20061031 Policies and measures for eBusiness and ICT in the European Union

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Information about 20061031 Policies and measures for eBusiness and ICT in the European Union
Technology

Published on February 10, 2009

Author: azwegers

Source: slideshare.net

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Presentation about eBusiness policies in Europe, Korean e-Business Standards Conference, Seoul (Republic of Korea), 31 October 2006

Korean e-Business Standards Conference 31 October 2006, Seoul - Korea Policies and measures for eBusiness and ICT in the European Union Arian Zwegers, Ph.D. DG Information Society and Media

Overview • ICT in European Union • A changing world • Trends in business and ICT • ICT market in EU • eBusiness adoption • EC Response • i2010 policy • RFID policy • Examples of other policies • Framework Programme 7 (FP7) • (ICT) R&D expenditure • Towards FP7 • FP7 outline • ICT Work Programme 2007-2008 • NESSI Technology Platform • International Cooperation

A Changing World Major countries’ share of world GDP 70 60 Big four western European countries* 50 US 40 Japan 30 India 20 China 10 0 1820 1870 1913 1950 1973 2001 2015 2025 Source: Financial Times, 22 February 2005

Business and ICT transformations 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Mainframes mini-computers PC client-sever Internet Convergence Company level Departmental Personal Pervasive global Anytime, anywhere; information Empowerment Freedom & integrated groups Platforms and & automation ecosystems Automated Speed; Business Supply Globalisation, customisation, Support; Costs Logistics Process chains outsourcing Re-engineering

Trends in Business • Changing “cooperations / partnerships” • Do it all yourself • Craftsman • Outsourcing • Focus on core competencies • Open Innovation • See Open Innovation by Henry Chesbrough • Ecosystems • Various interpretations possible • Connect and Develop • See Harvard Business Review, March 2006 • Crowdsourcing • See Wired, June 2006

Trends in ICT Some examples: • Convergence • Broadband adoption • Consumerisation of technology • RFID – Radio Frequency Identification • Open Source Software • SOA – Service Oriented Architecture • SaaS – Software as a Service

ICT Market, 2005 By region and by product • Europe is world’s largest ICT market • Europe has a large software and services market Office equipment, 1.3% Rest of World, Computer hardware, 23.5% 12.7% IT services, 20.0% End-user Europe, 33.8% communications Europe equipment, 4.5% 33.8% Software, 10.7% Japan, 14.7% Datacom and network equipment, 6.5% Carrier services, 44.2% US, 28.0% Total value = Total value = € 1,949 billion € 659 billion Source: EITO, 2006

EU ICT expenditures per capita, 2005, in Euro Source: EITO, 2006 http://www.eito.com/download/EITO%202006%20-%20ICT%20market%20March%202006.pdf

Increasing awareness of ICT contribution • Significant contribution ICT to productivity and growth • Direct contribution ICT sector to GDP, indirectly by take up and exploitation in other sectors • ICT improves quality of life of citizens • ICT is one of the key ingredients of sustainable development • ICT contributes to Lisbon agenda

Use of ICT by Enterprises 91.1 Access to Internet 88.9 85.0 67.3 Website 65.3 61.3 Broadband 62.6 51.7 connection 37.7 % of employees using 35.1 25.0 Internet 29.0 2005 eBusiness - linking of 33.5 2004 28.8 internal processes 23.9 2003 23.8 eCommerce - buying 26.5 11.9 eBusiness - linking 15.1 12.8 with business partners 8.7 11.8 eCommerce - selling 13.4 8.9 0 20 40 60 80 100 Source: Eurostat

eBusiness Adoption Companies using an ERP system • ERP adoption varies by industry and country By industry By country 0 15 30 45 60 75 0 15 30 45 60 75 Tot al 19 1-9 7 10-49 16 50-249 25 Food 32 250+ 45 Foot wear 23 Pulp & paper 45 Czech Rep. 21 ICT manuf. 61 Germany 14 Spain 23 C. electronics 39 France 35 Shipbuilding 30 It aly 15 Const ruct ion 18 Hungary 30 Tourism 15 Net herlands 25 Poland 15 Telecoms 32 Finland 37 Hospit als 33 UK 5 ERP Source: e-Business W@tch (Survey 2006) http://www.ebusiness-watch.org/

eBusiness Adoption Companies whose ICT system is linked with those of suppliers • Connecting ICT systems varies by industry and country By industry By country 0 10 20 30 40 50 0 10 20 30 40 50 Tot al 12 1-9 8 10-49 8 50-249 9 Food 14 250+ 21 Foot wear 6 Pulp & paper 13 Czech Rep. 6 Germany 9 ICT manuf. 16 Spain 9 C. electronics 11 France 19 Shipbuilding 20 It aly 11 Hungary 7 Const ruct ion 8 Net herlands 11 Tourism 14 Po land 13 Telecoms 20 Finland 35 UK 10 Hospit als 18 ICT syst em linked wit h supplier(s) Source: e-Business W@tch (Survey 2006) http://www.ebusiness-watch.org/

Overview • ICT in EU • A changing world • Trends in business and ICT • ICT market in EU • eBusiness adoption • EC Response • i2010 policy • RFID policy • Examples of other policies • Framework Programme 7 (FP7) • (ICT) R&D expenditure • Towards FP7 • FP7 outline • ICT Work Programme 2007-2008 • NESSI Technology Platform • International Cooperation

Activities by DG Information Society and Media Regulatory Framework Regulatory Framework Policy Strategy Policy Strategy • New regulatory framework • The Lisbon Strategy for electronic • eEurope 2002 communications - SMEs to ‘Go Digital’ • Directive on electronic • eEurope 2005 commerce (2000/31/EC) - Legislation (to identify • Directive on electronic & remove barriers) signatures (1999/93/EC) - SMEs • Directive on copyright and - e-skills related rights - Interoperability (2001/29/EC) • Directive on privacy and R&D R&D - Trust and confidence • i2010 electronic communications Activities Activities (2002/58/EC) • … • Framework Programme 6 - 3.6 B€ to ICT priority (2003-2006) • Framework Programme 7 - 9.1 B€ to ICT priority (2007-2013)

i2010 Strategic Framework • A comprehensive strategy for ICT and media sectors • Single European Information Space • Centred around convergence telecom, media, and information technology • Innovation and Investment in ICT research • Increasing R&D efforts • Inclusion, better public services and quality of life • Oriented towards citizens http://europa.eu.int/i2010

RFID policy Towards a Communication December 2006: Communication from the European Commission December 2006 Oct. – Nov. 2006: Drafting of the Communication March 9, 2006 at CeBIT: Commissioner Viviane Reding announces the 16 Oct. 2006: Final launch of a Europe-wide conference public consultation Ongoing September 2006 research March 2006 and co-operation 6-7 March: Internet of Things Sept. – Oct. 2006: Analysis of input received 15-16 May: Applications 16-17 May: Security & Privacy 3 July – 17 Sept. 2006: 1 June: Interop./ Governance Public online consultation June 2006 2 June: Frequency spectrum http://www.rfidconsultation.eu

RFID policy Current RFID research in detail • 40 collaborative research projects in FP6 • Total investment € 312 million, EC contribution € 153 million • In addition, national RFID research projects 6% Organic electronics and RFID devices 23% Smart sensors and RFID-enabled actuators 38% Technological hurdles of the silicon RFID Intelligent networks; fundamental new systems "Internet of Things" Innovative applications and services 17% 10% 6%

RFID policy Interoperability and standards • Closed vs. open systems • Up to now, RFID usage has been confined to closed system usage • Expected potential can only be realised in an open system approach • Role of the Commission • Stimulate/support global harmonisation of RFID standards • Should take a more active role in setting RFID standards • Role of Industry • Actively participate in global standardisation activities

RFID policy Frequency allocation and regulation • Spectrum allocation • Reallocating spectrum is a long process • Consensus exists in Europe to promote a globally harmonised spectrum • EC decision on UHF spectrum harmonisation meets today’s requirements • Sufficient for initial RFID deployment • Future adoption • Longer term spectrum requirements have to be explored now

RFID policy Privacy and security • Users’ privacy protection • Core principles and mechanisms should be defined • EU’s Data Protection Directive • Stakeholders to comply with set principles • Guidelines for RFID deployers and RFID technology manufacturers • Global accord • Common principles and best practises for privacy and security • Societal concerns • RFID use in the workplace • Environment-friendly RFID tags • Health and security

Other examples of policies Open Source Software • “Economic impact of OSS on innovation and competitiveness of EU ICT sector” study • “The Effect of Public Administrations Publishing Open Source Software” study • Open Source Observatory (OSO): dissemination of good practice • Open Source Observatory and Repository (OSOR) http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/st/studies.htm http://ec.europa.eu/idabc/servlets/Doc?id=24853

Other examples of policies ICT Standardisation • Open consensus building process • Priority for ensuring interoperability, facilitating ICT uptake, and ensuring accessibility • “Technical standards may be arcane, but control over them can determine the rise or fall of industrial empires. Just ask Microsoft, or Sony and Toshiba, which are vying fiercely to set the rules for the next generation of DVD technology. National prestige is also at stake. As Chinese officials like to say: third- class companies make products; second-class companies develop technology; first-class companies set standards” (Financial Times, 13 July 2006) http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ict/policy/standards/ict_index_en.htm

Overview • ICT in EU • A changing world • Trends in business and ICT • ICT market in EU • eBusiness adoption • EC Response • i2010 policy • RFID policy • Examples of other policies • Framework Programme 7 (FP7) • (ICT) R&D expenditure • Towards FP7 • FP7 outline • ICT Work Programme 2007-2008 • NESSI Technology Platform • International Cooperation

R&D Expenditure as % of GDP • Other regions spend more on R&D than Europe • Large differences within Europe Sweden 4.27 Finland 3.51 Japan 3.15 US 2.76 Korea 2.68 Germany 2.50 France 2.19 EU15 1.99 EU25 1.93 UK 1.87 Czech Republic 1.35 China 1.31 Spain 1.11 Hungary 0.97 Cyprus 0.33 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Source: Eurostat http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_OFFPUB/KS-NS-05-002/EN/KS-NS-05-002-EN.PDF

R&D expenditure by industry • ICT R&D by businesses in EU far less than in US • Many top 50 spenders in the world are from EU Source: Financial Times, 21 March 2005

ICT R&D expenditure Comparative spending on ICT R&D in 2000 (Billion Euro) Annual ICT R&D Expenditure (% GDP) 29.2 48.8 Japan United States European Union Finland 93.3 Sweden European Union USA Japan The Netherlands Spain • Europe is spending less than United Kingdom other regions in ICT R&D Germany • Public ICT Spending is France Fragmented across Europe Framework Programmes 0.0% 0.2% 0.4% 0.6% 0.8% 1.0% 1.2%

Budgets of the EU Framework Programmes 1984-2013 €m i l l i o n 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 NB: Budgets in current prices Source: Annual Report 2003, plus FP7 revised proposal

7th Framework Programme (2007-2013) Biotechnology 2. Food, Agriculture 9. Security & Space Research 8. Socio-economic Production Techn. 4. Nano, Materials, COOPERATION 6. Environment 7. Transport 5. Energy 1. Health 3. ICT € 32 B € 7.5 B IDEAS European Research Council PEOPLE Marie Curie Actions € 4.7 B Research Research for Regions of Research Science in International CAPACITIES Infrastru- the benefit of Know-ledge Potential Society Co-operation ctures SMEs € 4.2 B http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/

ICT Work Programme 2007-2008 i2010 End-to-end systems for Socio-economic goals Flagships Digital ICT for Intelligent ICT for content health car and independent Technology and sustainable living and Platforms knowledge growth inclusion Network and Technology roadblocks service Future and Emerging infrastructures Technologies Cognitive systems, robotics and interaction Components, subsystems and embedded systems Source: ICT WP2007-2008 (soon to be published)

ICT Work Programme 2007-2008 End-to-end systems for Socio-economic goals Digital ICT for Intelligent ICT for € 14 M content and health car and independent knowledge sustainable living and € 185 M growth inclusion € 585 M Network and Technology roadblocks service Future and Emerging infrastructures Technologies € 193 M Cognitive systems, robotics and interaction € 434 M Components, subsystems and embedded systems € 203 M € 174 M € 159 M € 73 M

Challenge 1 ‘Pervasive & Trusted Network & Service Infrastructures’ € 150 M € 200 M The network of the future Service & Software Architectures, • Ubiquitous network infrastructures and Infrastructures and Engineering architectures • Service architectures • Optimised control, management and • Service/SW engineering approaches flexibility of the future network • Strategies and technologies enabling infrastructure mastery of complexity, dependability and • Technologies and systems behavioural stability architectures for the Future Internet • Virtualisation tools, system software and network-centric operating systems Secure, dependable and € 90 M • Integrated solutions supporting the trusted infrastructures networked enterprise • Security & resilience in network infrastructures € 85 M • Security & trust in dynamic and Networked Media reconfigurable service architectures • Interoperable multi-media network & • Trusted computing infrastructures service infrastructure • Identity management and privacy • End-to-end systems enhancing tools Source: ICT WP2007-2008 (soon to be published)

European Technology Platforms What are they www.nessi- www.emobility.eu.org Industry-led public-private europe.com partnerships that bring together industry, research community and public authorities in areas of strategic economic importance for Europe Large Scale EU Partnerships Objective World class performance in research joining the future and innovation in ICT by closing the gap with Europe’s leading competitors Focus on user value and end-to-end solutions, on convergence, innovation, www.isi- www.nem-initiative.org standards, interoperability, spectrum, initiative.eu.org/ IPRs, international cooperation http://cordis.europa.eu/technology-platforms/home_en.html

Industrial Commitment Aims to develop a visionary strategy for Software and Services driven by a common Strategic Research Agenda where innovation and business strengths are reinforced. Expected impact: • standardisation, common service platform open standards • improve EU competitiveness in S&S • reduce sector fragmentation and align R&D efforts • openness: an open initiative mobilising SMEs, http://www.nessi-europe.com academia and industry • address key R&D and policy challenges in S&S

International Cooperation Objectives • To improve cooperation in the development of standards and interoperable solutions and in roadmapping • To improve scientific cooperation for the mutual benefits of Europe and target regions • To support other Community policies and in particular the development policy • To support activities linked to ICT-based research infrastructures Source: ICT WP2007-2008 (soon to be published)

Call to action • Have a look at FP7 • Have a look at NESSI (and other ETPs) • Have a look at NESSI Working Groups • Learn about future research agendas • Participate to upcoming events • 21-23 November 2006: IST Event 2006 • 1 February 2007: European ICT Proposers Day in Cologne • 7-8 February 2007: FP7 launch event for information multipliers in Brussels • 15-21 March 2007: Participation in CEBIT (in preparation) • Many, many events organised by INFSO units and ETPs check web sites

For More Information ... FP7 FP7 http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/ http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/ http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/ ICT for Enterprise Networking ICT for Enterprise Networking http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/ict-ent-net/index.html http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/ict-ent-net/index.html Software Technologies Software Technologies http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/st/index.html http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/st/index.html NESSI NESSI http://www.nessi-europe.com http://www.nessi-europe.com RFID RFID http://www.rfidconsultation.eu http://www.rfidconsultation.eu E-mail E-mail <first name>.<last name>@ec.europa.eu <first name>.<last name>@ec.europa.eu

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