2008 | A conversation about Interaction Design

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Information about 2008 | A conversation about Interaction Design
Design

Published on December 16, 2008

Author: urijoe

Source: slideshare.net

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a short conversation about interaction design with students at Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Interaction Design lab

Interaction Design technology, human behavior & trends gy, Francesca, 20 november 2008

What is interaction design? Interaction Design (IxD) is the discipline of defining the behavior of products and systems that a user can interact with. d d h i ih The practice typically centers around complex technology systems such as software, mobile devices, and other electronic devices. However, it can also apply to other types of products and services, H l l t th t f d t d i and even organizations themselves. Interaction design defines the behavior (the quot;interactionquot;) of an artifact or system in response to its users. “These could be in any medium (such as live events or performances, products, services, etc.) and not only digital media. I t ti i Interactive experiences, necessarily, require ti il i time as an organizing i i principle (though not exclusively) and Interactive Design is concerned with a user, customer, audience, or participant's experience f flow through time. Interactivity should not be confused with g y f animation in which objects may move on a screen. Interactivity is concerned with being part of the action of a system or performance and not merely watching the action passively”. Nathan Shedroff

Usually common objects are not interactive. ll b Old fashioned objects basically are mono-functional machines capable to perform one or f t k hi bl t f few tasks.

Due to technology, today some objects are turned into multi-functional complex machines. Those multifunctional machines are capable of something more They have a behavior more. behavior. Those multifunctional machines have an interface.

Interface I t f Interaction Product P d

What changes with Interaction Design from “product-as-object” product as object towards the notion of “product-as-event” where the dynamic and interactive qualities of products and services need t b b tt understood i th context of h d to be better d t d in the t t f human b h i behavior. Interaction Design explore context & deal with complexity any interaction requires: * a context, an interaction scene * two or more participant in mutual relation * a system of interfaces

IxD Schools UMEA University, Sweden Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, USA http://www.dh.umu.se/default.asp?ml=10447 http://www.design.cmu.edu/ http://www.interactiondesign.se/blog/ http://www.design.cmu.edu/show_program.p http://www design cmu edu/show program p hp?s=2&t=3 TU Delft, Holland http://www.io.tudelft.nl/live/pagina.jsp?id=b Srishti School of Design, Bangalore, India 4c76e5e-3a59-4be9-a050- b http://srishti.ac.in/sunoh/index.htm c847d3a5fbb2&lang=en IVREA Institute Media Lab, Helsinki ed a ab, e s http://interactionivrea org/en/index asp http://interactionivrea.org/en/index.asp http://mlab.taik.fi/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interaction_Desi gn_Institute_Ivrea Royal College of Arts, England http://www.interaction.rca.ac.uk/ Studios Directory Domus Academy Milano, Italy http://www.core77.com/blog/education/the_i http://projects.domusacademy.net/interaction http://projects domusacademy net/interaction nteractionivrea offspring 11512 asp nteractionivrea_offspring_11512.asp design/ Interaction Venice, Italy Interaction Venicehttp://www.interaction- venice.com/index.html

Where is interaction design placed with respect to other design disciplines?

Wide field for the design interventions (at least) two approaches like (two) sides of the coin Stay in between of art and engeneering, trying to get both the inspiration: some kind of balance between product & communication communication, material & immaterial

What are the skills of the Interaction D i I t ti Designer? ?

The skills of an interaction designer are varied; the range aried they from user research to consensus building & from prototyping to balancing business requirements requirements. Interaction designers come from different backgrounds; however what's common to however, what s their education at the School of Design is a human-centered design process, which focuses on answering real human needs in the context of everyday living.

Personas turn “the users” into identifiable human beings. Saffer, 2007

Tools/ Personas

La figura della “portavoce” • Una figura dalla personalità carismatica, la “leader” del g pp gruppo. • E’ coinvolta attivamente nelle iniziative del centro, e spesso è l’organizzatrice di attività ed eventi. • Le altre utenti si fidano di lei e del suo parere. Per LaMaglia è una risorsa g importante, specialmente nella fase di lancio, perché può aiutare a vincere la diffidenza nei confronti del nuovo servizio, servizio promuovendone gli aspetti positivi e trasmettendone i benefici.

Tools/ Storyboards CARICARE 1.Accedo al sito 2.Stampa il codice 3.Lo posiziono 4.Lo fotografo 5.Invio il contributo VISUALIZZARE Trovo un Codice Lo fotografo Accedo al Menù, scelgo visualizza

1. Rikiya pensa di voler 2. Non sa dove andare a 3. Manda una domanda ad fare la miso soup. comprare le alghe Agora’, nella stanza necessarie perche’ non giapponese, dove chiede conosce negozi di aiuto riguardo ad un alimentari tipici giapponesi. negozio vicino al suo ufficio dove potrebbe essere reperibile l’alga. 4. Masako riceve 5. Dopo aver parlato al telefono 6. Letta la domanda di Rikiya, 7. Pubblica un commento al una chiamata sul cellulare. con un collega va a consultare la pensa ad un possibile messaggio di Rikiya sul portale di pagina giapponese su Agora’. negozio. Agora’ come risposta alla domanda.

Tools/ Flowcharts A flowchart is a schematic representation of a process, or the step-by-step solution of a problem using suitably problem, annotated geometric figures connected by flow lines for the purpose of designing or documenting a process or program (Wikipedia)

Tools/ System Map The Th system map shows i a schematic h in h i manner an overall view on the context, the users, the stakeholders and the way 3B. Si reca allo sportello dell’ecomuseo they interact with the system. 8. Creazione 1. Organizzazione mostra iniziale . O ga a o e os a ae 2. 2 Si reca alla mostra ll t codici finali 7. Organizzazione mostra finale Mostra Figura Codici finali Ecomuseo 3A. Stampa lo sticker 4B. Stampa lo sticker 4A. Carica i contributi 5B. Carica i contributi comunità di Sito web Opera 5A 6B archiviazione archiviazione contributi contributi Database + 3C. Fotografa sticker centro polifunzionale 4C. Visualizza i contributi

Rileva la Rileva la posizione posizione i i ANTENNA GSM WARE TELECOM COMUNE PROVINCIA 6c. Inizia una SOFTW Pagamento Fornitura Comunicazion Fondi di pacchetti di rete e e alla città supporto conversazione traffico traffico ONNA 5c. Visualizza le posizioni COMUNITA’ DE CENTRO DO 5b. Contatta un utente EL 6b. Scrive un messaggio CENTRO DONNA 7b. risposta C 5a. 5a 6a. 6a Il SW cerca 1. Inserisce tra i profili Iscrizione al una parola servizio chiave 2. Consegna del Java 7a. risultato 3. Compilazione profilo 4. Feedback e istruzioni d’uso d’ so incontro

These different tools and methods refers to two main design task: 1- Study of the interaction (communication) Process of understanding and setting of i P f d di d i f interactions system i 2- Project of interaction (products) Process of practical creation of interaction artifacts If we stand in product design, we are interested in prototyping And deal with complexity of the machine If we stand in communication design fields, we start to think to user interfaces And d l ith A d deal with complexity of i f l it f informations ti

IxD phases IxD process keypoints: 1. analyze the context Approach: Users, instruments, physical spaces, Switch interest from technology to users features, task, goals, constrains, workflows etc. 2. conceive the system Method: Information architecture, system Multi-disciplinarity components and configurations, p g , modules, workflows, tasks etc. 3. design the touchpoints Organization: The interfaces b t Th i t f between th parts / the t Team working users of the system Aim: 4. build prototype In order to deal with diversity and complexity Simulations, paper mockups, maquette, fully functional prototype etc.

Cases and tips

Vodafone future vision (scenario building & trends) http://www.vodafone.com/flash/future/application/index.html http://www vodafone com/flash/future/application/index html http://www.vodafone.com/start/innovation/future_vision0.html

http://www.cs.nyu.edu/~jhan/ p // y / j /

3 Main trends: Interaction for House & Living (see document IxD_houseliving.pdf “Sense & Simplicity” project) Trend of Opensource Arduino project http://www.arduino.cc/ Arduino is an open-source electronics prototyping platform based on flexible, easy-to-use hardware and software. It's intended for anyone interested in creating interactive objects or environments. Arduino can sense the environment by receiving input from a variety of sensors and can affect its surroundings by controlling lights, motors, and other actuators. The g y g g , , microcontroller on the board is programmed using the Arduino programming language (based on Wiring) and the Arduino development environment (based on Processing). Arduino projects can be stand-alone or they can communicate with software on running on a computer (e.g. Flash, Processing, MaxMSP). Trend of Mobile MCT Touch project htt // T h j t http://www.nearfield.org/about fi ld / b t Near Field Communication (NFC)

Chi 2009 conference Boston (early 2009) call for papers is open http://www.chi2009.org/Authors/ “Design and the elastic mind” MOMA New York Interaction design exhibition http://www.moma.org/exhibitions/2008/elasticmind/

Essential reference Interaction Design Association http://www.ixda.org/topics.php?topic methods http://www.ixda.org/topics.php?topic=methods || http://www.ixda.org/ Blogs & News p // p // g http://www.leeander.com | http://mentegrafica.it/blog/ | http://idearium.org/ / g/ p // g/ http://www.odannyboy.com/ | http://www.digicult.it/en/category.asp?cat=Interaction+Design http://www.odannyboy.com/blog/archives/001000.html || http://www.interaction-design.org Books Bill Buxton, Sketching User Experiences: Getting the Design Right and the Right Design, Morgan Kaufmann, 2007 John Maeda, The Laws of Si li it MIT P J h M d Th L f Simplicity, Press, B t 2006 Boston 6 Lev Manovich, The Language of New Media, MIT Press, Boston, 2001 Bill Moggridge, Designing Interactions, MIT Press, 2007 Bruno Munari, Design As Art ,Penguin Modern Classics, 2008 Donald Norman, The Invisible Computer, MIT Press, 1998 Donald Norman,Things That Make Us Smart: Defending Human Attributes in the Age of the Machine, 1993 Donald Norman, The Design of Everyday Things, New York, Doubleday, 1988 Donald Norman ,The Psychology of Everyday Things. New York, Basic Books, 1988 Dan Saffer, Designing for Interaction: Creating Smart Applications and Clever Devices, 2006

warm thanks to all of you for hospitality and friendship. p y p 一会儿见面! francesca f.valsecchi@gmail.com – urijoe.org skype: urijoe - qq: 759725102 yp j qq

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