20050823 Nagoya

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Published on June 18, 2007

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Digital Libraries : Archaeology, Automation, ETDs, and EnhancementsEdward A. Fox (fox@vt.edu)Virginia Tech, USA:  Digital Libraries : Archaeology, Automation, ETDs, and Enhancements Edward A. Fox (fox@vt.edu) Virginia Tech, USA IADLC 2005 The International Advanced Digital Library Conference in Nagoya August 25-26, 2005 Outline:  Outline Acknowledgements Introduction: Life Cycle, Curric., 5S, Book ETANA-DL, 5S Description Theory and Automation Education: CS, ETDs Quality, Integration, and Automation Selected Links, Discussion Acknowledgements: Students:  Acknowledgements: Students Pavel Calado, Yuxin Chen, Fernando Das Neves, Shahrooz Feizabadi, Robert France, Marcos Gonçalves, Nithiwat Kampanya, S.H. Kim, Aaron Krowne, Bing Liu, Ming Luo, Paul Mather, Fernando Das Neves, Unni. Ravindranathan, Ryan Richardson, Rao Shen, Ohm Sornil, Hussein Suleman, Ricardo Torres, Wensi Xi, Baoping Zhang, Qinwei Zhu, … Acknowledgements: Faculty, Staff:  Acknowledgements: Faculty, Staff Lillian Cassel, Debra Dudley, Roger Ehrich, Joanne Eustis, Weiguo Fan, James Flanagan, C. Lee Giles, Eberhard Hilf, John Impagliazzo, Filip Jagodzinski, Rohit Kelapure, Neill Kipp, Douglas Knight, Deborah Knox, Aaron Krowne, Alberto Laender, Gail McMillan, Claudia Medeiros, Manuel Perez, Naren Ramakrishnan, Layne Watson, … Other Collaborators (Selected):  Other Collaborators (Selected) Brazil: FUA, UFMG, UNICAMP Case Western Reserve University Emory, Notre Dame, Oregon State Germany: Univ. Oldenburg Mexico: UDLA (Puebla), Monterrey College of NJ, Hofstra, Penn State, Villanova University of Arizona University of Florida, Univ. of Illinois University of Virginia Acknowledgements - Mentors:  Acknowledgements - Mentors JCR Licklider – undergrad advisor (1969-71) Author in 1965 of 'Libraries of the Future' Before, at ARPA, funded start of Internet Michael Kessler – BS thesis advisor Project TIP (technical information project) Defined bibliographic coupling Gerard Salton – graduate advisor (1978-83) 'Father of Information Retrieval' Acknowledgements: Support:  Acknowledgements: Support ACM, Adobe, AOL, CAPES, CNI, CONACyT, DFG, IBM, Microsoft, NASA, NDLTD, NLM, NSF (IIS-9986089, 0086227, 0080748, 0325579; ITR-0325579; DUE-0121679, 0136690, 0121741, 0333601), OCLC, SOLINET, SUN, SURA, UNESCO, US Dept. Ed. (FIPSE), VTLS Outline:  Outline Acknowledgements Introduction: Life Cycle, Curric., 5S, Book ETANA-DL, 5S Description Theory and Automation Education: CS, ETDs Quality, Integration, and Automation Selected Links, Discussion Information Life Cycle:  Information Life Cycle Authoring Modifying Organizing Indexing Storing Retrieving Distributing Networking Retention / Mining Accessing Filtering Using Creating DL Curriculum Framework:  DL Curriculum Framework 5S Layers:  5S Layers Societies Scenarios Spaces Structures Streams 5S Layers:  5S Layers Societies Scenarios Spaces Structures Streams Fire Wood Earth Metal Water 5 Elements 5Ss:  5Ss Informal 5S & DL Definitions DLs are complex systems that:  Informal 5S andamp; DL Definitions DLs are complex systems that help satisfy info needs of users (societies) provide info services (scenarios) organize info in usable ways (structures) present info in usable ways (spaces) communicate info with users (streams) Hypotheses:  Hypotheses A formal theory for DLs can be built based on 5S. The formalization can serve as a basis for modeling and building high-quality DLs. Research Questions:  Research Questions 1. Can we formally elaborate 5S? 2. How can we use 5S to formally describe digital libraries? 3. What are the fundamental relationships among the Ss and high-level DL concepts? 4. How can we allow digital librarians to easily express those relationships? 5. Which are the fundamental quality properties of a DL? Can we use the formalized DL framework to characterize those properties? 6. Where in the life cycle of digital libraries can key aspects of quality be measured and how? Book Parts:  Book Parts Ch. 1. Introduction (Motivation, Synopsis) Part 1 – The 'Ss' Part 2 – Higher DL Constructs Part 3 – Advanced Topics Appendix Book Parts and Chapters - 1:  Book Parts and Chapters - 1 Ch. 1. Introduction (Motivation, Synopsis) Part 1 – The 'Ss' Ch. 2: Streams Ch. 3: Structures Ch. 4: Spaces Ch. 5: Scenarios Ch. 6: Societies Book Parts and Chapters - 2:  Book Parts and Chapters - 2 Part 2 – Higher DL Constructs Ch. 7: Collections Ch. 8: Catalogs Ch. 9: Repositories and Archives Ch. 10: Services Ch. 11: Systems Ch. 12: Case Studies Book Parts and Chapters - 3:  Book Parts and Chapters - 3 Part 3 – Advanced Topics Ch. 13: Quality Ch. 14: Integration Ch. 15: How to build a digital library Ch. 16: Research Challenges, Future Perspectives Appendix A: Mathematical preliminaries B: Formal Definitions: Ss C: Formal Definitions: DL terms, Minimal DL D: Formal Definitions: Archeological DL E: Glossary of terms, mappings Outline:  Outline Acknowledgements Introduction: Life Cycle, Curric., 5S, Book ETANA-DL, 5S Description Theory and Automation Education: CS, ETDs Quality, Integration, and Automation Selected Links, Discussion Slide22:  Slide23:  Map courtesy: www.enchantedlearning.com Initial ETANA-DL Member Locations Virginia Tech Mississippi State University Vanderbilt University Canadian University College Walla Walla College Andrews University CWRU Willamette University Slide24:  Slide25:  Lahav Website:  Lahav Website Megiddo Opening Screen:  Megiddo Opening Screen Locus Screen: Pictures:  Locus Screen: Pictures View all Area Screen:  Area Screen Slide30:  Slide31:  ETANA-DL Approach Applying and extending Digital Library (DL) techniques to solve key problems: making primary data available, data preservation, and interoperability Modeling archaeological information systems using 5S to better understand the domain and design the system and the supporting services Rapidly prototyping DLs that handle heterogeneous archaeological data using componentized frameworks: eliciting requirements refining metamodel and union schema modeling sites mapping harvesting providing useful services ETANA-DL Website:  ETANA-DL Website Slide33:  Marking – writing notes for a specific user Marking Items Slide34:  Marked Items Display Sender, Date, Object OAI ID Sender Comments Options: View Record, Add record to Items Of Interest, Re-mark item (Redirect), Unmark item (Remove item from list) Slide35:  Discussions Page Discussions about an object View/Post messages, create new threads Slide36:  Recommendations Items recommended on the basis of similar interests Slide37:  ETANA-DL Multi-dimensional Browsing 3 new sites 2 new types of artifacts Slide38:  ETANA-DL Visual Browsing Service Visual Browse By site Slide39:  Visual Browsing Nimrin: Topographical Drawings Full site North west quadrant Square: N40/W20 Slide40:  Visual Browsing Nimrin : Square information Square: N40/W20 Locus: 86 Loci layout Slide41:  Visual Browsing Nimrin : locus sheet Slide42:  Visual Browsing Bab edh-Dhra' Cemetery Pottery # 25 Slide43:  Visual Browsing Bab edh-Dhra' Cemetery Pottery # 25 ETANA Societies:  ETANA Societies Historic and pre-historic societies (being studied) Archaeologists (in academic institutes, fieldwork settings, or local and national governmental bodies) Project directors Technical staff (consisting of photographers, technical illustrators, and their assistants) Field staff (responsible for the actual work of excavation) Camp staff (e.g., camp managers, registrars, tool stewards) General public (e.g., educators, learners, citizens) ETANA Societies:  ETANA Societies Social issues Who owns the finds? Where should they be preserved? What nationality and ethnicity do they represent? Who has publication rights? What interactions took place between those at the site studied, and others? What theories are proposed by whom about this? ETANA Scenarios:  ETANA Scenarios Life in the site in former times Digital recording: the planning stage and the excavation stage Planning stage: remote sensing, fieldwalking, field surveys, building surveys, consulting historical and other documentary sources, and managing the sites and monuments Excavation Detailed information is recorded, including for each layer of soil, and for features such as pole holes, pits, and ditches. Data about each artifact is recorded together with information about its exact find spot. Numerous environmental and other samples are taken for laboratory analysis, and the location and purpose of each is carefully recorded. Large numbers of photographs are taken, both general views of the progress of excavation and detailed shots showing the contexts of finds. Organization and storage of material Analysis and hypotheses generation and testing Publications, museum displays Information services for the general public ETANA Spaces:  ETANA Spaces Geographic distribution of found artifacts Temporal dimension (as inferred by archaeologists) Metric or vector spaces used to support retrieval operations, and to calculate distance (and similarity) used to browse / constrain searches spatially 3D models of the past, used to reconstruct and visualize archaeological ruins 2D interfaces for human-computer interaction ETANA Structures:  ETANA Structures Site Organization Region, site, partition, sub-partition, locus, … Temporal orderings (ages, periods) Taxonomies for bones, seeds, building materials, … Stratigraphic relationships above, beneath, coexistent ETANA Streams:  ETANA Streams successive photos and drawings of excavation sites, loci, unearthed artifacts audio and video recordings of excavation activities and discussions textual reports 3D models used to reconstruct and visualize archaeological ruins. Outline:  Outline Acknowledgements Introduction: Life Cycle, Curric., 5S, Book ETANA-DL, 5S Description Theory and Automation Education: CS, ETDs Quality, Integration, and Automation Selected Links, Discussion 5S and DL formal definitions and compositions (April 2004 TOIS):  5S and DL formal definitions and compositions (April 2004 TOIS) Slide52:  Slide53:  Slide54:  The XML Log Format:  The XML Log Format Log SessionId MachineInfo Statement Transaction Timestamp SessionInfo RegisterInfo Statement Event Timestamp Action Search Browse StoreSysInfo Update SearchBy QueryString Catalog Collection PresentationInfo StatusInfo Timeout 5S Modeling -> Systems:  5S Modeling -andgt; Systems Tools/Applications:  Tools/Applications Slide58:  Digital Object Minimal DL Metadata Catalog Descriptive Metadata Specification A Minimal DL in the 5S Framework Structural Metadata Specification Structured Stream Slide59:  A Minimal ArchDL in the 5S Framework Overview of 5SGraph:  Overview of 5SGraph Workspace (instance model) Structured toolbox (metamodel) Slide61:  Outline:  Outline Acknowledgements Introduction: Life Cycle, Curric., 5S, Book ETANA-DL, 5S Description Theory and Automation Education: CS, ETDs Quality, Integration, and Automation Selected Links, Discussion Computing and Information Technology Interactive Digital Educational Library (CITIDEL):  Computing and Information Technology Interactive Digital Educational Library (CITIDEL) Domain: computing / information technology Genre: one-stop-shopping for teachers andamp; learners: courseware (CSTC, JERIC), leading DLs (ACM, IEEE-CS, DBandamp;LP, CiteSeer), PlanetMath.org, NCSTRL (technical reports), … Submission andamp; Collection: sub/partner collections  www.citidel.org Slide64:  Digital library architecture for local and interoperable CITIDEL services Slide65:  CITIDEL -> NSDL:  CITIDEL -andgt; NSDL A collection project in the National STEM (science, technolgy, engineering, and mathematics) education Digital Library – NSDL National Science Digital Library www.nsdl.org (Next slides courtesy Lee Zia, NSF) NSDL ProgramTracks:  NSDL ProgramTracks Core Integration: coordinate a distributed alliance of resource collection and service providers; and ensure reliable and extensible access to and usability of the resulting network of learning environments and resources Collections: aggregate and actively manage a subset of the digital library’s content within a coherent theme / specialty Services: increase the impact, reach, efficiency, and value of the digital library in its fully operational form Targeted (Applied) Research: have immediate impact on one or more of the other three tracks Pathways: large efforts across broad ranges of areas or approaches or users Slide68:  Slide69:  NSDL Information ArchitectureEssentially as developed by the Technical Infrastructure Workgroup:  NSDL Information Architecture Essentially as developed by the Technical Infrastructure Workgroup Usage Enhancement Collection Building User Interfaces Core NSDL 'Bus' Digital Libraries in Education:  Digital Libraries in Education Analytical Survey, ed. Leonid Kalinichenko © 2003, www.iite-unesco.org, info@iite.ru Transforming the Way to Learn DLs of Educational Resources andamp; Services Integrated/Virtual Learning Environment Educational Metadata Current DLEs: US (NSDL, DLESE, CITIDEL, NDLTD), Europe (Scholnet, Cyclades), UK (Distributed National Electronic Resource) A Digital Library Case Study:  A Digital Library Case Study Domain: graduate education, research Genre:ETDs=electronic theses andamp; dissertations Submission: http://etd.vt.edu Collection: http://www.theses.org Project: Networked Digital Library of Theses andamp; Dissertations (NDLTD) http://www.ndltd.org Slide73:  Student Gets Committee Signatures and Submits ETD Slide74:  Library Catalogs ETD, Access is Opened to the New Research WWW NDLTD Slide75:  Slide76:  Slide77:  Slide78:  OCLC SRU Interface Slide79:  ETD Union Search Mirror Site in China (CALIS)(http://ndltd.calis.edu.cn – popular site!):  ETD Union Search Mirror Site in China (CALIS) (http://ndltd.calis.edu.cn – popular site!) Slide81:  Board of Directors:  Board of Directors Suzie Allard (ETD 2004, U. Kentucky) Denise A. D. Bedford (World Bank) Julia C. Blixrud (ARL, SPARC) José Luis Borbinha (Natl Lib Portugal) Alex Byrne (ETD 2005, ADT: Australia) Tony Cargnelutti (ETD 2005, Australia) Vinod Chachra (VTLS) Susan Copeland (RGU, UK) Jude Edminster (Bowling Green St. U.) Scott Eldredge (Treasurer, ETD 2002, BYU) Edward A. Fox (Exec Director,Virginia Tech) John H. Hagen (West Virginia U.) Thomas B. Hickey (OCLC) Christine Jewell (U. Waterloo, Canada) Delphine Lewis (ProQuest) Joan K. Lippincott (CNI) Mike Looney (Adobe) Gail McMillan (Secretary, Virginia Tech) Joseph Moxley (ETD 2000, USF) Eva Müller (U. Uppsala, Sweden) Ana Pavani (PUC Rio, Brazil) Axel Plathe (UNESCO, Paris) Sharon Reeves (National Library Canada) Peter Schirmbacher (ETD 2003, Humboldt) Hussein Suleman (U.Cape Town, S. Africa) Shalini R. Urs (U. Mysore, India) Eric F. Van de Velde (ETD 2001, Caltech) Selected Projects / Sponsors:  Selected Projects / Sponsors Australia (ADT) Brazil (BDT, IBICT) Canada Catalunya Chile (Cybertesis) Germany India (Vidyanidhi) Korea OhioLINK: 79 colleges/univs Portugal (National Library) South Africa UK (British Library, JISC, Edinburgh, …) UNESCO (especially Latin America, Eastern Europe, Africa) Venezuela Why ETD? Short Answer:  Why ETD? Short Answer For Students: Gain knowledge and skills for the Information Age Richer communication (digital information, multimedia, …) For Universities: Easy way to enter the digital library field and benefit thereby For the World: Global digital library – large, useful, many services General: Save time and money Increased visibility for all associated with research results Slide85:  Outline:  Outline Acknowledgements Introduction: Life Cycle, Curric., 5S, Book ETANA-DL, 5S Description Theory and Automation Education: CS, ETDs Quality, Integration, and Automation Selected Links, Discussion Describing Quality inDigital Libraries:  Describing Quality in Digital Libraries What’s a 'good' digital Library? Central Concept: Quality! Hypotheses of this work: Formal theory can help to define 'what’s a good digital library' by: New formalizations of quality indicators for DLs within our 5S framework Contextualizing these measures within the Information Life Cycle Quality and the Information Life Cycle:  Quality and the Information Life Cycle Formal Definition of DL Integration :  Formal Definition of DL Integration DLi=(Ri, DMi, Servi, Soci), 1 i n Ri is a network accessible repository DMi is a set of metadata catalogs for all collections Servi is a set of services Soci is a society UnionRep UnionCat UnionServices UnionSociety Formal Definition of DL Integration (Cont.) :  Formal Definition of DL Integration (Cont.) DL integration problem definition: Given n individual libraries, integrate the n DLs to create a UnionDL. Slide91:  Repository1 DL1 Repository2 Union Catalog Union Repository Catalog1 Catalog2 Searching Union DL DL2 Service Browsing Service Union Service Harvesting, Mapping, Searching, Browsing, Clustering, Visualization Architecture of a Union DL Slide92:  Example of Union Service: CitiViz Multidimensional Browsing: Percentages of Animal Bones Across Nimrin Cultural Phases:  Multidimensional Browsing: Percentages of Animal Bones Across Nimrin Cultural Phases Slide94:  Slide95:  Slide96:  Slide97:  ETANA-DL Union Services Descriptions Harvesting Mapping Searching Browsing … Inverted Files Services DB Index Index Browse Service Search Service Browse DB Other ETANA-DL Services Web Interface XOAI XOAI Union Catalog Outline:  Outline Acknowledgements Introduction: Life Cycle, Curric., 5S, Book ETANA-DL, 5S Description Theory and Automation Education: CS, ETDs Quality, Integration, and Automation Selected Links, Discussion Selected Links - http://fox.cs.vt.edu:  Selected Links - http://fox.cs.vt.edu CITIDEL (computing education resources) www.citidel.org NCSTRL (computing technical reports) www.ncstrl.org NDLTD (electronic theses and dissertations worldwide) www.ndltd.org and etdguide.org NSDL (National Science Digital Library) www.nsdl.org OAI (Open Archives Initiative) www.openarchives.org Virginia Tech Digital Library Research Laboratory (DLRL, www.dlib.vt.edu) 5S, AmericanSouth.Org, CSTC, DL-in-a-box, ENVISION, ETANA, MARIAN, NDLTD, NSDL, OAD, ODL, …) Questions?Discussion?:  Questions? Discussion? Thank You!

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