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Information about 2007930103930181

Published on March 14, 2008

Author: Stefanie

Source: authorstream.com

Unit 7 The Joy of Travel:  Unit 7 The Joy of Travel Slide3:  Part One Preparation 1. Word Association:  Directions: Work in groups to generate a list of words that are related to travel, such as “hotel”, “bus”. The group that lists the largest number of “related” words wins. 1. Word Association Sample -1:  Sample -1 means of transportation (交通方式) bus (公共汽车) boat (小船) ship (海船) train (火车) plane (飞机) van (有蓬货车) taxi (出租车) canoe (独木舟) motorcycle (摩托车) coach (长途汽车) cable car (缆车) hotel (旅馆) restaurant (餐馆) motel (汽车旅馆) airport (小型民用机场) railway station (火车站) highway (高速公路) beach (海滩) guide (导游) travel agency (旅行社) travel agent (旅行代理商) Sample -2:  telescope (望远镜) money (钱) guide book (指南) camera (照相机) photograph (照片) compass (指南针) sleeping bag (睡袋) tent (帐篷) camp (露营) passport (护照) visa (签证) credit card (信用卡) postcard (明信片) one-way ticket (单程票) return air ticket (往返机票) suitcase (手提箱) rucksack (旅行背包) luggage (行李) places of interest (名胜) scenic spots (景点) scenery (景色) Museum (博物馆) Sample -2 Sample -3:  resort (游览胜地) mountain (山) route (路线) itinerary (旅行日程) excursion (远足) tour (旅行) trip (旅程) journey (旅行) Voyage (航程) round trip (往返旅行) picnic (野餐) skating (溜冰) skiing (滑雪) entertainment (娱乐) culture (文化) sunbathing (日光浴) adventure (冒险) natives (当地人) local customs (当地风俗习惯) foreign exchange (外汇兑换) phrase book (外语常用语手册) sightseeing (观光) Sample -3 2. Why Do People Travel:  Directions: Different people have different reasons for travel. Read the following quotations to find the reasons why these people travel. Then work in pairs and discuss other possible reasons for travel . 2. Why Do People Travel When you combine learning with a fun experience, you have an irresistible mixture. (From Reader’s Digest) They would like to experience something new when traveling and learn form the experience. The reason you want to book packages is because packages come with components put together for you. (From “Bob Kaufman at Apple Vacation”) :  The reason you want to book packages is because packages come with components put together for you. (From “Bob Kaufman at Apple Vacation”) They would like to have a comfortable journey an d enjoy the convenience offered by a package tour. The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page. (St. Augustine) They would like to see the world and to understand different cultures. Other possible reasons for travel:  Other possible reasons for travel To experience something unfamiliar To marvel at the wonder of Great Nature To escape from a boring lifestyle To have a change To be fashionable and follow suit To leave a fond memory for later reflection To have thorough relaxation To expand one’s horizons To know the history of some places To learn about the special flavor of a certain culture Slide11:  To fulfill the curiosity for something exotic To share romance with one’s beloved To enjoy life to its fullest To challenge the extremes of one’s life To expect a miracle To enjoy the serenity of pastoral life To experience something one learned from books or somewhere else To kill time To make new friends To have a second chance. 3. Reading and Puzzle-Solving:  Step one: Read the descriptions of cities in Asia. Step two: Complete the following puzzle with words from the above descriptions of some Asian cities. 3. Reading and Puzzle-Solving Slide13:  traditional adj. 传统的 six-lane adj. 六车道的 alongside prep. 与······并排 highlight n. 最精彩的部分 be situated in 位于 the North China Plain 华北平原 ancient adj. 古老的 the Imperial Palace 故宫 gateway n. 门径;关口 fascinating adj. 有吸引力的,迷人的 shoreline n. (海)岸线 commercial adj. 商业的 tourist attraction 旅游景点 bullet train 高速客车 collection n. (系列)收藏品 Description 1:  Description 1 Jakarta (雅加达), the capital city of Indonesia (印度尼西亚), is a city of contrasts (对比). Here you can see the traditional and the modern, the rich and the poor, the sacred (神圣的) and the worldly side by side. In this city of 6 million people, tall skyscrapers (摩天大楼), six-lane highways and beautiful parks, are found alongside seventeenth-century houses. Influences of the Dutch and the Portuguese (葡萄牙人) are seen in many parts of the city. Sightseeing highlights include the new Mosque (清真寺), said to be one of the largest in the world. The National Museum and the Botanical Gardens (植物园) at Bogor (茂物) will complete your visit. Description 2:  Description 2 Beijing, China’s capital city, is situated in the north-western part of the North China Plain and has a population of 9 million. Beijing is an ancient city with a history almost as old as that of China itself. It has been a capital since as early as the eleventh century. There are many famous historical places to visit in Beijing, including the Great Wall, the Ming Tombs, and the Imperial Palace. Description 3 :  Description 3 Manila (马尼拉), gateway to the Philippines (菲律宾), is a fascinating mixture of old and new, where 8 million people live. It is a city where you will never be bored. This capital was founded in 1571 when Spanish explorers chose it as a place for a city. One of its most famous streets is Roxas Boulevard (大街), which follows the shoreline of Manila Bay (马尼拉湾)and takes you to Rizal Park, which is probably the best place in Manila to watch the world go by. Description 4:  Description 4 Osaka(大阪)was Japan’s greatest commercial city in ancient times and is the city with Japan’s biggest castle (城堡). Modern Osaka is a good place to see commercial and industrial Japan. The castle is the most interesting tourist attraction in the city. It was built in 1586. The easiest way to get to Osaka is on the world-famous bullet train from Tokyo, which travels over 210 kilometers per hour. It is said to be the cleanest train in the world. Description 5:  Description 5 Seoul (汉城), the capital of South Korea, has a population of 6 million. The city was founded in 1392 and is only 20 minutes from Kimpo international airport. In Kyung Bok Palace in the centre of Seoul, there is a huge collection of art and ancient Korean objects. Displays of Korean music and dancing are also held here. At Walker Hill resort (旅游胜地) — about 30 minutes drive from Seoul-there is a big casino (赌场). Other highlights of Seoul are the Changdok Palace with its secret garden and Namsan Mountain. The Hint -1:  The Hint -1 Across 1. His___ of paintings has been bought over the years. 5. Their offices are in a _____ 25-storey skyscraper. 7. The ski ____ is expanding to meet the growing number of skiers that come here. 8. Make sure that your hands are _____ before you have your dinner. 10. Seoul has been the capital of Korea _____ 1392. 11. If you are interested in _____ you should visit the museum. 12. There is a six-______ road through the city. 13. They visited the ______ places of Islam. The Hint -2:  The Hint -2 1. Shanghai is one of the most important _____ cities in China. 2. People used to think that the earth was the _____ of the universe. 3. Large _____ cities are often polluted. 4. Her house is furnished in a curious ______ of old and modern styles. 6. Shall we go for a _____ in my new car this afternoon? 9. Let us _______ forget those who gave their lives for their country. Down The Table:  The Table Part Two Word Study:  Part Two Word Study Words and Phrases Vocabulary Exercises Grammar under the Spotlight Words & Phrases:  Words & Phrases 1. alternative 2. challenge 3. circumstance 4. commitment 5. deliberately 6. horizon 7. incorporate 8. insulate 9. perspective 10. transform 11. transition 12.appeal to alternative-1:  alternative-1 adj. providing a choice between two or more things; other 其他可选用的,不同的 【课本句】 I sampled alternative lifestyles and pretended to be a different person. 我体验不同的生活方式,佯装自己是另一个人。 【例 句】 Have you got an alternative suggestion? 你有没有其它的建议? Slide25:  选择的自由,选择的余地 We have no alternative in this matter. 在这件事上我们没有选择的余地。   alternative-2 n. a choice between two or more things 两者(或在两者以上)间择一,取舍,抉择 Her father gave her the alternative of going on to college or starting to work. 她父亲让她在上大学继续求学和开始工作之间作出抉择。 供替代的选择 Is there an alternative to surgery? 除外科手术外,还有无其他办法? challenge v. / n.:  challenge v. / n. 1.向······提出挑战 Our school challenged the local champion team to a football match. 我校向当地冠军队提出挑战,要求进行足球比赛。 2.刺激,激发,激励 【课本句】We were challenged to make commitments publicly about things we would like to change in our lives. 老师鼓励我们大声说出想要改变生活中的哪些事情。 circumstance n. :  circumstance n. under/in no circumstances 无论如何,决不 Under no circumstances should you see them again. 你不能再见他们了。 - under no circumstances 放在句首,句子要倒装 under/in the circumstances 在这种情况下 Under the circumstances, there is little hope for an early settlement. 在这种情况下,及早解决是没有什么希望的。 (常用于复数形式) conditions, facts, etc. 环境,情况 commitment n.:  commitment n. 1) 承诺,保证 make/take/undertake a commitment 作出承诺 a.【课本句】We were challenged to make commitments publicly about things we would like to change in our lives… 老师鼓励我们大声说出想要改变生活中的哪些事情······ b. Father made a commitment that he would give me a computer as a birthday present. 父亲承诺说他会给我一台计算机做生日礼物。 2) 辛劳;忠诚;奉献 Her commitment to the education cause was absolute. 她无条件地为教育事业献身。 Slide29:  commit vt. 1. commit a crime / error / suicide (犯罪/犯错/自杀) 2. commit oneself to (承诺) The government has committed itself to improving the Department of Education. 3. commit sb. to (把某人送交……) He was committed to a mental hospital at the age of 32. 4. commit sth. to memory (记住) He committed the address to memory. commitment n. deliberately adv. :  deliberately adv. 【记忆】deliberate adj. deliberate murder 蓄意谋杀 [同]consciously, intentionally on purpose 故意地 He says those things deliberately to insult me. 他说那些话是故意想侮辱我。 I won’t forgive you because of your lying deliberately. 我不会原谅你,因为你存心说谎。 horizon :  horizon 【考点】 on the horizon 即将发生,露出端倪 【课本句】 I expected that big things were on the horizon… 我期待着大事即将发生······ 1.A solution to the question is on the horizon. 解决这个问题的办法已经有点眉目。 2.Travel broadens one’s horizon. 旅游开阔人的眼界。 n. 地平线;(知识、思想、经验、阅历、兴趣等)的 范围,眼界,见识 incorporate vt.:  incorporate vt. 【考点】 incorporate…into… They incorporated his proposal into their plan. 他们把他的建议纳入他们的计划。 incorporate with 与······合并 Many large companies incorporate with small ones. 许多大公司与小公司合并了。 【记忆】 incorporation n.结合,合并,公司 incorporator n.合并者,公司创办人 corporate adj.社团的,法人的 insulate vt. :  insulate vt. * insulate…from / against… 【课本句】 I insulated myself from the usual influences in my life… 我从日常俗务中解脱出来······ 【考点】 1. This lab insulates noise outside. 这个实验室隔音。 2. Children should be insulated from harmful influences. 不要让孩子们受到坏影响。 perspective n. :  perspective n. Ever since he entered university, he has adopted a new perspective on life. 自从上大学后,他对人生有了新的看法。 [同] angle, aspect, attitude, view 视角、观点、全景 He tends to view most issues from religious perspective. 他通常从宗教的角度看待问题。 From the top of the hill you can get a perspective of the whole park. 从山顶上,你可以看到公园的全景。 transform vt.:  transform vt. transform (…)into…; transform from…into… transform hope into reality 把希望变为现实 The four years he spent in college has transformed him. 四年的大学生活使他完全改变了。 transformation n. social and political transformation of a country. 一个国家的社会和政治变革 That incident caused a great transformation in his character. 那次事故大大地改变了他的性格。 transition n.:  transition n. 【记忆】词根为transit n.移动,通过 v.经过; transitional adj.变迁的,过渡的; transitive adj.及物的,变迁的; transitory adj.短暂的 There is a sudden transition in his mood from grief to joy. 他的情绪突然由悲转喜。 The frequent transitions from cold to warm weather this spring has caused much illness. 今年春天的天气忽冷忽热,使许多人生病。 a transition period 过渡时期 Slide37:  诉诸 The Chinese deputy appealed to reason to win the argument. 中国代表通过推理赢得了辩论。 appeal to 向……呼吁;请求 The government is appealing to everyone to save water. 政府呼吁每个人节约用水。 投合……的心意;引起……的兴趣 Good work appeals to everyone. 好作品无人不喜欢。 Vocabulary Exercise 1:  Directions: The words in the box can be used as nouns or verbs. Fill in each of the blanks with the appropriate word. All the words can be used twice. Change the form if necessary. Vocabulary Exercise 1 book process sample value structure trap appeal end Slide39:  1) Winning the competition put a(n) _____to his financial problems. 2) She has _______ a table for four at their favorite restaurant. 3) Jack left the job after ten years because he was beginning to feel ________ . 4) It is not enough just to have ______ learning. 5) Our conversation ______ with him saying he would try to be more understanding. end booked trapped book ended Vocabulary Exercise 1 Slide40:  6) Does the idea of working abroad _______ to you? 7) Hopefully, the thief will fall right into our _____ . 8) The new name was meant to give the party greater public ______. 9) Please bring some ________ of your work to the interview. 10)The chemical ________ of this particular molecule (分子) is very unusual. 11) His contribution was of little or no practical _____ . trap appeal samples structure value appeal Vocabulary Exercise 1 Slide41:  12) They __________ the program to reach all ages. 13) We _________a selection of different bottled waters. 14) My new laptop (笔记本电脑) can_______ information much more quickly than my old computer. 15) The bank______ the house at less than the price the seller was asking. 16) Increasing the number of women in top management jobs will be a slow________ . sampled process valued process structured Vocabulary Exercise 1 Slide42:  Directions: Study each pair of sentences and fill in each of the blanks with the appropriate form of the word given. Pay attention to the part of speech of the word you use. Vocabulary Exercise 2 Slide43:  1) empty a) I ______ out my bag to find my keys. b) The isolation and _________ of her life is typical of what many Asian women in Britain face. 2) terrify a) She’s _______ that her mother might find out her secret. b) I still find it ________ to find myself surrounded by large numbers of horses. emptied emptiness terrified terrifying Vocabulary Exercise 2 Slide44:  3) entertain a) His books aren’t always well-written, but they are always___________ . b) This season’s ____________includes five new plays and several concerts of Chinese and Indian music. 4) introduce a) Your report should include an __________ chapter (章节) that explains the objectives of your research. b) Any __________ of a new product into the marketplace has to be carefully planned. entertaining entertainment introductory introduction Vocabulary Exercise 2 Slide45:  5) employ a) We have _________a market researcher to find out what people really want from cable TV. b) How long have you been looking for___________? 6) transform a) The reorganization will _________ the British entertainment industry. b) In recent years the film industry has undergone a complete _____________. employed employment transform transformation Vocabulary Exercise 2 Slide46:  7) convince a) I wasn’t _________ at all by his arguments of the truth of what she was saying. b) I didn’t find the ending of the film very _________. 8) approve a) She looked at her son with________. b) I don’t________of smoking in public places. convinced convincing approval approve Vocabulary Exercise 2 Slide47:  9) isolate a) A high wall________the house from the rest of the village. b) After all the guests had left, she experienced a feeling of complete_________. 10) reinforce a) I am sure that this meeting will contribute to the ____________of peace and security all over the world. b) Conclusions from the report have been ________ by more recent studies. isolates isolation reinforcement reinforced Vocabulary Exercise 2 Slide48:  1. 我没料到上演一个剧本需要这么多的工作。 2. 最重要的不是你所说的,而是你所做的。 3. 在这样的情况下,这个结果是所能期待的最好的。 4. 你不是第一次处于这种情形。 The most important thing is not what you say but what you do. I didn’t realize putting on a play involved so much work. The result is the best that can be expected in such circumstances. It isn’ t the first time that you’ve found yourself in such a situation. involve find oneself in such circumstances not what... but what… Vocabulary Exercises-Translation Slide49:  5. 这个困难促使我动脑筋找出答案。 6. 将要出现的新的威胁是失业。 7. 我们有不同的方法来表达同样的想法。 8. 他喝酒的老毛病又犯了。 This difficulty challenges my mind to find an answer. The new threat on the horizon is unemployment. We have alternative ways of expressing the same idea. He slipped into the old habit of drinking. challenge on the horizon, unemployment alternative slip into Vocabulary Exercises-Translation Grammar Under the Spotlight -- 让步状语从句:  Grammar Under the Spotlight -- 让步状语从句 由although, (even) though, no matter, even if, whoever等表示让步的连接词引导。 注意:让步状语从句连词though 与as的互换: Although he was sad, he tried to keep cool. = Sad as he was, he tried to keep cool. 尽管很伤心,他却尽量保持冷静。 No matter what happens , keep calm. 无论发生什么,都要保持安静。 Part Three Reading-centered Activities:  Part Three Reading-centered Activities Pre-Reading Questions Passage Study Text Structure Sentence Study Useful Expressions Summary of the Text Pre-Reading Question:  Dream trips in my life Directions: Work in pairs and tell each other three places where you would make your dream trips if you had the time and money. Explain your reasons for your choice. Pre-Reading Question Text Structure:  Text Structure Two things that I was dissatisfied with (para. 1-3) Purpose of my trip(para. 4-6) Conclusion (para. 15) My job & My engagement To transform myself I would continue going on transformative trips to keep my growth in the future. Process for change (para. 7-14) Slide54:  I created a mindset that made me ready for change. I insulated myself from the usual influences in my life and the people whose approval was most important. I structured my time in order to produce change and growth. I pushed myself to experiment with new ways of being. I made public commitments of what I intended to do, so it would be harder to back down. F. I processed my experiences systematically. G. I made changes when I returned that continued the transformation that started while I was in Aruba. Slide55:  1. The future appeared as much like a wasteland as the emptiness I could see while looking back to the past. (Line 2) 【解析】as much…as… 和······在同样程度 【译文】我的未来看起来如同一片荒漠,就像我回顾 往事那样显得虚无飘渺。 【例句】 The soldier wanted to show the general that he was as much a man as anybody. 士兵要向将军证实他和任何人一样,也是一条好汉。 Sentence Study Slide56:  2. I was stuck in a job I hated and trapped in an engagement with a woman I didn’t love. At the time, both commitments seemed like a good idea, but I suppose it was the fantasy of being a successful, married businessman that appealed to me far more than the reality. (Line 4) 【译文】 我当时被困在两件事中:做着一份我憎恨的工作并与一个我并不爱的女人订有婚约。当初,两个承 诺都好像是不错的主意,但是我想吸引我的只是成为一个成功的已婚商人的幻想,而远非现实。 Sentence Study Slide57:  Sentence Study 本文作者用了诸多手法表示旅行前后的两种生活,从而突出使人脱胎换骨的“新生之旅”的作用。此句中 hated 和 didn’t love 构成比较句型,而下文中的 the fantasy 和 the reality 也形成鲜明对照。这种表达突出主题。以下为课文中其它一些“比较与对照”的句子。希望大家在借鉴句型的基础上,也能写出这种以一当十的佳句。 The future appeared as much like a wasteland as the emptiness I could see while looking back to the past. (Line 2) Slide58:  Sentence Study A few days later I found myself unemployed and unattached, excited by the freedom, yet terrified about what to do next. I need some kind of transition from my old life to a new one, a sort of ritual that would help me to transform myself from one person into another. (Line 13) It took me almost a year to pay off that trip, but I am convinced that my single week in Aruba was worth three years in therapy. (Line 35) 4) It’s easier to make changes when you are away from home than to maintain the changes after you return. (Line 71) Slide59:  Sentence Study 5) Although it is possible to make extraordinary progress in a single week, transformative change takes place over a lifetime. (Line 76) .…but I suppose it was the fantasy of being a successful, married businessman that appealed to me far more than the reality. 【解析】本句使用了强调结构,强调吸引我的是fantasy 而不是 reality. Slide60:  3. It happened to be an introductory counseling course, one that involved personal sharing in the group. 【解析】counseling 意思是(对社会,个人以及心理等问题 的)咨询。在美国,个人参与,与他人交流感受 是解决心理和情感问题常用的手段,非常流行。 【译文】碰巧是一门关于咨询的入门课程,这门课要求个人 参与到集体当中去。 Sentence Study Slide61:  4. A few days later, I found myself unemployed and unattached, excited by the freedom, yet terrified about what to do next. 【译文】几天后,我失业了,也解除了婚约,为获得的自由而兴奋,但又因为不知道下一步做什么而惶恐。 【解析】 “I found myself”后面可接分词短语或介词短语作宾语补足语。此句中unemployed and unattached,excited by the freedom, yet terrified about what to do next 四个分词短语是并列关系,共同作“myself”的宾语补足语,即一个宾语带了四个宾语补足语。这种现象属于一干多枝。 Sentence Study Slide62:  “一干多枝”结构能使表达层次丰富,言简意赅,浓缩含义,同时加快文章叙事节奏。本文作者运用了大量不同的“一干多枝”结构。例如, 两个(或更多)主语共一个谓语,两个(或更多)动词共一个主语或宾语或状语, 两个(或更多)定语共一个名词等。 这种现象犹如一棵树干上长出的数根树枝,故称“一干多枝”结构。 现结合课文,分类例举,以期在欣赏 文章及练习写作中有所借鉴。 Sentence Study Slide63:  I spent the mornings going for long walks on the beach, the afternoons sitting under my favorite tree, reading books and listening to tapes. (Line 26) 2) The most important part of any therapy is not what you understand or what you talk about, but what you do. (Line 50) 3) Whenever I thought about taking safe routes, I imagined that I would soon have to face my classmates and that I would have to explain my actions to them. (Line 63) Sentence Study Slide64:  5. Probably most important of all, I forced myself to get out of my room and go to meet people. 最高级形容词+of all first / most / worst of all First of all, answer these questions. She said she wanted most of all to be fair. Worst of all, he had no hope of shaking her resolution. Sentence Study Slide65:  6. I created a mindset that made me ready for change. 【解析】mindset意思是“精神状态,思想倾向” 【译文】我让自己在精神状态上做好了转变的准备。 【例句】 The national mindset in Sweden made the reform easier than it was in most countries. 瑞典国民的心态使这项改革在瑞典比在大多数国家来得 容易。 Sentence Study Slide66:  7. One of the reasons that therapy takes so long is that, once you leave the safety and support of a session, you reenter the world where familiar people elicit the familiar reactions. 【解析】 本句的主要结构是:One of the reasons is that…。that therapy takes so long是同位语从句。once引导的句子 是表语从句中的时间状语从句。 Sentence Study Slide67:  The word “therapy” here means “ the treatment of someone with mental illness or problems” and a “session” is “a period of time spent on therapy or with a therapist”. Therapy may involve a number of sessions and last a few months or even years. 【译文】心理疗法往往需要很长得时间,原因之一是一旦你结束了一个给予你安全保护和帮助的疗程,你重新又回到了原来的世界,那儿你的熟人会诱使你重蹈覆辙。 Sentence Study Slide68:  8. There were times when I wanted to avoid doing those things I found most frightening. (Line 61) “There are times when…” means sometimes There are times when I feel my present job is too much for me. 我有时候常觉得现在的工作对我来说太艰苦了。 In a love relationship there are times when I am bored, times when I may feel like giving up, times of real strain, and times I feel I can’t move forward. 爱人之间也会有时感到厌烦,有时想放弃,有时感到压力,有时感到羁绊。 Sentence Study Slide69:  9. Each of them offered a different perspective that I valued and found useful in incorporating the experience into my life. 【解析】本句的主句是Each of them offered a different perspective。that从句是定语从句,修饰 perspective。在这个定语从句中,I 是主语,谓语分别是valued和found,二者的宾语应当是perspective,in incorporating the experience into my life 是地点状语。 【译文】他们中的每个人都有独到的见解。我认为它们弥足珍贵,而且在我把这种经历融入我的生活中去时我发现它们是有益的。 Sentence Study Slide70:  10. I made changes when I returned that continued the transformation that started while I was in Aruba. 【解析】本句的主句是I made changes。when I returned是时间状语,第一个that引导定语从句,修饰changes,第二个that也引导定语从句但修饰transformation。 【译文】我这次发生的变化已能使自己从阿鲁巴岛回来后,仍能把在岛上开始的重塑自我的转变持续下去。 Sentence Study Useful Expressions:  Useful Expressions 1. 我感觉自己成了废物。 I feel like a wreck. 2. 我的生活似乎到了尽头。 My life already seemed over. 3. 仅仅为了好玩 just for the entertainment value 4. 出于一时冲动 in a moment of pure impulsiveness Useful Expressions:  Useful Expressions 1. 我并不是在逃避现实,而是在追求未来。 I was not running away from something but to something. 2. 考虑清楚自己将何去何从 to think clearly about where I am headed 3. 我期待重大的事情将会来临。 I expected that big things are on the horizon. 4. 这进一步坚定了我的想法。 This reinforced the idea that …. Summary of the Text:  Summary of the Text Dissatisfied with both my job and my___________, I went on a trip to the little island of Aruba to transform myself by _________ myself from the usual__________. With all my heart, I ________ my time for the tasks carefully ______ and pushed myself to try new ways of living. ________ that I back down, I made public promises of what I planned to do. All of my experiences were well __________ for examination and improvement. Finally when I returned I kept making ________ that continued the transformation started in Aruba. As I had __________ much from the trip, I would ______ making transformative trips to continue my growth. Directions: Complete the summary of the text. engagement separating influences arranged chosen In case processed changes benefited go on Slide74:  Further development Writing and translation Part Four 1. Enriching your word power:  1. Enriching your word power 1) B 2) A 3) B 4) B 5) C 6) B 7) B 8) A 9) B 10) C 11) B 12) C 2. Identifying Landmarks:  2. Identifying Landmarks Work in groups and answer the following questions: 1) Where are these famous landmarks located? 2) What words come to your mind when you look at each of these landmarks? 3) Which one is the most beautiful? Why? Step One Landmarks -a:  Landmarks -a a. the Eiffel Tower in Paris Landmarks -b:  Landmarks -b b. Big Ben in London Landmarks -c:  Landmarks -c c. the Opera House in Sydney Landmarks -d:  Landmarks -d d. the Statue of Liberty in New York City Landmarks -e:  Landmarks -e e. the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco Landmarks -f:  Landmarks -f f. the Canals in Venice Landmarks -g:  Landmarks -g g. Taj Mahal in India Landmarks -h:  Landmarks -h h. the Pyramids in Egypt Slide85:  If you were asked to submit photos of 10 famous land marks in China, which landmarks would you choose? Explain your choices and try to put the landmarks in order of importance. Step Two Discuss the following question. Slide86:  the Great Wall, the Changjiang River, the Yellow River, the Tai Mountain, the West Lake, the Oriental Pearl Tower in Shanghai, Summer Palace, Forbidden City, Xi’an (terracotta warriors), Guilin Sample Slide87:  The Great Wall, over 6,000 km, is a magnificent relic of ancient Chinese civilizations. There is a famous saying in China: “He who does not reach the Great Wall is not a true man.” The Changjiang River is one of the most important rivers in China. It is famous because of its importance for water conservation and water traffic and its beautiful scenery. Slide88:  The Yellow River has a history as long as that of the Chinese Nationality and thus is the symbol of China. It is considered to be the “Mother River” of China. The Tai Mountain, one of the Five High Mountains in China, is extremely beautiful and is associated with many famous poets. Slide89:  The Oriental Pearl TV Tower, located in the Pudong district on the banks of the Huangpu River, is the most striking architectural landmark in Shanghai. It has become a symbol of modern China. The West Lake is situated in the heart of Hangzhou. It is surrounded by beautiful trees and gardens and adds considerable charm to the city. Slide90:  Summer Palace, formerly an imperial garden of the Qing Dynasty, is now the largest park in Beijing. Forbidden City, also known as the Palace Museum, was formerly the imperial palace of the Ming and the Qing Dynasty. It is the biggest and best preserved group of ancient buildings in China and embodies the unique style of Chinese architecture. Slide91:  Guilin is perhaps the site of the most famous landscape in China. A series of finger mountains that rise from the plains have attracted painters, poets and tourists for centuries. Xi’an is the site of a Qin-dynasty tomb that was discovered in 1974. Hundreds of terracotta warrior statues, each with its own likeness, stand guarding the emperor’s tomb. Slide92:  World-famous Resorts-1 Great Wall, China 中国长城  The Himalayas 喜马拉雅山   Forbidden City, Beijing, China 北京故宫  Mount Fuji, Japan 日本富士山  Taj Mahal, India 印度泰姬陵  Angkor Wat, Cambodia 柬埔寨吴哥窟  Bali, Indonesia 印度尼西亚巴厘岛  Babylon, Iraq 伊拉克巴比伦遗迹  World-famous Resorts-2:  World-famous Resorts-2             Cape of Good Hope, South Africa 南非好望角   Sahara Desert 撒哈拉大沙漠  Pyramids, Egypt 埃及金字塔 Notre Dame de Paris, France 法国巴黎圣母院   Arch of Triumph, France 法国凯旋门  Elysee Palace, France 法国爱丽舍宫  Louvre, France 法国卢浮宫 Yellowstone National Park, USA 美国黄石国家公园 Statue of Liberty, USA 美国纽约自由女神像   World-famous Resorts-3:  World-famous Resorts-3 Leaning Tower of Pisa, Italy 意大利比萨斜塔   Colosseum in Rome, Italy 意大利古罗马圆形剧场 Red Square in Moscow, Russia 莫斯科红场  Buckingham Palace, England 白金汉宫  London Tower Bridge, England 伦敦塔桥   Westminster Abbey, England 威斯敏斯特大教堂  Niagara Falls, USA 美国尼亚加拉大瀑布 Times Square, New York City, USA 美国纽约时代广场 The White House, Washington DC., 美国华盛顿白宫  Grand Canyon, Arizona, USA 美国亚利桑那州大峡谷   3. The Challenges of a Tour Guide:  3. The Challenges of a Tour Guide Directions: You are a tour guide and have been asked to prepare the itinerary for a group of young Europeans and Americans who plan to travel in China for two weeks. Step one: Wok in groups and prepare an itinerary giving the places and the sightseeing you would recommend. Explain your reasons. Step two: Offer a list of tips to young tourists. Step Two-Sample:  Step Two-Sample Student A: Catch up with the guide and the tourist group. Every place of interest in China is very crowded. In case they get lost, it’s very difficult to find them back. Student B: Take a Chinese-English map with you. In case you get lost, it will be helpful. Student C: Learn some simple Chinese words, for example, “谢谢!”“你好!”, and Chinese people will regard you as a friendly and polite person. Student D: Remember that things are not allowed to touch in some scenic spots. Student E: Listen to the guide carefully so as to get more information about China. Slide97:  Student F: Learn to identify the two Chinese characters --“男”,“女” --which can be used to indicate a men’s or women’s lavatory. Student G: Take a camera or a video camera with you wherever you go. Student H: Pay attention to the change of the weather. Beijing is in the North and Yunnan is in the South. Student I: The weather can be completely different in two places.Take more clothes with you when you are in the North and when you are climbing the Tai Mountain. Slide98:  Student J: Remember to drive on the right side of the road in China if you have the chance to drive a car. Student K: If you see two men or women walk in the street shoulder by shoulder or hand in hand, don’t make a fuss about it. It’s acceptable in China. Student L: Don’t be surprised if you see Chinese people eat liver and the kidneys of pigs. They are considered to be delicious food in China. Student M: Don’t be on a diet when traveling in China and don’t overeat, either. Student N: Pay attention to the different customs in different parts of China. 4. Means of Transportation:  4. Means of Transportation Directions: Discuss the following question in groups. Which means of transportation (bike, bus,ship, plane, etc.) do you like best? Why? Words and Phrases You May Use:  Words and Phrases You May Use window seat 靠窗户的座位 flight 航班 seatbelt 座椅的安全带 return ticket 返程票 scenery 风景 convenient 方便的 economy class 经济舱 aisle seat 靠过道的座位 book 预定 ID card 身份证 service 服务 super sonic 超音速的 comfortable 舒适的 coastal view 海岸的景色 first-class 头等的 5. A Brief Introduction to Your Hometown:  Directions: Suppose you are a tour guide introducing your hometown to a group of Australian tourists. Your introduction should include some welcoming words, the schedule for the day and a description of the place the tourists will be visiting. Try to make the introduction interesting and the arrangements for the day clear to everybody. 5. A Brief Introduction to Your Hometown Translation Practice :  Translation Practice 2. A. From English into Chinese 1) The defining characteristic of pessimists is that they tend to believe bad events will last a long time, will undermine everything they do, and are their own fault. 悲观主义者的典型特征是他们往往认为坏事会持续很久,会损害他们所做的每一件事情,而且都是自己的过错。 2)Monkey’s reply was that he knew with certainty that he was powerful enough to rule Heaven. 猴子回答说他确信自己有足够的力量统治天庭。 Slide103:  3)The good news is that not all aspects of Type A behavior are equally toxic. 好消息是并非A型行为的各个方面都同样有害。 4)Another aspect Larson studied was the observation that people get more fed up if they are not told what is going on. 有观察表明,如果人们不被告知正在发生的事情,他们会变得更不耐烦。这是Larson研究的另一个课题。 5)Sometimes all a sick person needs is some reassurance that all will be well. 有时病人所需的只是一种安慰:一切都会好的。 Slide104:  B. From Chinese into English 1) 问题不是要不要去旅游,而是去哪儿旅游。 The question to ask is not whether we should travel but where we should travel. 2) 小岛的的独特之处在于它是由粉红色的珊瑚组成的。 The distinctive feature of the island is that it is made up of pink coral. 3) 必胜的信念使他走出了荒漠。 The belief that he would win helped him go out of the desert. Slide105:  4) 小镇风景优美,消费低廉,这让我们喜出望外。 The fact that the town had beautiful scenery and low expense made us overjoyed. 5) 他想找到这家饭店多收费的证据。 he wanted to find some evidence that the restaurant overcharged him. Writing:  Writing Directions: Write a composition on why you think it is important or interesting to travel. You may base your writing on what you have learned from this unit as well as you own personal experiences. Idiomatic Expressions and Sample Sentences:  Idiomatic Expressions and Sample Sentences 1. He who travels far knows much. 远行者见闻多. 2. The world is a book, and those who do not travel read only a page. 世界是一本书, 没有旅行的人仅读了一页. 3. Travelling enriches your knowledge. 旅游可以扩展人们的知识. 4. The best means for getting knowledge of actual experience is travelling. 获得实际经验的最好办法就是旅游. 5. However, travelling may cause some trouble. 然而, 旅游也可能给人们带来一些麻烦. Sample:  Sample Travelling is a good activity. Travellig is not only a good way for people to relax and escape the pressure of daily routines, but it is also very educational. Many travelers return home with more than just memories of a good time; they come home with more knowledge and broader horizon of mind. Besides, travelling teaches people a lot about other cultures. While we enjoy the beauty of nature, we can also meet different people, explore the traditions and values of a people by observing their customs and making friends. But sometimes, travelling is not an enjoyable thing. For example, when the bus or car you ride has an accident, you just sit in it and waste your precious time. Furthermore, the weather Travelling Slide109:  maybe changeable. If you are climbing a mountain, it may rain suddenly. You may be caught in the rain and catch a cold. The worst thing is that you may have your money stolen and you may have an injury. All these are terrible things that can happen to a tourist. Therefore, when you are going on a trip, you must prepare yourself carefully. Firstly, you must have information about the weather. Secondly, you should choose a good companion so that you can help each other. Thirdly, you must be careful everywhere and try to avoid accidents. If you do this, you will surely enjoy your travel and avoid any unnecessary troubles. Sample

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