Published on March 10, 2008
Slide3: Read the wordlist and list all the words that you have learned Revision Slide4: Some useful words defend vi., defence n., defendant n. 2. waste n.& vt. a waste of time/money; waste…doing sth. 3. countless n.+less→adj. e.g. hopeless, helpless, fearless, worthless, wireless, homeless, careless, endless 4. seemingly adv. seem v. Slide5: 5. freezing adj. e.g. freezing cold; frozen adj., freeze v. 6. mix n.& v.; mixture n. 7. upwards adv.; downwards; northwards southwards, etc. 8. awesome adj. n.+some→adj. e.g. troublesome, tiresome 9. settlement n.; settle vi.; settler n. 10.enthusiast n.; enthusiasm n.; enthusiastic adj. 11.unexpected adj.; un+v.+ed→adj. e.g. unfinished, undone, unlocked, etc. 12.preference n., prefer v. Slide6: 13. devotion n.; devote v.; devoted adj. e.g. devote …to 14. content adj.& n. e.g. be content with; be content to do sth. 15. religiously adv.; religious adj.; religion n. 16. sailing n.; sail v.; sailor n. 17. cycling n.; cycle v.; bicycle n. 18. competitor n. compete v. competition n. 19. relatively adv.; relative n.; relate v. relatively speaking 20. impressive adj.; impress v.; impression n. Slide7: Some useful new words Slide8: locate v. 1、使……坐落于(作此意解释时，往往用于被动语态） A new factory is to be located on this site. 新厂拟建于此。 Located in the heart of Toronto is the Canadian National Tower, which is often called the CN Tower for short. 位于多伦多市中心的是加拿大国家电视塔，简称CN。 2、找到，查明；确定位置 I’m trying to locate Mr. Smith. Do you know where he is? 我要找到史密 斯先生，你能告诉我他在哪儿吗？ locate an electrical fault 查明电路出故障的地方 Slide9: bound adj. 1、一定的，必然的 be bound to do sth. 必定，必然 You’ve done so much work that you’re bound to pass the exam. 你下了这么大功夫，一定会通过考试的。 The weather is bound to get better tomorrow. 明天天气一定会变好的 2、有责任，有义务做某事 I feel bound to tell you that you’re drinking too much. 我觉得有责任对你说你喝得太多了。 Slide10: owe v. 归功于，起源于, 常以词组owe (sth.) to sb.的形式出现 He owes his success to hard work.. 他的成功是靠勤奋工作。 The play owes much to French tragedy. 这部戏颇受法国戏剧的影响。 Many people owe their love of sport to the perfect weather conditions for it. 许多人把他们对运动的热爱归功于得天独厚的天气条件。 Slide11: owe…to…欠（钱）；欠（情）；应当给与 The country owes billions of dollars to foreign creditors. 这个国家欠外国债权人数十亿元。 I think you owe us an explanation. 我想你应当给我们一个解释。 owing to作介词（引起短语做状语），表示“因为”的意思。 The game was cancelled owing to the rain. 比赛由于大雨被取消了。 Slide12: as/so far as…is concerned 就……而言 As far as I’m concerned, you can do what you like. 就我而言，你可以作你喜欢做的事。 The earlier the better, as far as we’re concerned. 就我们而言，越早越好。 So, while a high percentage of Australians may be people who watch sports rather than do them, as far as most of its population is concerned, it is indeed a great sporting nation! 尽管相当一部分澳大利亚人只是观看而不是参与体育运动，就人口而言，澳大利亚确实是一个体育大国。 Slide13: worthy adj. 有意义的，值得尊敬的 The money we raise will be going to a very worthy cause. 我们筹集的钱款将用于非常崇高的事业。 A worthy person is one who is well thought of by all who know him.。一个值得尊敬的人应是被他所认识的所有人都高度评价的人。 worthy of (sb./sth.) 值得，配得上，应得到 He is a teacher worthy of great respect. 他是个值得尊敬的老师。 A number of the report’s findings are worthy of note. 这份报告里有些调查结果值得注意。 Slide14: Among the most impressive athletes were the swimmers, but all of the athletes were worthy of praise. 在运动员中游泳运动员最引人注目，不过所有的运动员都值得赞扬。 worthy可跟不定式to do。 They are not worthy to be chosen. 他们不值得被选上。 worth adj. 值……钱，（指行动）值得 How much is this painting worth? 这幅画值多少钱？ If you answer this question correctly, it’s worth five points. 如果你答对这道题可得五分。 The museum is certainly worth a visit/visiting. 这个博物馆值的一去。 Slide16: Lead in Slide17: Did you know…? Slide19: Discussion Slide21: Presentation Slide22: See the fire in the sky, we feel the beating of our hearts together. This is our time to rise above. We know the chance is here to live forever, for all time. Hand in hand we stand. All across the land. We can make this world a better place in which to live. Hand in hand we can start to understand. Breaking down the walls that came between us, for all time. A-ri-rang. Every time we give it all, we feel the flame eternally inside us. Lift our hands up to the sky. The morning calm helps us to live in harmony, for all time. Slide24: Canada—land of the maple tree Slide25: Lead in Slide26: Read the text 1.What is the population of Canada? 2.Which Canadian cities are mentioned? 3.How wide are Niagara Falls? 30 million Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and Edmonton 670 metres Slide27: Reading strategy Sorting out information When reading a text that provides information on a variety of subjects, it is useful to sort out the information into sections. It is important to separate all the information into groups to better understand it. A good way of sorting out the information is to make a table with different headings and take notes as you read the text. Slide28: Canada │ size ─ nature including Niagara Falls ─ cities │ culture (history and symbol) How large is Canada? │ Slide29: Retelling Slide30: Discussion Compare China and Canada Slide32: competition country ─ geography │ history ─ society | │ commerce culture ? Slide33: China Slide34: Presentation of a country Slide36: 从句概述 当一个句子要表示几个意思时，而其中有的意思比其他的重要时，我们可用丛句来表示不很重要的意思。这些从句可分为状语从句、定语从句及名词性从句。 1)状语从句可表示时间、地点、方式、对比、条件、原因、条件及结果。它们由连词引导以表示从句的意思，如：when, where, how, although, if, since, because, in order that和so that。请看以下例句： Because the population of Quebec is still over 70 per cent French, Montreal has a wonderful mix of old world and New World architecture and culture. 因为魁北克超过百分之七十的人口仍是法裔，蒙特利尔有着新世界和旧世界的建筑和文化。 Slide37: 名词性从句的作用相当于句子中的名词，可作主语、 宾语及表语，可以由that或疑问词(what, which, whose, when, how, why, where and who)及whether, if引导。 在口语和非正式文体中that 引导名词性从句中的宾语从句时that可省略。 Montreal has colourful nightlife to ensure (that) no visitor is ever bored. 蒙特利尔有着多彩的夜生活，没有游客会感到厌倦。 Slide38: 定语从句就像定语一样起到修饰说明作用。由关系代词(which, that, who, whom, whose)关系副词引导(where, when, why)，可分为限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。 1) 限制性定语从句限定人或物，从句前不需逗号。 For whose who love outdoor activities, it is possible to hike, sail, cross-country ski or travel for hours-or even days-without meeting another person. 对于那些喜欢户外运动的人来说，要有可能几个小时甚至几天步行，航海，越野滑雪和旅行而不遇见一个人。（作主语） 2) 在限制性定语从句里关系代词that可代替who, which引导从句。 It is good to learn about the cultures of people who /that come from other countries. 能了解外国人的文化是件好事。 Slide39: 3) 关系代词如在定语从句中作宾语时可以省略，特别是在口语中。 The maple leaf is the pattern (that) you can see on the Canadian flag. 枫叶就是一种你能在加拿大国旗上看到的图案。 4) 非限制性定语从句提供额外的信息，起到补充说明的作用，如把其删去不影响句子的结构，尤其是在口语中。 Located in the heart of Toronto is the Canadian National Tower, which is often called the CN Tower for short. 位于多伦多中心的是加拿大国家电视塔，简称CN塔。 Slide41: Listening Slide42: Speaking Read the travel book, decide places to visit and discuss the reasons for your choice. Slide43: Telephone a travel agent for more information. Tips: Would you mind repeating that? I’m sorry. Did you say…? I’m sorry. Could you repeat that? I’m sorry. I’m not sure I got that right. Did you say…? Let me just repeat that to you, to make sure I’ve got it right. Could you spell that for me? Could I have that number again, please 2. Slide44: Writing Write an itinerary. Tips: An itinerary is a kind of timetable for travellers. It lists times and dates for different stages of the journey and gives details about the places to visit. It also includes contact details such as addresses and telephone numbers for transport and accommodation. Slide46: What are they famous for? Slide47: Why does Australians’ love for sport seem compulsory ? Do most Australians exercise enough? Why? Why are swimming and surfing popular? Why is Australia considered a great sporting nation regardless of the fact that many Australians only watch sports rather than do them? How is information organized in the article? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Slide48: Why does Australians’ love for sport seem compulsory ? No, only about one quarter of Australians exercise enough because many of them prefer sit in front of the television watching a sport event. They talk about sport all the time, watch it live or on TV and sometimes it seems to be the only topic of conversation. Do most Australians exercise enough? Why? 1. 2. Slide49: Why are swimming and surfing popular? Because most of its population live near the coast. Why is Australia considered a great sporting nation regardless of the fact that many Australians only watch sports rather than do them? Because Australians are very interested in sports and in most international competitions, Australia is among the winning nation, therefore, although a high percentage of Australians only watch sports rather than do them, as far as most of its population is concerned, it is indeed a great sporting nation. 3. 4. Slide50: 5. How is information organized in the article? The phenomenon that they talk about sport all the time. The fact that only a quarter of them exercise enough. Is Australia really a sporting nation? perfect weather condition popular sports the fact that Australia is always among the winning nations ↓ → ← Australia is indeed a great sporting nation! Slide51: Discussion Which aspect of Chinese culture do you want to focus on in your project? How will you do the research? Which sources will you use? How will you organize the information you collect? In what order will you present your points of information? How will you assign the work within the group? Slide54: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), also known as the Mounties or Gendarmerie Royale du Canada (GRC) in French, is both the federal and national police force of Canada. As the federal police force of Canada, the RCMP is responsible for enforcing federal laws. It also has contracts with Canada's three territories and eight of its provinces to serve as their provincial/territorial police force. The RCMP is responsible for an unusually large breadth of duties, from policing in isolated rural towns and urban areas; protection service for the Prime Minister and the Canadian government, visiting dignitaries, and diplomatic missions; enforcement of federal laws, including wire fraud, counterfeiting, and other related matters; counterterrorism and domestic security; and various international policing efforts. The RCMP is descended from the North West Mounted Police (NWMP) and the Dominion Police, founded in 1873 and 1868 respectively. The NWMP was given the "Royal" title in 1904, becoming the Royal North West Mounted Police (RNWMP). In 1920, it was renamed the Royal Canadian Mounted Police Force when the RNWMP was merged with the Dominion Police. Among themselves, the Mounties universally refer to their organization as "The Force", and members of the force are referred to as "Members". Slide55: The Yeomen Warders of Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress the Tower of London, popularly known as the Beefeaters, are ceremonial guardians of the Tower of London. In principle they are responsible for looking after any prisoners at the Tower and safeguarding the British crown jewels, but in practice they act as tour guides and are a tourist attraction in their own right. Yeoman Warders began guarding the Tower in 1485; today there are 35 Yeomen Warders and one Chief Warder. All warders are retired from the British Armed Forces and must be former senior non-commissioned officers with at least 22 years of service. They must also hold the Long service and Good conduct medals. NCOs from the Army, Royal Marines and Royal Air Force are eligible to apply, but members of the Royal Navy are not, due to the fact that while members of the other services take oaths to the Crown, members of the Navy take an oath to the Admiralty. The Yeomen Warders normally wear an 'undress' uniform of dark blue with red trimmings. When the sovereign visits the tower, or the warders are on duty at a state occasion, they wear red and gold uniforms very similar to those of the Yeoman of the Guard. Slide56: The Sydney Opera House is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as appointed on 28 June 2007.Designed by Jørn Utzon, a Danish architect, the Sydney Opera House is one of the most distinctive and famous 20th century buildings, and one of the most famous performing arts venues in the world. Situated on Bennelong Point in Sydney Harbour, with parkland to its south and close to the equally famous Sydney Harbour Bridge, the building and its surroundings form an iconic Australian image. As well as many touring theatre, ballet, and musical productions, the Opera House is the home of Opera Australia, the Sydney Theatre Company and the Sydney Symphony. It is administered by the Opera House Trust, under the New South Wales Ministry of the Arts. The Sydney Opera House is an expressionist modern design, with a series of large precast concrete 'shells', each taken from the same hemisphere, forming the roofs of the structure. The Opera House covers 1.8 hectares (4.5 acres) of land. It is 183 metres (605 feet) long and about 120 metres (388 feet) wide at its widest point. It is supported on 580 concrete piers sunk up to 25 metres below sea level. Its power supply is equivalent for a town of 25,000 people. The power is distributed by 645 kilometres of electrical cable. Slide57: Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a large statue that was presented to the United States by France in 1886, standing at Liberty Island, New York in the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor as a welcome to all visitors, immigrants, and returning Americans. The copper-clad statue, dedicated on October 28, 1886, commemorates the centennial of the United States and is a gesture of friendship from France to America. The sculptor was Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, and Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the Eiffel Tower, engineered the internal structure. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was responsible for the choice of copper in the statue's construction and adoption of the Repoussé technique. Worldwide, the Statue of Liberty is one of the most recognizable icons of the United States, and, in a more general sense, represents liberty and escape from oppression. The Statue of Liberty was, from 1886 until the jet age, often one of the first glimpses of the United States for millions of immigrants after ocean voyages from Europe. In terms of visual impact, the Statue of Liberty appears to draw inspiration from il Sancarlone or the Colossus of Rhodes. The statue is a central part of Statue of Liberty National Monument and is administered by the National Park Service.