18 02 14 yy class

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Information about 18 02 14 yy class

Published on February 18, 2014

Author: lexaust



YY English Class By Lex from Australia.
Thanks for reading my notes hope se you at YY.Com every Tuesday 8pm china time channel 7740

Hello my name is Lex I come from Australia I was born in Melbourne, Victoria at the bottom of Australia. My job is security products sales I travel to China with my work. I have been studying Chinese for about 4 years and love listing to Chinese music and singing Chinese song. I like talking to friends joined YY to help my spoken Listing and reading Chinese . I have been teaching on YY for over 12 months. Hope I can help you to love English the way I love Chinese. Regards Lex

The 4 Language Skills The four language skills are related to each other in two ways: the direction of communication (in or out) the method of communication (spoken or written)

The 4 Language Skills • When we learn a language, there are four skills that we need for complete communication. • When we learn our native language, we usually learn to listen first, then to speak, then to read, and finally to write. These are called the four "language skills"

What Is Listening? • "Listening" is receiving language through the ears. Listening involves identifying the sounds of speech and processing them into words and sentences. When we listen, we use our ears to receive individual sounds (letters, stress, rhythm and pauses) and we use our brain to convert these into messages that mean something to us.

What Is Listening? • Listening in any language requires focus and attention. It is a skill that some people need to work at harder than others. People who have difficulty concentrating are typically poor listeners. Listening in a second language requires even greater focus. • Like babies, we learn this skill by listening to people who already know how to speak the language. This may or may not include native speakers. For practice, you can listen to live or recorded voices. The most important thing is to listen to a variety of voices as often as you can.

What Is Listening? • Listening is the first of the four language skills, which are: • Listening • Speaking • Reading • Writing

What Is Listening? • In our own language, listening is usually the first language skill that we learn. • To become a fluent speaker in English, you need to develop strong listening skills. Listening not only helps you understand what people are saying to you. It also helps you to speak clearly to other people. It helps you learn how to pronounce words properly, how to use intonation, and where to place stress in words and sentences. This makes your speech easier for other people listening to you to understand!

Speaking • Speaking for ESL learners, to help you learn and practise the skill of speaking English. • Speaking is the second of the four language skills, which are: 1. Listening 2. Speaking 3. Reading 4. Writing

What Is Speaking? • "Speaking" is the delivery of language through the mouth. To speak, we create sounds using many parts of our body, including the lungs, vocal tract, vocal chords, tongue, teeth and lips.

What Is Speaking? • Speaking is the second of the four language skills, which are: • Listening • Speaking • Reading • Writing

What Is Speaking? • In our own language, speaking is usually the second language skill that we learn. • This vocalized form of language usually requires at least one listener. When two or more people speak or talk to each other, the conversation is called a "dialogue". Speech can flow naturally from one person to another in the form of dialogue. It can also be planned and rehearsed, as in the delivery of a speech or presentation. Of course, some people talk to themselves! In fact, some English learners practise speaking standing alone in front of a mirror. • Speaking can be formal or informal:

What Is Speaking? • Informal speaking is typically used with family and friends, or people you know well. • Formal speaking occurs in business or academic situations, or when meeting people for the first time.

What Is Speaking? • Speaking is probably the language skill that most language learners wish to perfect as soon as possible. It used to be the only language skill that was difficult to practise online. This is no longer the case. English learners can practise speaking online using voice or video chat. They can also record and upload their voice for other people to listen to.

What Is Reading? • "Reading" is the process of looking at a series of written symbols and getting meaning from them. When we read, we use our eyes to receive written symbols (letters, punctuation marks and spaces) and we use our brain to convert them into words, sentences and paragraphs that communicate something to us.

What Is Reading? • Reading can be silent (in our head) or aloud (so that other people can hear). • Reading is a receptive skill - through it we receive information. But the complex process of reading also requires the skill of speaking, so that we can pronounce the words that we read. In this sense, reading is also a productive skill in that we are both receiving information and transmitting it (even if only to ourselves).

What Is Reading? • Reading is the third of the four language skills, which are: • Listening • Speaking • Reading • Writing

What Is Reading? • In our own language, reading is usually the third language skill that we learn. • Do we need to read in order to speak English? The short answer is no. Some native speakers cannot read or write but they speak English fluently. On the other hand, reading is something that you can do on your own and that greatly broadens your vocabulary, thus helping you in speaking (and in listening and writing). Reading is therefore a highly valuable skill and activity, and it is recommended that English learners try to read as much as possible in English.

What Is Writing? • "Writing" is the process of using symbols (letters of the alphabet, punctuation and spaces) to communicate thoughts and ideas in a readable form. • "Writing" can also refer to the work/career of an author, as in: "Shakespeare didn't make much money from writing."

What Is Writing? • Generally, we write using a pen/pencil (handwriting) or a keyboard (typing). With a pen/pencil we usually write on a surface such as paper or whiteboard. • A keyboard is normally attached to a typewriter, computer or mobile device. Voice recognition programs allow those who can't see or use their hands to have their thoughts transcribed.

What Is Writing? • Writing is the fourth of the four language skills, which are: • Listening • Speaking • Reading • Writing • In our own language, writing is usually the fourth language skill that we learn.

What Is Writing? • To write clearly it is essential to understand the basic system of a language. In English this includes knowledge of grammar, punctuation and sentence structure. Vocabulary is also necessary, as is correct spelling and formatting.

What Is Writing? • A writer may write for personal enjoyment or use, or for an audience of one person or more. The audience may be known (targeted) or unknown. Taking notes for study purposes is an example of writing for one's self. • Blogging publicly is an example of writing for an unknown audience. A letter to a friend is an example of writing for a targeted audience. As with speaking, it is important to consider your audience when writing. There are many different styles of writing, from informal to formal.

How to Hear English Everywhere • Two simple definitions • to hear: to receive sound with the ears • to listen: to try to hear

How to Hear English Everywhere • You are very good at languages. That's obvious, because you already speak one language very well - your own! And if you can learn and speak one language well, then you can certainly learn and speak one or more other languages. • But did you ever ask yourself: "How did I learn my own language?" In fact, you never really "learned" it at all you just started speaking it. One day, when you were about two or three years old, you started speaking your language. A few words at first, not full sentences. But you spoke. And very soon you made progress without even thinking about it. It was like magic!

How to Hear English Everywhere • But it wasn't magic. It was the result of hearing. For two to three years before you spoke, you heard people speaking your language all day, and maybe all night. You heard people speaking your language. Maybe you listened to people, but more importantly you heard. them. Then, as if by magic, you started to speak. All that hearing was necessary for you to start speaking. For two to three years words went IN to your head. Then words came OUT of your head! That is why hearing (and listening to) English as much as possible is so important to you now. The more English you put in, the more you'll get out! • So how can you hear a lot of English when you're not in an Englishspeaking country or family? Fortunately, there are many ways of hearing English in almost all countries of the world.

How to Hear English Everywhere Radio • You can receive English language radio in most countries. Two of the best international networks are the BBC World Service and Voice of America. Both of them have special programmes for learners of English. You can find information about times and frequencies for your country on their web sites. Television • TV is an excellent resource for hearing and listening to English. The pictures help you understand what is being said. If you don't have access to English-language TV, you may be able to watch TV on Internet.

How to Hear English Everywhere Internet • It is now a lot easier to hear English by Internet. If you're reading this at your computer, you can probably listen to some English-language radio news right now, without even moving! To be able to listen to radio on the Internet, you'll need to have special software called a "player" installed in your computer. Most sites work with two players - the RealPlayer from RealNetworks and the Windows Media Player from Microsoft. Don't worry. Both these players are free and you may already have them installed on your computer.

How to Hear English Everywhere Music/songs • Songs in English are everywhere, even on foreignlanguage radio and TV stations. Listen to them often. Buy some cassettes or CDs, or make recordings, and try to write the words for an entire song. But choose one that is not too difficult. That means it should be reasonably slow, and with real words sung clearly. Some pop songs are very unclear and are difficult even for native English-speakers to understand fully!

How to Hear English Everywhere Cinema • Outside the English-speaking world, many large cities have cinemas that show films in English, usually with sub-titles. Make it a habit to go to these films. If you need to read the sub-titles, at least you'll be hearing English even if you don't understand it.

How to Hear English Everywhere Video • Video has one really great advantage. You can play it again . . . and again. You can use video to watch film cassettes that you buy or borrow. If there are sub-titles, you can cover them with paper (which you can remove if you really don't understand after listening several times). And you can use video to record programmes from television and then watch them several times to improve your understanding.

How to Hear English Everywhere Friends • Try to make friends with English-speaking people so that you can practise your English through conversation. Of course, this will practise your speaking as well as your listening. And if you don't have a lot of time to go out and meet people, at least you can chat a little by telephone. • Finally, don't worry if you don't understand everything you hear. Hearing comes first! Understanding comes next!

Come up and say hello I would like to talk to you! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. How was your Chinese new year? Did you enjoy time with your family? What did you do on your holiday? What is the most important thing you did? Of all the language skill witch do you find the hardest? 6. Why is it so hard? 7. How will you improve your English over the next 6 months?

Learning to Reading Please join the cue read with a partner take it in turns

I need a job • A: I need a job. B: I thought you had a job. A: I did. B: What happened? A: I got laid off. B: That’s terrible! When did it happen? A: I got laid off last week. B: Just you? A: No, ten of my co workers got laid off, too. B: What are you going to do? A: I’m looking in the newspaper for a job. B: Good luck!

Bad Service • A: Have you seen our waiter? B: Here he comes now. A: We’ve been sitting here for almost 10 minutes. B: Oops, I guess I was wrong. That isn’t our waiter. A: We can give him five more minutes, and then leave. B: I’ll go up front and talk to the manager. A: That’s a good idea. B: Maybe they’ll give us free drinks for waiting so long. A: Maybe he’ll send us our waiter immediately. B: Every time we eat out, it’s an adventure. A: Last time, we got seats next to the kitchen. B: We’ll never go there again.

A Good Table • A: Is this table okay? B: No, it’s too close to the kitchen door. A: How about this table? B: No, it’s too close to the front door. A: This looks like a nice table. B: No, it’s too close to the salad bar. A: Okay, I give up. B: Well, there is one good table. A: Great. Which one? B: That one. A group of eight just sat down at it.

Before you go to that interview • A: Before you go to that interview, check yourself. B: What’s to check? A: Are your nails clean? B: Yes, they are. A: Did you double-check your nose and teeth? B: They are clean, too. A: Did you shine your shoes? B: My shoes are shined. A: Do your socks match? B: Of course they match. A: No, they don’t. One is black and one is dark blue. B: Yikes! Thank you.

Life is hard • A: Life is hard. B: It sure is. A: I thought school was hard. B: Me, too. I couldn’t wait to graduate. A: But now work is hard, too. B: I agree. Work is just as hard as school. A: Sometimes I wish I was back in school. B: Me, too. School was fun. A: And it was only 12 years. B: It went by pretty fast. A: But work goes on forever! B: We have to work for 30 years!

I don’t like my job • A: I don’t like my job. B: What do you do? A: I’m a babysitter. B: Is that a lot of work? A: Babies cry all the time. B: You have to change their diapers. A: I have to feed them. B: Are you looking for another job? A: No, I’m looking for another family. B: Another family? A: A family with only one baby. B: That’s a good idea.

Talk about their jobs? • A: Do your students ever talk about their jobs? B: Yes, and they ask me what jobs are the best. A: I tell my students to become a teacher. B: Teaching is a great job. A: It’s the best job I’ve ever had. B: What makes it so good? A: For me, it’s the students. B: What do you mean? A: I mean I have wonderful students. B: That must be nice. A: Teaching is the best part of my whole day. B: You’re a lucky man to have a job you love

Something real stupid • A: I think I did something real stupid. B: What did you do? A: I bought some stock. B: Everybody buys stock. A: I bought it on a hunch. B: You didn't read about the company first? A: I didn't have to. It's been in business for 60 years. B: So what's the problem? A: I used all my savings on this one company. B: You put all your eggs into one basket. A: If the company goes out of business, I'll have nothing. B: Oh, you'll have something—you'll have a lesson you'll never forget!

I was going to be a doctor • A: I was going to be a doctor. B: What happened to your plans? A: I got a D in college chemistry. B: Well, a D is better than an F. A: A tutor helped me get the D! B: So, you didn't become a doctor. A: And now I'm glad that I didn't. B: Why's that? A: A hospital is the most dangerous place in the world. B: Oh, yes, because of all the killer germs. A: If you're a smart doctor, you stay away from hospitals. B: Yes, the smart doctors are those TV news doctors—no hospitals, no patients.

What did the doctor say • A: What did the doctor say? B: He thinks I have too much stress. A: Stress causes your stomach-aches? B: Stress causes different problems with different people. A: So what did he tell you to do? B: He said I need to think positive. A: He didn’t give you any medication? B: I hate medication. It makes me feel different. A: So how do you think positive? B: I think about nice things. A: Like what? B: Like a day at the beach, with my toes in the sand.

Do you smell that? • A: Do you smell that? B: Oh, yes. A: I can’t stand cigarette smoke. B: It smells so bad. A: One cigarette stinks up the whole sidewalk. B: Smokers think they are so cool. A: They are so weak. B: A little cigarette controls them. A: They look so stupid taking a puff. B: And then they blow smoke out of their mouth. A: They think it’s cool. B: Cigarettes stink.

My back is killing me • A: My back is killing me. B: What did you do? A: I got out of my car. B: That’s it? A: I injured my back one time just by sneezing. B: You should see a doctor. A: My doctor said I need surgery. B: So? A: So, forget it. B: You don’t have the money? A: I have no insurance. B: Maybe a back rub would help.

Dirty Nails • A: Let’s leave. B: But we just got here. A: Did you see the waiter’s hands? B: No. A: He had dirty fingernails. B: Really? A: His nails were black! B: That’s disgusting. A: And he poured water into our glasses. B: Yuck! No water for me. A: I wonder if the cooks? nails are dirty, too. B: Who cares? Let’s get out of here.

Remote is filthy • A: Our TV remote is filthy. B: Yes, it’s covered with crud. A: I’m going to clean it. B: Don’t use water on it! A: I’ll use a damp cloth. B: Don’t let water get into any of the cracks. A: I’ll squeeze the cloth so it’s almost dry. B: Don’t rub the numbers off the remote. A: I will rub gently but firmly. B: Do it quickly, please, so I can change channels during commercials. A: I’ll give it back to you in a couple of minutes. B: Maybe we should put it in a plastic bag to keep it clean.

The new face • A: Did you see the woman with the new face? B: Did she get a nice job? A: She got a job with “everything? B: What do you mean? A: A team of doctors gave her a whole new face. B: Why did they do that? A: A mad dog bit most of her face off. B: Oh, that’s terrible. What does she look like now? A: Her face is really fat, but they say the swelling will go down. B: And then will she look normal again? A: I guess so. B: God bless modern medicine.

A Good Lunch • A: Lunch was delicious. B: Thank you. A: What kind of soup was that? B: It was tomato soup. A: That tasted so good. B: I put lemon and butter in it. A: The sandwich was good, too. B: Everyone likes bacon and tomato sandwiches. A: Especially on toast. B: And the pickles were great, too. A: Tomorrow we’ll have rice and fish for lunch. B: I can’t wait.

A Slow Burger • A: I can’t believe how long this line is. B: This is a popular restaurant, isn’t it? A: Yes, but it isn’t a fast-food restaurant, is it? B: It’s the slowest hamburger in town. A: That’s because they cook it while you wait. B: Yes. That’s why it’s also the best hamburger in town. A: A great burger and great service. B: Yes, the workers are very polite. A: And they’re clean. B: I’ve been coming here for years. A: Me too. B: Excuse me. They just called my number.

Do I Hear $60,000? A: I don't believe the art world. B: What is it this time? A: An Andy Warhol drawing. B: He's a famous artist. A: He drew two butterflies and a flower on a napkin in a restaurant. B: Did he sign it? A: Yes. B: Is it beautiful? A: It's just black ink on a white napkin. And the napkin has food stains! B: So it's not worth much? A: Only about $30,000. B: Without the food stains, it would probably be worth more.

Free Chat Join the Cue • • • • • Your name? Where you are from? How do you learn English every day? What is the hardest part of learning English? Your Questions?

Thanks for coming to my class • • • • • English web link have a look h/ • •

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