13 jan neeh-pathar_shri_harminder_sahib

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Information about 13 jan neeh-pathar_shri_harminder_sahib

Published on February 16, 2014

Author: supreetgagneet

Source: slideshare.net

The land for the city of Amritsar belongs to the villages Tung, Sultanwind, Gilwali and Gumtala. These particular villages came under tehsil Patti and Distt. Chhabal during the Guru’s time.Guru Amardas Ji alongwith Guru Ram Das, Baba Budha Ji visited and found a lonely and peaceful area in the centre of these villages. At that time this piece of land was bought from the villagers for 700 Rs.

Mir Mohammed Muayyinul Islam, (1550-1635) popularly known as Sain Mian Mir was a famous Muslim Sufi saint who resided in Lahore specifically in the town of Begampura. Guru Arjan Devji often visited Lahore, the birth-place of his father to meet his relatives. On the occasion of one of such visit, he called on Mian Mir. The two men of God met and became life-long friends. He travelled often to Amritsar to meet with Guru Arjan Dev ji. In turn whenever the Guru visited Lahore, he would always meet with Saint Mian Mir. Saint Mian Mir knew a large number of the Gurus' verses by heart. Mian Mir was thirteen years older than Guru Arjan. In 1588, Guru Arjan Dev ji, planned to build a temple in the centre of holy tank called Amritsar. As the temple was to be thrown open to people of all castes,he invited Mian Mir to lay the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib.

In 1606, Mian Mir came to see Shri Guru Arjan Dev ji when he was imprisoned in the Lahore fort and tortured .He found Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji calm and serene, having completely resigned himself to the will of God. Mian Mir suggested to the Guru whether he should intercede with Emperor Jahangir on his behalf. The Guru forbade him saying that God's will must have its course unchecked, as it was not proper to interfere with His workings. He asked only for the saint's blessings for his son, Har Gobind. A couple of years after Shri Guru Arjan Dev ji, his son Shri Guru Har Gobind Sahib ji, at age of thirteen, called on Mian Mir at Lahore. Shri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji, the son of Guru Har Gobind Sahib Ji, as a child met Mian Mir who blessed him.

In December 1588 the great Muslim Sufi saint of Lahore, Hazrat Mian Mir, who was a close friend of Shri Guru Arjan Dev Ji, initiated the construction of the temple by laying the first foundation stone. A mason then straightened the stone but Shri Guru Arjan Dev ji told him that, as he had undone the work just completed by the holy man, a disaster might come to the Harmandir Sahib. It was later attacked by the Mughals. The temple was completed in 1604. Guru Arjan Dev, installed the Guru Granth Sahib in it and appointed Baba Buddha Ji as the first Granthi of it on August 1604 AD. In the mid 18th century it was attacked by the Afghans, by one of Ahmed Shah Abdali's Generals, Jahan Khan, and had to be substantially rebuilt in the 1760s. However, in response a Sikh Army was sent to hunt down the Afghan force. They were under orders to show no mercy and historical evidence suggests none was shown. Both forces met each other 5 miles outside Amritsar; Jahan Khan's army was destroyed. He himself was decapitated by commander Sardar Dayal Singh.

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