2.0 Unified Theory: The Per Capita GNP ratio in mathematizing the human studies

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Published on June 1, 2019

Author: GeorgeMcMillan3

Source: slideshare.net

1. Slide Set 2 The Development of a Unified Theory of the Philosophical and Social Sciences The importance of the Hume-Smith vs Marx-Engels research design in the generation of the overarching philosophical architecture of a unified theory, and the significance of the per capita Gross National Product ratio in unifying the key macro Social Scientific frameworks May 31, 2019 unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences .com

2. Abstract • This slide set explains that if the methodologists in the areas of politics, economics and demography, can focus on the integration of these three subject areas via the per capita gross national product ratio (signifying economic growth/population growth proportions), as they relate to First, Second, Third and Fourth World country outcomes, then Gintis’ objective of the “unification of the behavioral sciences” will be completed. • The process of completing the ‘unification of the macro social scientific frameworks’ will operationalize the parallel areas of foundational, political and economic philosophy as well, and would complete a “unified theory of the philosophical and social sciences” in the process. Once this is understood, then the aim of a true interdisciplinary program should be in completion of the larger objective of the ‘unified theory of philosophy and the social sciences,’ which would to advance more areas of philosophy to hard modeling standards required to overcome the present era of post modernism. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

3. Section 1 The Development of a “core model” of the social sciences This section explains the efficacy of comparing the competing foundational, political and economic hypotheses of Hume-Smith vs Marx-Engels models to derive the philosophical casual architecture to achieve a unified theory of the philosophical and social sciences. This process also achieves Gintis “unification of the behavioral sciences,” while extending the ICM of Tooby and Cosmides throughout the micro and macro philosophical and social sciences. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

4. The ex post analysis of the ideological experiments • Section 1 focuses on explaining how • the ex post analysis of the Great Ideological Experiments of the 20th Century • can be achieved in the context of the original a priori Hume-Smith vs Marx- Engels foundational, political and economic hypotheses. • This ex post analysis provides • the overarching causal philosophical architecture represented in a Cartesian- style (X,Y,Z) axis continuum set. • The overarching philosophical architecture provides the information necessary for the theoretical reformulation phase of the scientific method applied to ideological theory. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

5. The causal architecture and aligning frameworks • The causal architecture provides the insight necessary to align: • (a) Tooby and Cosmides (1992) concept of the Integrated Causal Model of Sociobiological and Evolutionary Psychological theories, to • (b) Fromm’s productive vs sadomasochistic character orientation dichotomy, to • (c) the Proper and Perverted Forms of Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government, which links to • (d) the virtuous and vicious long-term economic cycles depicted by the per capita GNP ratio signifying economic growth/population growth proportions, • which varies directly to the outcome measure of • (e) the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model consisting of First, Second, Third and Fourth World (failed states) countries. • The system of social scientific empirical frameworks represents the reformulation phase of post Industrial modern theory. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

6. The Integrated Explanatory Model linking: psychology, politics and economics • The longer were presented at the at… • the Eastern Economics Association conference in February 2006 in Philadelphia on behalf of the Society for the Advancement of Behavioral Economics (SABE), and the • Institute for Interdisciplinary Social and Economic Sciences (IISES) in May of 2015 in Amsterdam, and in September 2017 in Vienna. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

7. Ex post analysis of the ideological experiments • While the detailed analysis of the Great Ideological Experiments is left for the main slide sets and papers, • suffice it to say here that it is this philosophical architecture that will be paralleled with a system of evolutionary, psychological, political, economic, demographic and geopolitical Form model frameworks • to complete the theoretical reformulation phase of the past global development theories, • and therefore follow the three phases of the scientific method. • With this understanding of applying the scientific method to the human studies, • the works of Hume and Smith are pictured in the foundational, political and economic order on the next slide. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

8. The research design in thumbnails: principle writings of Hume and Smith in the foundational, political and economic order 1738 17511748 1758 1759 17761763 1762 https://blog.johnrchildress.com/2016/04/23/adam-smith- and-corporate-culture/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HS52H_CqZLE 1779

9. The Hume-Smith axis continuum set • The Hume-Smith model can be characterized in three dimensional form in the following manner. • The Z-axis represents the gradation of non empathy/sympathy versus an empathy/sympathy in society. • The Y-axis continuum represents the method of mass political organization and the level of mass antagonism-or cooperation engendered by the type of government Form and the elite-mass relations tendencies. (building from Montesquieu, 1748) • The X-axis represents the growth-nongrowth and growth- equity dichotomies in the fundamental per-capita GNP ratio of C+I+G/n people. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

10. Marx-Engels Model • Likewise, the primary works of Marx and Engels are pictured in the foundational, political and economic order on this slide, and in more detail on the next slide. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

11. The research design in thumbnails: writings of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in the foundational, political, economic order https://www.azquotes.com/author/4506- Friedrich_Engels https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fSQgCy_iIcc 18451884 1856 (P 1932) 18761883 1880 1848 186718591849

12. The Marx-Engels axis continuum set • The Marx-Engels model can be characterized in three dimensional form in the following manner. • The Z axis represents the level of destructive self-interest elicited by market driven competition versus the level of altruism elicited in a centrally directed non-competitive non-market system. • The Y axis represents the level of antagonism versus cooperation engendered by the government Form and the elite-mass relations tendencies it engenders. • The X axis represents a growth versus equity, and growth versus non-growth dichotomies. However, in a Marxist system, it derives from a C+G/n people format of the centrally controlled system with no private investment (I). unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

13. Marx’s ‘objectivity’ depended up a linear programming absurdity • While explained in much more detail in the papers and in the future slide sets, • the operational political aspect of the Marx-Engels theory, • the distribution of resources by linear programming methods is impracticable in a “billion X billion” matrix. • Therefore the political distribution of resources did not have the ‘objective’ efficiency that Marx intended. • The Communist experiment therefore… • suffered the consequences predicted in the Austrian socialist calculation debates disconfirming the Marx-Engels series of hypotheses, • and confirming the hypothesis of Mises and Hayek instead, • The premises of the Austrian School has been updated in the constructivist vs ecological dichotomy of Vernon Smith (2007). unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

14. The effect of “constructivist” centrally planned economies • The effect of the constructivist centrally planned political economies have routinely devolved into… • systems of gross political favoritism, extensive coercion, • and black market corruption (which operates on a free market basis), wherever Communism has been attempted. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

15. The effect of Marx concentrating both political and economic power • The effect of inefficient and non-objective political distribution and government investment • was disastrous to technical innovation despite the development of numerous theoretical mathematicians by its educational system. • The shifting of resources towards new inventions was not practical • in this system that was designed to limit production of goods for high-end markets that serve elite clientele • which are the consumer preference ‘guinea pigs’ in a free market system. • Without an effective technical innovation-market preference feedback loop to guide investment, • the Communist bloc countries fell far behind the West in technological gains and labor productivity growth. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

16. The effect of ‘belief systems’ on ‘human nature’ • It is the outcome of the Communist, and Marxist Socialist experiments in Latin America, • where it can be said that the effect of Marxist ideology on human nature leads to a destructive behavioral dynamic. • The shifting of institutional power from • ‘the people’ who organize ‘other people,’ (i.e. the bourgeoisie) for the transformation of raw materials to consumer products and distribute them to free markets, is the essence of ‘economic production’ in a successful free market society. • In contrast to ‘the people’ who organize ‘other people politically,’ to take resources from the productive for redistribution to the unproductive via mass bureaucracies, i.e. the essence of socialism, has been disastrous wherever it has been attempted in the past, and will be in the future. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

17. Hume-Smith-V. Smith/Malthus model • Therefore this model is based on… • the Hume-Adam Smith-Vernon Smith/Malthus model • of explaining the effect of belief systems on human nature, • as it relates to economic production/population growth proportions, • which is pictured in thumbnails on the next slide. • The significance of this very brief discussion of the Hume-Smith vs Marx-Engels analytical research design, • is that (a) it provides the overarching causal theme of the philosophical and social sciences, (i.e. the ‘philosophical architecture’) • and (b) a significant number of works in the philosophical and social sciences can be discarded as invalid. • This leads to (c) this method leads a simplification of the philosophical and social sciences across the micro and macro behavioral spectrum. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

18. Hume-Smith-V. Smith/Malthus model • The next section explains the selection process of • the primary psychological, political and economic frameworks and • the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model as the outcome measure of the system • that was explained in the introductory slide set. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

19. The ‘ends of history’ are projection analysis problems • An important aspect of the Hume-Smith vs Marx-Engels research design is that it is in the foundational, political and economic order, • and the selection of the psychological, political, economic/demographic and geopolitical frameworks are designed to • operationalize all three major areas the discipline of Philosophy, • including the competing linear directional Kantian, Hegelian, and Marxian ends of history, • in distinction to the cyclical Nietzscheian and Spenglerian cyclical ends of history. • The competing visions of the future, • i.e. the competing ‘ends of history,’ • are questions of comparative ideological systems and projection analysis problems. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

20. Using trend projection analysis in political Philosophy • The per capita GNP based economic growth theory related to demographic statistical models • can be adapted to make all three areas of philosophy “rigorous” areas of study • that are linked to real world ‘behavioral political,’ ‘behavioral economic,’ and ‘behavioral geopolitical’ models. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

21. Using social scientific frameworks to operationalize Philosophy • The more one understands how this research design integrates • foundational, political, economic and geopolitical “ends of history,” • which are the behavioral expectations of a belief system in the discipline of philosophy, • the more one will realize the importance of integrating the macro frameworks of • Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government, • to economic growth/population growth projection models, • to the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model, • which then incorporates, PMESII, DIME, SWOT and political risk analysis under one singular schema. • Ultimately, the more one will see the predictive advantages of this system. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

22. Hume-Smith-V. Smith/Malthus model • The focus of this first slide set group, consisting of approximately nine slide sets, • is to operationalize 2/3 of the subject matter areas of the discipline of Philosophy • that would also assist the world’s financial and intelligence analysts the most. • Since this research design already integrates: • evolutionary psychological, and post Freudian psychological aspects of the model to the macro frameworks, • one can begin to see why focusing on the macro frameworks is the appropriate first step in operationalizing a significant portion of the discipline of philosophy. • As will be discussed in the next slides, • the remaining areas of foundational philosophy can be operationalized over time to bring the discipline into the information age era. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

23. Integrating the world’s analytical communities • Hence the focus of the first slide set group is on the more immediate integration of: • Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government, • to economic growth theories/population growth projection models, • to the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model, which then incorporates, • PMESII, DIME, SWOT and political risk analysis under one singular schema. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

24. Husserl: “philosophy as rigorous science” • The integration of the macro frameworks would operationalize… • 2/3 of the subject matter areas of the discipline of Philosophy and • begin to reverse the negative effects of postmodernism in the philosophical and social sciences on one hand, • while assisting real world financial, political risk, and intelligence community analysts on the other hand. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

25. The Baconian project and “philosophy as rigorous science” • With the understanding that… • the evolutionary psychological, and post Freudian psychological aspects of the model are already integrated qualitatively, • the focus on integrating the macro frameworks would advance the Baconian and Cartesian scientific methodologies in Philosophy, • to turn it into a “rigorous science” to realize the objectives of Husserl (1911, translated by Lauer 1965). unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

26. The Philosophical System in thumbnails: the Hume-Smith-V Smith/Malthusian system • V. Smith https://www.nobel prize.org/prizes/eco nomic- sciences/2002/smit h/lecture/ • Fogel chart • http://www.divergi ngmarkets.com/201 3/05/24/chart-of- the-day-world- population-growth- vs-history-of- technology/ unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

27. Section 2 Extending the ICM of Tooby and Cosmides and developing a baseline equation of the Philosophical and Social Sciences Section 2 explains the full scope of the project in terms of the transition of the physical sciences that end in the discipline of Biology, and begin the transition into the social sciences in the subject areas of evolutionary biology, sociobiology, and narrow evolutionary psychology, which is the basis of the ICM of Tooby and Cosmides. In the context of the existence of the ICM, the research design focused on developing the IEM=FCGPFM system to extend it throughout philosophical and social sciences. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

28. Developing a baseline equation of the philosophical and social sciences • This section ‘zooms out’ • to explain the whole philosophical and social scientific landscape • as the means of explaining why the integration of the macro political, economic/demographic and geopolitical frameworks • will provide the material to create a unified explanatory theory of the philosophical and social sciences • as the precursor to developing a baseline equation of the philosophical and social sciences over time. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

29. The research design: Paralleling Philosophical and Social Scientific theories • The research design of Section 1 compared… • the centrally planned constructivist systems against the decentralized ecologically based systems • in terms of the behavioral dynamics they produced. • This was an effective method of determining the confirmed macro political, economic/demographic and geopolitical Forms. • Once this series of confirmed frameworks was selected, it was recognized that the system can be integrated via the per capita GNP ratio. • It was this deduction that • narrowed down the missing areas of research to complete a unification of the behavioral sciences to • the coordination of the area of foundational philosophy and psychology as explained in the ‘triple trifecta project’ section of slide set 1. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

30. The current subdivisions of pre Darwinian Foundational Philosophy • In the landscape of foundational, political and economic philosophy, • it is essential to understand that the area of foundational philosophy has divided into two distinct areas, • the area of post Darwinian evolutionary theory, and • post Freudian psychological theory. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

31. Biology, the end of the physical sciences and the beginning of the social sciences • In this landscape • it is also important to understand that the physical sciences end in the area of biology, • and the social sciences begin with the transitionary area of • biological evolutionary theory as it drifts into the relationship of biology in the formation of culture, • which coevolved to promote self-survival and survival of the species in sociobiological and evolutionary psychological theories. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

32. The transition: Biology and Sociobiology • The transitory disciplines of biology and the various aspects of post Watson and Crick sociobiological theory • are subject areas that discuss the connection between the biological needs of humans as organisms, • and their outward behavior in securing those needs which are expressed by Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, • as humans conduct the observable behaviors of the two primary motivations in anthropology of pursuit resources and mates, • and the two observable primary motivations of human behavior in economic theory of the pursuit of economic gain (Downs 1957) and social status (Veblen 1899) as discussed by Harsanyi (1966). unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

33. The transition: Biology and Sociobiology • While Harsanyi argued that a “core model” should be based on a dual motive research design, the dual motives were placed in the triplicate of: • the pursuit of resources and mates in anthropological theory, • and the pursuit of economic gain and social status in political economy (Harsanyi (1966), • which naturally translates into the two abstract primary motivations of the pursuit of self-survival and survival of the species in evolutionary theory, because… • even though the various social sciences have evolved in relative isolation under the Standard Social Scientific Model, • they nevertheless developed a strikingly similar set of primary dual motivations that span the entire spectrum of the social sciences, • i.e. from evolutionary theory, to anthropology, to sociology and political economy. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

34. Dual motivations and congruity in the social sciences • Conceptually, • the existence of the twin motivations indicates that the disparate theorists in separate disciplines recognized a common behavioral theme, • and presented their frameworks according to that theme. • In following this common theme, • the formation of societal institutions were designed to facilitate the meeting of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, • as people are pursuing resources and mates. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

35. Culture and the formation of institutions to facilitate Maslow’s hierarchy and an ESS • It is this insight of the common system of twin motivations, • in the context of meeting Maslow’s hierarchy of needs • that provides the concrete foundational basis of paralleling of philosophical and social scientific theories. • Advanced techniques of any human endeavor are merely the recombination and extension of fundamentals. • Sidebar • T&C, https://www.cep.ucsb.edu/papers/pfc92.pdf • Saul McLoed, Maslow HoN, https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

36. Culture and the formation of institutions to facilitate Maslow’s hierarchy and an ESS • In terms of flow charting, • the alignment of foundational, political and economic philosophical theories to… • a series of post Darwinian evolutionary theories, • as it relates to post Freudian psychological theories, • as they relate to political, political sociological, economic theories and demographic statistical models • that accounts for the landscape of the social sciences requires a definition • in order to meet the objectives of E. O. Wilson’s concept of “consilience,” the unity of knowledge in science. • Sidebar • T&C, https://www.cep.ucsb.edu/papers/pfc92.pdf • Saul McLoed, Maslow HoN, https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

37. Culture and the formation of institutions to facilitate Maslow’s hierarchy and an ESS • In context of this flow charting of the micro and macro frameworks, is that psychological, political and economic behaviors have produced… • the two primary trends of technology and population growth, • placed in terms of the categories of First World, Second World, Third World, and Fourth World countries, • as the means of tracking the trends, and the changes in political Forms that follows. • The goal is to explain this reality of geopolitical Forms • in terms of a system of micro and macro frameworks that accounts for • the prevailing trends of post Industrial Era phenomenon. • Sidebar • T&C, https://www.cep.ucsb.edu/papers/pfc92.pdf • Saul McLoed, Maslow HoN, https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

38. Technology and Population Growth • In order to align political, economic, demographic and geopolitical Forms, • in terms of the two primary and two secondary trends depicted in Professor Robert Fogel’s chart to the right, • it made sense to modify the subjective First, Second and Third World country classification to • a Four category system that is consistent with the gradations of the two categories of “more developed” (MDCs) and • two gradations of “less developed countries” (LDCs), • Sidebar chart • Robert Fogel, Diverging Markets http://www.divergingmarkets.com/2013/05/24/chart-of-the-day-world- population-growth-vs-history-of-technology/ • Learner, https://www.learner.org/courses/envsci/unit/text.php?unit=5&secNum=4 unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

39. Two primary and two secondary trends • The more one examines the… • two primary trends of technology and population growth, which have given rise to… • the two secondary trends of the migration of manufacturing facilities to the South, and the migration of people to the North, • the more one will realize that the world is going through a global wage labor equilibrium process. • Furthermore, • one comes to the realization that this global wage labor equilibrium between • more developed and less developed countries has been occurring over the past several decades, • and is compelling political and geopolitical changes. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

40. Defining the dual independent variable system • The linkage of Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government to • the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model • was developed as the outcome measure framework of the system • to better illustrate the interaction of political, economic and geopolitical frameworks • that will be occurring under the present high population growth conditions of the latter half of the 20th Century and the beginning of the 21st Century. • The problem is that… • few of the social sciences use methodologies at all, • and the ones that do use methodologies are not integrated, when they could be. • The chief problem is that • the landscape of the philosophical and social sciences is a misunderstood concept, • which obfuscates the areas of confirmed and unconfirmed knowledge. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

41. Defining the dual independent variable system • Hence, • these opening slide sets explain the landscape of the human studies to familiarize the reader with the major elements of the research design. • The ‘zooming in-and-out’ of the landscape is a means of inventorying the project in terms of what areas are systematized, and which areas need to be systematized in order to depict the overarching patterns of human behavior. • It is this process, of understanding the overarching patterns of human behavior in terms of the frameworks that best describe the full range of phenomenon, then slightly modifying them to better account for prevailing trends. • It is the process that focuses the project to prioritize feasible goals. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

42. Building a system of environmental shaping disciplines • Since the goal of this system is to align the environmental shaping disciplines, (the Integrated Explanatory Model) • it made sense to use Tooby and Cosmides ICM as the existing evolutionary platform, • which narrows the project to the development of a system of environmental shaping disciplines. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

43. The IEM and the dual independent variable system • The environmental shaping disciplines are represented in the “Integrated Explanatory Model” (IEM) consists of: • Fromm’s biophilous-necrophilous and productive-sadomasochistic dual continuum psychological theory in The Anatomy of Human Destructiveness in the initial independent variable position, • the ‘political’ framework of Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government in the central independent variable position, • and the per capita GNP ratio in the dependent variable position, • and the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model framework as the outcome measure of the system. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

44. Enlisting existing areas of expertise • This configuration completes the ICM+IEM=FCGPFM system • in qualitative terms which is presented in this slide set series, • but will need to be placed into quantitative terms over time. • The explanation of how the Fromm’s psychological framework • was selected for the initial independent variable will be bypassed for now to focus on the macro frameworks. • The verification of the psychological framework requires a separate psychometric method and needs to be done in a slide set group of its own. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

45. Qualitative to quantitative • The purpose of this explanation of the lateral integration of disciplines is to explain… • how the IEM=FCGPFM system was developed in qualitative terms to extend the ICM of Tooby and Cosmides, • and needs to be completed in quantitative terms next (i.e. step 8). • There independent subfields of the SSSM have already produced researchers with specialty field expertise required to complete this phase, if the talent can be coalesced. • The qualitative explanatory theories of this system • were placed in a Cartesian-style system to exploit the external validities of existing quantitative models. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

46. Defining geopolitical Forms as an extension of the dual independent variable system • Keeping in mind that the macro system consists of: • the central independent variable of Aristotle’s Six Forms, • as it relates to the dependent variable of economics, • as it relates to the outcome measure that tracks the two primary trends of technology and population growth, • and the two secondary trends of the migration of mass manufacturing facilities to the South and the migration of people to the North. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

47. Defining the FCGPFM in Cartesian terms • It is the causal string from the preceding slide that led to the development of • the new Four Category Geopolitical Form Model that defines First, Second, Third and Fourth World countries in terms of: • a Z-axis of low to high effective education (human capital) investment rates, • a Y-axis of low to high economic growth rates • an X-axis of low to high population growth rates. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

48. Defining “First World” Countries • In this system, First World Countries can be defined as: • a Z-axis of high effective education rates, • a Y-axis of high economic growth rates, • a X-axis of low to high population growth rates • The triple axis system is designed to explain the conditions under which • a tight wage labor market price condition exists, that explains…. • a high relative income equality rate, which in turn explains the conditions under which a high level of financial, economic and political series of stabilities exist. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

49. The key cross-disciplinary correlations • The correlation here is • a relatively tight wage labor market price, • high relative income equality rate, • and system of financial, economic and political stabilities vary directly together is important to develop a system of optimums and non-optimums of best and worst case scenarios. • Since this interdisciplinary phenomenon varies directly together in the real world, • it makes sense to laterally integrate the frameworks from closely fields of study in a singular system that reflects the real world. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

50. Integrating the macro behavioral system with the PC GNP ratio • It is this common sense that led to • (a) the Hume-Smith vs Marx-Engels research design explained in Section 1, and • (b) the dual independent variable system of political, economic, demographic and geopolitical frameworks. • The bottom line here is that • the system of political, economic/demographic and Four Category Geopolitical Form Frameworks • all vary directly according to the tight vs catastrophically loose wage labor market price continuum, • which is signified by the per capita GNP ratio symbolism of economic/population growth proportions. • The next slide sets will define the other categories. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

51. Defining “Second World” Countries • Second World Countries are defined as: • a Z-axis of moderately high effective education rates, • a Y-axis of moderately high economic growth rates, • an X-axis of low population growth rates, which • yields a moderate wage labor market price condition, • with a moderately high income equality rate, • and a moderately high financial, economic and political stability levels. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

52. Defining “Third World” Countries • Third World Countries are defined as: • a Z-axis of moderately low effective mass education rates, • a Y-axis) of moderately low economic growth rates, • an X-axis of high population growth rates, • which yields a low wage labor market price condition, • with a low relative income equality rate, • a moderately low financial, economic and political stability levels. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

53. Defining “Fourth World” failed states • Fourth World Countries are defined as: • a Z-axis of low effective mass education rates, • a Y-axis of low economic growth rates, • a X-axis of high population growth rates, • yielding a catastrophically low wage labor market price condition, • with catastrophically low relative income equality rates, • a catastrophically low high financial, economic and political stability levels, • or, very high levels of instability. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

54. Modifying frameworks to become compatible and integrative • The conclusion of aligning the macro behavioral frameworks, • it was realized that the common behavioral element was the constructive vs destructive behavioral dynamic, • in combination with the tight vs catastrophically loose wage labor rate was the common themes. • The more these two common themes are recognized, • the more the guesswork is taken out of how to modify existing frameworks to improve interdisciplinary compatibility and integration. • Based on the depiction of the political, economic/demographic and geopolitical frameworks in a Cartesian style system, • the logical place to begin Gintis’ “unification of the behavioral sciences” is with the macro frameworks, • then work-in the micro frameworks later. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

55. The three elements of “consilience” and “complexity” • In closing this section, • the significance of the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model in terms of the history of longstanding academic objectives, • is the illumination of the three elements to meet E. O. Wilson’s criteria of “consilience” (the unifying principles of knowledge) • and “complexity” (the underlying principles of a causal schema). • Sidebar chart • Nextbook.co http://nextbook.co/editor/? unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

56. The three elements of “consilience” and “complexity” • The three elements of consilience and complexity are: • (1) the constructive vs destructive behavioral premise that integrates the behavioral aspect of psychological, political and economic theories, • (2) Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government as the central behavioral model that provides the format to integrate and operational the micro and macro philosophical and Social Sciences theories, • (3) the per capita GNP ratio simplification representing • the Hume-Smith/Malthus hypotheses of the past, • Vis a vis modern economic growth theories in proportion to population growth projection models of the present. • The PC GNP ratio is the most versatile qualitative-to-quantitative framework of the social sciences. • Sidebar chart • Nextbook.co http://nextbook.co/editor/? unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

57. Cooperation and defect strategies • When the three elements of consilience and complexity are linked to • the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model as the outcome measure set, • the causal string of comprehensive frameworks represents an • effective means of developing a common “core model” of Harsanyi (1960), • and is best applied to the issues of global “development and underdevelopment” • to advance modernization, convergence and comparative ideological systems theories. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

58. Synergistic global development models • This type of synergistic interdisciplinary modeling • will prove to be increasingly useful in the ‘cooperative’ and ‘defect’ game theoretic modeling strategies of • PMESII, DIME, SWOT and political/economic risk analysis • used in the private and public sectors, • and should be integrated into a singular schema and mathematized • if a forum of interdisciplinary researchers can be created to advance the project to the next level. • The roots of this model in terms of modernization theory will be explained in the next section. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

59. Section 3 The roots of the system in modernization theory Section 3 builds from the explanation of the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model from the previous section, and reiterates why the per capita GNP ratio framework (depicting economic growth theories/population growth models) is the cross roads of the macro social sciences, en route to explaining the importance of Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government as the most comprehensive behavioral model in the social sciences. The integrated set of political, economic and geopolitical Form frameworks represents a core-model and troubleshooting guide for the philosophical and social sciences. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

60. The background of modernization and development theory • Section 3 explains how • the lateral integration of frameworks evolved from modernization theory • based on the integration of political and economic growth theories. • In background, • modernization theory occurred alongside with economic development and take-off theories, which were en vogue during the 1960s during Kennedy’s ‘decade of development” and Johnson’s “Great Society” programs. • The programs occurred during a period of post World War II optimism in the United States, • and the countervailing phenomenon of the Cold War ideological struggle between liberal Capitalist democracies and Marxist totalitarian Communism in the global competition for allies in the raw material rich developing world. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

61. The constructive pursuit of resources and mates in non-centrally planned systems • However, • while non-centrally planned Capitalist systems proved to far superior in economic growth and production than centrally planned economies, • global population growth has been outpacing economic growth ever since, • and the transition of Third World countries to First World status has never occurred. • The integration of political, economic/demographic frameworks related to the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model • was developed to describe this phenomenon discussed at length in Wilber and Jameson’s series of text books… • entitled The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment • that went through several editions during the 1950s to the 1990s. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

62. Modernization theory and the integration of political and economic development theories • This system was conceived in the context of • modernization theory concerning • the integration of political and economic development theories of Lipset, Rostow, and later Przeworski. • The problem with the earlier form of modernization theory is that they… • simply didn’t go far enough methodologically of only trying to integrate political and economic Forms. • Cartesian systems require the linking of • an independent variable, • to a dependent variable • to an outcome measure system. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

63. Modernization theory and the integration of political and economic development theories • The goal of modernization and convergence theories was to develop the LDCs and merge them with the MDCs over time, • especially in the post World War II era of decolonization, • and the subsequent Cold War race over the ‘development’ of the ‘underdeveloped’ world. • It was in this era of development that occurred in terms of • the Capitalist vs Socialist and Communist ideological experiments where the author began to realize that • comparative ideological systems analysis actually has a much deeper behavioral aspect concerning • the ‘effect’ of ‘belief systems’ on ‘human nature’ than is typically discussed in the social sciences. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

64. Focusing on the closely related macro disciplines • While this greater question of analyzing • the effects of belief systems on human nature will be dealt with in the third slide set group, • the first two slide set groups will focus on the coordination the macro behavioral frameworks. • The subject areas of • political, political sociological, macroeconomic, demographic, and geopolitical studies are all closely related, • and is simply the best place to begin the integration process explained in the triple trifecta project section in the conclusion of the first slide set. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

65. The problems of “Development’ and Underdevelopment” • The inadequacy of the autarkic SSSM of isolated social science theories • has always been most prominent in modernization and development theory, • which was argued by Harsanyi during the 1960s. • In development theory… • it becomes clear that economic growth effectiveness- ineffectiveness determines the rise of production and living standards as explained by Rostow’s take-off and growth theories, • while Baumol’s sectoral development theories explains how the expansion of the economic sectors determine if the rest of the population is included, or not included. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

66. The problems of “Development’ and Underdevelopment” • This concept of “development” is a total concept with multidisciplinary factors contingent on explaining two basic scenarios. • First, • whether the population growth is slow enough for rigorous economic growth to absorb the population, leading to a tighter wage labor market situation, with higher levels of relative equality and stability. • Second, • whether population growth will outpace economic growth, and produce the ‘growth without equity problem’ as frequently discussed in the various editions of Wilber and Jameson’s books on The Political Economy of Development and Underdevelopment. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

67. The requisites of a troubleshooting schema • In terms of developing a troubleshooting schematic, • the problem of “development” and “underdevelopment” can be placed into three categories of a troubleshooting model. • The problem of underdevelopment could be either: • (1) an ineffective economic ideology or • (2) a corrupt political system that inhibits economic growth, • (3) or could be the result of rampant population growth that outpaces even the most robust economic growth, or • (4) the combination of all of the above, especially in the case of Fourth World failed states. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

68. The requisites of a troubleshooting schema • It is at this juncture where it becomes clear that • an expanded use of the per capita GNP ratio is the basic framework that relates economic growth/population growth proportions, • and is the crossroads of the subject areas of economics/demographics, economic production/aggregate supply, or economics/n-person polity. • The recognition that the PC GNP ratio is the crossroads of the macro disciplines • allows it to become the trouble shooting schematic of a much more comprehensive system • when integrated with Aristotle’s comprehensive Government Form Model, • and the FCGPFM. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

69. Selecting the Political framework • The expanded use of the per capita GNP ratio integrated • with Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government and the FCGPFM forms a basic cross disciplinary troubleshooting model • that integrates modernization, economic growth and convergence theories. • The relationship of the per capita GNP ratio to • the FCGPFM was discussed earlier in Section 2, • whereas this section will elaborate on the importance of Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

70. Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government is a comprehensive system • First, Aristotle’s Proper and Perverted Form categories of • elite vs elite rivalry dynamics, • and the elite-mass relationship that the government Form categories represent, • covers the full range of constructive and destructive behavioral dynamics, • which is the working premise of aligning and integrating psychological, political and economic theories. • Sidebar chart • Esperon https://www.quora.com/What-are-Aristotles-six- types-of-government unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

71. Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government is a comprehensive system • Secondly, • since it explains the full range of elite vs elite, • and elite-mass relationship Forms, • it is capable of incorporating all the major political and sociopolitical subfield theories to consolidate the area of “politics.” • In summarizing one and two, • Aristotle’s Six Forms connects to its neighboring disciplines, • and integrates the subfields within political philosophy, political theory, political science and political sociology • into a singular ‘politics’ schema. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

72. Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government is a comprehensive system • Thirdly, the preferable democracies seem to only to exist in societies with: • higher effective education rates, • high economic growth rates, and • lower population growth conditions of First and Second World Countries. • Sidebar chart • Posterenvy, https://www.posterenvy.com/aristotles-6-forms-of- government-poster/ unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

73. Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government is a comprehensive system • In contrast, • the less preferable forms of Oligarchy and Tyranny seem to exist in the countries with • lower effective education rates, • lower economic growth rates, • and the higher population growth conditions of Third and Fourth World Countries. • Sidebar chart • Hauke Hartmann, https://www.bfna.org/research/the- erosion-of-democracy-in-developing-and-transition- countries/ unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

74. Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government is a comprehensive system • It was the comparison of the primary characteristics of • First World Countries and Fourth World failed states that led to the FCGPFM framework, • The idea that Aristotle’s Six Forms has the • full range of behavioral dimension that integrates with the neighboring disciplines, and incorporates the subfield theories of politics, • while also being able to incorporate the economic growth/population growth proportion of the per capita GNP ratio to an the resource constraint dimension to it. • This combination of reasons made Aristotle’s the central framework of the system. • Sidebar chart • Hauke Hartmann, https://www.bfna.org/research/the-erosion-of- democracy-in-developing-and-transition-countries/ unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

75. The three dimensions of Aristotle’s Six Forms • It can be stated at this point that the all of the macro theories are • an outgrowth of men and women pursuing resources and mates in terms of which is the subject area of evolutionary theory • and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in social psychology • which are the dual motives of human somatic and emotional needs. • Sidebar • Simply Psychology, https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

76. A system of evolutionary stable strategies • It is the relationship of these value neutral frameworks in evolutionary psychology and social psychology.. • with the constructively vs destructively competitive behavioral dynamic integrative premise that then merges • to the valued theories of Freud, Fromm, Maddi, Aristotle, • and the virtuous and vicious effective-ineffective economic cycles of comparative systems analysis. • The end result of this micro-macro behavioral model is the alignment of evolutionary stable strategy theory with a system of psychological, political, economic/demographic, and geopolitical Form stabilities. • Sidebar • Simply Psychology, https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

77. A system of evolutionary, micro and macro behavioral stabilities • The end result of this micro-macro behavioral model is the alignment of • evolutionary stable strategy theory with • a system of psychological, political, • economic/demographic, and geopolitical Form stabilities. • Sidebar • Simply Psychology, https://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

78. The four criteria and three dimension of Aristotle’s Six Forms • The following charts depict the integration of Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government with the neighboring disciplines. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

79. Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government: the basic elements Proper Forms of Government Constructive behavioral dynamic Value Neutral Forms of Government/ low to high consensus scale Perverted Forms of Government Destructive behavioral dynamic Aristocracy The Rule of the One Tyranny Monarchy The Rule of the Few Oligarchy Constitutional Democracy (a republic) The Rule of the Many Mob Rule Democracy (degenerates quickly into martial law to restore order) unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

80. Aristotle’s Six Forms integration with Economic indicators Constructive behavioral dynamic Constructive vs Destructive working premise Destructive behavioral dynamic Proper Forms of Government Value neutral Government Forms Low to High Consensus Categories Perverted Forms of Government Where the rulers rule in the interest of the ruled. Working definitions Where the rulers ruler in the interest of themselves High investment High multiplier coefficient High Gini coefficient Economic characteristics w/ population growth as a constant Low Investment Low multiplier coefficient Low Gini coefficient Aristocracy Monarchy Constitutional Democracy Rule of the One Rule of the Few Rule of the Many Tyranny Oligarchy Mob Rule Democracy

81. Government Forms and Character Orientation Constructive behavioral dynamic horizontal movement of the model Value neutral, low to high consensus scale Vertical movement Desstructive behavioral dynamic Horizontal movement of the model Proper Forms of Government Where the rulers rule in the interest of the ruled. Value Neutral Forms of Government Working definitions Perverted Forms of Government Where the rulers rule in the interest of themselves. High investment Economic determinants Low investment Facilitative/Productive character orientation Positive sum Character Orientation and Pol/Econ Forms Debilitative/ Sadomasochistic character orientation Zero and negative sum

82. The Lateral Integration of Frameworks Framework ICM Behavioral dynamic Psyche dichotomy Aristotle’s 6 Forms Per capita GNP ratio Two overarching trends of technology and population growth/ Two secondary trends of job and people migration FCGPFM developed vs less- developed PMESII DIME lo to hi power rating ICM constructive facilitative Proper Hi Econ/low population First World Second World High level + Major Power ICM destructive debilitative Perverted Low economic growth/high population growth Third World Fourth World Low Level = Less power

83. The central role of Aristotle’s Six Forms, and the significance of the per capita GNP ratio • Retrospectively, • Aristotle’s Six Forms of government provided the structure • whereby the constructive and destructive characteristics of psychological, economic and geopolitical frameworks could be laterally paralleled, • and therefore integrated, which led to the lateral integration of micro and macro behavioral frameworks • as described in the triple trifecta project of slide set 1. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

84. Section 4 Why some democracies exist and others fail Section 4 uses the ICM+IEM=FCGPFM system to analyze post Chavez Venezuela, and the need for Pareto-style success-failure parameter models in explaining political and economic development and stability theories. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

85. Success-failure models for the social studies • The further significance of integrating: • Aristotle’s Six Forms of Government, to the per capita GNP ratio, and the Four Category Geopolitical Form Frameworks, • was done to coordinate the macro behavioral theories to better answer the central question of modernization theory of: • why do some democracies exist while others have failed?” unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

86. Success-failure parameters of ‘democracies’ • This was the central question of post World War II modernization theory • and should be revived as the two primary trends of technology and population growth, • and the two secondary trends of job migration to the South and human migration to the North, • are the factors that are driving the declining wage labor equilibrium process and greater income disparity in First, Second, Third and Fourth World failed states alike. • This set of factors alone indicates a gradual movement of First and Second World countries towards Third and Fourth World failed state status eventually. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

87. Success-failure parameters of ‘democracies’ • When the two primary and two secondary trends • that are leading to greater inequality in First World liberal democracies • is combined with the soaring amount of personal, local, state, provincial and national debts in the Western Democracies, • one has to wonder if the conditions are arising that First world liberal democracies are gravitating towards a series of evolutionary, psychological, political, economic/demographic and financial instabilities • that could generate contagion geopolitical instabilities as well. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

88. The need to define ‘developed’ and ‘underdeveloped’ countries • First, the soft social sciences have a means of… • establishing more concrete measures of correlating a tight versus catastrophically loose wage labor rate scale, • to low-to-high relative equity scales, • to a low-to-high stability scales. • The advantages of this singular system is to • develop a congruent behavioral pattern among micro and macro behavioral disciplines, • to advance predictive trend analysis in the philosophical and social sciences as a whole. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

89. “Democracies” and First World countries only exist in tight-wage labor market conditions • The reality of the 20th Century Great Political experiments is that • the “Liberal Democracies” as discussed by Fukuyama (1994) and First World countries • only exist in relatively tight wage labor market conditions • as explained in the previous section that discussed the definitions of First, Second, Third and Fourth World countries. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

90. Why ‘Democracies’ fail in loose wage labor market conditions • There simply needs to be a system that explains why some democracies exist, and others fail. • The Latin American style Socialist experiments strongly indicates that the failure of ‘social democracies’ • has something to do with the shifting of resources away from production in a non-centrally planned bourgeois system, • to the shifting of resources to consumption in centrally controlled high regulatory and high redistributive ‘Socialist’ systems. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

91. The need to success-failure parameters • All the prerequisites to mathematize all three areas of Philosophy with hard modeling standards exist in this system, as well as adding scientific methodologies to the soft social sciences that are: • (a) antiscientific, and • (b) tend towards Marxist post modernist variants. • The goals of Bacon, Descartes and Hume of the past correlate to the goals of Harsanyi, E. O. Wilson, Tooby and Cosmides and Gintis of the present. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

92. Success-failure models for the geopolitical sciences • Secondly, the success-failure models can be used to improve the predictive aspect of geopolitical national power measure scales of • PMESII (Political, Military, Economic, Social, Infrastructure and Informational analysis), and • DIME (Diplomatic Informational/Infrastructural Military Economic), • in global SWOT (Strength Weakness Opportunity Threat) analyses, • and move from correlation criteria analyses to • an explanatory theory in a Pareto-style system of equilibriums and optimums that are much more predictive of the effect of: • the two primary trends of technology and population growth, • and the two secondary trends of manufacturing jobs moving to the South, and the mass migration of people to the North over the coming decades. • Sidebar chart • Learner, https://www.learner.org/courses/envsci/unit/text.php?unit=5&secNum=4 unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

93. The inadequacies of the SSSM • The two primary and two secondary trends will be changing… • polities and the geopolitical national power ratings • as the two primary and two secondary trends • will be changing the various tight vs catastrophically loose wage labor gradation thresholds • of several countries and whole regions of the world over the next two decades. • Sidebar Chart, SUSPS • https://www.susps.org/overview/numbers.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

94. The inadequacies of the SSSM • The two primary and two secondary trends… • that lead to the declining wage labor equilibrium rates • will be the highly predictable gravitational tendency to base the projection analysis upon. • Therefore this projection analysis model will be looking for what factors will… • delay, accelerate, prevent or exacerbate global inequality and instability problems. • Sidebar Chart, SUSPS • https://www.susps.org/overview/numbers.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

95. Population growth, catastrophically loose wage labor rates, and instability • The reality that population growth will be • moving several countries and whole regions • into the loose, and catastrophically loose wage labor rate end of the spectrum. • With the gravitational tendency of the declining equilibrium rates, • there will be an expected drop in relative equity • and the associated financial, economic and political loss of stability, • which cannot be emphasized enough. • Sidebar Chart, SUSPS • https://www.susps.org/overview/numbers.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

96. Population growth, catastrophically loose wage labor rates, and instability • The bottom dropping out of the global wage labor market over the next two decades is foreseeable • where the effect of the two primary and two secondary trends can analyzed with • simple supply and demand wage labor market theory, • which sets the conditions whereby the ripple effects • can be better guesstimated with the coordinated set of political, economic/demographic and geopolitical frameworks • than the isolated subfield theories of the logically incoherent SSSM. • Sidebar Chart, SUSPS • https://www.susps.org/overview/numbers.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

97. Population growth, catastrophically loose wage labor rates, and instability • The world’s political and economic risk assessment, • and intelligence communities’ get their methodologies from the social sciences, • which are logically incoherent as discussed by the long list of scholars already mentioned. • Sidebar Chart, SUSPS • https://www.susps.org/overview/numbers.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

98. Population growth, catastrophically loose wage labor rates, and instability • The philosophical and social sciences simply need • a laterally integrated framework of analysis to better anticipate the changes • that the isolated theories of the SSSM cannot. • Sidebar Chart, SUSPS • https://www.susps.org/overview/numbers.html unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

99. The inadequacies of the SSSM • The conclusion is that.. • this laterally integrated system of theories has a wide ranging applications in several closely related real world analytical research areas. • The wider scope of integrated macro behavioral theories and the Four Category Geopolitical Form Model establishes success-failure parameters for democratic systems of government. • As will be demonstrated in the slide set series, • this system of correlated theoretical and empirical frameworks has the potential to be far more predictive in depicting first, second and third order effects of persistent trends, • than the isolated subfield theories of the present autarkic Standard Social Scientific Model. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

100. The need for realist success-failure parameters models of stability-instability • Furthermore, • as it will be explained in the slide set series in great detail, • the side benefit of the lateral integration of macro behavioral frameworks is that • it adds scientific methodologies and measurement systems to the soft philosophical and social sciences that have thus far avoided scientific procedures, • but nevertheless produces idealists with high expectations of the future. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

101. The soft philosophical and social sciences and socialist idealism • The problem in the soft philosophical and social sciences is that • they have tended toward idealism under the autarkic Standard Social Scientific Model (SSSM) as discussed at length by Tooby and Cosmides (1992), and tended away from realism as discussed by Harre 1994. • The effort here is to add the realism of empirical model building under a more rigorous Integrated Causal Model framework. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

102. The false reliance on interest group and proportional representation theories • The point of contention is… • that the soft philosophical and social sciences have steadily been advancing interest group articulation and proportional representation arguments and a ‘belief in’ democratic systems of government, • without an adequate explanation of successful and enduring democratic experiments in contrast to unsuccessful and nonenduring democratic experiments, • e.g. Chavez and Maduro were elected via democratic processes in Venezuela with a great source of petroleum revenue. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

103. Pareto-style models and opportunity costs • Ostensibly the petroleum revenues that could have been devoted to • internal sectoral development and greater domestic diversification to guard against fluctuations in oil prices. • The drop in global petroleum prices was predictable as new sources of petroleum were coming available at the time for a variety of reasons. unifiedtheoryofthesocialsciences.com

104. Pareto-style models and multiple course of action models • Hence the need for predictive Pareto-style models that produce a variety of different courses of action, • and the advantages and disadvantages of each to explain the opportunity costs and tradeoffs associated with each course of action. • Pareto-style models of equilibriums and optimums are closely related to the Seven-step Military Decision Making Process (MDMP). • The lack of scientific models in the

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