20050627 SciDAC Straatsma

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Information about 20050627 SciDAC Straatsma

Published on October 29, 2007

Author: Callia

Source: authorstream.com

Scalable Molecular Dynamics:  Scalable Molecular Dynamics T.P.Straatsma Laboratory Fellow and Associate Division Director Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Computational Sciences and Mathematics Division Pacific Northwest National Laboratory NWChem Molecular Science Software:  NWChem Molecular Science Software Domain Decomposition:  Domain Decomposition Force Evaluation:  Force Evaluation Particle-mesh Ewald:  Particle-mesh Ewald 1. Charge grid construction 2. Block to slab decomposition 3. 3D-fast Fourier transform 4. Reciprocal space energy & forces 5. 3D-fast Fourier transform 6. Slab to block decomposition 7. Atomic forces Flowchart:  Flowchart Timing Analysis:  Timing Analysis Haloalkane dehalogenase, force evaluation timings Load Balancing:  Load Balancing Collective Resizing Dynamic Load Balancing:  Dynamic Load Balancing Challenges for the DOE:  Challenges for the DOE Environmental Legacy at Hanford and other DOE sites Bioremediation Environmental and Health Impact of Energy Use Carbon sequestration Nitrogen fixation Production of Energy Biofuels Hydrogen Molecular Basis for Microbial Adhesion and Geochemical Surface Reactions:  Molecular Basis for Microbial Adhesion and Geochemical Surface Reactions Microbes in the subsurface mediate a number of environmental, geochemical processes: Uptake of metal ions, including environmentally recalcitrant metals Adhesion to mineral surfaces Reduction and mineralization of ions at the microbial surface Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Cu, Fe, Au, La, Eu, U, Yb, Al, Ca, Na, K Shewanella putrefaciens: Fe, S, Mn Shewanella alga: Fe, Cr, Co, Mn, U Shewanella amazonensis: Fe, Mn, S Shewanella oneidensis MR1 External reduction involving OM cytochromes Project Objectives:  Project Objectives Molecular level characterization of: Microbial adhesion to mineral surfaces Metal ion concentration in microbial membranes Focus on Gram-negative bacterial Outer Membrane Computational Approach: Molecular modeling and molecular dynamics simulations Quantum mechanical description of key functional groups Thermodynamic Modeling Gram Negative Cell Walls:  Gram Negative Cell Walls LPS of Pseudomonas aeruginosa:  LPS of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1. Design of the Rough LPS Molecular Model 2. Determination of Electrostatic Model LPS Membrane Construction:  LPS Membrane Construction Distribution of functional groups and water in the outer membrane of P. aeruginosa. These results are used for thermodynamic modeling of ion adsorption in microbial membranes. Phosphate Clustering:  Phosphate Clustering Outer Core Inner Core These results lend support to the interpretation of recent XAS experiments carried out by J. Bargar at SLAC indicating that uranyl ions take up by microbial membranes exists in clusters involving phosphates. Membrane Electrostatic Potential:  Membrane Electrostatic Potential Average Potential Across Membrane Calc.: 100 mV Exp.: 80 mV Atomic Charges from 2D SCF-HF ESP Fit:  Atomic Charges from 2D SCF-HF ESP Fit Membrane-Mineral Interactions:  Membrane-Mineral Interactions P. Aeruginosa Outer Membrane Proteins:  P. Aeruginosa Outer Membrane Proteins E. coli membrane protein FecA (Pautsch and Schultz, 1998) and homology modeled P. aeruginosa membrane protein FecA (Straatsma, unpublished) E. coli membrane protein TolC (Pautsch and Schultz, 1998) and homology modeled P. aeruginosa membrane protein OprM (Wong et al., 2001) E. coli membrane protein OmpA (Pautsch and Schultz, 1998) and homology modeled P. aeruginosa membrane protein OprF (Brinkman et al., 2000) P. aeruginosa OprF:  P. aeruginosa OprF Electron transfer in bacterial respiration :  Electron transfer in bacterial respiration Under anaerobic conditions, Shewanella frigidimarina is able to use extra-cellular iron as the electron acceptor in its respiration. The electron transfer pathway involves a number of cytochromes which deliver electrons from the cytoplasmic membrane to the periplasmic membrane, where iron reduction occurs. The electron transfer (ET) between the membranes is carried out by the respiratory enzyme flavocytochrome c3 fumarate reductase (Fcc3), which contains four bis(histidine) hemes. Electron Transfer in Fcc3 and Ifc3 :  Electron Transfer in Fcc3 and Ifc3 Flavocytochrome c3 fumarate reductase of Shewanella frigidimarina Marcus’ theory of electron transfer:  Marcus’ theory of electron transfer B3LYP Characterization of a model heme:  B3LYP Characterization of a model heme ET donor/acceptor orbital dπ Slide26:  Computational protein structure prediction Protein-protein complexes: cell signaling Protein-membrane and mineral-membrane complexes Extension to microsecond simulation times Statistically accurate thermodynamic properties Comparative trajectory analysis Enzyme catalysis using hybrid QM/MM methods Extension toward millisecond simulation times Protein folding and unfolding Membrane transport of simple ions and small molecules Membrane fusion, vesicle formation Scalability on next generation MPP and hybrid architectures Computational Structural Biology Challenges Acknowledgements:  Acknowledgements Dr. Roberto D. Lins, ETH Lausanne, CH Dr. Robert M. Shroll, Spectral Sciences, Boston, MA Dr. Wlodek K. Apostoluk, Wroclaw University, Poland Dr. Andy R. Felmy, Chemical Sciences Division, PNNL Dr. Kevin M. Rosso, Chemical Sciences Division, PNNL Professor David A. Dixon, University of Alabama Dr. Erich R. Vorpagel, EMSL DOE Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research DOE Office of Basic Energy Science, Geosciences Research Program DOE Office of Biological and Environmental Research EMSL Molecular Sciences Computing Facility Computational Grand Challenge Application Projects

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