Published on May 2, 2008
Slide1: Unit 9 The Olympic Games 比较级和最高级 一般过去时的被动语态 动名词 真实条件句 Slide2: 比较级 构成: adj/adv比较级+than adj/adv比较级的构成: 在adj/adv后+er nicer, faster, harder more+adj /adv more beautiful 最高级 构成: adj/adv最高级(+of/in) adj/adv最高级的构成: 在adj/adv后+est biggest most +adj/adv the most beautiful ◆ 比较级和最高级 Slide3: e.g 1. I can run faster than you. 2. Tom is two years older than Mary. 3. This coat is more beautiful than that one. 4. He is the best in our class. 5. Shanghai is the biggest city in China. 6. This is the most difficult question of all. Slide4: ◆一般过去时的被动语态 被动语态常用在以下三种情况: A. 强调动作的承受者, 而不强调施动者 ; B. 不必提及施动者; C. 不知道施动者。 2. 一般过去时被动语态的构成: 主语+be的过去时(was, were) +动词过去分词 e.g He was arrested yesterday. The festival and games were held in Olympia. I was asked to finish the work quickly. Slide5: 注意: 如需说明施动者, 用介词by引出。如需表明使用 什么方式和手段, 用介词with。 e.g The man was attacked by a thief with a knife. 3. 否定式的构成 be的过去式后 + not e.g The Olympic torch relay was not introduced until 1932. 4. 疑问式的构成 一般疑问句：将be的过去式置于句首 特殊疑问句：特殊疑问词 + be的过去式 + 主语 Slide6: e.g Were the Olympic Games founded in Olympia? When were the Olympic Games founded? Practice: Activity 2 on P148 Slide7: ◆ 动名词 动名词：是名词性的，同时具有动词特征和名词特 征，在逻辑上表达的是一个动作（或状 态），在语法上体现的是名词特征。 2. 构成：V+ing 3. 用法：可用作主语，宾语等。 e.g Getting up early is a good habit. I have finished doing my housework. Do you mind my smoking here? Before going to college, he hadn’t acted or sung. Slide8: ◆ 真实条件句 条件句表示“如果……, 那么……。”其构成形式为： If+从句主语+一般现在时， 主句主语+will/won’t +动词原形 e.g 1. If we bid for the games, we will promote the country. 2. If they sell tickets on the black market, it won’t be fair for ordinary people. 3. We will go boating if it doesn’t rain. ◆ Answers to Units1-6: ◆ Answers to Units1-6 Activity 1 1. While he was mending the car, the police arrived. 2. They shouted to him while he was crossing the road. 3. He didn’t hear them because the children were making too much noise. 4. She made him a coffee while he was watching TV. 5. We were thinking about Peter when we got a phone call from him. Slide10: 6. He wasn’t looking when the car hit him. 7. They were talking in French, so we didn’t understand them. 8. When I saw the accident, I was standing by the door. Activity 4 Am going to Am going Am signing Am having discussions Is coming Slide11: 6.are staying 7. Are visiting 8. Are travelling, am meetimng Activity 5 1. The hospital which we wanted to visit was shut. 2. Most of the journalists who we met in Moscow couldn’t speak Russian. 3. We wrote the report which you asked for immediately in two hours. 4. The books which we need for the article are in the library. 5. I liked the cameras which we chose for the Bosnia job. 6. The newspaper which I used to work for has closed. Slide12: Activity 6 Before getting a job, he asked people to lend him money. 2. While working hard, he couldn’t see his friend. 3. Before going to his friend, he asked his parents for money. 4. After coming back, he gave lectures. 5. Before raising enough money, he took another job.