Published on January 28, 2008
Slide1: Unit 20 Humor Slide2: Act as a circus clown Slide3: Leading in Who can say something about comedians? Comedians are people, especially professional entertainers, who tell jokes or do amusing things to make people laugh and think. Look at the pictures . Do you know who these comedians are? What make them funny to you? Slide5: The comic duo of the 1930s” Laurel and Hardy.” ( The thin one is called Stan Laurel, while the stout one is called Oliver Hardy.) They are funny because they are each other’s opposites: one fat and one thin; one is clever and one is silly etc. Slide6: Mr Bean. Although Mr Rowan Atkinson acts as different comic characters he is most famous around the world as Mr Bean. Mr Bean is funny because he makes funny faces, he acts silly, he seems to be quite stupid, and the things he does are strange. Slide7: Mr Rowan Atkinson(Mr Bean) Slide8: Dustin Hoffman Slide9: 3: Dustin Hoffman in the film Tootsie (1982). In this film Hoffman acts the role of a woman, and many people agree that his performance was so good that you often can’t tell the difference. But in the film of cause there are all kinds of funny moments. Slide10: Ma Ji is a well – known artist of crosstalk shows in China. His numerous crosstalk shows always make his audience roar with laughter. Slide11: !. Do you know any comedians who are funny? 2.Have you seen any of the comedians or programs? What do you think of them? Slide12: I have seen some films of Laurel and Hardy and I think that they are very funny. I find Mr Bean always very funny. I don’t think I ever saw this comedian. I am not sure if I would like it. I once heard Hou Yaowen on the radio and I had to laugh so much that my stomach hurt and I had tears in my eyes. Slide13: Other comic duos are for example, Abbott and Costello, French and Saunders, Wallace & Gromit or Beavis and Butthead. Other comedians acting as clowns are for example, Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton or Austin Powers. Slide14: Other famous comedians who dressed up as women are for example, Dame Edna (Australia), Milton Berle (USA) and Eddy Izzard (UK). Other famous crosstalk artists are Jiang Kun, Hou Yuewen, Feng Gong, Tang Jiezhong, etc. Slide15: Read the passage fast and then answer the following questions: 2.What is the text about? Slide16: What is the text about? 1,The title is a bit of a puzzle to me and there are no other clues to find out what the text is about. I suppose it will be about something to laugh about. 2,If it’s about laughing or humour, it can be about jokes or funny storied. Read the text again , try to divide the text into several parts and find out the main idea of each part:: Read the text again , try to divide the text into several parts and find out the main idea of each part: Part 1: Part 2: Part 3: Part 4: Comedies Clowns Comedians Crosstalk Slide18: Listen to the passage and read it again then finish the following: Slide19: 1 How long has the tradition of crosstalk existed in China? The tradition of crosstalk has existed in China for more than 2000 years. 2 Give three examples of techniques that writers of comedies often use to make people laugh. 1 ______________ 2 ______________ 3 ______________ Cross-dressing stereotypes Word play Slide20: 3 Why are some of Shakespeare’s comedies not so funny for us? Some of Shakespeare’s plays are not so funny for us because we don’t understand the language and word play that Shakespeare used. Slide21: 4 Can you describe a clown in your own words? What does a clown look like? A clown is a funny person, usually dressed up in clothes of very bright colours, such as red and yellow. They often wear a big coloured wig(假发). Their face is covered with white make-up, and their mouth and eyes are made to look very big using red and other coloured make-up. Clowns often have a big red nose. All of their clothes, including their shoes are usually over-sized. Slide22: 5 .Is the show of a comedian more like that of a clown or a comedy? Explain your answer. Slide23: The show of a comedian is more like a comedy than like a clown. A comedian doesn’t wear any of the funny clothes and make-up of clowns. The humour of clowns is often very silly. Clowns often don’t speak at all. Their jokes are almost all body language, mime, and silly things like falling down. The comedian, on the other hand uses all the richness of the language to create fun, just as in comedies. In fact, comedians often act out little sketches which make us think of acting on the stage in comedy. Slide24: Complete the following chart: Theatre play Act alone or as a pair Work alone or as a pair Word play by a pair Make fun of dressing way; Tell an amusing story; Play on words No words; clothes make up; way they walk Body language & face; no make-up ;play with words; Jokes and fun-ny conver-sations ;Dress -up small sketches Make audience laugh Help forget problems for a while Roar with laughter Think about life Slide25: Discussion(group work) 1.Compare Western and Chinese comedy shows. What do they have in common? How are they different? 2.How to make people laugh? Slide26: Pay attention to the following sentences: 1.Their talk includes rhythm and rhyming words as well as tongue twisters, which often make the audience applaud. 他不仅会说英语而且还会说日语. He can speak Japanese as well as English. 简以及她的父母亲正在中国度假. Jane as well as her parents is taking a holiday in China. 实验的确结果很不错,慌这出乎我们的意料. The result of the experiment was very good, which we hadn’t expected. 他很少准时完成自己的工作,这经常使得他的老板很生气. He seldom finishes his work on time, which always makes his boss very angry. 2.Skilled artists make use of all the richness of the spoken language to create a rapid flow of fun. 你最好更加充分利用好你的业余时间. You’d better make better use of your spare time. 我们的自由时间应该充分利用起来为期末考试做准备. Our free time should be made full use of to get ready for the final exam. Slide27: 3.Today students of English, even if English is their mother tongue, often cannot understand his jokes. 即使我是一路走着去,我也要到那儿. Even if I have to walk all the way, I’ll get there. 4.Perhaps that is the reason why few foreigners know about this Chinese art form. 请告诉我为什么现在如此多的青少年喜欢流行歌曲. Please tell me the reason why so many teenagers love popular songs nowadays. 你有什么特殊的原因不能来吗? Is there any particular reason why you can’t come? 5. What comedians have in common with the players in a comedy is their way of playing with words. 我与他没有共同之处. I haven’t a thing in common with him. out of the common 异乎寻常, 不平常 他没有发现异乎寻常的事. He had noticed nothing out of the common. How to make people laugh?: How to make people laugh? Be different.与众不同. Don’t take the Mick.力戒乏味. Laugh at yourself.嘲笑自己. Include people.群众路线. Don’t overdo private jokes.适度隐私. Don’t be “funny” all the time. “滑稽”有度. Choose your moment carefully.把握时机. Do be unexpected.出乎意料. Don’t be a jackass.不出洋相. Know your audience.了解观众. Moral lessons:: Moral lessons: 1.Humour has its background of seriousness. 2.Life is a comedy to him who thinks and a tragedy to him who feels. (English proverb) 3.The test of real comedian is whether you laugh at him before he opens his mouth. 幽默必须以严肃为背景. (Beerbohm 英.比尔博姆) 对于认为是喜剧的人,人生便是喜剧;对于觉得人生是悲剧的人,人生便是悲剧. 测试一个真正的喜剧演员时,可能在他开口之前,看你对他笑不笑. (George Nathan 内森.美作家) Slide30: Useful expressions A theatre play , make…laugh, use different techniques, appear in the stage, be famous for acting as a woman , a funny play, be stereotypes of nationalities , do a certain job, make fun of others, tell an amusing story, act out stereotypes of people, roar with laughter, sound funny, speak with a foreign accent, play on words create fun, laugh loudly, act alone, act as a pair, make a different kind of fun, be funny for children, forget one’s problem, make the audience applaud, fully appreciate the jokes of cross talk artists, know about an art form Homework:: Homework: Retell the text using about 100 words. (Try to use the Attributive Clause.) Slide32: Summary 6.She went on working though it was already very dark. 7.They stopped talking and began to listen to the teacher attentively. 8.We regret arriving(=having arrived) so late. V-ing form used as attribute and object complement. Slide33: 现在分词与过去分词 2①定语：单个的分词应放在被修饰的名词之前作前置定语，如：Touching story / leading cadres / shining example / coming week / skilled worker / armed forces / boiled water / steamed bread H 1. He is a promising young man. Barking dogs seldom bite. His is a pressing problem. S2.Soon our respected and beloved leaders entered the banquet hall. Slide34: ② 分词短语放在被修饰的名词之后作后置定语，在意义上也相当于一个定语从句，如： Who is the man standing (= that is standing) by the door? We met a group of students returning (who were returning) from school. They built a highway leading (= which leads) into the mountains. Slide35: (分词作状语时，句子的主语就是该分词的逻辑主语。但现在分词作状语时，与其逻辑主语之间是主动关系，所表示的动作一般与句中谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生；而过去分词则表示被动关系，所示动作一般发生谓语动词之前或同时发生。) 1.The children ran out of the room, laughing and talking merrily. 3.Given more time, I can do it much better. 4.The man walked along the street, followed by his pet dog. Slide36: ( 4 ).作宾语补足语: 分词作宾语补足语时，句子的宾语就是该分词的逻辑主语。但现在分词与其逻辑主语之间是主动关系，所表示的动作一般与句中谓语动词所表示的动作同时发生；而过去分词则表示被动关系，所示动作一般发生在谓语动词之前或同时发生。 1.He saw an old man getting on the bus. 2. They kept the fire burning. 4.I don’t want the children taken out in such weather. 3. I once heard this song sung in Japanese. Slide37: Thank you!
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