13 Equine Sciences

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Information about 13 Equine Sciences

Published on October 19, 2007

Author: Irvette

Source: authorstream.com

EQUINE STUDIES SIGNATURE PROGRAM :  EQUINE STUDIES SIGNATURE PROGRAM By definition this involves all aspects of the CVM’s Mission Statement: teaching and training, outreach, patient care, and research. This CVM features one of the largest ‘horse’ programs in veterinary medical education Today’s focus will be on the research enterprise FACTS REGARDING EQUINE RESEARCH:  FACTS REGARDING EQUINE RESEARCH The horse, in North America, is regarded as an expensive (very) hobby – i.e., few actually ‘work for a living’ and they are not consumed in this country The horse (equid) industry is incredibly fragmented by breed and sport type (for example, racing – Quarter Horse, Standardbred (trotters and pacers), Thoroughbred (flat and steeplechase), Arabians – all have their own associations and different track design and surfaces – thus their wishes/needs vary FACTS REGARDING EQUINE RESEARCH:  FACTS REGARDING EQUINE RESEARCH The costs involved in equine research are awesome - per horse costs alone such as feeding, housing, pasture, health care, etc. are often prohibitive Competitive funding for horse research is sparse at best. There are basically only three consistent external (USA) funding sources (AQHA, Grayson-Jockey Club, and Morris Animal Foundation) – their annual collective contribution equates, approximately, to one annual allocation for a well funded NIH multiyear grant! EQUINE RESEARCH AT TEXAS A&M – COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE & BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES:  EQUINE RESEARCH AT TEXAS A&M – COLLEGE OF VETERINARY MEDICINE & BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES Investigations based on clinical cases are on-going Donkey and mule research project – Drs. Taylor, Matthews, et al, for more than two decades (huge budget!!!) Programmatic approach via the inception of the Link Equine Research Endowment and establishment of College Signature Programs – mid to late ‘90’s PROGRAMMATIC APPROACH – LINK EQUINE ENDOWMENT :  PROGRAMMATIC APPROACH – LINK EQUINE ENDOWMENT H. Patricia Link provided in excess of $8M to endow equine studies – to be ‘shared’ by the CVM and Dept. of Animal Science Dr. Bryan Johnson provided the initial plan – programmatic approach based on existing expertise and critical mass INITIAL PLAN :  INITIAL PLAN Identify existing strengths and leadership Provide format for research team proposals Provide the expectation of earned continued funding based on: publications, extramural funding, evidence of developing effective collaborative efforts (departments, colleges, other universities, industry, other countries), and importance of the subject to the horse industry INITIAL PLAN:  INITIAL PLAN With time a “blending” of programs (shared expertise, equipment, etc.) Provide for annual review process and thus renewal or denial of funding LINK EQUINE RESEARCH ENDOWMENT PROGRAMS:  LINK EQUINE RESEARCH ENDOWMENT PROGRAMS Nutrition – Animal Science Reproduction – LACS, CVM, Animal Science, Chem, and BioChem Genomics – IBS and Animal Science Epidemiology – LACS, Dept. of Statistics, and Animal Science Colic – LACS, SACS, and Univ. of Florida Infectious Disease – R. equi – LACS and CVM EQUINE INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROGRAM:  EQUINE INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROGRAM Drs. Martens, Chaffin, and Cohen Program focuses on R. equi (most severe form of pneumonia in foals). Great significance to the industry and a world-wide problem. Dr. Martens did some of the very first successful research on this disease years ago. Investigations directed toward identification of risk factors and development of products/management/control and prevention EQUINE INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROGRAM :  EQUINE INFECTIOUS DISEASE PROGRAM Texas, National, and World-wide collaborative efforts with researchers, practitioners, farms, and associations 21 peer reviewed publications, 15 abstracts, and 17 “major” presentations Funding: AQHA, Grayson-Jockey Club, Morris Animal Foundation, TAES, TERRAC (Texas Equine Research Account), USDA (animal health formula fund) Largest and most successful program of its kind LINK EQUINE COLIC RESEARCH PROGRAM :  LINK EQUINE COLIC RESEARCH PROGRAM Drs. Roussel, Bahr, Cohen, Hooper, Rakestraw, Steiner, and Williams at TAMU; Drs. Merritt and Sanchez at U. Fla.; Dr. Buddington at Miss. State Univ. Program focuses on risk factors that result in colic; gastric emptying and its role; colitis; and gastric ulcer formation LINK EQUINE COLIC RESEARCH PROGRAM:  LINK EQUINE COLIC RESEARCH PROGRAM Have successfully organized researchers from 2 departments, 3 other universities in USA, 2 universities in Europe, and several commercial companies 21 peer reviewed publications and 36 presentations and abstracts Funding: Southern California Equine Foundation, Morris Animal Foundation, and TERC. Indirect support and donations from: Olympus, Evalis, Merial, Agribrands, and the Horse Betting Levy Board LINK EQUINE EPIDEMIOLOGY PROGRAM:  LINK EQUINE EPIDEMIOLOGY PROGRAM Drs. Cohen, Thompson, Martens, Carter, Blanchard, and Watkins – CVM; Drs. Wang, Toby, and Carroll – Dept. of Statistics; Dr. Gibbs – Animal Science Focuses on observational studies in horse populations (colic, respiratory disease, lameness/breakdowns, pharmacology, reproduction/abortion, EPM, West Nile Virus). Focused discipline – broad application LINK EQUINE EPIDEMIOLOGY PROGRAM:  LINK EQUINE EPIDEMIOLOGY PROGRAM 18 peer reviewed publications and equal number of presentations – this number, however does not reflect contributions from this program with others (reproduction, infectious disease, and colic programs). This is the best example of a program blending with others. Extensive and consistent collaborative efforts with Texas practitioners, racing commissions, large private equine practices (Ky), and most recently AAEP. Additional collaborative relationships with Drs. Moore (U. Ga), Carey (Harvard Medical School), White (Va/Md), Slovis @ Hagyard-Davidson-McGee – Ky) Principal contributions: consistent and successful entry of discipline to the horse industry with studies performed in the absence of inflicting/creating unnecessary disease or injury LINK EQUINE REPRODUCTION BIOLOGY PROGRAM:  LINK EQUINE REPRODUCTION BIOLOGY PROGRAM Drs. Varner, Forrest, Hinrichs, Brinsko, Choi, Dangott, Ing, Johnson, Love, D Russell, W Russell, Thompson, and Welsh Program was discussed in greater detail in College Hour LINK EQUINE REPRODUCTION BIOLOGY PROGRAM :  LINK EQUINE REPRODUCTION BIOLOGY PROGRAM 6O peer reviewed publications; 103 abstracts/presentations Extramural funding and donations LINK EQUINE GENOMICS PROGRAM :  LINK EQUINE GENOMICS PROGRAM Drs. Adelson and Gill (Ani Sci); Drs. Chowdhary, Skow, Raudsepp, Lee, and Seabury (IBMS) Research focus: equine gene map development with long-term goals: tools and resource development, disease and fertility genetics, coat color and performance genetics LINK EQUINE GENOMICS PROGRAM:  LINK EQUINE GENOMICS PROGRAM 30 peer reviewed publications (3 of which were ‘cover’ articles in scientific journals); abstracts and presentations Funding: USDA, Texas Higher Education Board, Morris Animal Foundation, Havemeyer Foundation, AQHA, and TERC Internationally the most prolific research group in equine genomics THE TEX TAYLOR AND NORA MATTHEWS INTERNATIONAL MULE AND DONKEY RESEARCH PROGRAM :  THE TEX TAYLOR AND NORA MATTHEWS INTERNATIONAL MULE AND DONKEY RESEARCH PROGRAM Drs. Taylor and Matthews, Mrs. Taylor, Ms. Taylor (recently “Dr. Taylor”), and a plethora of 485’s and volunteers Research focus: pharmacokinetics and exercise physiology in mules and donkeys TTNMIMDRP (acronym) :  TTNMIMDRP (acronym) Funding: Most comes from Dr. Taylor and his family – as the animals involved are family members. Drs. Taylor and Matthews over the years have garnered donations from a variety of interested mule and donkey owners (American Donkey & Mule Society, Gulf Coast Donkey Club, Geraldine Dodge Foundation, and individuals). The program is unique in many ways, but perhaps the most important being that it has been very productive (publications, presentations, and the addition of much needed information and expertise in animals that play a MAJOR role in international agriculture and transportation along with an expansion of their number and popularity in this country. TTNMIMDRP:  TTNMIMDRP 16 peer reviewed publications, 22 abstracts, and presentations at every level (8 countries) have interacted with equine humane groups – 2 of which are international and the Bureau of Land Management in the USA. Perhaps the lowest budget in the history of successful equid research!!!! SUMMARY :  SUMMARY The college of Veterinary Medicine at TAMU has earned a major leadership role in the ‘horse world’ The key elements, in my opinion, have been: a real world understanding of the horse industry and its needs; an ability to get help from all corners of this college; the ability to ‘get along’ and get this done while operating a huge hospital load (meaning that the success of these programs is directly proportional to the contribution of all the clinical faculty to manage patient care, clients, and teaching); wonderful departmental staff; and the totally unique and wonderful gift to the horse from H. Patsy Link.

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