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Sports

Published on May 2, 2008

Author: Bina

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Unit Five:  Unit Five Slide2:  Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the overcoming of it. __Helen Keller If we face our tasks with the resolution to solve them, who shall say that anything is impossible. __Wilfred Grenfell I.Language Points II.Cultural Notes III.Text Organization VI.Grammar :  I.Language Points II.Cultural Notes III.Text Organization VI.Grammar V. Language Points:  V. Language Points 四级核心词汇 sweat fantasy passion detail alternate vain emotion core intensity relax tension tense breeze deaf congratulate soar media keen confront anxiety challenge routine 六级核心词汇 recur coincide dedicate startle erupt penetrate 短 语 bear out work out be ashamed of on one/two/several occasions along with stretch out bring (sb.) back to earth in one’s mind’s eye coincide with be unaware of bear out:  bear out 1. The witnesses will bear you out in court. 2. Recent evidence bears out the idea that students learn best in small groups. prove that (sth.) is true sweat:  sweat 1. After the 1000-meter race sweat was running off the athletes. 2. Sweat was dripping from his forehead. n. ─ drops of a liquid similar to water that come through the skin when one is hot, ill, afraid vi. ─ produce sweat 3. She was sweating as she reached the top of the hill. fantasy:  fantasy 1. I still have the fantasy that one day I will win the lottery. 2. Having watched so many animated cartoons, some children can’t tell fantasy from reality. n. ─ imagination, esp. when it has no connection at all with reality passion:  passion 1. The opera star sang with great passion. 2. She had never loved anyone with such passion. n. ─ strong feeling, esp. of love 激情,热情 【考点】have a passion for 对……酷爱 2. She had a passion for dancing which interfered with her schoolwork. detail:  detail A good organizer pays attention to all the details. n. ─ small, particular fact or item 细节 n. ─ sth. which is unimportant and doesn’t affect the main idea 琐事,枝节 The salary is a detail; the main thing is to find a job. 【短语】 in detail 详细地 go into detail(s) 详细叙述,逐一说明 alternate:  alternate a. ─ every other or second; happening by turns 相关词 n. 可供选择的事物或方式 a. 可供选择性的,二中择一的 The walls are painted with alternate strips of yellow and green. 墙被涂成黄绿乡间的彩条。 2. She works on alternate days. 她隔日工作。(她隔周末去看望父母。) 3. She visits her parents on alternate weekends. alternative< vain:  vain 1. I don’t like vain women. 2. She was vain of/about her appearance. a. ─ too pleased with one’s own abilities or looks 爱虚荣的,自负的 ─ not yielding the desired outcome, fruitless 徒劳的,无效的,不成功的 3. vain attempt/hope/effort 【考点】in vain 徒然,白费力 emotion:  emotion 1. Love, joy, hate, fear and jealousy are all emotions. 2. His voice was full of emotion as he told us the story of his cherished mother. n. ─ a strong feeling of any kind intensity:  intensity 1. He went mad at the intensity of his grief. 他因悲伤过度而发疯。 2. In order to finish the job in time, we have to work with greater intensity . n. ─ the state of being intense tension:  tension n. ─ worry or nervousness 相关词 tense a. 紧张的;拉紧的,绷紧的 racial tension 种族间的紧张关系 muscular tension 肌肉紧张 the tension of the rope 绳的拉力 a tense situation. I’d like to watch tense games. congratulate:  congratulate 1. I congratulate my friend on her birthday. 2. We congratulate her on having come first in her exams. vt. ─ express joy or acknowledgment, as for the achievement or good fortune 考点 congratulate sb. on/upon sth. work out:  work out The famous actor keeps fit by working out for an hour every morning. exercise 1. See if you can work this bill out. 2. The plot is very complicated, it’ll take you a while to work it out. We must work out a plan as quickly as we can. 3. Financially, things have worked out very well for us. vt.计算出(答案、数量等) vt. 理解,设法弄懂 vi. 按某种方式发生,结果 be ashamed of:  be ashamed of 1. She was so ashamed of cheating in the test that she went and told the teacher. 2. You should be ashamed of yourself, telling lies at your age. feeling foolish or uncomfortable because of (sth.) 相关词语 be ashamed that … be ashamed to be/to do sth. along with:  along with 1. A bill came along with the package. 2. I keep my checks in the top drawer, along with my other important documents. together with stretch out:  stretch out 1. There were beggars everywhere, pathetically stretching their hands out to passengers. 2. I stretched out my hand towards the book. hold a part of your body straight out in front of you bring (sb.) back to earth:  bring (sb.) back to earth Jack had been spending all his time chatting on line with his key-pals until his parents had a word with him and brought him back to earth. cause (sb.) to stop daydreaming; cause (sb.) to return to reality in one’s mind’s eye:  in one’s mind’s eye In his mind’s eye, she is still a shy girl. In my mind’s eye, I can still see the house where I was born. in one’s imagination; in one’s memory recur:  recur The theme of love recurred in many of his books. The school authorities warned the student that he will be expelled if this cheating recurs. vi. ─ come or happen again coincide:  coincide 1. Her holidays don’t coincide with mine. 2. The art exhibition coincides with the 50th anniversary of his death. vi. ─ happen at the same time (followed by with) vi. ─ be in agreement (with) 【用法】coincide with 3. The members of the committee do not coincide in opinion. 4. My ideas coincide with his. dedicate:  dedicate 1. Sheila dedicated herself to a life of religion. 2. I’d like to dedicate this song to my wife. 【用法】dedicate oneself/one’s life to sth. 献身于,致力于 dedicate sth. to sb. 把……献给某人 startle:  startle 1. You startled me! I did not hear you come in. 2. I was startled by/at the news of his death. 3. She was startled to see him looking so ill. vt. ─ give a sudden shock or surprise to 【用法】 be startled by/at be startled to do see/hear/learn etc erupt:  erupt It’s so many years since Mount Vesuvius last erupted. vi. ─ (of a volcano) suddenly throw out lava, etc vi. ─ (fig. 比喻) break out suddenly and violently 1. Violence has erupted on the streets. 2. The demonstration erupted into violence. II.Cultural Notes:  II.Cultural Notes Sports:Sports play an important part in American life.Professional baseball and football games attract large crowds,and many people watch games on television. College students are usually also required to take physical education classes to complete their studies. Slide28:  Olympics:The Olympic games are the most important international sports event in the world held every four years.The ancient Olympics have been held in Olympia since 776 B.C.The symbol – five interlocking red, blue, yellow, black, and green circles in a white field – represents the continents of the world joined in friendship. The motto is “ Swifter, Higher, Stronger”.Its headquarter is in Lausanne, Switzerland.In 2008 Beijing will host the 29th Olympic Games. III.Text Organization:  III.Text Organization Part One Para1-2 Michael faced the most challenging competition in his pole vaulting career. Part Two Para3-5 Michael childhood was marked with dreams and tough training. Part Three Para6-12 Michael topped his personal best, won the championship and set a new world record. Part Four Para13 What was most unusual about Michael’s victory was that he was blind. VI.Grammar:  VI.Grammar noun clause: subjective clause objective clause predicative clause appositive clause Appositive clause and Attributive clause subjective clause :  subjective clause The subject of a sentence can sometimes be expressed with a clause, Such are called subjective clause.There are three types . “It “is placed at the beginning of the sentence as formal subject(形式主语).:  “It “is placed at the beginning of the sentence as formal subject(形式主语). It was believed that they were written by a man called Homer. It probable that a Trojan war actually took place about 1,200 B.C. 1. Those introduced by the conjunction”that”. Slide33:  Who won the prizes was not made known yet. How all this happened remained a mystery. Those kind of subjective clause can also be placed at the end of the sentence through “it”. It has not been decided when and where the conference is to be held. 2. Those introduced by a conjunctive pronoun or adverb. Slide34:  What you said is true. What I need is better training. 3.Those introduced by a relative “what”. objective clause:  objective clause The object of a sentence can sometimes be expressed with a clause, Such are called objective clause.There are three types . Three types::  Three types: 1.”that” We think (that) the only true happiness was to be free of wrong desires and empty hopes. 2.a conjunctive pronoun or adverb I don’t known where he lived. 3.”what” Have you got what you want? structure:  structure P161. Exercise2 predicative clause:  predicative clause The fact is that he did not notice the car until too late. The question is why he likes the place so much. A noun clause can be used as the predicative clause after predicate verb”to be”. appositive clause:  appositive clause Her father was Zeus,the god. Only two students, Joe and I, got high scores. An appositive is a statement of the content of a word or a group of words. It usually comes next to the word or group of words that it is in apposition to. Slide40:  We will have to consider the fact that they are mere beginners. She was much upset by the news that her mother was serious ill. There is no doubt that you will succeed. Occasionally,an appositive may be expressed by a clause,thus appositive clauses. Appositive clause and Attributive clause:  Appositive clause and Attributive clause An appositive clause is of the same structure as an attributive clause. The only difference between them is that the introduced word “that” in an appositive clause doesn’t perform any function of sentence elements, while “that” in an attributive clause always performs certain functions such as subject, object. Compare the following clauses. Slide42:  (1.attributive clause, “that” is the subject in the clause) (2. Appositive clause,”that” performs no function of sentence elements.) 1.The boy that is playing the piano is my son. 2. The news that her mother is seriously ill is not true. Translation:  Translation Psychologists have used numerous facts to bear out the argument/statement/claim that in order to recover speedily from negative emotion, you should allow yourself to cry. You needn’t/don’ have to be ashamed of crying.Anxiety and sorrow can flow out of the body along with tears . Translation:  Translation Consider the case of/Take Donna. Her son unfortunately died in a car accident. The intensity of the blow made her unable to cry. She said ,”It was not until two weeks later that I began to cry. And then I felt as if a big stone had been lifted from my shoulders. It was the tears that brought me back to earth.”

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