆及 其设施。 [派生词] detailed adj. giving a lot of information with many details 详细的 Slide27:  recur v. to happen many times or to happen again 反复出现,再现 [例 句] The theme of freedom recurs throughout her writing. 自由的主题贯穿于她的写作之中。 If the pain/problem/trouble recurs, come and see me。 如果疼痛/问题/麻烦反复出现就来找我。 [派生词] recurring/recurrent adj. 反复出现的 recurrence n. 反复出现 Slide28:  eagle n. [C] a large strong bird with a curved beak which eats meat and can see very well 鹰 [搭 配] eagle eye 锐利的目光;密切的注视 [例 句] Nothing escaped my father’s eagle eye. 任何事都逃不过我爸爸那锐利的目光。 We sat down and started the exam under the eagle eye of the teacher. 我们在老师的严密注视下落座并开始考试。 [派生词] eagle-eyed adj. 目光敏锐的 [例 句] My eagle-eyed mother noticed that some cakes had gone missing. 我妈妈目光锐利,发现一些蛋糕不翼而飞了。 Slide30:  coincide v. ① to happen at or near the same time 同时发生,巧合 [搭配] coincide with [例句] I timed my holiday to coincide with the children's school holiday. 我把我的假期安排在和孩子们的假期同 一时间。 If the heavy rain had coincided with an extreme high tide, serious flooding would have resulted. 如果大雨和大的潮汐不期而遇,那么就 将导致洪水的发生。 Slide31:  ② (of ideas, etc.) to be the same or similar 一致,协调 [例 句] Our views coincide on a range of subjects. 在一系列问题上我们都观点一致。 If our schedules coincide, we'll go to Spain together. 如果我们的计划协调好的话,我们将一起 去西班牙。 [派生词] coincidence n. 凑巧;一致 coincident adj. 同时发生的;协调一致的 coincidental adj. 巧合的 Slide32:  core n. ① [C] (fruit) the hard central part of a fruit such as an apple 果心;核儿 [例句] After eating the apple, he threw the core away. 他吃完苹果把核扔掉了。 Cut the core of the pear before eating it. 吃梨之前先把核去掉。 ② [C] the most important or central part of something 最重要的部分;核心;精髓 Slide33:  [搭配] core of …的核心 at the core of sth. …的核心 to the core 十足;透顶 [例句] These 2,500 words form the core of the language. 这2 500个单词构成了该语言的核心。 Concern for the environment is at the core of our policies. 对环境的关注是我们政策的核心。 She was shaken to the core by the news. 这消息使她大为震惊。 That woman is rotten to the core! 那女人坏透了! Slide34:  ③ [C] a small group of people who take part in a particular activity (参加某项活动的)一小群人 [例 句] The business needs a new core of trained administrators. 这项业务需要一批新的经过培训的管理人员。 He gathered a small core of advisors around him. 他周围聚集了一帮谋士。 [派生词] hard-core n. 中间分子 adj. 顽固的 [搭 配] a hard-core drug addict 绝对的瘾君子 hard-core racists 绝对的种族主义者 hard-core criminals 顽固不化的罪犯 Slide35:  work out ① to do physical exercise 做运动 [例句] He works out at the gym every day. 他每天都去体育馆锻炼。 He works out with weights twice a week. 他每星期去锻炼减重两次。 ② to plan 认真考虑;计划 [例句] We need to work out how we’re going to get there. 我们需要计划一下如何去那儿。 I had it all worked out (=had made very careful plans). 我已经周密地计划过了。 Slide36:  ③ to calculate 计算 [例句] Use the formula to calculate the volume of the container. 用公式计算容器的容积。 We’ll have to work out how much food we’ll need for the party. 我们需要计算一下晚会需要多少食物。 [扩展] work around/round to 渐渐转变话题 work through 解决 work off 宣泄情感 Slide37:  alternate adj. ① being placed one after the other in a regular pattern 交替的;轮流的 [例句] French and English are not alternate courses, but may be taken in the same year. 法语和英语不是交替开设的课程,可 以在同一年里选。 The awning had alternate red and white stripes. 活动帆布篷有红白相间的条纹。 Slide38:  ② happening on one day, week, etc. but not on the day, week, etc., that immediately follows 间隔的;每隔… [搭配] alternate days/Mondays/weekends 每隔一天/一个周一/一个周末 [例句] Meetings are held on alternate Mondays. 每隔一个周一开一次会。 Private cars are banned from the city on alternate days. 私家车每隔一天就禁止在城市里行驶。 Slide39:  v. ① to happen one after the other in a repeated pattern 交替;轮流 [搭配] alternate with alternate between A and B [例句] Dark strips alternate with pale ones. 深浅条纹相间。 Her mood alternated between happiness and despair. 她的心情一会儿高兴,一会儿绝望。 Slide40:  ② to make things or people follow one after the other in a repeated pattern 使交替 [搭 配] alternate A and/with B [例 句] Alternate cubes of meat and slices of red pepper. 交替放置肉丁和红辣椒片儿。 Twist your body, alternating right and left stretches. 扭动你的身体,左右交替伸展。 [派生词] alternative adj. 可供替代的 alternatively adv. 要不;或者 alternation n. 交替 alternator n. 交流发电机 Slide41:  dedicate v. ① to give all one’s attention and effort to one particular thing 把…奉献给 [搭配] dedicate oneself/one’s life to sth. 把全部精力/生命奉献给… [例句] The actress now dedicates herself to children’s charity work. 那个女演员现在把自己的全部精力都奉献给 了儿童慈善事业。 They dedicated themselves to helping the poor. 他们致力于扶贫。 Slide42:  ② to say at the beginning of a book or film, or before a piece of music 题献词 [搭 配] dedicate sth. to sb. 把…献给… [例 句] The book was dedicated to my parents. 谨以此书献给我的父母。 I’d like to dedicate my first song to my mother. 我谨以第一首歌献给母亲。 [派生词] dedicated adj. working hard at something 献身的;专心致志的 dedication n. the hard work and effort that somebody puts into an activity 献身 Slide43:  relax v. ① to rest or do something that is enjoyable after someone has been working 休息;放松 [例句] When I get home from work I like to relax with a glass of wine. 我下班回到家里,喜欢喝杯葡萄酒放松 放松。 The doctor told him to relax a month or so before going back to work. 医生告诉他回去上班之前要休息大约一 个月。 Slide44:  ② to become quiet and calm after someone has been upset or nervous 放心;(使)冷静 [例 句] I’ll only relax when I know you’re safe. 我只有知道你安然无恙才能放心。 Relax! Everything will be OK. 别急!一切都会好起来的。 [派生词] relaxation n. a way of resting and enjoying oneself 放松 relaxed adj. feeling calm, comfortable, and not worried or annoyed 放松的;镇定的 relaxing adj. making someone feel relaxed 令人放松的;有助于休息的 Slide45:  on one/two/several occasion(s) a time (times) when something happens 有一(几)次 [例句] On one occasion, she called me in the middle of the night. 有一次她深更半夜给我打电话。 She had met Zack on two separate occasions. 她已经两次遇见扎克了。 I've seen Jane with them on several occasions. 我几次看见简和他们在一起。 [扩展] on occasion(s) 偶尔,有时 if the occasion arises 如果有必要(可能、机 会)的话 mark the occasion 庆祝某一特别的时刻 Slide46:  vain adj. ① too proud of one’s good looks, abilities, or position 自负的;虚荣的 [例 句] She’s too vain to wear glasses. 她太爱虚荣,不肯戴眼镜。 A vain person is one who has too high opinion of himself. 自负的人就是那种自我评价过高的人。 [同义词] conceited [派生词] vanity n. [U] 自负,自大;虚荣心 Slide47:  ② that does not produce the result someone wants 徒劳的;枉然的;无结果的 [例 句] She closed her eyes tightly in a vain attempt to hold back the tears. 她紧闭双眼,却无法忍住眼泪。 I knocked loudly in the vain hope that someone might answer. 我敲门敲得很响,希望有人应声,却是徒然。 [搭 配] in vain 枉费心机;徒劳无益;白费力气 [例 句] They tried in vain to persuade her to go. 他们极力劝说她去,但枉费了一番口舌。 All our efforts are in vain. 我们的所有努力都付诸东流了。 [同义词] useless [派生词] vainly adv. 徒劳地;不成功地;白费力气地 Slide48:  bar n. ① [C] a place to drink in or a place to buy drink 酒吧;出售饮料的柜台或小吃店 [例句] Let’s have a drink in the bar before we go into the dining-room. 我们去餐厅之前先去酒吧喝点儿什么吧! It was so crowded that I couldn’t get to the bar. 人太多了,我无法挤到柜台那儿。 [搭配] a licensed bar 有酒类销售许可的酒吧 a cocktail bar 鸡尾酒酒吧 a wine/coffee/snack bar 酒吧/咖啡馆/快餐店 a breakfast bar 早餐店 Slide49:  ② [C] a small block of solid material that is longer than it is wide 长方形条、块 [例句] If the temperature of the metal bar is high, will the expansion be great? 如果金属棒的温度高,膨胀会不会更 大呢? All the ground floor windows were fitted with bars. 底层所有的窗户都装了铁栅。 [搭配] a candy bar 棒糖 a bar of soap/ chocolate 一条肥皂/ 一块巧克力 Slide50:  be ashamed of to feel guilty or embarrassed because someone has done something wrong, or thinks that he/she has not reached a standard that people expect 惭愧;羞愧 [例句] She was deeply ashamed of her behavior at the party. 她对自己在聚会上的行为感到羞愧。 You should be ashamed of yourself for telling such lies. 你扯这种谎应该感到羞耻。 [扩展] be ashamed to do sth. be ashamed that-clause [例句] I’m ashamed to admit that I’ve never read any of his books. 我羞于承认我从没读过他的书。 I’m ashamed that I haven’t replied to your letter yet. 真有点儿不好意思,我还没给你回信。 Slide51:  startle v. to make someone suddenly surprised or slightly shocked 使…吓一跳;使…大吃一惊 [例 句] Sorry, I didn’t mean to startle you. 对不起,我不是存心要吓唬你。 It startled me to find her sitting in my office. 发现她坐在我的办公室里把我吓了一跳。 I was startled by her question. 她的问题使我大吃一惊。 [派生词] startled adj. suddenly frightened or surprised by something 吃惊的 startling adj. very unusual or surprising 惊人的 [搭 配] startled eyes 吃惊的目光 a startled rabbit 一只受惊的兔子 a startling contrast 惊人的对比 a startling discovery 惊人的发现 Slide52:  intensity n . [U] the state or quality of being very strong, serious, etc. 强烈;剧烈 [例 句] The intensity of the light depends on the wattage of the bulb. 光线的强度取决于灯泡的瓦数。 The storm resumed with even greater intensity. 风暴更猛烈地再次肆虐。 [搭 配] intensity of light/sound/color 光的/声音的/色彩的强度 intensity of feeling/concentration/relief 感情的强烈/精神的高度集中/大为宽慰 Slide53:  [同根词] intense adj. 很大的;十分强烈的;激烈的 [搭 配] intense heat/cold/pain 酷热/严寒/剧痛 intense interest/pleasure/desire/anger 浓厚的兴趣/十分快乐/强烈的欲望/极端愤怒 intense competition/activity 激烈的竞争/紧张的活动 intense gaze/look 热切的目光/神态 [同根词] intensive 强化的;密集的 [搭 配] an intensive language course 速成语言课程 two weeks of intensive training 两周的强化训练 intensive diplomatic negotiations 紧张的外交谈判 intensive care (医院的)特别护理;重症监护 [同根词] intensifier n. [C](语法)强调成分 intensify v. 使加强;加剧 Slide54:  anxiety n. ① [U] the feeling of being very worried about something 焦虑;忧虑 [搭 配] anxiety about/over [例 句] There is considerable anxiety among staff about job losses. 员工因怕失去工作而忧心忡忡。 There is growing public anxiety over levels of air pollution in our cities. 公众越来越担心城市的空气污染程度。 [搭 配] deep/acute/great anxiety 非常/极度/深深的忧虑 [同义词] concern Slide55:  ② [C] something someone is worried about 忧虑;担心 [例句] We try not to communicate our anxieties to the children. 我们尽量不让孩子知道我们的担心。 If you’re worried about your health, share your anxiety with your doctor. 你要是担心你的健康,就把你的忧虑 告诉你的医生吧。 Slide56:  ③ [U] a feeling of wanting to do something very much 渴望 [搭配] anxiety to do sth. anxiety for sth. [例句] In his anxiety not to offend them, he agreed to concessions. 他不想得罪他们,便同意让步。 The teacher praised him for his anxiety for knowledge. 老师称赞他求知欲强。 Slide57:  tense adj. ① feeling nervous and not relaxed, usually because someone is worried about what is going to happen 紧张的;烦躁的 [例句] He’s a very tense person. 他是个非常神经质的人 The atmosphere in meeting was getting more and more tense. 会议的气氛越来越紧张。 ② pulled or stretched tight 绷紧的;拉紧的 [例句] A massage will relax those tense muscles. 按摩会使紧张的肌肉松弛。 With his body so tense, he seemed as though he were listening for something. 他身子紧绷着,像是在谛听什么。 Slide58:  v. to make one’s muscles tight and stiff (使肌肉)拉紧 [例 句] Relax, and try not to tense up so much. 放松,别太紧张了。 She tensed (herself), listening to if anyone had followed her. 她竖起耳朵听是否有人跟踪她。 [派生词] tension n. ① [U] the feeling of being so nervous or worried that someone cannot relax (情绪上的)紧张;烦躁 Slide59:  [例句] Exercise is the ideal way to relieve tension after a hard day. 劳累一天之后,体育锻炼是缓解情绪 紧张的理想方法。 I tried to ease the tension with a joke. 我试图通过玩笑来缓解紧张的情绪。 Symptoms include nervous tension, depression, and insomnia. 症状包括神经紧张,沮丧,和失眠。 Slide60:  ② [C U] the feeling that exists when people or countries do not trust each other 紧张局势(关系;状况) [例句] The obvious tension between Warren and Anne made everyone else uncomfortable. 沃伦和安妮之间的明显的紧张关系使大 家感觉很尴尬。 There is often a tension between the aims of the company and the wishes of the employees. 公司的目标和雇员的愿 望之间经常存在矛盾。 Slide61:  breeze n. ① [C ] a gentle wind 微风 [例句] Flowers were gently waving in the breeze. 花儿在微风中轻轻舞动。 There’s not much (of a) breeze today. 今天几乎无风。 ② [sing.] a thing that is easy to do 轻而易举的事 [搭配] be a breeze 轻而易举;非常简单 shoot the breeze/bull 闲聊 [例句] Don’t think that learning English will be a breeze. 不要把学习英语看得过于简单。 We sat around in the bar, shooting the breeze. 我们坐在酒吧里闲聊着。 Slide62:  v. to walk somewhere in a calm confident way 轻盈而自信地走 [搭 配] breeze + adv./prep. breeze through sth. 轻易通过;轻松完成 [例 句] She just breezed into my office and said she wanted a job. 她一阵风似地飘进我办公室说想要找份工 作。 He breezed through the tests. 他轻松顺利地通过了这些测试。 [派生词] breezy adj. 有微风的; 轻松愉快的 Slide63:  deaf adj. physically unable to hear anything or unable to hear well, hearing impaired 聋的 [例句] She was born profoundly deaf (=completely deaf). 她先天失聪。 He’s deaf and dumb (=unable to hear or speak) and communicates by using sign language. 他是个聋哑人,只能通过手势进行交流。 [搭配] stone deaf 全聋的;失聪的 as deaf as a post 全聋 tone-deaf 不能辨别音高的 Slide64:  [搭 配] be deaf to sth. 不愿听;不去注意 turn a deaf ear (to sth.) 对…置之不理; 不愿听 fall on deaf ears 不被理睬,不被注意; 充耳不闻 [派生词] deafen v. 使震得耳朵发聋; 使聋, 使听不见 deafening adj. very loud 震耳欲聋 的;极喧闹的 deafness n. 耳聋;听不清 Slide65:  erupt v. ① to start suddenly with a lot of violence or noise; to break out 爆发 [例句] Violence erupted outside the embassy gates. 大使馆门外突然发生了暴乱。 The unrest erupted into revolution. 动乱爆发为革命。 My father just erupted into fury. 我父亲勃然大怒。 Slide66:  ② if a volcano erupts, it explodes inside and flames, rocks, and lava come out of the top 火山喷发 [例 句] An active volcano may erupt at any time. 活火山随时都可能爆发。 Lava and ashes erupted from the volcano. 熔岩和火山灰从火山中喷出。 [派生词] eruption n. 爆发 Slide67:  congratulate v. 向某人道贺;恭喜某人 [搭 配] congratulate sb. on sth. (为成就或好事)恭喜某人 congratulate sb. for (doing) sth. 称赞某人干得好 congratulate oneself (on sth.) 为成功或成就而感到高兴 [例 句] I congratulated him on his recent promotion. 我对他近期得到提升表示祝贺。 All three are to be congratulated for doing so well. 你们三个做得都很好。 [派生词] congratulation n. [ pl. ]祝贺;贺词 Slide68:  media n. all the organizations, such as television, radio, and newspapers, that provide news and information for the public 大众传播媒介 [例句] The media was/were accused of influencing the final decision. 人们指责媒体左右了终审判决。 The scandal was widely reported in the national media. 媒体对这一丑闻进行了广泛的报道。 The role of the news media in forming public opinion is very important. 新闻媒体对于公众意识的形成起着重要的作用。 [搭配] the mass media 大众传媒 Slide70:  The text is taken from A 3rd Serving of Chicken Soup for the Soul (1996). Slide71:  Michael was a blind athlete who had dreamed of flying as an eagle since his childhood. He began a training program when he was 14 with the help of his parents. In the National Junior Olympics, he overcame his own fear in the pole-vaulting event and broke the National and International Junior Olympics record. Slide72:  Part I (Paras. 1~2): Michael faced the most challenging competition in his pole-vaulting. Part II (Paras. 3~5): Michael’s childhood was marked with dreams and tough training. Part III (Paras.6~12): Michel topped his personal best, won the championship and set a new world record. Part IV (Para. 13): What was most unusual about Michael’s victory was that he was blind. Slide73:  Olympics Organized and governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the Olympic Games are the most important international sports event in the world held every four years. 1) Olympic symbol: five interlocking red, blue, yellow, black, and green circles on a white field---represents the continents of the world joined in friendship. 2) Olympic motto: Swifter, Higher, Stronger. 3)The IOC’s headquarters: In Lausanne, Switzerland. Slide78:  Pole Vault The pole vault (PV) is an event in track and field where athletes compete to clear the highest possible crossbar (横杆) by using a vaulting pole. The basic concept is to convert horizontal energy (the run) into vertical energy (thus clearing a higher bar). Slide79:  Her stories were always ones that described the land from a bird’s eye view. (L14-15) [注释] 句中ones是代词,用来代替stories以避免重 复;that引导定语从句,用于修饰ones。 from a bird’s eye view意为“从高空俯瞰”。 [译文] 她的故事总是从高空俯瞰描述大地。 Slide80:  It was at the exact moment he took a deep breath that he began to lift off the ground. (L18-19) [注释] 本句是一个强调句,其结构为it was+ 强调部 分+ that-clause,其中he took a deep breath 为定语从句,修饰the exact moment。 [译文] 就在他深深吸上一口气的瞬间,他开始从地 面一跃而起。 Slide81:  From the age of 14,Michael did just that. (L26) [注释] 句中that指代第四段中提到的他父亲 的座右铭: If you want something, work for it。 [译文] 从14岁起,迈克尔就是这么做的。 Slide82:  He seemed unaware the fact that he had just beaten his personal best by three inches and that he was one of the final two competitors in the pole-vaulting event at the National Junior Olympics. (L40-42) [注释] 句中the fact后面带有两个that引导的同位语 从句。英语中某些抽象名词如idea, fact, news, hope, belief等后面可带同位语从句。 引导同位语从句的连词that与引导定语从句 的that有两点区别:①同位语从句中的that只 起连接作用,不能充当成分,而定语从句中 的that在从句中充当一定的成分。②同位语 从句是对前面名词的解释和说明;而定语从 句与先行词之间是修饰与被修饰关系。 Slide83:  [例句] The heart that truly loves never forgets. 真正的爱情永不变心。 ( that在定语从句中作主语。) He referred to Copernicus’ statement that the earth moves round the sun. 他提到了哥白尼关于地球绕着太阳转的说法。 ( that在同位语从句中只起连接作用,不充当 任何成分。) [译文] 他似乎并未意识到自己刚刚把个人最好成绩提高了 3英寸,已经是全国少年奥林匹克运动会撑竿跳高 项目中最后两名决赛者之一。 Slide84:  His mother always used to tell him when you felt tense, anxious or even scared, take deep breaths. (L62-64) [注释] 句中used to do sth. 意为“过去常常做某事,而现在 则不做了”,其后接动词原形,而be /get used to doing表示“习惯于;适应于”,to为介词,其后接名词 或动名词。 [例句] I used to smoke, but I gave up a couple of years ago. 我以前抽烟,但几年前就戒掉了。 I didn’t think I could ever get used to living in a big city after living in the country. 我觉得我在农村住了之后就无法适应大城市的生活了。 [译文] 母亲过去总跟他说,当你感到紧张、焦急甚至害怕 的时候,就深呼吸。 Slide85:  What he didn’t know was that his Dad was hugging his wife and crying. (L83-84) [注释] 本句中what引导一个主语从 句;that 引导的是一个表语从 句。 [译文] 他不知道的是,他爸爸正与妻 子相拥而泣。 Slide86:  Michael was immediately surrounded by people hugging and congratulating him on the greatest accomplishment of his life. (L87-88) [注释] 句中现在分词短语 hugging and congratulating him on the greatest accomplishment of his life作定语,修 饰people。 [译文] 迈克尔一下子被围住了,人们拥抱他, 祝贺他所取得的一生中最辉煌的成就。 Slide87:  Questions of Text A Part I Why is the competition at the National Junior Olympics described as the most challenging in Michael’s pole- vaulting career? Because he is challenging his personal best. Why do numerous people like to watch pole-vaulting? Because it combines the grace of a gymnast with the strength of a body builder. It also has the element of flying, and the thought of flying as high as a two-story building is a mere fantasy to anyone watching such an event. Slide88:  Part II What was Michael’s childhood dream? How come he had this dream? Flying. Michael’s mother read him numerous stories about flying when he was growing up and her stories were always ones that described the land from a bird's eye view. What did Michael begin to do from the age of 14? He started his training program of pole-vault. He worked out every other day with weightlifting, with some kind of running work on alternate days. Slide89:  What can you learn about Michael’s parents? Michael’s mother is romantic and passionate, while his father is a hard-core realist. What personality traits contribute to Michael’s success? He is diligent, perseverant, optimistic, and ambitious, etc. Slide90:  Part III How did Michael feel about his successful attempt at beating his personal best by three inches? He seemed unaware of the fact that he had just beaten his personal best by three inches and that he was one of the final two- competitors in the pole-vaulting event at the National Junior Olympics. Slide91:  At what moment did Michael begin to feel nervous? When the bar was set at nine inches higher than his personal best, only one inch off the National record, he began to feel anxious. What helped Michael overcome his nervousness? Taking deep breaths. What made Michael associate his final jump with his childhood dream? The singing of some distant birds in flight made Michael know that it was his time to realize his childhood dream---flying. Slide92:  How did Michael think his parents might feel about his success? And what was his father’s reaction to his feat? He thought his mother was smiling. And he knew his dad was probably smiling too, even laughing. What he didn’t know was that his dad was hugging his wife and crying like a baby in his wife's arms. Slide93:  Part IV Why would Michael attract a lot of media attention? He won the National Junior Olympics and set a new world record and what is more important was that Michael Stone was blind. Slide96:  Word Dictation 1. 俯瞰 2. 深呼吸 3. 每隔一天 4. 有一次 5. 仰面躺着 6. 缓缓移动 7. 使回到现实中 8. 在想象中 9. 证实 10. 体育锻炼 11. 幻想 12. 热情 13. 同时发生 14. 交替的;轮流的 15. 献身于,致力于 16. 强烈 17. 紧张 18. 微风 19. 祝贺 20. 大众传播媒介 Slide97:  1. a bird’s-eye view 2. take a deep breath 3. every other day/on alternate days 4. on one occasion 5. lie on one’s back 6. in slow motion 7. bring (sb.) back to earth 8. in one’s mind’s eye 9. bear out 10. work out 11. fantasy 12. passion 13. coincide 14. alternate 15. devote 16. intensity 17. tension 18. breeze 19. congratulate 20. media Slide98:  Compound Dictation We can (S1) _______ stress any time we feel we don’t have control. It can come from a feeling that we can’t do anything about. Basically, it is the body’s way of showing (S2) ______ or worry. Stress is not just caused by our (S3)______ or emotional condition, it is also (S4) ______by how tired we are, whether we have a (S5)______ diet with enough vitamins and minerals, whether we get enough physical exercise, and whether we can relax. Slide99:  If we feel stressed, there are several things that we can do. First, we need to learn how to relax and (S6) _______ slowly and smoothly.     We can also take some time out of our worried, busy (S7) _______ to notice the small things in life. Smell the air, look at the flowers, notice the small designs in the leaves on a tree --- (S8)_______________________________ . Slide100:  We need to take care of our bodies. (S9) __________________________ . Finally, we need to find what is causing the stress in our lives. (S10) __________________________ . If we believe that we can control stress, we can begin to control our lives. Slide101:  Keys: S1  experience  S2  anxiety  S3  mental    S4 influenced   S5balanced    S6  breathe     S7  schedule S8  …these activities can do much to quiet us and give ourselves a small break in a busy schedule. S9   We need to get enough rest, eat well, and do some regular exercise. S10 Once we have found it, we need to begin to change that part of our lives. Slide102:  Error Correction Living is risky. Crossing the road, driving a car, flying, swallowing an aspirin tablet or eating a chicken sandwich--- they can be all fatal. Clearly some risks are worthy taking, especially when the rewards are high: a man surrounded by flames and smoke generally considers that jumping out of a second floor window is an acceptable risk to save its life. But in medicine a few procedures, drugs, operations or tests 1.________ 2. ________ Slide103:  are really a matter of life and death. There may be sound medicine reasons for accepting electrical shock treatment, but such reasons are totally dependent in the balance of risks and balance for the patients. Surgery for cancer may cure or prolong a life, but the removal of tonsils (扁桃体) cannot save anything and a sore throat. Blood pressure drugs definitely help 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 6.________ Slide104:  some people live after a heart attack, but these same drugs may be both necessary and harmful for those with only mild blood pressure problems. Deciding how much discomfort and risk we are preparing to put up with in the name of better health is a high personal matter, not a decision we should remain to doctors alone. 7.________ 8.________ 9.________ 10._______ Slide105:  Keys: 1. worthy改为worth 2. its改为his 3. are和really之间加not 4. medicine改为medical 5. in改为on 6. and 改为but 7. necessary改为unnecessary 8. preparing改为 prepared 9. high 改为highly 10. remain改为leave Slide106:  Translation 1. 越来越多的证据表明那些日常饮食中含有丰富维生素 的人患某些癌症的可能性小。 2. 你需要做的是选一家信誉好的公司投资。 3. 就是昨天,我在操场上看见你妹妹正在和他们班同学玩 排球。 4. 我把我的假期安排在和我丈夫的假期相同的时间以便 我们能一起去旅游。 5. 他有一次深更半夜在我睡得正香的时候给我打电话。 Slide107:  Keys: 1. There is growing/mounting/increasing evidence that people whose diets are rich in vitamins are less likely to develop some types of cancer. 2. What you have to do is to choose a company with good reputation to invest in. 3. It was yesterday that I saw your sister playing volleyball with her classmates on campus. 4. I timed my holiday to coincide with my husband’s so that we can travel together. 5. On one occasion, he called me in the middle of the night when I was in sound sleep. Slide108:  1. Text Organization Organizationally the text could break into four parts. Part One narrates the most challenging competition in Michael’s career. In Part Two, the author goes back to talk about Michael’s childhood dreams. Part Three resumes the narration of the competition, and Part Four serves as a conclusion. Now put down the paragraph numbers of each part and then give its main idea. The last one has been done for you: Exercises of Text A Slide110:  Vocabulary I.1. Fill in the gaps with words or phrases chosen from the box. Change the form where necessary. 1) startled 在寂静的晚上,他被开后门的声音吓了一跳。 2) core 尽管用于完成这样一个项目的时间短了点,但问题的关键还是资金和技术工人的缺乏。 3) tension 在恐怖分子自杀式撞击纽约世贸大厦之后,炭疽病毒邮件危机加剧了美国人民心中的恐慌。 Slide111:  4) tense 斯特拉放下听筒,发现自己手上全是汗,她才意识到自己刚才是多么紧张。 5) sweating 晚上很冷,我没有穿外套,但是因为提着很重的 手提箱,我还是很快出汗了。 6) stretched out 他斜靠着椅背,两腿向前直直地伸开。 7) vain 她是那种很爱慕虚荣的人,如果她觉得没有人注 意她,她会一直照镜子。 Slide112:  8) On one occasion 迈克是一个很粗心的人,有一次,他到了取款机 前才想起卡忘在了家里。 9) anxiety 小孩子通常在上学第一天都感到紧张。 10) detail 安说:“不必说细节,你能大概告诉我那儿发生 了什么事情吗?” 11) emotions 斯坦总是感情用事—他很少考虑做事的后果。 Slide113:  12) ashamed of 如此粗鲁地和客人讲话,她应该感到羞愧。 13) In my mind’s eye 尽管她已经是一个大姑娘了,但在我看来,她 还是一个六岁的小孩。 14) recurring 他试图忘记那些不愉快的事情,但是那些事情 总是出现在他脑海中,特别是在梦中。 15) mere 车的损坏不太严重,只有一道划痕。 Slide114:  2. Rewrite each sentence with the word or phrase in brackets, keeping the same meaning. The first part has been written for you. 1) Mrs.White’s birthday coincides with her husband’s. 怀特夫人的生日和她丈夫的碰巧是同一天。 2) The writer was assisted in the preparation of this article by other members of her family. 作家的家人帮着她准备这篇文章。 Slide115:  3) It has been a week of alternate sunshine and rain. 这一个星期晴雨交替。 4) Politics and philosophy had been his lifelong passions, although he studied economics at university. 在大学里他学的是经济,但是他毕生的兴趣还是 政治和哲学。 5) She grew tense as she waited for her first TV interview. 等着做第一次电视访谈时,她变得紧张起来。 Slide116:  3. Complete the following sentences, using the words or phrases in brackets. Make additions or changes where necessary. 1)Jessica’s victory in the World hampionships, which has aroused the media’s attention, again bears out the fact that she is one of the best gymnasts in the world. And no one can deny that it is a delight to watch her performing various skills with natural grace. 杰西卡在世界锦标赛中取得了成功,这引起了媒体的注意,并再次证明了她是世界上最好的体操运动员之一。没有人会否认看她自然娴熟的表演是一种享受。 Slide117:  2) With so many relatives along with friends coming to their wedding to congratulate them on their marriage, the young couple felt like the happiest people in the world. 如此多的亲戚朋友在婚礼上祝贺他们,这对年轻人觉得他们是这个世界上最幸福的人。 3) Frank had made full preparations for his oral presentation. However, when he did begin to speak, he was so overwhelmed by the intensity of the situation that he couldn’t find a way to relax himself and made numerous mistakes. 弗兰克为口语比赛作了充分的准备,但是,当他开始演讲的时候,因为紧张,没办法放松,因此出了很多错误。 Slide118:  Rewrite the following sentence, using that- clause and the words given in brackets. 1) Mike, a Green, made the suggestion that a large park be built near the community. 迈克是一个绿色环保主义者,他提出一个建议, 在社区附近建一个大公园。 2) In a letter to his daughter, Mr. Smith expressed his wish that she (should) continue her education to acquire still another degree. 在给女儿的信中,史密斯先生希望她继续学习, 再拿一个学位。 II. Collocation Slide119:  3) There is no reason to hold the belief that humans have no direct moral responsibility to safeguard the welfare of animals. 没有理由认为人类对动物的安全没有直接的道义上的责任。 4) Children need to feel safe about the world they grow up in, and it is unwise to give them the idea that everything they come into contact with might be a threat. 孩子们在他们成长的过程中需要对世界有安全感,向他们灌输他们所接触到的一切都可能是一种威胁的观点是很不明智的。 Slide120:  5) Anxiety can result from the notion that life has not treated us fairly. 忧虑可能是因为我们觉得生活不公平而引 起的。 6) Nobody believed his claim that he was innocent. 没有人相信他是无罪的。 Slide121:  Now write sentences of your own, using work and the given words. 1. I work out in the gym for one hour every morning. 我每天早晨在体育馆锻炼一个小时。 2. Florence has worked as a cleaner at the factory for five years. 佛罗伦斯在这个工厂做了五年清洁工。 3. The wounded man worked his way across the field on his hands and knees. 这个受伤的人用手和膝盖爬过了这块地。 III. Words with Multiple Meanings Slide122:  4. The safe load for a truck of this type works out at about twenty-five tons. 这种类型的卡车的安全载重量是二十五吨。 5. It is difficult to understand how human minds work. 很难了解人类思维怎么进行的。 6. To my disappointment, the manager’s plan of promoting the new products doesn’t work at all. 使我失望的是,经理的新产品促销计划没起一点 儿作用。 Slide123:  7. The teacher has a lot of experience of working with children who don’t know how to learn. 这位老师对于教那些不知道怎么学习的 孩子很有经验。 8. The medicine began to work one hour after the child took it. 药在孩子们服用了一个小时以后开始起作 用。 Slide124:  1. Answer the following questions, using the structure “it is … that…”: 1) It was his dream and hard work that made it possible for him to set a world record in the pole vault. 是梦想和努力使他在撑杆跳上打破了世界纪录。 2) It was nine years ago that I began to learn English. 九年前我才开始学习英语。 3) It is my parents who have exerted the greatest influence on me. 是父母对我影响最大 。 4) It was in Central Park that I met John. 在中央公园我遇到了约翰。 Structure Slide125:  2. Study the model and complete the following sentences by translating the Chinese into English, using what-clause: 1) Obviously what the speaker wanted to emphasize was the impact of these findings rather than the process that led to these findings. 演讲者想要强调的是那些发现的影响,而不是获 得发现的过程。 Slide126:  2) It seems that he is never bothered about what people would think about his behavior. 似乎他从来不在乎人们对他的行为怎么看。 3) The CEO never hesitates to let his employees know what he is planning for the company. 这个首席执行总裁从不向员工隐瞒他为公司做 什么计划。 4) The scientist will show the audience what a tele-operated robot can do for a family. 科学家将向公众展示这种遥控机器人对于家庭 来说有何用处。 Slide127:  I. Cloze (A) Complete the following passage with words chosen from the Words and Phrases to Drill box. Change the form where necessary. The following is how Michael Stone looks back on that day's competition. Slide128:  In my mind’s eye (1) I can see every detail (2) of that pole vault. I can remember the feel of sweating (3) in the heat as I tried to relax (4). At first I couldn't. I was too excited, too tense (5). But then I remembered to breathe deeply and brought myself under control. Then I was off, up and away, clearing the bar. I had done it! This was no mere fantasy (6), but the real thing. All that preparation (7), working out every day, had paid off. Friends were rushing to congratulate (8) me and I was surrounded by the clicking cameras of the media (9). You can imagine how full of emotion (10) I felt. Slide129:  [译文] 下面是迈克尔·斯通对那天比赛的回忆。 在我的想象中,我能够看见那场撑杆跳高的每个 细节。我能够回忆起我想放松的时候却热得出汗的 感觉。开始时我不能放松。我太激动,太紧张。但 后来我想起了要做深呼吸来控制自己。然后我起 跳、向上并腾空越过横杆。我成功了!这不是幻 想,而是真实的事情。所有的准备、每天的训练, 都得到了回报。朋友们冲过来向我表示祝贺,我被 媒体咔哒作响的照相机所包围。你可以想象我当时 有多么激动。 Slide130:  (B) Fill in the gaps with any words you think fit: One great obstacle(障碍)on the road to health after a significant loss is denial. Instead of facing what (1) has happened to them, says Dr. Michael Aronoff, a spokesperson for (2) the American Psychiatric Association, many people “try to fill up that empty feeling by looking for an (3)escape.” The man who rarely/never (4) touched a drink will begin taking alcohol. A woman who watched her weight will (5) overeat. After working for bosses all his life, John Jankowski had always longed/wished (6) to have his own firm. He finally got (7) the start-up money and did well. Then (8) came a downturn in business, Slide131:  And before long Jankowski was in(9)serious financial trouble. “It was like my whole life (10) had been destroyed,” he says.With financial resources used up and the pressure of a family to support (11), Jankowski’s thoughts turned to (12) escape. One morning, while on a run, he just kept going. After (13) jogging westward for two hours, he staggered back home. “I finally realized that I couldn’t run (14) away from my troubles. The only thing that made sense was to face (15) up to my situation,” he says. “Admitting failure was the toughest part ---- but (16) I had to before I could get on with my life.” Slide132:  [译文] 重大失败之后,健康之路上一个巨大的障碍就是自我克制。 美国精神病学协会的发言人迈克尔·阿罗诺夫说, 很多人“试图 通过寻求逃避现实的方法来填补空虚的感觉”,而不是面对他们 所发生的一切。滴酒不沾的人会开始酗酒,关注体重的女士开 始暴食。 约翰·詹可夫斯基为老板工作了一辈子,他一直想拥有自己的 公司。他最后弄到了启动资金,而且他的公司运转很好。后 来,生意急转直下,詹可夫斯基不久就陷入了经济上的困境。 他说:“好像我的生活被完全毁掉了一样。”由于没有了资金 来源,再加上供养一家人的压力,詹可夫斯基的忧虑转向了逃 避。 有一天早晨,在跑步的时候,他只是一个劲地跑下

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