20040213 RepICFA HN

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Published on April 3, 2008

Author: Quintilliano

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Slide1:  ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional Connectivity (SCIC) Harvey B. Newman California Institute of Technology ICFA Meeting, Paris February 13, 2004 ICFA and Global Networks for HENP:  ICFA and Global Networks for HENP National and International Networks, with sufficient (rapidly increasing) capacity and seamless end-to-end capability, are essential for The formation of worldwide collaborations The daily conduct of collaborative work in both experiment and theory Detector development & construction on a global scale Grid systems supporting analysis by involving physicists in all world regions The conception, design and implementation of next generation facilities as “global networks” “Collaborations on this scale would never have been attempted, if they could not rely on excellent networks” LHC Data Grid Hierarchy:  LHC Data Grid Hierarchy Tier 1 Online System CERN Center PBs of Disk; Tape Robot FNAL Center IN2P3 Center INFN Center RAL Center Institute Institute Institute Institute Workstations ~100-1500 MBytes/sec 2.5-10 Gbps 0.1 to 10 Gbps Tens of Petabytes by 2007-8. An Exabyte ~5-7 Years later. Physics data cache ~PByte/sec ~10 Gbps ~2.5-10 Gbps Tier 0 +1 Tier 3 Tier 4 Tier 2 Experiment CERN/Outside Resource Ratio ~1:2 Tier0/( Tier1)/( Tier2) ~1:1:1 Emerging Vision: A Richly Structured, Global Dynamic System Bandwidth Growth of Int’l HENP Networks (US-CERN Example):  Bandwidth Growth of Int’l HENP Networks (US-CERN Example) Rate of Progress >> Moore’s Law. (US-CERN Example) 9.6 kbps Analog (1985) 64-256 kbps Digital (1989 - 1994) [X 7 – 27] 1.5 Mbps Shared (1990-3; IBM) [X 160] 2 -4 Mbps (1996-1998) [X 200-400] 12-20 Mbps (1999-2000) [X 1.2k-2k] 155-310 Mbps (2001-2) [X 16k – 32k] 622 Mbps (2002-3) [X 65k] 2.5 Gbps  (2003-4) [X 250k] 10 Gbps  (2005) [X 1M] A factor of ~1M over a period of 1985-2005 (a factor of ~5k during 1995-2005) HENP has become a leading applications driver, and also a co-developer of global networks; History of Bandwidth Usage – One large Network; One Large Research Site:  History of Bandwidth Usage – One large Network; One Large Research Site SLAC Traffic ~300 Mbps; ESnet Limit Growth in Steps: ~ 10X/4 Years Projected: ~2 Terabits/s by ~2014 ESnet Accepted Traffic 1/90 – 1/04 Exponential Growth Since ’92; Annual Rate Increased from 1.7 to 2.0X Per Year In the Last 5 Years Internet Growth in the World At Large:  Internet Growth in the World At Large Amsterdam Internet Exchange Point Example 75-100% Growth Per Year 10 G 20 G Avg 5 Minute Max Some Growth Spurts; Typically In Summer-Fall The Rate of HENP Network Usage Growth (~100% Per Year) is Similar to the World at Large HEP is Learning How to Use Gbps Networks Fully: Factor of ~50 Gain in Max. Sustained Throughput in 2 Years, On Some US+Transoceanic Routes:  * 9/01 105 Mbps 30 Streams: SLAC-IN2P3; 102 Mbps 1 Stream CIT-CERN 5/20/02 450-600 Mbps SLAC-Manchester on OC12 with ~100 Streams 6/1/02 290 Mbps Chicago-CERN One Stream on OC12 9/02 850, 1350, 1900 Mbps Chicago-CERN 1,2,3 GbE Streams, 2.5G Link 11/02 [LSR] 930 Mbps in 1 Stream California-CERN, and California-AMS FAST TCP 9.4 Gbps in 10 Flows California-Chicago 2/03 [LSR] 2.38 Gbps in 1 Stream California-Geneva (99% Link Use) 5/03 [LSR] 0.94 Gbps IPv6 in 1 Stream Chicago- Geneva TW & SC2003: 5.65 Gbps (IPv4), 4.0 Gbps (IPv6) in 1 Stream Over 11,000 km HEP is Learning How to Use Gbps Networks Fully: Factor of ~50 Gain in Max. Sustained Throughput in 2 Years, On Some US+Transoceanic Routes 4 Years Ago  Slide8:  Fall 2003: Transatlantic Ultraspeed TCP Tranfers Throughput Achieved: X50 in 2 years Juniper, HP Level(3) Telehouse Terabyte Transfers by Caltech-CERN Team: Nov 18: 4.00 Gbps IPv6 Geneva-Phoenix (11.5 kkm) Oct 15: 5.64 Gbps IPv4 Palexpo-L.A. (10.9 kkm) Across Abilene (Internet2) Chicago-LA, Sharing with normal network traffic Peaceful Coexistence with a Joint Internet2- Telecom World VRVS Videoconference SC2003: 23+ Gbps TCP: Caltech, SLAC, CERN, LANL, UvA, Manchester HENP Major Links Roadmap: Bandwidth in Gbps:  HENP Major Links Roadmap: Bandwidth in Gbps Continuing the Trend: ~1000X Bandwidth Growth Per Decade In 2004: A DOE Science Networking Roadmap; Compatible. ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional Connectivity (SCIC):  ICFA Standing Committee on Interregional Connectivity (SCIC) Created by ICFA in July 1998 in Vancouver ; Following ICFA-NTF CHARGE: Make recommendations to ICFA concerning the connectivity between the Americas, Asia and Europe (and network requirements of HENP) As part of the process of developing these recommendations, the committee should Monitor traffic on world networks Keep track of technology developments Periodically review forecasts of future bandwidth needs, and Provide early warning of potential problems Create subcommittees as needed to meet the charge Representatives: Major labs, ECFA, ACFA, N. and S. American Users The chair of the committee reports to ICFA once per year, at its joint meeting with laboratory directors (Today) SCIC in 2003-2004 http://cern.ch/icfa-scic:  SCIC in 2003-2004 http://cern.ch/icfa-scic WGs formed in March 2002 Continued Their Work  Strong Focus on the Digital Divide Continues Progress in Monitoring A World Survey of Nat’l and Int’l Networks & Optical Net Initiatives Fewer Meetings in the Last Year: 3 in 2003 Versus 9 in 2002 Intensive Work in the Field: Presentations & Demos at > 40 Meetings and Workshops: E.g., Internet2, TERENA, AMPATH, APAN, CHEP2003, SC2003, Trieste, Telecom World 2003, WSIS/RSIS, GLORIAD Launch; Digital Divide and HEPGrid Workshop: February 16-20 in Rio HENP increasingly visible to governments; heads of state: Through Network advances (records), Grid developments, Work on the Digital Divide and issues of Global Collaboration (in the WSIS Process) A Striking Picture is Emerging: of Remarkable Progress, and a Deepening Digital Divide Among Nations SCIC in 2003-4 A Period of Intensive Activity:  SCIC in 2003-4 A Period of Intensive Activity http://cern.ch/ICFA-SCIC/ Monitoring: Les Cottrell (http://www.slac.stanford.edu/xorg/icfa/scic-netmon) With Richard Hughes-Jones (Manchester), Sergio Novaes (Sao Paolo); Sergei Berezhnev (RUHEP), Fukuko Yuasa (KEK), Daniel Davids (CERN), Sylvain Ravot (Caltech), Shawn McKee (Michigan) Advanced Technologies: Richard Hughes-Jones, With Olivier Martin(CERN), Vladimir Korenkov (JINR, Dubna), Harvey Newman The Digital Divide: Alberto Santoro (UERJ, Brazil) With V. Ilyin (MSU), Y. Karita(KEK), D.O. Williams (CERN), D. Son (Korea), H. Hoorani, S. Zaidi (Pakistan), S. Banerjee (India), V. White (FNAL), J. Ibarra, Heidi Alvarez (AMPATH) Key Requirements: Harvey Newman et al. SCIC in 2003-2004 http://cern.ch/icfa-scic:  SCIC in 2003-2004 http://cern.ch/icfa-scic Three 2004 Reports; Presented to ICFA Today Main Report: “Networking for HENP” [H. Newman et al.] Includes Brief Updates on Monitoring, the Digital Divide and Advanced Technologies [*] A World Network Overview (with 27 Appendices): Status and Plans for the Next Few Years of National and Regional Networks, and Optical Network Initiatives Monitoring Working Group Report [L. Cottrell] Digital Divide in Russia [V. Ilyin] [*] Also See the 2003 SCIC Reports of the Advanced Technologies and Digital Divide Working Groups ICFA Report: Networks for HENP General Conclusions (1):  ICFA Report: Networks for HENP General Conclusions (1) Current generation of 2.5-10 Gbps network backbones and major Int’l links arrived in the last 2 Years [US+Europe+Japan] Capability Increased from ~4 to several hundred times, i.e. much faster than Moore’s Law This is a direct result of the continued precipitous fall of network prices for 2.5 or 10 Gbps links in these regions Bandwidth Usage is growing by 80-100% Per Year Grids may accelerate this growth and the demand for seamless high performance Technological progress may drive BW higher, unit price lower More wavelengths on a fiber; Cheap, widespread Gbit Ethernet Some regions are moving to owned or leased dark fiber The rapid rate of progress is confined mostly to the US, Europe, Japan and Korea, as well as the major Transatlantic routes; this threatens to cause the Digital Divide to become a Chasm Slide15:  Note 10 Gbps Connections to Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary Pan-European Multi-Gigabit Backbone (33 Countries) January 2004 Planning Underway for “GEANT2” (GN2) Multi-Lambda Backbone, to Start In 2005 Slide16:  Core Capacity on Western European NRENs 2001-2003           15 European NRENs have made a step up to 1, 2.5 or 10 Gbps core capacity in the last 3 years 100M 1G 10G Log Scale      SuperSINET Updated Map: Oct. 2003:  SuperSINET Updated Map: Oct. 2003 Int’l Circuit ~ 5 Gbps Domestic Circuit 30 – 100 Mbps SuperSINET 10 Gbps SuperSINET 10 Gbps IP; Tagged VPNs Additional 1 GbE Inter-University Wave For HEP 4 X 2.5 Gb to NY; 10 GbE Peerings: ESNet, Abilene and GEANT Germany: 2003, 2004, 2005:  Germany: 2003, 2004, 2005 GWIN Connects 550 Universities, Labs, Other Institutions GWIN: Q4/03 GWIN: Q4/04 Plan XWIN: Q4/05 (Dark Fiber Option) Slide19:  ESnet in 2003: OC192 and OC48 Links Coming Into Service; Consider Links to US HENP Labs; Evolution Not Sufficient AARnet: SXTransport Project in 2004:  AARnet: SXTransport Project in 2004 Connect Major Australian Universities to 10 Gbps Backbone Two 10 Gbps Research Links to the US Aarnet/USLIC Collaboration on Net R&D Starting Now US-CERN Link, Lambda Triangle & US Connections(Abilene, NLR, TeraGrid) :  US-CERN Link, Lambda Triangle & US Connections(Abilene, NLR, TeraGrid) To OC192 (10 Gbps) September 2004 Lambda Triangle: StarLight-SURFNet- CERN Peer with Abilene, NLR, TeraGrid at 10 Gbps Caltech-to-NLR (LA) Dedicated Wave (Cisco Donation); First Univ. Direct Connection at 10G Slide22:  GLIF: Global Lambda Integrated Facility “GLIF is a World Scale Lambda based Lab for Application and Middleware development, where Grid applications ride on dynamically configured networks based on optical wavelengths ... GLIF will use the Lambda network to support data transport for the most demanding e-Science applications, concurrent with the normal best effort Internet for commodity traffic.” Slide23:  1660 km of Dark Fiber CWDM Links, up to 112 km. 1 to 4 Gbps (GbE) August 2002: First NREN in Europe to establish Int’l GbE Dark Fiber Link, to Austria April 2003 to Czech Republic. Planning dark fiber link to Poland this year. PROGRESS: Rays of Hope in SE Europe (Sk, Pl, Cz, Hu, …) Digital Divide Committee:  Digital Divide Committee 2 Years Ago: 4 Mbps was the highest bandwidth link in Slovakia Slide25:  Timişoara GEANT connection RoEduNet January 2004 GLORIAD: Global Optical Ring (US-Ru-Cn):  GLORIAD: Global Optical Ring (US-Ru-Cn) “Little Gloriad” (OC3) Launched January 12; to OC192 in 2005 Also Important for Intra-Russia Connectivity National Lambda Rail (NLR):  National Lambda Rail (NLR) NLR Coming Up Now Initially 4 10G Wavelengths Full Footprint Ops by 3Q or 4Q04 Internet2 HOPI Initiative (w/HEP) To 40 10G Waves in Future Transition beginning now to optical, multi-wavelength Community owned or leased fiber networks for R&E Slide28:    SURFNet6 in the Netherlands 3000 km of Owned Dark Fiber:  SURFNet6 in the Netherlands 3000 km of Owned Dark Fiber 40M Euro Project Scheduled Start Mid-2005; Support Hybrid Grids Dark Fiber in Eastern Europe Poland: PIONIER Network:  Dark Fiber in Eastern Europe Poland: PIONIER Network 2650 km Fiber Connecting 16 MANs; 5200 km and 21 MANs by 2005 Support Computational Grids Domain-Specific Grids Digital Libraries Interactive TV Add’l Fibers for e-Regional Initiatives The Advantage of Dark Fiber CESNET Case Study (Czech Republic):  The Advantage of Dark Fiber CESNET Case Study (Czech Republic) Case Study Result Wavelength Service Vs. Fiber Lease: Cost Savings of 50-70% Over 4 Years for Long 2.5G or 10G Links 2513 km Leased Fibers (Since 1999) Slide32:  18 State Dark Fiber Initiatives In the U.S. (As of 2/04) California (CALREN), Colorado (FRGP/BRAN) Connecticut Educ. Network, Florida Lambda Rail, Indiana (I-LIGHT), Illinois (I-WIRE), Md./DC/No. Virginia (MAX), Michigan, Minnesota, NY + New England (NEREN), N. Carolina (NC LambdaRail), Ohio (Third Frontier Net) Oregon, Rhode Island (OSHEAN), SURA Crossroads (SE U.S.), Texas, Utah, Wisconsin FiberCO The Move to Dark Fiber is Spreading ICFA Report: Networks for HENP General Conclusions (2):  ICFA Report: Networks for HENP General Conclusions (2) Reliable high End-to-end Performance of networked applications such as large file transfers and Data Grids is required. Achieving this requires: End-to-end monitoring extending to all regions serving our community. A coherent approach to monitoring that allows physicists throughout our community to extract clear, unambiguous and inclusive information is a prerequisite for this. Upgrading campus infrastructures. These are still not designed to support Gbps data transfers in most of HEP centers. One reason for the under-utilization of National and International backbones, is the lack of bandwidth to groups of end-users inside the campus. Removing local, last mile, and nat’l and int’l bottlenecks end-to-end, whether technical or political in origin. While National and International backbones have reached 2.5 to 10 Gbps speeds in many countries, the bandwidths across borders, the countryside or the city may be much less. This problem is very widespread in our community, with examples stretching from China to South America to the Northeastern U.S. Root causes for this vary, from lack of local infrastructure to unfavorable pricing policies. ICFA Report: Networks for HENP General Conclusions (3):  ICFA Report: Networks for HENP General Conclusions (3) We must Remove Firewall Bottlenecks [Another “Digital Divide”; also at some Major HEP Labs] Firewall systems are so far behind the needs that they won’t match the data flow of Grid applications. The maximum throughput measured across available products is limited to a few X 100 Mbps ! It is urgent to address this issue by designing new architectures that eliminate/alleviate the need for conventional firewalls. For example, Point-to-point provisioned high-speed circuits as proposed by emerging Light Path technologies could remove the bottleneck. With endpoint authentication [as in Grid AAA systems], the point-to-point paths are private, intrusion resistant circuits, so they should be able to bypass site firewalls if the endpoints (sites) trust each other. We should deploy high performance (TCP) toolkits in a form that is suitable for widespread use by users. We should train the community to use these tools well, and wisely. SCIC Main Conclusion for 2003 Setting the Tone for 2004:  SCIC Main Conclusion for 2003 Setting the Tone for 2004 The disparity among regions in HENP could increase even more sharply, as we learn to use advanced networks effectively, and we develop dynamic Grid systems in the “most favored” regions We must therefore take action, and work to Close the Digital Divide To make Physicists from All World Regions Full Partners in Their Experiments; and in the Process of Discovery This is essential for the health of our global experimental collaborations, our plans for future projects, and our field. Inhomogeneous Bandwidth Distributio in Latin America. CAESAR Report (6/02):  Inhomogeneous Bandwidth Distributio in Latin America. CAESAR Report (6/02) Int’l Links 0.071 Gbps Used 4,236 Gbps Capacity to Latin America Need to Pay Attention to End-point connections Slide37:              SCIC Monitoring WG PingER (Also IEPM-BW):  SCIC Monitoring WG PingER (Also IEPM-BW) Measurements from 33 monitors in 12 countries 850 remote hosts in 100 Countries; 3700 monitor-remote site pairs Measurements go back to ‘95 Reports on link reliability, quality Aggregation in “affinity groups” Countries monitored Contain 78% of world population 99% of Internet users Monitoring Sites Affinity Groups (Countries) Anglo America (2), Latin America (14), Europe (24), S.E. Europe (9), Africa (21), Mid East (7), Caucasus (3), Central Asia (8), Russia includes Belarus & Ukraine (3), S. Asia (7), China (1)  and Australasia (2). Progress– Loss Performance (Cottrell):  Progress– Loss Performance (Cottrell) BUT by December 2003 It had improved to 77% In 2001 <20% of the world’s population had Good or Acceptable Loss performance Loss Rate < 0.1 to 1 % 1 to 2.5 % 2.5 to 5 % 5 to 12 % > 12 % Fraction of the World’s Population With Different Levels of Packet Loss 2001 12/2003 SCIC Monitoring WG - Throughput Improvements 1995-2004:  SCIC Monitoring WG - Throughput Improvements 1995-2004 Bandwidth of TCP < MSS/(RTT*Sqrt(Loss)) (1) (1) Matthis et al., Computer Communication Review 27(3), July 1997 60% annual improvement Factor ~100/10 yr Progress: but Digital Divide is Mostly Maintained Some Regions ~5-10 Years Behind SE Europe and Parts of Asia May be Catching Up (Slowly) Derived Throughput (kbps) Between Monitoring Countries |and Remote Regions:  Good > 1000 kbps; Acceptable 500 to 1000 kbps Poor 200 to 500 kbps; Very Poor < 200 kbps Derived Throughput (kbps) Between Monitoring Countries |and Remote Regions Remote Region Monitoring Country Intra-Continental Europe (Including Russia and Baltics), Intra-US Much Improved. Inter-Regional Connectivity Still Poor to Very Poor. Latin America, Most of Asia, Africa Still Poor or Very Poor; Far Behind Recommendation 1: Work on the Digital Divide from Several Perspectives:  Recommendation 1: Work on the Digital Divide from Several Perspectives Work on Policies and/or Pricing: pk, in, br, cn, SE Europe, … Share Information: Comparative Performance and BW Pricing Find Ways to work with vendors, NRENs, and/or Gov’ts Exploit Model Cases: e.g. Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic Inter-Regional Projects South America: CHEPREO (US-Brazil); EU ALICE Project GLORIAD, Russia-China-US Optical Ring Virtual SILK Highway Project (DESY): FSU satellite links Help with Modernizing the Infrastructure Design, Commissioning, Development Provide Tools for Effective Use: Monitoring, Collaboration Participate in Standards Development; Open Tools Advanced TCP stacks; Grid systems Workshops and Tutorials/Training Sessions For Example: Rio DD and HEPGrid Workshop, February 2004 Raise General Awareness of the Problem; Approaches to Solutions ICTP 2nd Open Round Table on Developing Countries Access to Scientific Information :  ICTP 2nd Open Round Table on Developing Countries Access to Scientific Information STATEMENT: AFFORDABLE ACCESS TO THE INTERNET FOR RESEARCH AND LEARNING “Scholars from across the world meeting at the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste [10/2003] were concerned to learn of the barrier to education and research caused by the high cost of Internet access in many countries. The Internet enables the use of content which is vital for individuals and for institutions engaged in teaching, learning and research. In many countries use of the Internet is severely restricted by the high telecommunications cost, leading to inequality in realising the benefits of education and research. Research staff and students in countries with liberal telecommunications policies favouring educational use are gaining social and economic advantage over countries with restrictive, high-cost policies. The potential benefits of access to the Internet are not available to all. The signatories to this message invite scholars in every country to join them in expressing concern to governments and research funding agencies at the effect of high telecommunications costs upon individuals and institutions undertaking teaching, learning and research. The situation in many countries could be improved through educational discounts on normal telecommunications costs, or through the lifting of monopolies. It is for each country to determine its own telecommunications policies but the need for low-cost access to the Internet for educational purposes is a need which is common to the whole of humankind.” Slide44:  Dai Davies SERENATE Workshop Feb. 2003 Ratio to 114 If Include Turkey, Malta; Correlated with the Number of Competing Vendors www.serenate.org Virtual Silk Highway:  Virtual Silk Highway Hub Earth Station at DESY with access to the European NRENs and the Internet via GEANT Providing International Internet access directly National Earth Station at each Partner site Operated by DESY, providing international access SCPC up-link, common down-link, using DVB Additional earth stations from other sources – none yet Routers for each Partner site Linked on one side to the Satellite Channel On the other side to the NREN The SILK Highway Countries in Central Asia & the Caucasus SILK: Bandwidth Plan as of March 2003:  SILK: Bandwidth Plan as of March 2003 Note: Satellite Links are a Boon to the Region, but Unit Costs are Very High compared to Fiber. There is a Continued Need for Fiber Infrastructure Slide47:  SERENATE is the name of a series of strategic studies into the future of research and education networking in Europe, addressing the local (campus networks), national (national research & education networks), European and intercontinental levels. The SERENATE studies bring together the research and education networks of Europe, national governments and funding bodies, the European Commission, traditional and "alternative" network operators, equipment manufacturers, and the scientific and education community as the users of networks and services. Study into European Research and Education Networking as Targeted by eEurope www.serenate.org From Summary and Conclusions by D.O. Williams, CERN  Optics and Fibres [Message to NRENs; or Nat’l Initiatives]:  Optics and Fibres [Message to NRENs; or Nat’l Initiatives] If there is one single technical lesson from SERENATE it is that transmission is moving from the electrical domain to optical. The more you look at underlying costs the more you see the need for users to get access to fibre. When there’s good competition users can still lease traditional communications services (bandwidth) on an annual basis. But: Without enough competition prices go through the roof. A significant “divide” exists inside Europe – with the worst countries [Macedonia, B-H, Albania, etc.] 1000s of times worse off than the best. Also many of the 10 new EU members are ~5X worse off than the 15 present members. Our best advice has to be “if you’re in a mess, you must get access to fibre”. Also try to lobby politicians to introduce real competition; In Serbia – still a full telecoms monopoly – the two ministers talked and the research community was given a fibre pair all around Serbia ! VRVS on Windows:  VRVS on Windows VRVS (Version 3) Meeting in 8 Time Zones 25.5k hosts worldwide Users in 99 Countries 2-3X Growth/Year Slide50:  NEWS: Bulletin: ONE TWO WELCOME BULLETIN General Information Registration Travel Information Hotel Registration Participant List How to Get UERJ/Hotel Computer Accounts Useful Phone Numbers Program Contact us: Secretariat Chairmen  CLAF  CNPQ FAPERJ        UERJ SPONSORS HEPGRID and Digital Divide Workshop UERJ, Rio de Janeiro, Feb. 16-20 2004 Theme: Global Collaborations, Grids and Their Relationship to the Digital Divide ICFA, understanding the vital role of these issues for our field’s future, commissioned the Standing Committee on Inter-regional Connectivity (SCIC) in 1998, to survey and monitor the state of the networks used by our field, and identify problems. For the past three years the SCIC has focused on understanding and seeking the means of reducing or eliminating the Digital Divide, and proposed in ICFA that these issues, as they affect our field of High Energy Physics, be brought to our community for discussion. This led to ICFA’s approval, in July 2003, of the Digital Divide and HEP Grid Workshop.  More Information: http://www.uerj.br/lishep2004 Tutorials C++ Grid Technologies Grid-Enabled Analysis Networks Collaborative Systems All Sessions and Tutorials Available Live Via VRVS World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS): Geneva 12/2003 and Tunis in 2005 :  World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS): Geneva 12/2003 and Tunis in 2005 The UN General Assembly adopted in 2001 a resolution endorsing the organization of the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), to be convened under the patronage of the United Nations Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, with the ITU taking the lead role in its preparation along with UN organizations and the host countries. GOAL: Create An Information Society: A Common Definition was adopted in the “Tokyo Declaration”, Jan. 2003: “… One in which highly developed ICT networks, equitable and ubiquitous access to information, appropriate content in accessible formats and effective communication can help people achieve their potential” The Summit offers a unique opportunity for the world community to discuss and give shape to the Information Society by bringing together governments, international organizations, private sector and civil society ICFA SCIC has been quite active in the WSIS in Geneva (12/2003) Role of Science in the Information Society. Palexpo, Geneva 2004:  Role of Science in the Information Society. Palexpo, Geneva 2004 CERN SIS Forum, and CERN/Caltech Online Stand Visitors: Kofi Annan, UN Sec’y General John H. Marburger, Science Adviser to US President Ion Iliescu, President of Romania; and Dan Nica, Minister of ICT Jean-Paul Hubert, Ambassador of Canada in Switzerland Carlo Lamprecht, Pres. of Economic Dept. of Canton de Geneva … Role of Sciences in Information Society. Palexpo, Geneva 2003:  Role of Sciences in Information Society. Palexpo, Geneva 2003 Demos at the CERN/Caltech RSIS Online Stand World Scale multisite multi-protocol videoconference with VRVS (Europe-US-Asia-South America) Distance diagnosis and surgery using Robots with “haptic” feedback (Geneva-Canada) Music Grid: live performance with bands at St. John’s, Canada and the Music Conservatory of Geneva on stage Monitoring very large scale Grid farms with MonALISA Advanced network and Grid-enabled analysis demonstrations On Recommendation 1: Work to Close the Digital Divide; Help Bring the Needed Networks to All Regions:  On Recommendation 1: Work to Close the Digital Divide; Help Bring the Needed Networks to All Regions ICFA Members should work vigorously towards this goal: Locally, Nationally and Internationally Why ? Physicists from all world regions have the Right to be full partners; It is the basis of our global community, and our largest projects Involvement of students, and outreach to the community is vital to our field. In modern times, this is founded on networks. How ? “We are the prototypical ‘global’ community” Developments by HENP of Grids, state-of-the-art networks and systems for collaborative work on a worldwide scale represent a unique opportunity, for science and society Work with SCIC & other cognizant organizations And If We Don’t ? We fail as the first “global” community in science Recommendation 2: Strongly Support the Monitoring Work:  Recommendation 2: Strongly Support the Monitoring Work The IEPM Project: http://www-iepm.slac.stanford.edu/ Led by SLAC with help from FNAL and CERN This is Imperative, to: Quantify and Bridge the Digital Divide Continue to Work with ICTP and Extend the Monitoring Coverage of Developing Countries Special Emphasis on Africa and Remote Regions Ensure at Least 2 Hosts Monitored in Each Developing Country REQUEST ICFA (and Other) Assistance: Find Sites and Contacts in Latin America: Venezuela, Costa Rica, Honduras, El Salvador, Belize, Panama, Bolivia Africa: Burkino Faso, Egypt, Ghana, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Kenya, Libya, Nigeria, Sudan Vietnam, Belarus Need Funding: Agency Representatives are Asked to Help/Advise US DOE or NSF: for IEPM at SLAC EU: for ICTP that is working with IEPM for Developing Nations Collaborations & Funding:  Collaborations & Funding Provides Quantitative historical (9 years) and near real-time information How bad is performance to various regions, rank countries? Trends: who is catching up, who is falling behind; is progress being made? Useful for troubleshooting, setting expectations; presenting to policy makers, funding bodies DOE/MICS Funded 1997 – Sept. 2003 (Ended) Need funding for the coming year: Tasks: BASIC OPERATIONS (0.5 FTE) ongoing maintain data collection, explain needs, reopen connections, open firewall blocks, find replacement hosts, make limited special analyses, prepare & make presentations, respond to questions OPS and DEVELOPMENT (1 FTE) extend the code for new environment (more countries, more data collections), fix known non-critical bugs, find new country site contacts, … (many tasks) More Information on Needs: SCIC Monitoring WG Report at http://cern.ch/icfa-scic Recommendations 3 and 4: Digital Divide Workshops and World Map/Website:  Recommendations 3 and 4: Digital Divide Workshops and World Map/Website 1st ICFA SCIC DD and HEPGrid Workshop: the Coming Week February 16-20 2004 in Rio de Janeiro (near LISHEP) Then ~1 Workshop Per Year, at Sites that Need Help Project to Build HENP World Network Map; Updated and Maintained on a Web Site, Backed by Database: Systematize and Track Needs and Status Share Information On: Links: Bandwidths; Pricing; Vendors; Technologies Problems: Overloading (& Where); Quality; Peering, etc. Requirements: Are They Being Met ? Identify Urgent Cases; Focus on Opportunities to Help Funding Did Not Materialize in 2003; Continue to Seek Help (Manpower) and Funds SCIC Work in 2004:  SCIC Work in 2004 Continue Digital Divide Focus; More In-Depth Information In Europe with TERENA In Asia with APAN and KEK In US, with Internet2 and ESnet On South America, with AMPATH, Internet2, RNP, et al. Continue on Africa, with Jensen and ICTP Trieste Set Up HENP Networks Web Site (Get Support and/or Funding) Continue and if Possible Strengthen Monitoring Work (IEPM) Continue Work on Specific Improvements, Case by Case: Brazil and South America, with RNP Russia Pakistan (?) India (?); China (?) Romania Follow the World Summit on the Information Society Process Watch Requirements; the “Lambda Grid” & “Grid Analysis” Revolutions Encourage Creation of a New “Culture of Collaboration” Networks, Grids and HENP:  Networks, Grids and HENP Network backbones and major links used by HENP experiments are advancing rapidly To the 2.5-10G range in < 2 years; much faster than Moore’s Law HENP is learning to use long distance 10 Gbps networks effectively 2003 Developments: to 5.6+ Gbps flows over 11,000 km Transition to a community-owned or leased fibers for R&E has begun in some areas [us, ca, nl, pl, cz, sk] or is considered [de, ro; IEEAF] End-to-end Capability is Needed, to Reach the Physics Groups: Removing Regional, Last Mile, Local Bottlenecks and Compromises in Network Quality are now On the critical path, in all world regions Digital Divide: Network improvements are especially needed in SE Europe, Latin America, China, Russia, Much of Asia, Africa Work in Concert with Internet2, Terena, APAN, AMPATH; DataTAG, the Grid projects and the Global Grid Forum

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