Published on September 24, 2007
SA PIP: SA PIP Presenter: Sandra Keller Overview: Overview SA PIP (what, why, where andamp; when, who) Pesticide residues Legislation in EU and RSA Residues on Exports – How big is the problem Some considerations Background (what): Background (what) TRADE andamp; DEVELOPMENT program - Agriculture RSA exports fresh fruit to Europe (UK) since 1896. EU residue limits change due to harmonisation. More member states in EU Trade barriers removed Increased food safety awareness Conformance required for market access. Different chemical use due to climate. Objectives & Purpose (why): Objectives andamp; Purpose (why) Overall Objective (OO) Logical Framework (where & when): Logical Framework (where andamp; when) SA Pesticide Initiative Program Financing Agreement EU – RSA (National) Program design (Framework – OO, PP, Results, Activities, Measurable Indicators, Verification, Risk andamp; Assumptions) Program Cycle 2004-2007 Annual Work Plans Results: Results Results grouped in components Agric. P. Information Training Data Base Ad. Research Network SA PIP Advice for farmers Associations Info/Comm. Regulation MRL trials Capacity Survey Stakeholders of SA PIP (who): Stakeholders of SA PIP (who) Info/Comm. Regulation Agric. P. Capacity Financing Provisions: Financing Provisions Info/Comm. Regulation Agric. P. Capacity SA PIP Progress: SA PIP Progress Resolve grey area in regulations MRL trials Knowledge and solutions Adaptive research MRL task group Improve practice Train farmers Available information MRL Task Group Study Tour, September 2004 MRL definition: MRL definition Maximum level legally permitted in or on food mg/kg = ppm Set per crop x CPP combination Trading standard Represents maximum amount of residue expected in a fruit under a defined GAP Safe for human consumption Setting of MRLs: Setting of MRLs MRL often mis-interpreted as safety limit instead of trading standard! Does exceeding an MRL constitute a food safety risk? MRLs in EU: MRLs in EU Member States set own national MRL in absence of EU MRL National MRLs may differ from country to country (and from SA MRL) In the past National MRLs in EU: In absence of EU MRL, National MRL applies National MRLs in EU 0.05mg/kg 0.2 mg/kg 4 mg/kg Example for National MRL: Example for National MRL Europe: MRL HARMONISATION based on member states and review of safety of each MRL By Elmé Coetzer, EUREP GAP Europe Harmonised EU MRL: Applies to all Member States and takes precedent over National MRLs Harmonised EU MRL Example for harmonised MRL in EU: Example for harmonised MRL in EU MRL future in EU: MRL future in EU One Regulation where all MRLs will be established All pesticide residues monitored and controlled at EU level Rapid alert system in place FUTURE (End 2008) Current status in EU: Current status in EU Some harmonised EU MRLs Establishing temporary MRLs Default approach (LoD = 0.01 mg/kg) Export default MRL in RSA NOW till 2008 (interim phase) Dossier by Marius Boshoff, Syngenta Links: Links Default export MRLs in RSA and export quality standards: www.nda.agric.za EU MRLs and CODEX quality standards for citrus: www.freshquality.org SA PIP information at: www.ppecb.com/sapip Residues on SA Exports: Residues on SA Exports In 2002 - 2004 46% no residues 52% residues ≤MRL 2.29% residues andgt; MRL Considerations: Considerations Representation Industry needs represented Lobby on various levels Benefit from SA PIP Market access Compliance with market requirements Pesticide residues are perceived food safety risk! MRLs are trade limits Thank you for listening ! : Thank you for listening ! Questions ?