Published on January 25, 2008
Visyforming: Visyforming 1st Status Review Mission Statement: Mission Statement “To apply current technological and cultural trends to the characterization of an optimized self-sustaining extraterrestrial vital-system*, or visysphere*, utilizing Mars as a case study. A visysphere being an indefinitely self-sustaining sentient*-life-support system, whether it is a space ship, moon, planet, or in any other form, created by the integration of various elements, or spheres, to various degrees.” * these terms may be subject to change or modification Note: The number of spheres and the levels to which each sphere is developed would inevitably vary between visyspheres and over time. In the case of Mars, given a time frame of about one century, the visysphere would most likely include: a geosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere, technosphere, and noosphere. The development of some spheres may compensate for the underdevelopment of others in terms of life-support capacity. For example, an underdeveloped atmosphere (relatively reduced oxygen) may be compensated for via a breathing apparatus (technology) combined with knowledge, or via genetic modification (biology). Organization: Organization Subgroups - Interfaces The Terraforming Team: The Terraforming Team Damian - Erik - Olathe - Peter - Wendellin The Bio: The Bio The Engineering: The Engineering The Others: The Others Working Approach (Phase A): Working Approach (Phase A) Organization No formal leader Rotating Meeting Facilitator Minutes: Elyse 2 formal meetings per week (Tuesdays and Thursdays 10:00 AM) Writing (Deadline 14 April) In teams of up to 2 people, everybody writes a 5 page/person report on how the subject of study will help the Terraforming (Visyforming) effort. Working Approach (Phase B): Working Approach (Phase B) Editing (9 people) Editing and Integration (can ask the author for modifications) Formatting Proofreading References Checking Executive Summary (4 people) Design & Development Presentation (9 people) Multimedia PowerPoint Present Schedule: Schedule Milestones Status: OK. Some people joined the group later but will have to compensate. Contacts Status: Contacts Status Chris McKayPlanetary Scientist with the Space Science Division of NASA Ames: Chris McKay Planetary Scientist with the Space Science Division of NASA Ames Asteroid Impact or PFC? He focused on PFCs, as others had, because they were easier to present to a board of skeptics, not because they are necessarily the single best approach We have the freedom to explore asteroid impact approach because we are not trying to convince people that Terraforming is possible, but looking at the best way of doing it The asteroids must be large enough to be effective, but should not be so large as to be incompatible with human settlement Fogg’s synergistic approach is a likely sort of scenario, but nuclear weapons are not a politically appropriate tool NEO threat applications as spin-off? Chris McKayPlanetary Scientist with the Space Science Division of NASA Ames: Chris McKay Planetary Scientist with the Space Science Division of NASA Ames No suggestions regarding the effects of the newly discovered Boreal Sea, but current research on starting the Martian hydrosphere is based on heat diffusion equations, which do not adequately account for melt-water percolating through the soil. The hydrological cycle would start sooner than previously predicted Terraforming may be carried out by space agencies for scientific purposes and not for direct exploitation of natural resources The Antarctic Treaty would be a better analogy than the Law of the Sea Bernard H. FoingChief Scientist of ESA and Head Scientist for SMART-1: Recommendations Discuss living with life Have a Moon chapter, explore possible precursor value of Moon settlement Document the trade-offs we make Consider where, or where not, astronauts should go Consider the mapping of resources and the placement of habitats Consider recent volcanism In terms of politics, think in 5 year increments that can be endorsed by specific politicians We must be convinced that there will be benefits to humankind in general Prestige may still play a role in exploration – something to forge the new Europe Bernard H. Foing Chief Scientist of ESA and Head Scientist for SMART-1 Bernard H. FoingChief Scientist of ESA and Head Scientist for SMART-1: Comments 2099 is a reasonable time to have a sustainable colony on Mars The Americans will soon be sending competition driven Scout Missions to Mars to return a sample, as well as small robotic planes, planning a sample return for 2014 It is inevitable we will expand civilization out into the solar system Space exploration takes a mixture of vision and a team producing milestones (should be delivered every five years) 15 – 20 years are still needed to search for life Life on Mars may have developed during the warm, wet Nochian period We can start colonizing the Moon right now, esp. because there is very certainly no life there The Moon has a peak of eternal light on the North pole 100 m2 asteroid has a lot of resources, ~ 1 million tons There is no average composition of Mars, there is evidence of sulfate deposits characteristic of standing water, etc. Mars Express has a radar and can look below the surface There is not one Mars, the poles are different from each other, and different from the equator, with various temperatures and pressures Base placement is very important for exobiology Methane is a strong greenhouse gas (played a role in early evolution of Earth’s atmosphere) Space settlement could sustain and inspire technological development better than warfare Bernard H. Foing Chief Scientist of ESA and Head Scientist for SMART-1 Bernard H. FoingChief Scientist of ESA and Head Scientist for SMART-1: Related Publication Topics Noah’s Ark on the Moon, gene-bank concept 100 – 500 individuals to represent a population issues of storage and transport Frozen Boreal Sea on Mars (published March 17) Size of the North Sea Indicated by pack ice Polar Caps on Mars as mostly water with thin CO2 crust (last year) Recent glacier activity on Mars, possible presence of liquid water Recent volcanic activity on Mars Methane detected, indication of possible subsurface geological activity or, even, life Bernard H. Foing Chief Scientist of ESA and Head Scientist for SMART-1 Further Contacts?: Further Contacts? Ray Kurzweil? Kevin Warwick? Martyn Fogg? Tom Meyer? Outline: Outline Outline (Option 1): Outline (Option 1) 1 - Introduction 2 -Terraforming Mars 2.1 - Mars Background Information 2.2 - Techniques Trade-Off Analysis 2.3 - Phase 1- Precursor Activities 2.4 - Phase 2- Synergetic Method 2.5 - Phase 3- Humankind Sustainability 3 -The Green 3.1 - Human Physiology 3.2 - Genetic Engineering 3.3 - Bio-Robotics Outline (Option 1): Outline (Option 1) 4 - The White 4.1 - Habitats 4.2 - Vehicles 4.3 - Spacesuits 4.4 - Robotics 4.5 - Virtual Reality – Artificial Intelligence 5 - The Others 5.1 - Politics 5.2 - Socio-Economics 5.3 - Ethics 5.4 - Religion 5.5 - Law 6 - Conclusions Outline (Option 2): Outline (Option 2) 1. Introduction: welcome to our visysphere 2. Geosphere: exploring the planet 2.1. History of Mars 2.2. Recent research 2.3. Further exploration 3. Biosphere: living on Mars 3.1. Human physiology and psychology 3.2. Contained life support systems 3.3. Genetic engineering 3.4. Bio-robotics 3.5. Gardening Outline (Option 2): Outline (Option 2) 4. Atmosphere: generating gases 4.1. Releasing PFCs 4.2. Impacts 4.3. Biological sources of gases 5. Hydrosphere: melting the ice 5.1 Ice and vapor 5.2 Rivers, lakes, and seas 5.3 Martian hydrology Outline (Option 2): Outline (Option 2) 6. Technosphere: enabling technologies 6.1. Robotics 6.2. Space suits 6.3. Vehicles 6.4. Habitats 6.5. Cybernetics Outline (Option 2): Outline (Option 2) 7. Noosphere: a Martian frame of mind 7.1. Socio-economics 7.2. Laws 7.3. Politics 7.4. Ethics 8. Conclusion: the extraterrestrial life Abstracts Submission: Abstracts Submission Abstracts Submitted: Abstracts Submitted ? Problems - Concerns: Problems - Concerns Problems, Concerns: Problems, Concerns ? Thank You: Thank You Suggestions?
L2C Learning to Collaborate Project Timeplan up to the 1st review Project Summary Milestones vs. Review Deliverables List (1st Review) Administrative ...
Powerpoint Palooza reviewed by TeachersFirst, Sometimes you oversleep. Sometimes you just need to add a little extra punch to a tried-and-true lesson.
Title: Chương 4 Lợi ích từ thương mại Author: MINHDUC Last modified by: MINHDUC Created Date: 3/17/2009 2:19:48 AM Document presentation format
Scalable and Secure sharing of Personal health records in cloud computing using Attribute based encryption - Download as PDF File (.pdf), Text file (.txt ...