1vs.100socioquiz

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Education

Published on January 22, 2009

Author: corpuz

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This was the strategy I employed on the discussion of different sociological methods.

What refers to a systematic, organized series of steps that insure maximum objectivity and consistency in researching on a problem? A. Scientific Method C. Case Study Method D. Observation Method B. Survey Method

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Scientific Method It is a systematic, organized series of steps that insure maximum objectivity and consistency in researching on a problem The social scientist must possess a comprehensive background on the problem to be undertaken. Next Question

It is a systematic, organized series of steps that insure maximum objectivity and consistency in researching on a problem

The social scientist must possess a comprehensive background on the problem to be undertaken. Next Question

It is the key element in the scientific method of investigation. A. Hypothesis C. Planning D. Problem B. Observation

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Scientific Method The social scientist must possess a comprehensive background on the problem to be undertaken. He should formulate a hypothesis which is a carefully designed theoretical statement which seeks to relate all known facts to one another in a logical manner. It provides direction to a research. Next question

The social scientist must possess a comprehensive background on the problem to be undertaken. He should formulate a hypothesis which is a carefully designed theoretical statement which seeks to relate all known facts to one another in a logical manner. It provides direction to a research. Next question

How many steps are there in scientific research? A. 5 C. 8 D. 7 B. 6

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The steps in scientific research are: Define the problem Review related literature Formulate the hypothesis Develop a research design Collect data Analyze the data Draw conclusions Next Question

Define the problem

Review related literature

Formulate the hypothesis

Develop a research design

Collect data

Analyze the data

Draw conclusions

Next Question

It is the first step in any sociological research project in order to state clearly what should be investigated. A. Related Literature C. Define the Problem D. Conclusions B. Hypothesis

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Define the problem The first step in any sociological research project to state clearly what should be investigated.

The first step in any sociological research project to state clearly what should be investigated.

Review of the related literature By conducting a review of the related literature, the relevant scholarly studies and information, the researcher defines the problem under study and clarifies possible techniques to be used in collecting data. Since research is an expensive endeavor, it would be a waste of time, money and effort to investigate a certain problem which has already been undertaken. Next question

By conducting a review of the related literature, the relevant scholarly studies and information, the researcher defines the problem under study and clarifies possible techniques to be used in collecting data. Since research is an expensive endeavor, it would be a waste of time, money and effort to investigate a certain problem which has already been undertaken. Next question

What refers to an account defining a particular relationship between two or more variables and tells the researcher what he should look for his problem? A. Hypothesis C. Generalizations D. Research Design B. Conclusions

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Formulate the hypothesis It is a proposition set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena. It usually states a possible relationship between two or more variables. It should be tested scientifically. It is either confirmed or rejected, in this manner, a science grows. Next question

It is a proposition set forth as an explanation for the occurrence of some specified group of phenomena.

It usually states a possible relationship between two or more variables.

It should be tested scientifically.

It is either confirmed or rejected, in this manner, a science grows. Next question

It is a clear outline of what should be undertaken, what data will be sought, where and how they will be collected, processed, systematically analyzed and properly interpreted. A. Generalizations C. Data D. Related Literature B. Research Design

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Develop a research design It is a detailed method for obtaining data scientifically. It is a plan that must be carefully developed in order to prove the hypothesis. It is a clear outline of what should be undertaken. Next question

It is a detailed method for obtaining data scientifically.

It is a plan that must be carefully developed in order to prove the hypothesis.

It is a clear outline of what should be undertaken. Next question

What is needed in order to test a hypothesis and determine if it is supported or refuted? A. Collection of Data C. Planning D. Analysis of Data B. Research Design

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Collect data The data to be collected should be in line with the research design. It is the clear outline of what should be undertaken, what data will be sought, where and how will they be collected, processed, systematically analyzed and properly interpreted. Next question

The data to be collected should be in line with the research design.

It is the clear outline of what should be undertaken, what data will be sought, where and how will they be collected, processed, systematically analyzed and properly interpreted. Next question

In a scientific research, what should be done after the data had been collected? A. Tabulated C. Interpreted D. All of the above B. Analyzed

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Analyzed the data After the data are collected, they are classified, synthesized, tabulated, analyzed and interpreted, making whatever tests and computations are necessary to help find the results. Next question

After the data are collected, they are classified, synthesized, tabulated, analyzed and interpreted, making whatever tests and computations are necessary to help find the results.

Next question

It is the last step in a scientific research. A. Analysis of the Data C. Hypothesis D. Draw Conclusions B. Collection of Data

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Draw conclusions It should reflect the hypothesis. On the bases of the findings, conclusions have to be made either to accept or to reject the hypothesis. Next question

It should reflect the hypothesis.

On the bases of the findings, conclusions have to be made either to accept or to reject the hypothesis.

Next question

What refers to a quantitative technique which involves systematically asking people about their attitudes, feelings, ideas, opinions, values, or behavior? A. Scientific Method C. Case Study Method D. Observation Method B. Survey Method

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Survey Method The most frequently used method to obtain information about the social world. This quantitative technique involves systematically asking people about their attitudes, feelings, ideas, opinions, values, or behavior by using a survey. The researcher uses a questionnaire which contains the list of questions and is filled out by the person being surveyed.

The most frequently used method to obtain information about the social world.

This quantitative technique involves systematically asking people about their attitudes, feelings, ideas, opinions, values, or behavior by using a survey.

The researcher uses a questionnaire which contains the list of questions and is filled out by the person being surveyed.

Survey Method It is easier to get a bigger sampling with questionnaires for they are easy to distribute and can be answered by many people at the same time. When highly structured, survey responses are uniformly categorized. This makes tabulation easier.

It is easier to get a bigger sampling with questionnaires for they are easy to distribute and can be answered by many people at the same time.

When highly structured, survey responses are uniformly categorized. This makes tabulation easier.

Problems with surveys If the questions concern personal information about age, income, and sex life, for example, the respondents may not answer honestly. If the questions or responses are highly structured, the results of the survey may not reflect the actual belief of the people being questioned. Respondents may have difficulty interpreting the questions correctly.

If the questions concern personal information about age, income, and sex life, for example, the respondents may not answer honestly.

If the questions or responses are highly structured, the results of the survey may not reflect the actual belief of the people being questioned.

Respondents may have difficulty interpreting the questions correctly.

Advantages of the survey method The survey is economical to the researcher. He can collect data on a large population in a relatively short time. Because findings can be quantified, the researcher can make precise comparisons of different groups and precise measurements of changes over time.

The survey is economical to the researcher. He can collect data on a large population in a relatively short time.

Because findings can be quantified, the researcher can make precise comparisons of different groups and precise measurements of changes over time.

Disadvantages of the survey method Standard questions may obscure subtle differences. Survey measures what people say they do, not what they actually do. Respondents may give “socially incorrect” but not accurate answers. Next question

Standard questions may obscure subtle differences.

Survey measures what people say they do, not what they actually do.

Respondents may give “socially incorrect” but not accurate answers.

Next question

When a researcher employed documentary analysis, interviews and observations in order to collect the necessary information about the subject under investigation, what sociological method did he use? A. Scientific Method C. Case Study Method D. Observation Method B. Survey Method

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Case Study Method It is an intensive study of person, group, organization, institution or a problem. Researchers use documentary analysis, interviews and observations in order to collect the necessary information about the subject under investigation. This approach leads staff to qualitative than quantitative analysis. Next question

It is an intensive study of person, group, organization, institution or a problem.

Researchers use documentary analysis, interviews and observations in order to collect the necessary information about the subject under investigation.

This approach leads staff to qualitative than quantitative analysis. Next question

The following are case study methods EXCEPT: A. Longitudinal Analysis C. Case History D. Diary of Development B. Scientific Biography

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It is the primary technique of collecting data on non- verbal behavior. A. Scientific Method C. Case Study Method D. Observation Method B. Survey Method

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Observation Method It is the primary technique of collecting data on non- verbal behavior. Although most commonly it involves sight or visual data collection, it could also include data collection through the other senses, such as hearing, touch or smell.

It is the primary technique of collecting data on non- verbal behavior.

Although most commonly it involves sight or visual data collection, it could also include data collection through the other senses, such as hearing, touch or smell.

Observation Method It is often conducted as preliminary to survey. Some sociologists agree that observation as a method of research perhaps the most accurate.

It is often conducted as preliminary to survey.

Some sociologists agree that observation as a method of research perhaps the most accurate.

Two Types of Observation Participant- the participant observer is a regular participant in the activities being observed, and his dual role is generally not known to the other participants. Non- participant- does not participate in group activities and does not pretend to be a member. Next question

Participant- the participant observer is a regular participant in the activities being observed, and his dual role is generally not known to the other participants.

Non- participant- does not participate in group activities and does not pretend to be a member. Next question

Which of the following is an advantage of the observation method of investigation? A. Lack of Control C. Both of A and B D. Neither of A or B B. Difficulty of quantification

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Advantages of Observation Non- verbal behavior- the observer can make field notes that record the salient features of the behavior, or may even record behavior in its totality through videotapes. Natural Environment- Observation is made of that type of behavior which takes place in its natural environment.

Non- verbal behavior- the observer can make field notes that record the salient features of the behavior, or may even record behavior in its totality through videotapes.

Natural Environment- Observation is made of that type of behavior which takes place in its natural environment.

Advantages of Observation Longitudinal Analysis- While the survey respondent may have a hazy memory about events that occurred far in the past, the observer is studying events as they occur.

Longitudinal Analysis- While the survey respondent may have a hazy memory about events that occurred far in the past, the observer is studying events as they occur.

Disadvantages of Observation Lack of control- In a natural environment, the researcher often has little control over extraneous variables that may affect the data. Difficulty of quantification- There is a difficulty in specifying and preparing a scale to measure the variables. The observer is much more likely simply to observe and record events as they occur.

Lack of control- In a natural environment, the researcher often has little control over extraneous variables that may affect the data.

Difficulty of quantification- There is a difficulty in specifying and preparing a scale to measure the variables. The observer is much more likely simply to observe and record events as they occur.

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