advertisement

20040225 Peter Overview of h264

43 %
57 %
advertisement
Information about 20040225 Peter Overview of h264
Education

Published on February 27, 2008

Author: Estelle

Source: authorstream.com

advertisement

Overview of the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard:  Overview of the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard T. Wiegand, G.J. Sullivan, G. Bjøntegaard and A. Luthra, IEEE Transaction on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 13, no. 7, Jul. 2003. Presented by Peter H.264/AVC :  H.264/AVC Latest Video coding standard Basic design architecture similar to MPEG-x or H.26x Better compression efficiency Up to 50% in bit rate savings Subjective quality is better Advance functional element History of H.264/AVC:  History of H.264/AVC Initiate by the Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) in early 1998 Previous name H.26L Target to double the coding efficiency First draft was adopted in Oct. of 1999 In Dec. of 2001, VCEF and the Moving Pictures Experts Group (MPEG) formed a Joint Video Team (JVT) Approved by the ITU-T as H.264 and ISO/IEC as International Standard 14496-10 (MPEG-4 part 10) Advanced Video Codec (AVC) in Mar. 2003 Timeline of Video Development:  Timeline of Video Development Design Features Highlights:  Design Features Highlights Features for enhancement of prediction Directional spatial prediction for intra coding Variable block-size motion compensation with small block size Quarter-sample-accurate motion compensation Motion vectors over picture boundaries Multiple reference picture motion compensation Decoupling of referencing order form display order Decoupling of picture representation methods from picture referencing capability Weighted prediction Improved “skipped” and “direct” motion inference In-the-loop deblocking filtering Design Features Highlights:  Design Features Highlights Features for improved coding efficiency Small block-size transform Exact-match inverse transform Short word-length transform Hierarchical block transform Arithmetic entropy coding Context-adaptive entropy coding Design Features Highlights:  Design Features Highlights Features for robustness to data errors/losses Parameter set structure NAL unit syntax structure Flexible slice size Flexible macroblock ordering (FMO) Arbitrary slice ordering (ASO) Redundant pictures Data Partitioning SP/SI synchronization/switching pictures Directional spatial prediction for intra coding:  Directional spatial prediction for intra coding Intra prediction is to predict the texture in current block using the pixel samples from neighboring blocks Intra prediction for 44 and 16  16 blocks are supported in H.264 Figs. from [2] Directional spatial prediction for intra coding - 4  4 example:  Directional spatial prediction for intra coding - 4  4 example Mode 7 is selected Figs. from [2] Directional spatial prediction for intra coding – 16  16 example:  Directional spatial prediction for intra coding – 16  16 example Mode 3 is selected Figs. from [2] Variable block-size motion compensation with small block size:  Variable block-size motion compensation with small block size Partitioned in 2 stages In the 1st stage, determine first 4 modes 1616, 168, 816, 88 If mode 4 (88) is chosen, further partition into smaller blocks for every 88 block 84, 48, 44 At most 16 motion vectors may be transmitted for a 1616 macroblock Large computational complexity to determine the modes Fig. from [3] Variable block-size motion compensation with small block size:  Variable block-size motion compensation with small block size Multiple reference picture motion compensation – P Slices:  Multiple reference picture motion compensation – P Slices More than one prior coded picture can be used as reference for MC prediction Reference index parameter is transmitted for each MC 1616, 168, 816 or 88 For smaller blocks within the 88 use 1 reference index P macroblock can also be coded in P-Skip type Fig. from [1] Multiple reference picture motion compensation – B Slices:  Multiple reference picture motion compensation – B Slices Utilize two distinct lists of reference pictures Four different types of inter-picture predict List 0, list 1, bi-predictive, and direct prediction Bi-predictive weighted average of MC list 0 and list 1 Direct prediction Inferred from previously transmitted syntax Either list 0 or list 1 prediction or bi-predictive Similar macroblock partitioning as P slices is utilized B_Skip mode is supported Small block-size transform:  Small block-size transform Transformation is applied on 44 blocks Close to 44 DCT transform Inverse-transform mismatches are avoided The transform matrix is given as Short word-length transform:  Short word-length transform Post-scaling matrix in forward transform Pre-scaling matrix in inverse transform Only integer operations and shifting are needed in transformation and quantization Hierarchical block transform:  Hierarchical block transform For macroblock is coded in 1616 Intra mode and chrominance blocks DC coefficients are further grouped and transformed Hadamard transform is used for chrominance block Intended for coding of smooth areas Figs. from [4] Some results – Foreman QCIF @ 10 Hz:  Some results – Foreman QCIF @ 10 Hz Fig. from [1] Some results – Foreman CIF @ 30 Hz:  Some results – Foreman CIF @ 30 Hz Fig. from [1] Profiles:  Profiles 3 profiles - Baseline, Main and Extended Profile 15 levels Picture size: up to 250M pixels/s Bit Rate: up to 240M bps Potential Applications:  Potential Applications Baseline (low latency) H.320 conversational video services 3GPP conversational H.324/M services H.323 with IP/RTP 3GPP using IP/RTP and SIP 3GPP streaming using IP/RTP and RTSP Main (moderate latency) Modified H.222.0/MPEG-2 Broadcast via satellite, cable, terrestrial or DSL DVD and VOD Extended Streaming over wired Internet Any (no requirement on latency) 3GPP MMS Video mail References:  References T. Wiegand, G.J. Sullivan, G. Bjøntegaard and A. Luthra, “Overview of the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard,” IEEE Transaction on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, Vol. 13, no. 7, Jul. 2003. I.E.G. Richardson, “H.264/MPEG4 Part 10: Intra Prediction,” available at http://www.vcodex.com I.E.G. Richardson, “H.264/MPEG4 Part 10: Inter Prediction,” available at http://www.vcodex.com I.E.G. Richardson, “H.264/MPEG4 Part 10: Transform and Quantization,” available at http://www.vcodex.com

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Overview of the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard | Many PPT

Overview of the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard Overview of the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard . T ... seminars/20040225_Peter_Overview_of_h264.ppt. ...
Read more

Slide 1 - Chinese University of Hong Kong

Overview of the H.264/AVC Video Coding Standard T. Wiegand, G.J. Sullivan, G. Bjøntegaard and A. Luthra, IEEE Transaction on Circuits and Systems for ...
Read more

H.264 Video Coding | PPT Directory

http://wiki.cs.columbia.edu/download/attachments/576/H264_Video_Coding.ppt. Preview. ... 2004_seminars/20040225_Peter_Overview_of_h264.ppt. Preview. ...
Read more