17 Well knownMarks

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Information about 17 Well knownMarks
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Published on January 14, 2008

Author: Doride

Source: authorstream.com

Traditional Marks Well-known Marks in Japan, EU, USA:  Traditional Marks Well-known Marks in Japan, EU, USA Hiromichi Aoki Partner, Patent Attorney Yuasa and Hara FICPI China Symposium September 21, 2007 Top Brand Ranking by Interbrand Business Week in Aug. 6, 2007:  Top Brand Ranking by Interbrand Business Week in Aug. 6, 2007 Coca-Cola 65,324 ($Millions) Microsoft 58,709 IBM 57,091 GE 51,569 Nokia 33,696 Toyota 32,070 Intel 30,954 McDonald’s 29,398 Disney 29,210 Mercedes-Benz 23,568 Top Brand Ranking by Interbrand Business Week in Aug. 6, 2007 (Japanese Brand):  Top Brand Ranking by Interbrand Business Week in Aug. 6, 2007 (Japanese Brand) 6. Toyota 32,070 ($Millions) 19. Honda 17,998 25. Sony 12,907 36. Canon 10,581 44. Nintendo 7,730 79. Panasonic 4,135 92. Lexus 3,354 98. Nissan 3,072 Statutory Regime:  Statutory Regime Trademark Law - Registration Requirement(Article 3, 4) - Unauthorized Use (Article 25, 37) Unfair Competition Prevention Law - Unauthorized Use(Article 2.2.1, 2.1.2) - Domain Names(Article 2.1.12) JP-DRP - Domain Names Trademark Law(Registration) :  Trademark Law(Registration) Substantial Examination Post Grant Opposition - 2 months from publication date - No legitimate Interest Invalidation Trial - 5 years from the registration date(minimum) - Legitimate Interest Trademark Law Article 3.2 (Secondary Meaning):  Trademark Law Article 3.2 (Secondary Meaning) Japan Patent Office rejected. Tokyo High Court admitted Secondary Meaning(Feb. 28, 2001). (1) Sales since 1962 in Japan   (2) 80% share (3) No. of Sales from 1995 to 2000: over 470,0000 (4) Sales in 3,632 stores (5) Advertising TV Reg. No. 4478665   Block toy Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.11:  Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.11 Trademarks which is identical or similar with the registered trademark. Identical or similar goods or services Similarity of Trademarks - Court considers whether the trademark in application or the cited trademark is well-known. Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.11:  Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.11 Application Registered TM Pro-lex similar   ROLEX   (Well-known) dissimilar FOUR SEASONS (Well-known) LANVIN dissimilar RURBAN (Well-known) Trademark Law(not regsitrable) Article 4.1.10:  Trademark Law(not regsitrable) Article 4.1.10 Trademarks which is identical or similar with the widely-known trademarks (unregistered trademarks). Identical or similar goods or services Widely-known = Regionally well-known E.g. Tokyo area Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.10:  Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.10 Application Unregistered TM Computer World Computer World No. of publication is less than 2,600. However, the mark is well recognized in the relevant sector of the public. Trademark Law(Not registrable) Article 4.1.15:  Trademark Law(Not registrable) Article 4.1.15 Confusion with goods or services connected with another person’s business. - Similar or dissimilar trademarks - Similar or dissimilar goods or services - Likelihood of confusion Fame of trademark (consumer survey) Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.15:  Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.15 Application Famous Trademarks ILANCELI LANCEL (clothing) (bag) Hotel Gaufre Ritz Ritz (hotel) (hotel in Paris) La Vogue Minami Aoyama Vogue (real estate) (magazines)  L’Air du Temps L’Air du Temps (accessories) (perfumes) Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.15:  Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.15 Application Famous Trademark Edwin Levi’s Trademark Law(not registrable) Article 4.1.19(no time limitation):  Trademark Law(not registrable) Article 4.1.19(no time limitation) Identical or similar to widely known trademarks in Japan or abroad. - Similar trademarks - Dissimilar goods or services - Widely known(not famous) in Japan or abroad - Unjust purpose - No confusion Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.19:  Trademark Law (Not Registrable) Article 4.1.19 Application Widely known TM ETNIES ETNIES (shoes for skateboard) (clothing) MARIEFRANCE MARIEFRANCE (clothing) (Magazines) Slide16:    Trademark Law (not registrable) Article 4. 1. 7(no time limitation):  Trademark Law (not registrable) Article 4. 1. 7(no time limitation) Contravention of Public Order or Morality The Wizard of OZ vs. The Wizard of OZ (movie tile) (umbrella) POPEYE vs. POPEYE (character name) (clothing) Trademark Law (not registrable) Article 4. 1. 8:  Trademark Law (not registrable) Article 4. 1. 8 Trademarks consisting of famous abbreviation of company names. SONY vs. SONYAN AMEX vs. AMEX (American Express) Trademark Law (Infringement):  Trademark Law (Infringement) (Registered Trademarks) Identical or Similar Trademarks Identical or Similar goods or services (Defensive Marks) Identical Trademarks Designated Dissimilar goods or services Trademark Law (Defensive Mark):  Trademark Law (Defensive Mark) Reg. No. 860151 “CHANEL” for clothing Reg. No. 860151 Defensive Mark No. 1 “CHANEL” for advertisement Reg. No. 860151 Defensive Mark No.5 “CHANEL” for restaurant, Hotel Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1 (Requirement) Widely –known(Defendant area) Similarity of marks Confusion No limitation of period (Remedies) Injunction Damages Criminal Sanction Recovery of reputation Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1 (Widely Known) Walkman Case Walkman v.s (Sony) (Shoe shop) Consumer Survey (Defendant area) – over 70% recognition Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1 (Widely Known) - Levi’s Case (Plaintiff) (Defendant) Consumer Survey- - 18.3% recognition Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1 Ritz vs. Hotel Gaufre Ritz (hotel in Paris) (hotel in Japan) Vogue vs. La Vogue Minami Aoyama (magazines) (real estate) Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.2:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.2 (Requirement) Famous(throughout Japan) Similarity of marks No Confusion No limitation of period Similar to Anti-Dilution Law (Remedies) Injunction Damages Criminal Sanction Recovery of Reputation Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.2:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.2 JAL vs. JAL Insurance (Japan Airline) (agent of insurance) vs. (Mitsubishi Group) (Real estate co.) Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1, 2.1.2:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.1, 2.1.2 Mitsubishi Pencil Co. Ltd. (not Mitsubishi Group) can use the following trademark for pencil in Japan because they had used it before Mitsubishi Three Diamond Mark was well-known. Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.12:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.12 (Requirement) Bad faith intent to profit from the mark Similarity of marks and domain names Register, hold or use domain names No well-known requirement Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.12:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.12 (Remedies) Injunction Damages Recovery of business reputation No transfer or cancellation of domain names JP-DRP (transfer or cancellation) Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.12:  Unfair Competition Prevention Law(UCPL) Article 2.1.12 (Case) Maxell vs. maxellgrp.com (Hitachi Maxell) (Maxell Corp.) Damages – 0.5% of sales amount of defendant Anticybersquatting Consumer Protection Act JP-DRP (Japan Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy):  JP-DRP (Japan Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy) (Requirement) Almost same as UDRP (Remedies) Transfer or Cancel (Organization) Japan Intellectual Property Arbitration Center Well-known Trademark List in Japan by Japan Patent Office:  Well-known Trademark List in Japan by Japan Patent Office Trademarks which are registered as a defensive mark or are recognized as a well-known trademark in the Trial at the Japan Patent Office or Court. Over 900 trademarks are listed at the following website. No legal effect. http://www1.ipdl.ncipi.go.jp/chomei/search_e.cgi?login&1142957635240 Statutory Regime:  Statutory Regime EU Regulation – Registration Requirement(Article 8) Identical Marks, Goods or Services Identical or Similar Marks, Goods or Services, Likelihood of Confusion including likelihood of Association. Identical or Similar Marks, Dissimilar Goods or Services, Reputation, Takes unfair advantage or Detrimental to Distinctive Character or Repute. Statutory Regime:  Statutory Regime EU Regulation - Unauthorized Use (Article 9) Identical Marks, Goods or Services Identical or Similar Marks, Goods or Services, Likelihood of Confusion including likelihood of Association. Identical or Similar Marks, Dissimilar Goods or Services, Reputation, Takes unfair advantage or Detrimental to Distinctive Character or Repute. Statutory Regime:  Statutory Regime Trademark Law - Registration Requirement(Article 2) Likelihood of Confusion (cause confusion or cause mistake, or deceive) Likelihood of Dilution (by Blurring and by Tarnishment) ↑ Oppositions and Cancellations Statutory Regime:  Statutory Regime Trademark Law - Unauthorized Use (Article 32, 43) Likelihood of Confusion (cause confusion, cause mistake, deceive) Likelihood of Dilution (1996, 2006) (by Blurring and by Tarnishment) Anti-cybersquatting Consumer Protection Act Passing Off Thank you for your attention !:  Thank you for your attention ! Hiromichi Aoki Partner, Patent Attorney Yuasa and Hara ( Formerly Visiting Professor, School of Law, Hokkaido University ) E-mail: aoki-tm@yuasa-hara.co.jp http://www.yuasa-hara.co.jp/english/

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